Tennis is a competitive sport where single players (singles) or pairs of players (doubles) use corded rackets to hit a felt covered rubber ball over a central net onto the opponent’s court. Points are scored by hitting the tennis ball over the net in a way that the opponent is not able to return it.

Tennis matches are scored though a sequence of earning points, winning games, and winning sets. Four points and a two point margin over the opponent are needed to win a game. Points are named differently than the actual point count in the following way: Love (zero points), 15 (one point), 30 (two points), 40 (three points), Game (four points). A set is won by the first side that wins six games with a two game margin. Matches are played in a best-of-three or best-of-five set format.

When was tennis invented?

Modern tennis was invented as ‘lawn tennis’ in 1873 by Major Walter Wingfield. Wingfield was the first to introduce the net and net posts, rackets, and rubber balls, and instructions for laying out the court dimensions. Previously, tennis was played as a handball-like game called ‘Paume’ that was played by royalty.


How is tennis scored?

Tennis matches are made up of either three (women’s) or five (men’s) sets. To win a set, a player must win at least six games each that are scored by four points at intervals starting at 0 (love) and going up to 15, 30, 40, and game point.

How long is a tennis match?

The length of a tennis match varies considerably based on skill level and gender. Women’s matches last until a player wins three sets which can last up to three hours, but averages around two hours. Men’s matches are played to five sets and can last up to five hours with an average match time of three and a half hours.

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Tennis

Tennis Court

Tennis courts are flat rectangular playing surfaces used for the sport of tennis. Measuring 78’ (23.77 m) by 36’ (11 m) for doubles or 27’ (8.2 m) for singles, tennis courts have an overall playing area of 2,808 ft2 (260.9 m2). To ensure the safety of the players as they chase balls outside the court boundaries, a clearance space of 21’ (6.4 m) should be provided beyond the baselines and 12’ (3.66 m) for the sides. The total area required for the court and the clear space is 7,200 ft2 (668.9 m2). Tennis courts vary in materials depending on indoor or outdoor uses. Outdoor courts are made of grass, clay, or acrylic topped concrete, and indoor courts are commonly topped with hardwood flooring or carpet.

Plan drawing of regulation Tennis Courts with players for scale
Tennis courts are flat rectangular playing surfaces used for the sport of tennis. 78’ (23.77 m) by 36’ (11 m) for doubles or 27’ (8.2 m) for singles, tennis courts have an area of 2,808 ft2 (260.9 m2). A clearance of 21’ (6.4 m) should be provided beyond the baselines and 12’ (3.66 m) for the sides.

Plan drawing of regulation Tennis Courts with players for scale
Tennis Court
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Length: 78’ | 23.77 m
Width (Full/Doubles): 36’ | 11 m
Width (Singles): 27’ | 8.2 m
Playing Area (Full): 2,808 ft2 | 260.9 m2
Clearance (Back): 21’ | 6.4 m
Clearance (Side): 12’ | 3.66 m
Area (With Clearances): 7,200 ft2 | 668.9 m2
Material (Outdoor): Grass, clay, acrylic topped concrete or asphalt
Material (Indoor): Carpet, hardwood flooring

Drawings include:
Tennis Court plan, plan (players)

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