Rugby is an intensely physical team sport where players attempt to run, throw, or kick a ball to the opposing teams side. First played in early 19th century England, rugby has since become the second most popular team sport in the world. Each game is played by two teams of 15 players who attempt to pass or kick a ball laterally or backwards without being tackled. After two 40 minute halves, the team that gained the most points from successful tries, goals, and drop goals, wins the game. Despite intense popularity, Rugby has only been played as an Olympic sport four times.

How long is a rugby match?


There are two 40-minute halves that equal out to 80 minutes of playing time. Time is also affected on whether the match goes into extra time in knockout stages if so, there are two extra time periods that last 10 minutes each.

What is a scrum in rugby?


A scrum is a form of restarting play in rugby. It involving players jumping on each other and interlocking arms and head to fighting for possession of the ball when the ball is lost and neither team has possession.

How do you play rugby?

Two teams of 15 players each fight for possession of the ball to score into the opposing endzone by carrying, passing, or kicking the ball. The match is started off with a kickoff and the receiving team can score to get five points.

Rugby

Rugby Ball
Scaled comparison drawings of the Rugby Ball and other sports balls

A Rugby Ball is used to play Rugby and is passed through players with purpose of scoring a goal. Regulations for the Rugby Ball are set by the World Rugby and Rugby League International Federation. Historically Rugby Balls were constructed from pig’s bladder.

Currently, Rugby Balls are made from synthetics that are weatherproof and allow the game to be consistent. A Rugby Ball is elongated in the form of an ellipse, has bumps to provide better grip, and has 4 panels. There are 4 different Rugby Ball sizes used by different age groups. Rugby Balls are available in different colors and designs on them.

Rugby Balls have a short diameter of 7.27”-7.77” (18.46-19.74 cm) and length of 11”-12” (28-30 cm), resulting in circumferences of 22.83”-24.41” (58-62 cm) on the short side and 29.13”-30.31” (74-77 cm) across the length. The mass of a Rugby Ball is between 14-16 oz (400-450 g) with a pressure between 9.5-10 psi (65.7-68.8 kPa).

Measured illustration of a Rugby Ball dimensioned with overall diameters and circumferences
A Rugby Ball is used to play Rugby and is passed through players with purpose of scoring a goal. Regulations for the Rugby Ball are set by the World Rugby and Rugby League International Federation. Historically Rugby Balls were constructed from pig’s bladder.

Rugby Balls have a short diameter of 7.27”-7.77” (18.46-19.74 cm) and length of 11”-12” (28-30 cm), resulting in circumferences of 22.83”-24.41” (58-62 cm) on the short side and 29.13”-30.31” (74-77 cm) across the length. The mass of a Rugby Ball is between 14-16 oz (400-450 g) with a pressure between 9.5-10 psi (65.7-68.8 kPa).

Measured illustration of a Rugby Ball dimensioned with overall diameters and circumferences
Rugby Ball
Height:
7.27”-7.77” | 18.46-19.74 cm (Short)
Width:
Length:
11”-12” | 28-30 cm
Depth:
Weight:
14-16 oz | 400-450 g
Area:

Circumference (Short): 22.83”-24.41” | 58-62 cm
Circumference (Long): 29.13”-30.31” | 74-77 cm
Pressure: 9.5-10 psi | 65.7-68.8 kPa

Materials: Leather, natural rubber, or synthetic surface; polyester backing

Drawings include:
Rugby Ball Elevations (various)

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