Description
Description

Tennis is a racket sport played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles). Players use a tennis racket to hit a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the opponent's court. Points are scored when the opponent fails to return the ball within the prescribed dimensions of the court. The game is characterized by its unique scoring system, starting at love (zero) and proceeding to 15, 30, 40, and game point.

Key skills in tennis include agility, strength, precision, and strategic thinking. Players must master a variety of strokes, like serves, forehands, backhands, volleys, and smashes.

Tennis is globally popular, with major tournaments known as the Grand Slams: The Australian Open, the French Open (Roland Garros), Wimbledon, and the US Open. These events attract the world's top players and are held in high regard in countries with strong tennis traditions, such as the United States, Australia, France, and the United Kingdom.

History
History

Tennis originated in 12th century France as a handball game called "jeu de paume" (game of the palm). It evolved into using rackets by the 16th century. The modern game, known as lawn tennis, was formalized in England in the late 19th century. Early tennis was played on grass courts, leading to the iconic Wimbledon Championships. Over time, the game spread globally and diversified into various playing surfaces like clay and hard courts, each affecting play style. The equipment and rules have evolved, with the introduction of tie-breaks, advancements in racket technology, and the shift from amateur to professional status, making it a globally recognized sport.

Future
Future

Tennis is evolving with technological advancements and a growing global audience. Innovations in racket and string technology will continue to enhance player performance. The use of data analytics and biometric tracking is expected to refine training and strategies. The popularity of different playing surfaces, like hard, clay, and grass, ensures diverse playing styles and strategies. The rise of interactive and online platforms will increase fan engagement worldwide.

Efforts towards inclusivity and accessibility are likely to grow, with more grassroots programs and diverse representation. These trends, coupled with tennis's presence in major events like the Grand Slams and the Olympics, affirm its dynamic and inclusive future.

Common Questions
Common Questions
When was tennis invented?

Modern tennis was invented as ‘lawn tennis’ in 1873 by Major Walter Wingfield. Wingfield was the first to introduce the net and net posts, rackets, and rubber balls, and instructions for laying out the court dimensions. Previously, tennis was played as a handball-like game called ‘Paume’ that was played by royalty.


How is tennis scored?

Tennis matches are made up of either three (women’s) or five (men’s) sets. To win a set, a player must win at least six games each that are scored by four points at intervals starting at 0 (love) and going up to 15, 30, 40, and game point.

How long is a tennis match?

The length of a tennis match varies considerably based on skill level and gender. Women’s matches last until a player wins three sets which can last up to three hours, but averages around two hours. Men’s matches are played to five sets and can last up to five hours with an average match time of three and a half hours.

Sports

* Under Development *

5’11” | 1.80 m
April 29, 1970
Andre Agassi
180.000
1970.00
50000
GUIDE
3D
Andre Agassi
5’8" | 1.73 m
June 7, 1981
Anna Kournikova
173.000
1981.00
66000
GUIDE
3D
Anna Kournikova
5’4.5” | 1.64 m
November 22, 1943
Billie Jean King
164.000
1943.00
54000
GUIDE
3D
Billie Jean King
5’11” | 1.80 m
June 6, 1956
Björn Borg
180.000
1956.00
27000
GUIDE
3D
Björn Borg
5’11” | 1.80 m
February 16, 1959
John McEnroe
180.000
1959.00
53000
GUIDE
3D
John McEnroe
6’2" | 1.88 m
April 19, 1987
Maria Sharapova
188.000
1987.00
131000
GUIDE
3D
Maria Sharapova
5’8" | 1.73 m
October 18, 1956
Martina Navratilova
173.000
1956.00
37000
GUIDE
3D
Martina Navratilova
5’11” | 1.80 m
October 16, 1997
Naomi Osaka
180.000
1997.00
269000
GUIDE
3D
Naomi Osaka
6’2" | 1.88 m
May 22, 1987
Novak Djokovic
188.000
1987.00
246000
GUIDE
3D
Novak Djokovic
6’1” | 1.85 m
August 12, 1971
Pete Sampras
185.000
1971.00
31000
GUIDE
3D
Pete Sampras
6’1” | 1.85 m
June 3, 1986
Rafael Nadal
185.000
1986.00
352000
GUIDE
3D
Rafael Nadal
6’1” | 1.85 m
August 8, 1981
Roger Federer
185.000
1981.00
470000
GUIDE
3D
Roger Federer
5’9" | 1.75 m
September 26, 1981
Serena Williams
175.000
1981.00
669000
GUIDE
3D
Serena Williams
5’9" | 1.75 m
June 14, 1969
Steffi Graf
175.000
1969.00
59000
GUIDE
3D
Steffi Graf
2.575”-2.7” | 6.54-6.86 cm (Diameter)
1.975-2.095 oz | 56-59.4 g
Tennis Ball
6.860
59.400
72000
https://p3d.in/e/nVkNk
GUIDE
3D
Tennis BallView of a Tennis Ball in 3D available for downloadView of a Tennis Ball in 3D available for download
36’ | 11 m
78’ | 23.77 m
2,808 ft2 | 260.9 m2
Tennis Court
1100.000
2377.000
260.90
56000
https://p3d.in/e/Mzr1w
GUIDE
3D
Tennis Court3D model of a Tennis Court viewed in perspective3D model of a Tennis Court viewed in perspective
10’-12’ | 3.05-3.66 m
10’ | 3.05 m (Panels)
2.5”-3” | 6.35-7.62 cm (Posts)
Tennis Fence
305.000
305.000
7.620
100
https://p3d.in/e/4LyG1
GUIDE
3D
Tennis FencePerspective view of a 3D model of a Tennis Fence show the different required panel typesPerspective view of a 3D model of a Tennis Fence show the different required panel types
36” | 91.4 cm (Center); 42” | 106.7 cm (Net Post)
42’ | 12.8 m
.1”-.14” | 2.5-3.5 mm (Net Cord)
Tennis Net
106.700
1280.000
0.350
5000
https://p3d.in/e/DQs6e
GUIDE
3D
Tennis Net3D model of a Tennis Net viewed in perspective3D model of a Tennis Net viewed in perspective
10.625” | 27 cm
.625” | 15.9 mm
27”-27.5” | 68.6-69.9 cm
9-11 oz | 255-312 g
Tennis Racket - Midplus
27.000
1.590
69.900
0.312
70000
https://p3d.in/e/hcjZY
GUIDE
3D
Tennis Racket - MidplusPerspective view of a 3D model of a Midplus Tennis RacketPerspective view of a 3D model of a Midplus Tennis Racket
6’4” | 193 cm
2’ | 61 cm
4’ | 122 cm
Tennis Umpire Chair - Traditional
193.000
61.000
122.000
300
https://p3d.in/e/Vd6V0
GUIDE
3D
Tennis Umpire Chair - TraditionalView of a Traditional Tennis Umpire Chair in 3D available for downloadView of a Traditional Tennis Umpire Chair in 3D available for download
6’1” | 1.85 m
June 17, 1980
Venus Williams
185.000
1980.00
167000
GUIDE
3D
Venus Williams
Tennis Racket - Midplus
Size comparison drawing showing the length of a Tennis Racket (Midplus) in relation to other rackets

A Tennis Racket is the primary piece of equipment needed to play tennis. There is a handle that is connected to a neck that joins a roughly elliptical frame that holds a network of tightly pulled strings. In the first 100 years of modern tennis, the rackets were made of wood, and the strings were made of animal gut.

Through most of the 20th century, laminated wood rackets were more commonly used, and then metal and composites of carbon graphite, ceramics, and lighter metals like titanium were introduced. The strings now are made of a synthetic material that match the feel of gut, but with added durability.

The Midplus Tennis Racket has a length between 27”-27.5” (68.6-69.9 cm), width of 10.625” (27 cm), and racket frame depth of .625” (15.9 mm). The head size of a Midplus Tennis Racket is 96-105 in² | 619-677 cm²
.

Collection of scaled elevation drawings of Midplus Tennis Racket measured with length, head size, depth, and width
A Tennis Racket is the primary piece of equipment needed to play tennis. There is a handle connected to a neck that joins an elliptical frame that holds a network of tightly pulled strings. In the first 100 years of tennis, the rackets were made of wood, and the strings were made of animal gut.

The Midplus Tennis Racket has a length between 27”-27.5” (68.6-69.9 cm), width of 10.625” (27 cm), and racket frame depth of .625” (15.9 mm). The head size of a Midplus Tennis Racket is 96-105 in² | 619-677 cm²
.

Collection of scaled elevation drawings of Midplus Tennis Racket measured with length, head size, depth, and width
Tennis Racket - Midplus
Height:
Width:
10.625” | 27 cm
Length:
27”-27.5” | 68.6-69.9 cm
Depth:
.625” | 15.9 mm
Weight:
9-11 oz | 255-312 g
Area:


Midplus Head Size: 96-105 in² | 619-677 cm²

Materials: Wood (traditional) or composite materials (titanium alloys, ceramics, carbon fiber, fiberglass, graphite)

Birthday

Drawings include:
Tennis Racket (Midplus) front, side

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Tennis Ball

A Tennis Ball is a ball designed for the sport of tennis. At major sporting events Tennis Balls are a fluorescent yellow, but in recreational play, they can be virtually any color. A fibrous felt that modifies aerodynamic properties cover the ball, and each one has a white curvilinear oval.

To be approved for regulation play, Tennis Balls must conform to certain criteria for size, weight, deformation, and bounce. Due to cheaper labor costs and materials, the majority of Tennis Balls are manufactured in the Far East. Starting from the 1980s, Tennis Balls come in plastic cans with a full-top pull-tab seal and a plastic lid that fit three or four balls per can.

Tennis Balls have a diameter of 2.575”-2.7” (6.54-6.86 cm) and circumference of 8.09”-8.48” (20.6-21.5 cm). The mass of a Tennis Ball must be between 1.975-2.095 oz (56-59.4 g).

Dimensioned elevation drawing of a Tennis Ball measured with diameter and circumference
A Tennis Ball is a ball designed for the sport of tennis. At major sporting events Tennis Balls are a fluorescent yellow, but in recreational play, they can be virtually any color. A fibrous felt that modifies aerodynamic properties cover the ball, and each one has a white curvilinear oval.

Tennis Balls have a diameter of 2.575”-2.7” (6.54-6.86 cm) and circumference of 8.09”-8.48” (20.6-21.5 cm). The mass of a Tennis Ball must be between 1.975-2.095 oz (56-59.4 g).

Dimensioned elevation drawing of a Tennis Ball measured with diameter and circumference
Tennis Ball
Height:
2.575”-2.7” | 6.54-6.86 cm (Diameter)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
1.975-2.095 oz | 56-59.4 g
Area:

Circumference: 8.09”-8.48” | 20.6-21.5 cm

Materials: Rubber core; wool or nylon shell

Birthday

Drawings include:
Tennis Ball Elevations (various)

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Pete Sampras

Pete Sampras, born August 12, 1971, is a retired American tennis player. His professional career started in 1988, and it ended at the 2002 US Open when he defeated rival Andre Agassi in the final. Sampras has won 14 Grand Slam singles titles during his career, and 64 singles titles in total. In 1993 Sampras reached world No. 1, and he held that position for a total of 286 weeks, including an Open Era record of six consecutive year-end No. 1 rankings from 1993 to 1998. His precise and power serve earned him the nickname “Pistol Pete”.

Pete Sampras has a height of 6’1” (1.85 m) and plays right-handed with a one-handed backhand. Pete Sampras was professionally active from 1988 to 2003.

Collection of drawings of Pete Sampras measured with overall height
Pete Sampras, born August 12, 1971, is a retired American tennis player. His professional career started in 1988, and it ended at the 2002 US Open when he defeated rival Andre Agassi in the final. Sampras has won 14 Grand Slam singles titles during his career, and 64 singles titles in total.

Pete Sampras has a height of 6’1” (1.85 m) and plays right-handed with a one-handed backhand. Pete Sampras was professionally active from 1988 to 2003.

Collection of drawings of Pete Sampras measured with overall height
Pete Sampras
Height:
6’1” | 1.85 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Plays: Right-handed

Backhand: One-Handed Backhand

Years Active: 1988-2003

Birthday
August 12, 1971

Drawings include:
Pete Sampras front (standing), side (playing), front (playing; various)

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Serena Williams

Serena Williams, born September 26, 1981, is an American tennis player. She reached the No. 1 ranking on July 8, 2002, and on her sixth occasion, she held the ranking for 186 consecutive weeks; in total, she has been No. 1 for 319 weeks. Williams has won 23 Grand Slam singles titles (as of 2020), the most by any player in the Open Era. She holds the most Grand Slam titles in singles, doubles, and mixed doubles combined among active players. In 2016 Serena Williams was the highest paid female athlete, and again in 2017, when she was the only woman on Forbes’ list of the 100 highest paid athletes.

Serena Williams has a height of 5’9" (1.75 m) and plays right-handed with a two-handed backhand. Serena Williams has been an active professional since 1995.

Set of illustrations of Serena Williams in various poses dimensioned with overall height
Serena Williams, born September 26, 1981, is an American tennis player. She reached the No. 1 ranking on July 8, 2002, and on her sixth occasion, she held the ranking for 186 consecutive weeks; in total, she has been No. 1 for 319 weeks. Williams has won 23 Grand Slam singles titles as of 2020.

Serena Williams has a height of 5’9" (1.75 m) and plays right-handed with a two-handed backhand. Serena Williams has been an active professional since 1995.

Set of illustrations of Serena Williams in various poses dimensioned with overall height
Serena Williams
Height:
5’9" | 1.75 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Plays: Right-handed

Backhand: Two-Handed Backhand

Years Active: 1995—

Birthday
September 26, 1981

Drawings include:
Serena Williams front (standing), side (playing), front (playing; various)

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Novak Djokovic

Novak Djokovic, born May 22, 1987, is a Serbian professional tennis player and he is ranked world No.1 in men’s singles tennis by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP). He has held this spot for over 280 weeks. Djokovic has won 17 Grand Slam singles titles as of 2020, the third-most in history for a male player. He has also won five ATP Finals titles, 35 ATP Tour Masters 1000 titles, and 14 ATP Tour 500 titles. Djokovic is the first Serbian player to be ranked No. 1 by the ATP, and he is the first male player representing Serbia to win a Grand Slam singles title.

Novak Djokovic has a height of 6’2" (1.88 m) and plays right-handed with a two-handed backhand. Novak Djokovic has been an active professional since 2003.

Collection of drawings of Novak Djokovic measured with overall height
Novak Djokovic, born May 22, 1987, is a Serbian professional tennis player and he is ranked world No.1 in men’s singles tennis by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP). He has held this spot for over 280 weeks. Djokovic has won 17 Grand Slam singles titles as of 2020.

Novak Djokovic has a height of 6’2" (1.88 m) and plays right-handed with a two-handed backhand. Novak Djokovic has been an active professional since 2003.

Collection of drawings of Novak Djokovic measured with overall height
Novak Djokovic
Height:
6’2" | 1.88 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Plays: Right-handed

Backhand: Two-Handed Backhand

Years Active: 2003—

Birthday
May 22, 1987

Drawings include:
Novak Djokovic front (standing), side (playing), front (playing; various)

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads