Video Game Controllers | Gamepads

Video Game Controllers | Gamepads

Description
Description

Video game controllers, also known as gamepads, are handheld input accessories used to interact with video game consoles. Consisting of varied sets of buttons with specific functions and complexities suited for each generation of gaming, game controllers typically include a directional button (D-Pad) for the left thumb, buttons for the right thumb, shoulder buttons (bumpers or triggers) for additional fingers, and assistive ‘Start’, ‘Select’, and ‘Home’ buttons at the center of the input.

Since the introduction of early video gaming joysticks and paddles, video game controllers have evolved over time with new features such as additional buttons, additional analog thumbsticks, wireless capabilities, and three-dimensional sensors and accelerometers for an increased level of interaction—as seen in the Wii Remote.

History
History

Video game controllers started as simple knobs or paddles, like those for Pong. They evolved into joysticks with a button or two in the early arcade and home console days. Nintendo's NES introduced the iconic D-pad and more buttons, setting a standard. As games grew more complex, controllers did too, adding more buttons, triggers, and eventually analog sticks for 3D movement. Sony's PlayStation controllers introduced vibration feedback. The 2000s saw innovations like motion control with Nintendo's Wii Remote and touchpads on Sony's PlayStation controllers. Over time, they transformed from basic input devices to sophisticated, ergonomic tools enhancing gaming immersion.

Future
Future

In the future, video game controllers might embrace even more immersive technologies. Haptic feedback could evolve, simulating textures and resistance, making virtual environments feel real. We might see controllers with adaptive triggers and buttons that change shape or tension based on in-game actions. Gesture and voice controls could become more refined, allowing for hands-free gaming.

Augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) technologies will likely integrate more seamlessly, with controllers becoming extensions of our own hands in virtual spaces. As gaming becomes a larger part of social interaction, controllers may also become more personalized, reflecting individual tastes and styles in their design and functionality.

Common Questions
Common Questions
Who invented the video game controller?

The first appearance of video game control can be traced to the switches and toggles used in the 1962 game ‘Spacewar!’, which would lead to the development of arcade machines with similar button-based controls. The first home-based video game controller were the pair of dial controllers included with the 1972 Magnavox Odyssey.

How do you use a video game controller on PC?

While not all video game controllers are cross compatible with out-of-box use on the PC, more modern controllers, those with Bluetooth and wireless connectivity, can be paired to the PC device by accessing your operating systems ‘System Preferences’ and ‘Bluetooth Accessories’ and selecting the discovered controller to be paired.

What is the best video game controller?

Though there isn’t a ‘best’ controller, many gamers have preferences for their favorite gaming controllers. Sony’s most recent DualShock 4 is often considered to be the most comfortable video game controller to hold, while Microsoft’s Xbox One Elite controller may be preferred for their responsive triggers and joysticks. Other gaming controllers have famously helped change the industry by adding innovations like the freedom of the Wii Remote, joystick of the N64 Controller, and feedback of the original Dualshock Controller.

Digital

* Under Development *

5” | 127 mm
4” | 101.6 mm
4” | 101.6 mm
8.8 oz | .25 kg
1977
Atari CX40 Joystick
12.700
10.160
10.160
0.250
1977.00
1700
GUIDE
3D
Atari CX40 Joystick
6” | 152 mm
5.8” | 147 mm
3.4” | 86 mm
10.6 oz | .3 kg
1999
Dreamcast Controller
15.200
14.700
8.600
0.300
1999.00
9000
GUIDE
3D
Dreamcast Controller
4.2” | 106 mm
6.3" | 160 mm
2.6” | 66 mm
9.87 oz | 280 g
November 12, 2020
DualSense Controller
10.600
16.000
6.600
0.280
2020.00
18000
GUIDE
3D
DualSense Controller
3.74” | 95 mm
6.18” | 157 mm
2.16” | 54.9 mm
7.4 oz | .21 kg
2000
DualShock 2 Controller
9.500
15.700
5.490
0.210
2000.00
1400
GUIDE
3D
DualShock 2 Controller
3.78” | 97 mm
6.2” | 160 mm
2.2” | 55 mm
6.7 oz | .19 kg
2006
DualShock 3 Controller
9.700
16.000
5.500
0.190
2006.00
4100
GUIDE
3D
DualShock 3 Controller
3.94” | 100 mm
6.34” | 161 mm
2.24” | 57 mm
7.4 oz | .21 kg
2013
DualShock 4 Controller
10.000
16.100
5.700
0.210
2013.00
17000
GUIDE
3D
DualShock 4 Controller
4” | 100 mm
5.5” | 140 mm
2.5” | 65 mm
7.1 oz | .2 kg
2001
GameCube Controller
10.000
14.000
6.500
0.200
2001.00
82000
GUIDE
3D
GameCube Controller
2.096” | 53.2 mm
4.86” | 123.4 mm
.6875” | 17.5 mm
2.6 oz | .07 kg
1983
NES Controller
5.320
12.340
1.750
0.070
1983.00
18000
GUIDE
3D
NES Controller
6.01” | 152.6 mm
6.3” | 160 mm
2.625” | 66.7 mm
10.6 oz | .3 kg
1996
Nintendo 64 Controller
15.260
16.000
6.670
0.300
1996.00
10000
GUIDE
3D
Nintendo 64 Controller
4.01” | 102 mm
9.40” | 239 mm
.547” | 13.9 mm; 1.13” | 28.7 mm (Total)
.88 lb | .4 kg
2017
Nintendo Switch
10.200
23.900
2.870
0.400
2017.00
2100000
GUIDE
3D
Nintendo Switch
3.66” | 93 mm
5.83” | 148 mm
2.1” | 53.3 mm
4.7 oz | .13 kg
1994
PlayStation Controller
9.300
14.800
5.330
0.130
1994.00
19000
GUIDE
3D
PlayStation Controller
2.4” | 61 mm (Estimated)
5.67” | 144 mm (Estimated)
.6” | 15 mm (Estimated)
2.8 oz | .08 kg (Estimated)
1990
SNES Controller
6.100
14.400
1.500
0.080
1990.00
24000
GUIDE
3D
SNES Controller
3.86” | 98 mm (Estimated)
6.5” | 165 mm (Estimated)
1.6” | 40.6 mm (Estimated)
5.6 oz | .16 kg (Estimated)
1988
Sega Genesis Controller - 3 Button
9.800
16.500
4.060
0.160
1988.00
6200
GUIDE
3D
Sega Genesis Controller - 3 Button
3.39” | 86 mm
6.1” | 155 mm
1.8” | 45.7 mm
9.6 oz | .27 kg
1995
Sega Saturn Controller - Model 2
8.600
15.500
4.570
0.270
1995.00
3900
GUIDE
3D
Sega Saturn Controller - Model 2
6.3” | 160 mm
1.43” | 36.2 mm
1.21” | 30.8 mm
3.2 oz | .09 kg
2006
Wii Remote
16.000
3.620
3.080
0.090
2006.00
13000
GUIDE
3D
Wii Remote
5.3” | 13.5 cm
10.2” | 25.9 cm
1.6” | 40.6 mm; 1.98” | 50.2 mm (Total)
17.3 oz | .49 kg
2012
Wii U GamePad
13.500
25.900
5.020
0.490
2012.00
11000
GUIDE
3D
Wii U GamePad
4.13” | 105 mm
6.05” | 154 mm
2.41” | 61.3 mm
9.5 oz | .27 kg
2005
Xbox 360 Controller
10.500
15.400
6.130
0.270
2005.00
44000
GUIDE
3D
Xbox 360 Controller
5.5” | 139.7 mm
7” | 177.8 mm
2.7” | 68.6 mm
19.4 oz | .55 kg
2001
Xbox Controller
13.970
17.780
6.860
0.550
2001.00
90000
GUIDE
3D
Xbox Controller
4.01” | 101.9 mm
6.02” | 152.9 mm
2.4” | 61 mm
9.9 oz | .28 kg
2013
Xbox One Controller
10.190
15.290
6.100
0.280
2013.00
141000
GUIDE
3D
Xbox One Controller
Wii Remote

The Wii Remote is a video game controller or motion controller for Nintendo’s Wii home video game console. It was released into the market at the Tokyo games show in 2005 as the successor of the Wii Remote Plus. It derived its attention from its unique features such as the motion-sensing capabilities, optical sensor technology, and use of an accelerometer.

The Wii Remote is the seventh and eighth generation controller and is expandable through the addition of various attachments. The Wii Remote is connected to the video game console via Bluetooth or an accessory connector port. It also comes with other accessories such as jackets and straps to offer a better grip of the remote.

The Wii Remote has a height of 6.3” (160 mm), width of 1.43” (36.2 mm), depth of 1.21” (30.8 mm), and approximate weight of 3.2 oz (.09 kg).

Set of dimensioned elevation drawings of the Wii Remote measured with height, width, and depth
The Wii Remote is a video game controller or motion controller for Nintendo’s Wii home video game console. It was released into the market at the Tokyo games show in 2005. It derived its attention from its unique features such as the motion capabilities, optical sensor technology and accelerometer.

The Wii Remote has a height of 6.3” (160 mm), width of 1.43” (36.2 mm), depth of 1.21” (30.8 mm), and approximate weight of 3.2 oz (.09 kg).

Set of dimensioned elevation drawings of the Wii Remote measured with height, width, and depth
Wii Remote
Height:
6.3” | 160 mm
Width:
1.43” | 36.2 mm
Length:
Depth:
1.21” | 30.8 mm
Weight:
3.2 oz | .09 kg
Area:
Designer
Nintendo
Released
2006

Drawings include:
Wii Remote front elevation, , back, top, side

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Xbox One Controller

The Xbox One Controller is the successor of the Xbox 360 Controller and works with Xbox Series X and Xbox One home video game consoles, Window-based PC, and other operating systems like Linux, Mac, and Android. The Xbox One Controller has had three revisions in 2015, 2016, and 2020 but still maintains the layout of the Xbox 360 controller with a revised shape and redesign that includes a trigger, analog sticks, and shoulder buttons.

The Xbox One Controller also has a premium version, Elite Wireless Controller marketed to professional gamers and boasts superior features such as interchangeable parts and programmable functionalities and accessories such as stereo headset adapter, chat pad, and play and charge kit.

The Xbox One Controller has a height of 4.01” (101.9 mm), width of 6.02” (152.9 mm), depth of 2.4” (61 mm), and approximate weight of 9.9 oz (.28 kg).

Set of dimensioned elevation drawings of the Xbox One Controller measured with height, width, and depth
The Xbox One Controller is the successor of the Xbox 360 Controller and works with Xbox Series X and Xbox One home video game consoles, Window-based PC, and other operating systems like Linux, Mac, and Android. The Xbox One Controller has had three revisions in 2015, 2016, and 2020.

The Xbox One Controller has a height of 4.01” (101.9 mm), width of 6.02” (152.9 mm), depth of 2.4” (61 mm), and approximate weight of 9.9 oz (.28 kg).

Set of dimensioned elevation drawings of the Xbox One Controller measured with height, width, and depth
Xbox One Controller
Height:
4.01” | 101.9 mm
Width:
6.02” | 152.9 mm
Length:
Depth:
2.4” | 61 mm
Weight:
9.9 oz | .28 kg
Area:
Designer
Microsoft
Released
2013

Drawings include:
Xbox One Controller front elevation, top, side

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PlayStation Controller

The PlayStation Controller is Sony’s first video game controller released in 1994 as an input device for the PlayStation home video game console. The PlayStation Controller succeeded the Dual Analog controller having a second shoulder button for the middle finger and grip handles to provide a more stable grip while shifting the middle finger.

The controller moved away from the traditional use of the numbers and letters to use geometric shapes as the label actions on its buttons, which later became the Playstation’s trademark. It was then discontinued in 1998 and replaced with the DualShock Controllers.

The PlayStation Controller has a height of 3.66” (93 mm), width of 5.83” (148 mm), depth of 2.1” (53.3 mm), and approximate weight of 4.7 oz (.13 kg).

Collection of drawings of the PlayStation Controller with height, width, and depth dimensions
The PlayStation Controller is Sony’s first video game controller released in 1994 as an input device for the PlayStation home video game console. The PlayStation Controller succeeded the Dual Analog controller having a second shoulder button for the middle finger and grip handles for stability.

The PlayStation Controller has a height of 3.66” (93 mm), width of 5.83” (148 mm), depth of 2.1” (53.3 mm), and approximate weight of 4.7 oz (.13 kg).

Collection of drawings of the PlayStation Controller with height, width, and depth dimensions
PlayStation Controller
Height:
3.66” | 93 mm
Width:
5.83” | 148 mm
Length:
Depth:
2.1” | 53.3 mm
Weight:
4.7 oz | .13 kg
Area:
Designer
Sony
Released
1994

Drawings include:
PlayStation Controller front elevation, top, side

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DualShock 2 Controller

The DualShock 2 Controller is a sixth-generation gamepad and a successor of the DualShock Controller. It was released into the market in 2000 as a video game controller for Sony PlayStation 2. The DualShock 2 Controller is also forward compatible with original models of PlayStation and backward compatible with PlayStation 3 through the third party peripheral connecting the controller and the console via a USB port.

Noticeable features of the DualShock 2 Controller include stiffer analog sticks, a blue DualShock logo at the top of the controller, and pressure-sensitive analog values. It also cannot work with games that require Sixaxis functionality.

The DualShock 2 Controller has a height of 3.74” (95 mm), width of 6.18” (157 mm), depth of 2.16” (54.9 mm), and approximate weight of 7.4 oz (.21 kg).

Dimensioned drawings of the DualShock 2 Controller with height, width, and depth labeled in elevation
The DualShock 2 Controller is a sixth-generation gamepad and a successor of the DualShock Controller. It was released into the market in 2000 as a video game controller for Sony PlayStation 2. The DualShock 2 Controller is also forward compatible with original models of PlayStation.

The DualShock 2 Controller has a height of 3.74” (95 mm), width of 6.18” (157 mm), depth of 2.16” (54.9 mm), and approximate weight of 7.4 oz (.21 kg).

Dimensioned drawings of the DualShock 2 Controller with height, width, and depth labeled in elevation
DualShock 2 Controller
Height:
3.74” | 95 mm
Width:
6.18” | 157 mm
Length:
Depth:
2.16” | 54.9 mm
Weight:
7.4 oz | .21 kg
Area:
Designer
Sony
Released
2000

Drawings include:
DualShock 2 Controller front elevation, top, side

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Xbox 360 Controller

The Xbox 360 Controller is a seventh-generation controller and successor of the Xbox controller, primarily for Microsoft’s Xbox 360 home video game console. The Xbox 360 Controller was released in 2005 and is available either in wireless or wired version, all of which are compatible with various Microsoft PC operating systems.

The video game controller also comes in various colors for retail and non-retail and accessories such as play and charge kit, wireless gaming receiver, and Messenger kit. The Xbox 360 Controller is not just for gaming use but also non-gaming use, such as controlling periscopes on new Virginia-class submarines.

The Xbox 360 Controller has a height of 4.13” (105 mm), width of 6.05” (154 mm), depth of 2.41” (61.3 mm), and approximate weight of 9.5 oz (.27 kg).

Dimensioned drawings of the Xbox 360 Controller with height, width, and depth labeled in elevation views
The Xbox 360 Controller is a seventh-generation controller and successor of the Xbox controller, primarily for Microsoft’s Xbox 360 home video game console. The Xbox 360 Controller was released in 2005 and is available either in wireless or wired version, all of which are compatible various PCs.

The Xbox 360 Controller has a height of 4.13” (105 mm), width of 6.05” (154 mm), depth of 2.41” (61.3 mm), and approximate weight of 9.5 oz (.27 kg).

Dimensioned drawings of the Xbox 360 Controller with height, width, and depth labeled in elevation views
Xbox 360 Controller
Height:
4.13” | 105 mm
Width:
6.05” | 154 mm
Length:
Depth:
2.41” | 61.3 mm
Weight:
9.5 oz | .27 kg
Area:
Designer
Microsoft
Released
2005

Drawings include:
Xbox 360 Controller front elevation, top, side

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