Tennis is a competitive sport where single players (singles) or pairs of players (doubles) use corded rackets to hit a felt covered rubber ball over a central net onto the opponent’s court. Points are scored by hitting the tennis ball over the net in a way that the opponent is not able to return it.

Tennis matches are scored though a sequence of earning points, winning games, and winning sets. Four points and a two point margin over the opponent are needed to win a game. Points are named differently than the actual point count in the following way: Love (zero points), 15 (one point), 30 (two points), 40 (three points), Game (four points). A set is won by the first side that wins six games with a two game margin. Matches are played in a best-of-three or best-of-five set format.

When was tennis invented?

Modern tennis was invented as ‘lawn tennis’ in 1873 by Major Walter Wingfield. Wingfield was the first to introduce the net and net posts, rackets, and rubber balls, and instructions for laying out the court dimensions. Previously, tennis was played as a handball-like game called ‘Paume’ that was played by royalty.


How is tennis scored?

Tennis matches are made up of either three (women’s) or five (men’s) sets. To win a set, a player must win at least six games each that are scored by four points at intervals starting at 0 (love) and going up to 15, 30, 40, and game point.

How long is a tennis match?

The length of a tennis match varies considerably based on skill level and gender. Women’s matches last until a player wins three sets which can last up to three hours, but averages around two hours. Men’s matches are played to five sets and can last up to five hours with an average match time of three and a half hours.

Tennis Guides
Browse through our curated Tennis Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Tennis. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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5’11” | 1.80 m
April 29, 1970
Andre Agassi
180.000
1970.00
50000
3D
Andre Agassi
5’8" | 1.73 m
June 7, 1981
Anna Kournikova
173.000
1981.00
66000
3D
Anna Kournikova
5’4.5” | 1.64 m
November 22, 1943
Billie Jean King
164.000
1943.00
54000
3D
Billie Jean King
5’11” | 1.80 m
June 6, 1956
Björn Borg
180.000
1956.00
27000
3D
Björn Borg
5’11” | 1.80 m
February 16, 1959
John McEnroe
180.000
1959.00
53000
3D
John McEnroe
6’2" | 1.88 m
April 19, 1987
Maria Sharapova
188.000
1987.00
131000
3D
Maria Sharapova
5’8" | 1.73 m
October 18, 1956
Martina Navratilova
173.000
1956.00
37000
3D
Martina Navratilova
5’11” | 1.80 m
October 16, 1997
Naomi Osaka
180.000
1997.00
269000
3D
Naomi Osaka
6’2" | 1.88 m
May 22, 1987
Novak Djokovic
188.000
1987.00
246000
3D
Novak Djokovic
6’1” | 1.85 m
August 12, 1971
Pete Sampras
185.000
1971.00
31000
3D
Pete Sampras
6’1” | 1.85 m
June 3, 1986
Rafael Nadal
185.000
1986.00
352000
3D
Rafael Nadal
6’1” | 1.85 m
August 8, 1981
Roger Federer
185.000
1981.00
470000
3D
Roger Federer
5’9" | 1.75 m
September 26, 1981
Serena Williams
175.000
1981.00
669000
3D
Serena Williams
5’9" | 1.75 m
June 14, 1969
Steffi Graf
175.000
1969.00
59000
3D
Steffi Graf
2.575”-2.7” | 6.54-6.86 cm (Diameter)
1.975-2.095 oz | 56-59.4 g
Tennis Ball
6.860
59.400
72000
https://p3d.in/e/nVkNk
3D
Tennis BallView of a Tennis Ball in 3D available for downloadView of a Tennis Ball in 3D available for download
36’ | 11 m
78’ | 23.77 m
2,808 ft2 | 260.9 m2
Tennis Court
1100.000
2377.000
260.90
56000
https://p3d.in/e/Mzr1w
3D
Tennis Court3D model of a Tennis Court viewed in perspective3D model of a Tennis Court viewed in perspective
10’-12’ | 3.05-3.66 m
10’ | 3.05 m (Panels)
2.5”-3” | 6.35-7.62 cm (Posts)
Tennis Fence
305.000
305.000
7.620
100
https://p3d.in/e/4LyG1
3D
Tennis FencePerspective view of a 3D model of a Tennis Fence show the different required panel typesPerspective view of a 3D model of a Tennis Fence show the different required panel types
36” | 91.4 cm (Center); 42” | 106.7 cm (Net Post)
42’ | 12.8 m
.1”-.14” | 2.5-3.5 mm (Net Cord)
Tennis Net
106.700
1280.000
0.350
5000
https://p3d.in/e/DQs6e
3D
Tennis Net3D model of a Tennis Net viewed in perspective3D model of a Tennis Net viewed in perspective
10.625” | 27 cm
.625” | 15.9 mm
27”-27.5” | 68.6-69.9 cm
9-11 oz | 255-312 g
Tennis Racket - Midplus
27.000
1.590
69.900
0.312
70000
https://p3d.in/e/hcjZY
3D
Tennis Racket - MidplusPerspective view of a 3D model of a Midplus Tennis RacketPerspective view of a 3D model of a Midplus Tennis Racket
6’4” | 193 cm
2’ | 61 cm
4’ | 122 cm
Tennis Umpire Chair - Traditional
193.000
61.000
122.000
300
https://p3d.in/e/Vd6V0
3D
Tennis Umpire Chair - TraditionalView of a Traditional Tennis Umpire Chair in 3D available for downloadView of a Traditional Tennis Umpire Chair in 3D available for download
6’1” | 1.85 m
June 17, 1980
Venus Williams
185.000
1980.00
167000
3D
Venus Williams
Tennis Ball

A Tennis Ball is a ball designed for the sport of tennis. At major sporting events Tennis Balls are a fluorescent yellow, but in recreational play, they can be virtually any color. A fibrous felt that modifies aerodynamic properties cover the ball, and each one has a white curvilinear oval.

To be approved for regulation play, Tennis Balls must conform to certain criteria for size, weight, deformation, and bounce. Due to cheaper labor costs and materials, the majority of Tennis Balls are manufactured in the Far East. Starting from the 1980s, Tennis Balls come in plastic cans with a full-top pull-tab seal and a plastic lid that fit three or four balls per can.

Tennis Balls have a diameter of 2.575”-2.7” (6.54-6.86 cm) and circumference of 8.09”-8.48” (20.6-21.5 cm). The mass of a Tennis Ball must be between 1.975-2.095 oz (56-59.4 g).

Dimensioned elevation drawing of a Tennis Ball measured with diameter and circumference
A Tennis Ball is a ball designed for the sport of tennis. At major sporting events Tennis Balls are a fluorescent yellow, but in recreational play, they can be virtually any color. A fibrous felt that modifies aerodynamic properties cover the ball, and each one has a white curvilinear oval.

Tennis Balls have a diameter of 2.575”-2.7” (6.54-6.86 cm) and circumference of 8.09”-8.48” (20.6-21.5 cm). The mass of a Tennis Ball must be between 1.975-2.095 oz (56-59.4 g).

Dimensioned elevation drawing of a Tennis Ball measured with diameter and circumference
Tennis Ball
Height:
2.575”-2.7” | 6.54-6.86 cm (Diameter)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
1.975-2.095 oz | 56-59.4 g
Area:

Circumference: 8.09”-8.48” | 20.6-21.5 cm

Materials: Rubber core; wool or nylon shell

Birthday

Drawings include:
Tennis Ball Elevations (various)

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Martina Navratilova

Martina Navratilova, born October 18, 1956, is a retired Czechoslovak-born American tennis player and coach. In 2005 Tennis magazine selected her as the greatest female tennis player for the years 1975 through 2006. Navratilova was ranked world No.1 for 332 weeks in singles and 237 weeks in doubles, and she was the year-end singles No. 1 seven times, and year-end doubles No. 1 five times. She holds the records for most singles and double titles in the Open Era. Born in Czechoslovakia, Navratilova was stripped of her citizenship, and in 1975 she asked the United States for political asylum and was granted temporary residence.

Martina Navratilova has a height of 5’8" (1.73 m) and plays left-handed with a one-handed backhand. Martina Navratilova was professionally active from 1975-2006.

Set of illustrations of Martina Navratilova in various poses dimensioned with overall height
Martina Navratilova, born October 18, 1956, is a retired Czechoslovak-born American tennis player and coach. In 2005 Tennis magazine selected her as the greatest female tennis player for the years 1975 through 2006.

Martina Navratilova has a height of 5’8" (1.73 m) and plays left-handed with a one-handed backhand. Martina Navratilova was professionally active from 1975-2006.

Set of illustrations of Martina Navratilova in various poses dimensioned with overall height
Martina Navratilova
Height:
5’8" | 1.73 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Plays: Left-handed

Backhand: One-Handed Backhand
Years Active: 1975-2006

Birthday
October 18, 1956

Drawings include:
Martina Navratilova front (standing), side (playing), front (playing; various)

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Venus Williams

Venus Williams, born June 17, 1980, is an American professional tennis player. She has been ranked world No. 1 by the Women’s Tennis Association (WTA) on three occasions for a total of 11 weeks. Williams first reached the No. 1 ranking on February 25, 2002, and she was the first African American woman to do so in the Open Era. Venus Williams has seven Grand Slam singles titles, and she, along with her younger sister Serena Williams, is credited with ushering in a new era of power and athleticism on the women’s professional tennis tour.

Venus Williams has a height of 6’1” (1.85 m) and plays right-handed with a two-handed backhand. Venus Williams has been an active professional since 1994.

Collection of drawings of Venus Williams measured with overall height
Venus Williams, born June 17, 1980, is an American professional tennis player. She has been ranked world No. 1 by the Women’s Tennis Association (WTA) on three occasions for a total of 11 weeks. Williams first reached the No. 1 ranking on February 25, 2002—the first African American woman to do so.

Venus Williams has a height of 6’1” (1.85 m) and plays right-handed with a two-handed backhand. Venus Williams has been an active professional since 1994.

Collection of drawings of Venus Williams measured with overall height
Venus Williams
Height:
6’1” | 1.85 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Plays: Right-handed

Backhand: Two-Handed Backhand

Years Active: 1994—

Birthday
June 17, 1980

Drawings include:
Venus Williams front (standing), side (playing), front (playing; various)

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Serena Williams

Serena Williams, born September 26, 1981, is an American tennis player. She reached the No. 1 ranking on July 8, 2002, and on her sixth occasion, she held the ranking for 186 consecutive weeks; in total, she has been No. 1 for 319 weeks. Williams has won 23 Grand Slam singles titles (as of 2020), the most by any player in the Open Era. She holds the most Grand Slam titles in singles, doubles, and mixed doubles combined among active players. In 2016 Serena Williams was the highest paid female athlete, and again in 2017, when she was the only woman on Forbes’ list of the 100 highest paid athletes.

Serena Williams has a height of 5’9" (1.75 m) and plays right-handed with a two-handed backhand. Serena Williams has been an active professional since 1995.

Set of illustrations of Serena Williams in various poses dimensioned with overall height
Serena Williams, born September 26, 1981, is an American tennis player. She reached the No. 1 ranking on July 8, 2002, and on her sixth occasion, she held the ranking for 186 consecutive weeks; in total, she has been No. 1 for 319 weeks. Williams has won 23 Grand Slam singles titles as of 2020.

Serena Williams has a height of 5’9" (1.75 m) and plays right-handed with a two-handed backhand. Serena Williams has been an active professional since 1995.

Set of illustrations of Serena Williams in various poses dimensioned with overall height
Serena Williams
Height:
5’9" | 1.75 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Plays: Right-handed

Backhand: Two-Handed Backhand

Years Active: 1995—

Birthday
September 26, 1981

Drawings include:
Serena Williams front (standing), side (playing), front (playing; various)

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Novak Djokovic

Novak Djokovic, born May 22, 1987, is a Serbian professional tennis player and he is ranked world No.1 in men’s singles tennis by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP). He has held this spot for over 280 weeks. Djokovic has won 17 Grand Slam singles titles as of 2020, the third-most in history for a male player. He has also won five ATP Finals titles, 35 ATP Tour Masters 1000 titles, and 14 ATP Tour 500 titles. Djokovic is the first Serbian player to be ranked No. 1 by the ATP, and he is the first male player representing Serbia to win a Grand Slam singles title.

Novak Djokovic has a height of 6’2" (1.88 m) and plays right-handed with a two-handed backhand. Novak Djokovic has been an active professional since 2003.

Collection of drawings of Novak Djokovic measured with overall height
Novak Djokovic, born May 22, 1987, is a Serbian professional tennis player and he is ranked world No.1 in men’s singles tennis by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP). He has held this spot for over 280 weeks. Djokovic has won 17 Grand Slam singles titles as of 2020.

Novak Djokovic has a height of 6’2" (1.88 m) and plays right-handed with a two-handed backhand. Novak Djokovic has been an active professional since 2003.

Collection of drawings of Novak Djokovic measured with overall height
Novak Djokovic
Height:
6’2" | 1.88 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Plays: Right-handed

Backhand: Two-Handed Backhand

Years Active: 2003—

Birthday
May 22, 1987

Drawings include:
Novak Djokovic front (standing), side (playing), front (playing; various)

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