Tennis is a competitive sport where single players (singles) or pairs of players (doubles) use corded rackets to hit a felt covered rubber ball over a central net onto the opponent’s court. Points are scored by hitting the tennis ball over the net in a way that the opponent is not able to return it.

Tennis matches are scored though a sequence of earning points, winning games, and winning sets. Four points and a two point margin over the opponent are needed to win a game. Points are named differently than the actual point count in the following way: Love (zero points), 15 (one point), 30 (two points), 40 (three points), Game (four points). A set is won by the first side that wins six games with a two game margin. Matches are played in a best-of-three or best-of-five set format.

When was tennis invented?

Modern tennis was invented as ‘lawn tennis’ in 1873 by Major Walter Wingfield. Wingfield was the first to introduce the net and net posts, rackets, and rubber balls, and instructions for laying out the court dimensions. Previously, tennis was played as a handball-like game called ‘Paume’ that was played by royalty.


How is tennis scored?

Tennis matches are made up of either three (women’s) or five (men’s) sets. To win a set, a player must win at least six games each that are scored by four points at intervals starting at 0 (love) and going up to 15, 30, 40, and game point.

How long is a tennis match?

The length of a tennis match varies considerably based on skill level and gender. Women’s matches last until a player wins three sets which can last up to three hours, but averages around two hours. Men’s matches are played to five sets and can last up to five hours with an average match time of three and a half hours.

Tennis Guides
Browse through our curated Tennis Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Tennis. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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5’11” | 1.80 m
April 29, 1970
Andre Agassi
180.000
1970.00
50000
3D
Andre Agassi
5’8" | 1.73 m
June 7, 1981
Anna Kournikova
173.000
1981.00
66000
3D
Anna Kournikova
5’4.5” | 1.64 m
November 22, 1943
Billie Jean King
164.000
1943.00
54000
3D
Billie Jean King
5’11” | 1.80 m
June 6, 1956
Björn Borg
180.000
1956.00
27000
3D
Björn Borg
5’11” | 1.80 m
February 16, 1959
John McEnroe
180.000
1959.00
53000
3D
John McEnroe
6’2" | 1.88 m
April 19, 1987
Maria Sharapova
188.000
1987.00
131000
3D
Maria Sharapova
5’8" | 1.73 m
October 18, 1956
Martina Navratilova
173.000
1956.00
37000
3D
Martina Navratilova
5’11” | 1.80 m
October 16, 1997
Naomi Osaka
180.000
1997.00
269000
3D
Naomi Osaka
6’2" | 1.88 m
May 22, 1987
Novak Djokovic
188.000
1987.00
246000
3D
Novak Djokovic
6’1” | 1.85 m
August 12, 1971
Pete Sampras
185.000
1971.00
31000
3D
Pete Sampras
6’1” | 1.85 m
June 3, 1986
Rafael Nadal
185.000
1986.00
352000
3D
Rafael Nadal
6’1” | 1.85 m
August 8, 1981
Roger Federer
185.000
1981.00
470000
3D
Roger Federer
5’9" | 1.75 m
September 26, 1981
Serena Williams
175.000
1981.00
669000
3D
Serena Williams
5’9" | 1.75 m
June 14, 1969
Steffi Graf
175.000
1969.00
59000
3D
Steffi Graf
2.575”-2.7” | 6.54-6.86 cm (Diameter)
1.975-2.095 oz | 56-59.4 g
Tennis Ball
6.860
59.400
72000
https://p3d.in/e/nVkNk
3D
Tennis BallView of a Tennis Ball in 3D available for downloadView of a Tennis Ball in 3D available for download
36’ | 11 m
78’ | 23.77 m
2,808 ft2 | 260.9 m2
Tennis Court
1100.000
2377.000
260.90
56000
https://p3d.in/e/Mzr1w
3D
Tennis Court3D model of a Tennis Court viewed in perspective3D model of a Tennis Court viewed in perspective
10’-12’ | 3.05-3.66 m
10’ | 3.05 m (Panels)
2.5”-3” | 6.35-7.62 cm (Posts)
Tennis Fence
305.000
305.000
7.620
100
https://p3d.in/e/4LyG1
3D
Tennis FencePerspective view of a 3D model of a Tennis Fence show the different required panel typesPerspective view of a 3D model of a Tennis Fence show the different required panel types
36” | 91.4 cm (Center); 42” | 106.7 cm (Net Post)
42’ | 12.8 m
.1”-.14” | 2.5-3.5 mm (Net Cord)
Tennis Net
106.700
1280.000
0.350
5000
https://p3d.in/e/DQs6e
3D
Tennis Net3D model of a Tennis Net viewed in perspective3D model of a Tennis Net viewed in perspective
10.625” | 27 cm
.625” | 15.9 mm
27”-27.5” | 68.6-69.9 cm
9-11 oz | 255-312 g
Tennis Racket - Midplus
27.000
1.590
69.900
0.312
70000
https://p3d.in/e/hcjZY
3D
Tennis Racket - MidplusPerspective view of a 3D model of a Midplus Tennis RacketPerspective view of a 3D model of a Midplus Tennis Racket
6’4” | 193 cm
2’ | 61 cm
4’ | 122 cm
Tennis Umpire Chair - Traditional
193.000
61.000
122.000
300
https://p3d.in/e/Vd6V0
3D
Tennis Umpire Chair - TraditionalView of a Traditional Tennis Umpire Chair in 3D available for downloadView of a Traditional Tennis Umpire Chair in 3D available for download
6’1” | 1.85 m
June 17, 1980
Venus Williams
185.000
1980.00
167000
3D
Venus Williams
Tennis Court

Tennis courts are flat rectangular playing surfaces used for the sport of tennis. Tennis courts vary in materials depending on indoor or outdoor uses. Outdoor courts are made of grass, clay, or acrylic topped concrete, and indoor courts are commonly topped with hardwood flooring or carpet.

Measuring 78’ (23.77 m) by 36’ (11 m) for doubles or 27’ (8.2 m) for singles, tennis courts have an overall playing area of 2,808 ft2 (260.9 m2). To ensure the safety of the players as they chase balls outside the court boundaries, a clearance space of 21’ (6.4 m) should be provided beyond the baselines and 12’ (3.66 m) for the sides. The total area required for the court and the clear space is 7,200 ft2 (668.9 m2).

Plan drawing of regulation Tennis Courts with players for scale
Tennis courts are flat rectangular playing surfaces used for the sport of tennis. 78’ (23.77 m) by 36’ (11 m) for doubles or 27’ (8.2 m) for singles, tennis courts have an area of 2,808 ft2 (260.9 m2). A clearance of 21’ (6.4 m) should be provided beyond the baselines and 12’ (3.66 m) for the sides.

Measuring 78’ (23.77 m) by 36’ (11 m) for doubles or 27’ (8.2 m) for singles, tennis courts have an overall playing area of 2,808 ft2 (260.9 m2). To ensure the safety of the players as they chase balls outside the court boundaries, a clearance space of 21’ (6.4 m) should be provided beyond the baselines and 12’ (3.66 m) for the sides. The total area required for the court and the clear space is 7,200 ft2 (668.9 m2).

Plan drawing of regulation Tennis Courts with players for scale
Tennis Court
Height:
Width:
36’ | 11 m
Length:
78’ | 23.77 m
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
2,808 ft2 | 260.9 m2

Width (Full/Doubles): 36’ | 11 m
Width (Singles): 27’ | 8.2 m
Clearance (Back): 21’ | 6.4 m
Clearance (Side): 12’ | 3.66 m
Area (With Clearances): 7,200 ft2 | 668.9 m2
Material (Outdoor): Grass, clay, acrylic topped concrete or asphalt
Material (Indoor): Carpet, hardwood flooring

Birthday

Drawings include:
Tennis Court plan, plan (players)

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Martina Navratilova

Martina Navratilova, born October 18, 1956, is a retired Czechoslovak-born American tennis player and coach. In 2005 Tennis magazine selected her as the greatest female tennis player for the years 1975 through 2006. Navratilova was ranked world No.1 for 332 weeks in singles and 237 weeks in doubles, and she was the year-end singles No. 1 seven times, and year-end doubles No. 1 five times. She holds the records for most singles and double titles in the Open Era. Born in Czechoslovakia, Navratilova was stripped of her citizenship, and in 1975 she asked the United States for political asylum and was granted temporary residence.

Martina Navratilova has a height of 5’8" (1.73 m) and plays left-handed with a one-handed backhand. Martina Navratilova was professionally active from 1975-2006.

Set of illustrations of Martina Navratilova in various poses dimensioned with overall height
Martina Navratilova, born October 18, 1956, is a retired Czechoslovak-born American tennis player and coach. In 2005 Tennis magazine selected her as the greatest female tennis player for the years 1975 through 2006.

Martina Navratilova has a height of 5’8" (1.73 m) and plays left-handed with a one-handed backhand. Martina Navratilova was professionally active from 1975-2006.

Set of illustrations of Martina Navratilova in various poses dimensioned with overall height
Martina Navratilova
Height:
5’8" | 1.73 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Plays: Left-handed

Backhand: One-Handed Backhand
Years Active: 1975-2006

Birthday
October 18, 1956

Drawings include:
Martina Navratilova front (standing), side (playing), front (playing; various)

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Tennis Fence

The primary role of a Tennis Fence is to keep Tennis Balls contained within the playing court area. The selvage of the bottom, top, and top caps are knuckled for security. A Tennis Fence can come in a variety of materials, from traditional timber to steel frames with chain link fabric. The main consideration when choosing a Tennis Fence is the degree of privacy desired.

Some more sophisticated materials include wood, vinyl, ornamental aluminum, or a combination of materials. A vinyl-coated chain link fence is a good choice, as the fused and adhered vinyl-coating protects the core wire from rust and corrosion. Some Tennis Fences include a feature gate hardware for added protection.

Tennis Fences have a total height of 10’-12’ (3.05-3.66 m), panel width of 10’ (3.05 m), and posts with diameters of between 2.5”-3” (6.35-7.62 cm).

Drawings of Tennis Fence showing dimensioned panel configurations necessary for a tennis court enclosure
The primary role of a Tennis Fence is to keep Tennis Balls contained within the playing court area. The selvage of the bottom, top, and top caps are knuckled for security. A Tennis Fence can come in a variety of materials, from traditional timber to steel frames with chain link fabric.

Tennis Fences have a total height of 10’-12’ (3.05-3.66 m), panel width of 10’ (3.05 m), and posts with diameters of between 2.5”-3” (6.35-7.62 cm).

Drawings of Tennis Fence showing dimensioned panel configurations necessary for a tennis court enclosure
Tennis Fence
Height:
10’-12’ | 3.05-3.66 m
Width:
10’ | 3.05 m (Panels)
Length:
Depth:
2.5”-3” | 6.35-7.62 cm (Posts)
Weight:
Area:

Total Enclosure Size: 120' x 60' | 36.58 x 18.29 m
Materials:
Coated steel posts; chain link fence

Birthday

Drawings include:
Tennis Fence front (panels), front (simple)

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Tennis Racket - Midplus
Size comparison drawing showing the length of a Tennis Racket (Midplus) in relation to other rackets

A Tennis Racket is the primary piece of equipment needed to play tennis. There is a handle that is connected to a neck that joins a roughly elliptical frame that holds a network of tightly pulled strings. In the first 100 years of modern tennis, the rackets were made of wood, and the strings were made of animal gut.

Through most of the 20th century, laminated wood rackets were more commonly used, and then metal and composites of carbon graphite, ceramics, and lighter metals like titanium were introduced. The strings now are made of a synthetic material that match the feel of gut, but with added durability.

The Midplus Tennis Racket has a length between 27”-27.5” (68.6-69.9 cm), width of 10.625” (27 cm), and racket frame depth of .625” (15.9 mm). The head size of a Midplus Tennis Racket is 96-105 in² | 619-677 cm²
.

Collection of scaled elevation drawings of Midplus Tennis Racket measured with length, head size, depth, and width
A Tennis Racket is the primary piece of equipment needed to play tennis. There is a handle connected to a neck that joins an elliptical frame that holds a network of tightly pulled strings. In the first 100 years of tennis, the rackets were made of wood, and the strings were made of animal gut.

The Midplus Tennis Racket has a length between 27”-27.5” (68.6-69.9 cm), width of 10.625” (27 cm), and racket frame depth of .625” (15.9 mm). The head size of a Midplus Tennis Racket is 96-105 in² | 619-677 cm²
.

Collection of scaled elevation drawings of Midplus Tennis Racket measured with length, head size, depth, and width
Tennis Racket - Midplus
Height:
Width:
10.625” | 27 cm
Length:
27”-27.5” | 68.6-69.9 cm
Depth:
.625” | 15.9 mm
Weight:
9-11 oz | 255-312 g
Area:


Midplus Head Size: 96-105 in² | 619-677 cm²

Materials: Wood (traditional) or composite materials (titanium alloys, ceramics, carbon fiber, fiberglass, graphite)

Birthday

Drawings include:
Tennis Racket (Midplus) front, side

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Pete Sampras

Pete Sampras, born August 12, 1971, is a retired American tennis player. His professional career started in 1988, and it ended at the 2002 US Open when he defeated rival Andre Agassi in the final. Sampras has won 14 Grand Slam singles titles during his career, and 64 singles titles in total. In 1993 Sampras reached world No. 1, and he held that position for a total of 286 weeks, including an Open Era record of six consecutive year-end No. 1 rankings from 1993 to 1998. His precise and power serve earned him the nickname “Pistol Pete”.

Pete Sampras has a height of 6’1” (1.85 m) and plays right-handed with a one-handed backhand. Pete Sampras was professionally active from 1988 to 2003.

Collection of drawings of Pete Sampras measured with overall height
Pete Sampras, born August 12, 1971, is a retired American tennis player. His professional career started in 1988, and it ended at the 2002 US Open when he defeated rival Andre Agassi in the final. Sampras has won 14 Grand Slam singles titles during his career, and 64 singles titles in total.

Pete Sampras has a height of 6’1” (1.85 m) and plays right-handed with a one-handed backhand. Pete Sampras was professionally active from 1988 to 2003.

Collection of drawings of Pete Sampras measured with overall height
Pete Sampras
Height:
6’1” | 1.85 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Plays: Right-handed

Backhand: One-Handed Backhand

Years Active: 1988-2003

Birthday
August 12, 1971

Drawings include:
Pete Sampras front (standing), side (playing), front (playing; various)

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