Rugby is an intensely physical team sport where players attempt to run, throw, or kick a ball to the opposing teams side. First played in early 19th century England, rugby has since become the second most popular team sport in the world. Each game is played by two teams of 15 players who attempt to pass or kick a ball laterally or backwards without being tackled. After two 40 minute halves, the team that gained the most points from successful tries, goals, and drop goals, wins the game. Despite intense popularity, Rugby has only been played as an Olympic sport four times.

How long is a rugby match?


There are two 40-minute halves that equal out to 80 minutes of playing time. Time is also affected on whether the match goes into extra time in knockout stages if so, there are two extra time periods that last 10 minutes each.

What is a scrum in rugby?


A scrum is a form of restarting play in rugby. It involving players jumping on each other and interlocking arms and head to fighting for possession of the ball when the ball is lost and neither team has possession.

How do you play rugby?

Two teams of 15 players each fight for possession of the ball to score into the opposing endzone by carrying, passing, or kicking the ball. The match is started off with a kickoff and the receiving team can score to get five points.

Rugby Guides
Browse through our curated Rugby Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Rugby. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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6’6” | 1.98 m
September 19, 1985
Alun Wyn Jones
198.000
1985.00
34000
3D
Alun Wyn Jones
6’2" | 1.88 m
May 27, 1991
Beauden Barrett
188.000
1991.00
40000
3D
Beauden Barrett
5’11” | 1.80 m
June 12, 1983
Bryan Habana
180.000
1983.00
14000
3D
Bryan Habana
5’10” | 1.78 m
March 5, 1982
Dan Carter
178.000
1982.00
37000
3D
Dan Carter
6’5" | 1.96 m
May 12, 1975
Jonah Lomu
196.000
1975.00
98000
3D
Jonah Lomu
5’10” | 1.78 m
May 25, 1979
Jonny Wilkinson
178.000
1979.00
33000
3D
Jonny Wilkinson
6’4” | 1.93 m
October 26, 1985
Kieran Read
193.000
1985.00
21000
3D
Kieran Read
6’7” | 2.01 m
March 9, 1970
Martin Johnson
201.000
1970.00
17000
3D
Martin Johnson
6’2" | 1.88 m
September 24, 1991
Owen Farrell
188.000
1991.00
89000
3D
Owen Farrell
6’2" | 1.88 m
December 31, 1980
Richie McCaw
188.000
1980.00
33000
3D
Richie McCaw
7.27”-7.77” | 18.46-19.74 cm (Short)
11”-12” | 28-30 cm
14-16 oz | 400-450 g
Rugby Ball
19.740
30.000
0.450
1700
https://p3d.in/e/5v5sY
3D
Rugby BallPerspective view of a 3D model of a Rugby BallPerspective view of a 3D model of a Rugby Ball
52.5’ | 16 m (Minimum)
18.71’-19.03’ | 5.7-5.8 m (Overall)
Rugby Goal Post
1600.000
580.000
70
https://p3d.in/e/FfoCb
3D
Rugby Goal PostPerspective view of a 3D model of a Rugby Goal PostPerspective view of a 3D model of a Rugby Goal Post
223’ | 68 m
367.5’-400.25’ | 112-122 m
81,978-89,297 ft² | 7616-8296 m²
Rugby Pitch - League
6800.000
12200.000
8296.00
900
https://p3d.in/e/YI6rW
3D
Rugby Pitch - LeagueView of a League Rugby Pitch in 3D available for downloadView of a League Rugby Pitch in 3D available for download
223.1’-229.66’ | 68-70 m
347.77’-472.44’ | 106-144 m
77,586-108,500 ft² | 7208-10080 m²
Rugby Pitch - Union
7000.000
14400.000
10080.00
900
https://p3d.in/e/w7Tqe
3D
Rugby Pitch - Union3D model of a Union Rugby Pitch viewed in perspective3D model of a Union Rugby Pitch viewed in perspective
6’5" | 1.96 m
September 12, 1983
Sergio Parisse
196.000
1983.00
17000
3D
Sergio Parisse
5’10” | 1.78 m (Estimated)
May 7, 1959
Steve Hansen
178.000
1959.00
18000
3D
Steve Hansen
Jonah Lomu
Scaled height comparison illustration of Jonah Lomu in relation to other rugby professionals

Jonah Lomu was New Zealand's man when they needed more power upfront because of his size, strength, speed, and ability to get out of his wing and subtle body swerve. Lomu was a rugby union player who made his first international debut in the 1994 Hong Kong Sevens, becoming the youngest player in the All Blacks squad. He was a superstar of rugby with an enormous impact on the game. Lomu played on the wing and completed his international career, having garnered thirty-seven tries and sixty-three caps. These achievements granted him admission into the International Rugby Hall of Fame and International Rugby Board (IRB) Hall of Fame.

Jonah Lomu had a height of 6’5" (1.96 m).

Set of illustrations of Jonah Lomu in various rugby poses measured with overall height
Jonah Lomu was New Zealand's man when they needed more power upfront because of his size, strength, speed, and ability to get out of his wing and subtle body swerve. Lomu was a rugby union player who made his first international debut in the 1994 Hong Kong Sevens, becoming the youngest All Black.

Jonah Lomu had a height of 6’5" (1.96 m).

Set of illustrations of Jonah Lomu in various rugby poses measured with overall height
Jonah Lomu
Height:
6’5" | 1.96 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Nationality: New Zealand

Position: Winger

Years Active: 1994-2007

Death: November 18, 2015

Birthday
May 12, 1975

Drawings include:
Jonah Lomu standing, running, stance

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Steve Hansen
Series of scaled illustrations comparing the height of Steve Hansen with other related rugby players

Steve Hansen is one whose input in rugby was continuously overshadowed by New Zealand players. Nonetheless, the former New Zealand rugby union player and the head coach has guided the Canterbury Crusaders, Wales, and New Zealand. He achieved most success with the All Blacks becoming a four-time coach of the year and ensuring New Zealand won the 2011 and 2015 World Cup. He also guided the All Blacks to three Grand Slam tours, eight Bledisloe cup victories, and to bag eight Freedom Cups, five Hillary Shield awards, and five Tri-Nations Cup. With Canterbury, he ensured they won two ITM Cup and two Super 12 Cups with the Crusaders.

Steve Hansen has an estimated height of 5’10” (1.78 m).

Series of elevation drawings of Steve Hansen in rugby positions measured with overall height
Steve Hansen is one whose input in rugby was continuously overshadowed by New Zealand players. Nonetheless, the former New Zealand rugby union player and head coach has guided the Canterbury Crusaders, Wales, and New Zealand. He achieved most success with the All Blacks as 4-time coach of the year.

Steve Hansen has an estimated height of 5’10” (1.78 m).

Series of elevation drawings of Steve Hansen in rugby positions measured with overall height
Steve Hansen
Height:
5’10” | 1.78 m (Estimated)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Nationality: New Zealand

Position: Centre
, Coach
Years Active: 1980-1987 (Player), 1996-2019 (Coach)

Birthday
May 7, 1959

Drawings include:
Steve Hansen standing, running, coaching

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Owen Farrell
Series of scaled illustrations comparing the height of Owen Farrell with other related rugby players

Owen Farrell hails from England with rugby roots, as his father was a rugby player and a coach. The professional rugby union player plays for Saracens, an English rugby union club, and captains England's national team. Farrell prefers to play the fly-half position but assumes the inside center position in international marches. He has made twenty tries, and one of his greatest moments is helping England to a record-breaking victory over New Zealand in 2012 at Twickenham. Farrell has won the Autumn Nations Cup Champions, Six Nations Championship Champion three times, Triple crown Champion three times, and Calcutta Cup Championship seven times.

Owen Farrell has a height of 6’2" (1.88 m).

Series of elevation drawings of Owen Farrell in rugby positions measured with overall height
Owen Farrell hails from England with rugby roots, as his father was a rugby player and a coach. The professional rugby union player plays for Saracens, an English rugby union club, and captains England's national team. Farrell prefers to play the fly-half position but also plays inside center.

Owen Farrell has a height of 6’2" (1.88 m).

Series of elevation drawings of Owen Farrell in rugby positions measured with overall height
Owen Farrell
Height:
6’2" | 1.88 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Nationality: England

Position: Fly-Half, Inside Centre

Years Active: 2008—

Birthday
September 24, 1991

Drawings include:
Owen Farrell standing, running, stance

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Martin Johnson
Scaled height comparison illustration of Martin Johnson in relation to other rugby professionals

Martin Johnson is your best choice if you are looking for England's greatest rugby union players. This tag he received after captaining England to the 2003 Rugby World Cup victory. Martin was also regarded as the greatest rugby union player in the lock position. He also represented and headed Leicester, helping them win five premiership titles, the 1993 Pilkington Cup, two European Cups, and two Heineken Cups. Martin is a two-time Grand Slam winner, six-time Triple Crown winner, and a five-time Six Nations Championships. After retiring from play, he became England's manager, guiding them to the 2011 Six Nations Championships victory.

Martin Johnson has a height of 6’7” (2.01 m).

Set of illustrations of Martin Johnson in various rugby poses measured with overall height
Martin Johnson is your best choice if you are looking for England's greatest rugby union players. This tag he received after captaining England to the 2003 Rugby World Cup victory. Martin was also regarded as the greatest rugby union player in the lock position. He also represented Leicester.

Martin Johnson has a height of 6’7” (2.01 m).

Set of illustrations of Martin Johnson in various rugby poses measured with overall height
Martin Johnson
Height:
6’7” | 2.01 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Nationality: England

Position: Lock

Years Active: 1989-2005

Birthday
March 9, 1970

Drawings include:
Martin Johnson standing, running, stance

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Rugby Pitch - Union
Drawing of a Union Rugby Pitch compared to other similar sports fields

The Union Rugby Pitch is the Olympic-sized rectangular grass field defined by the area of play and in-goal areas in a Union Rugby match. Union Rugby Pitches are differentiated from League Rugby by a larger field of play and the designation of the 22m line. The general area of play is located between the goal lines and the touchlines, and is where much of the game occurs. The in-goal areas are between the goal line and the dead ball line, and contain the goal posts. Along the field are distance markers to signify distances along the field. Players can score a try by placing the ball inside the in-goal area, and score a goal by aiming the ball through the opposing goal posts.

Union Rugby Pitches have an overall length between 347.77’-472.44’ (106-144 m) and width of 223.1’-229.66’ (68-70 m) for a total area of 77,586-108,500 ft² (7208-10080 m²). The area of play between the Try-Lines is 328’ (100 m) with In-Goal Areas varying from 19.69’-72.18’ (6-22 m). The Union Rugby Pitch is marked with 10m and 22m lines with two sets of broken distance lines at 16.4' and 49.21' (5 and 15 m) from the touch lines.

Top view drawing of a Union Rugby Pitch measured with length, width, and pitch markings
The Union Rugby Pitch is a rectangular grass field defined by the area of play and in-goal areas in a Union Rugby match. Union Rugby Pitches are differentiated from League Rugby by a larger field of play and the designation of the 22m line. The general area of play is located between goal lines.

Union Rugby Pitches have an overall length between 347.77’-472.44’ (106-144 m) and width of 223.1’-229.66’ (68-70 m) for a total area of 77,586-108,500 ft² (7208-10080 m²). The area of play between the Try-Lines is 328’ (100 m) with In-Goal Areas varying from 19.69’-72.18’ (6-22 m). The Union Rugby Pitch is marked with 10m and 22m lines with two sets of broken distance lines at 16.4' and 49.21' (5 and 15 m) from the touch lines.

Top view drawing of a Union Rugby Pitch measured with length, width, and pitch markings
Rugby Pitch - Union
Height:
Width:
223.1’-229.66’ | 68-70 m
Length:
347.77’-472.44’ | 106-144 m
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
77,586-108,500 ft² | 7208-10080 m²

Try-Lines: 328’ | 100 m
In-Goal Area: 19.69’-72.18’ | 6-22 m
Broken Distance Lines: 16.4’, 49.21’ | 5 m, 15 m (from Touchline)
10m Line: 32.8’ | 10 m (from Half-way Line)
22m Line: 72.18’ | 22 m (from Try-Line)
Clearance: 16.4’ | 5 m
Field Markings: 6” | 15.2 cm (Touch, Goal, Dead ball); 4” | 10.2 cm (Broken)
Field Numbers: 6.56’ | 2 m (Optional)
Surface Materials: Natural or artificial turf

Birthday

Drawings include:
Rugby Pitch (Union) plan

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