Dogs are domesticated mammals of the Carnivora order. Descendants of wolves, dogs are the first animals to have been domesticated by humans. Dogs are bred for particular physical and emotional characteristics and are often referred to as ‘man’s best friend’ referring to their high degree of loyalty.
The Raccoon Dog (Nyctereutes procyonides) is a species of the Canidae family, closely related to foxes, that was named after its resemblance to the face of a raccoon. They have short tan-black limbs, a large body, and rounded ears. and are the only member of the canid family that hibernates. Raccoon Dogs have a shoulder height of 15”-20” (38-51 cm), body length between 20”-27” (51-69 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 14-22 lb (6-10 kg). The typical lifespan of a Raccoon Dog is 4-8 years in the wild and up to 11-16 years when raised in captivity.
Canini is a tribe of dog-like canines including dogs, wolves, jackals and coyotes that inhabit different parts of the world. They are representatives of the dog-like carnivorous families (Caninae) and can be identified by a longer tail, shorter torso, and less pointed ears.
Bernese Mountain Dogs are large breed of mountain dog popular for their distinctive coat colors and helpfulness on farms. The average Bernese Mountain Dog has an overall height of 30.0"-36.0" (76-91 cm), withers height of 23.0”-27.5” (58-70 cm), and body length of 35.0"-41.5" (89-105 cm). A typical Bernese Mountain Dog weighs between 70-115 lb (32-52 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 7-10 years.
The Australian Cattle Dog, also called the Blue Heeler, Red Heeler, and Queensland Heeler, is a medium, muscular, sturdy dog known for its strength and agility. This breed originated in Australian where the Australian Cattle Dog was used to herd cattle over long distances. The average Australian Cattle Dog has an overall height of 21.0”-25.0” (53-64 cm), withers height of 17.0"-20.0” (43-51 cm), and body length of 28.0”-33.0” (71-84 cm). A typical Australian Cattle Dog weighs between 31-35 lb (14-16 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 13-15 years.
The Black-Tailed Prairie Dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) is a rodent that lives grassland habitats of the Great Plains of North America. Habitat preferences are influenced by the type of vegetative covering, soil, slope, and rainfall, which aid in their foraging and burrowing activities. Black-Tailed Prairie Dogs have a height of 5.9”-7.3” (15-18.5 cm), body length between 12”-16” (31-41 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 2-4 lb (.9-1.8 kg). The tail length of a Black-Tailed Prairie Dog is 3”-4” (7.6-10.2 cm). Black-Tailed Prairie Dogs have a typical lifespan of 3-5 years in the wild and 8-10 years in captivity.
Downward Facing Dog, or more commonly known as Down Dog, is a primary yoga posture typically used multiple times within a series during practice. Considered an inversion posture, Downward Facing Dog is known to stretch the whole body while creating length and strength in the spine. To do Downward Facing Dog, it is easy to begin on hands and feet. Push into the hands, grounding the fingers into the mat, lift the hips to the sky, bend the knees as much as necessary to create a straight back and length in the spine.
Upward Facing Dog Pose is a beginner to intermediate posture that stretches the chest, opens the shoulders, and helps build strength in the wrist and arms. Upward Facing Dog is used as a transitional posture and can help a Yogi learn to open the chest more efficiently in postures such as Hero Pose. To do Upward Facing Dog, begin by lying face down on the mat. Bring the tops of the feet to the mat and place the hands near the hips. Next, push through the hands and straighten the arms while lifting the hips and thighs off the floor, pushing through the tops of the feet and bringing the shoulder blades behind the heart, opening the chest.
One-Legged Downward Dog Pose, sometimes known as 3-Legged Dog Pose, is a beginner to intermediate posture that stretches all the same muscle groups as Downward Facing Dog such as strengthening the arms and stretching the calves and hamstrings. To do One-Legged Downward Dog Pose, go into Downward Facing Dog and then lift the right or left leg into the air straightening the leg. Be mindful to keep the pelvis and shoulders level, just like Downward Facing Dog, but with one leg in the air. This can be a transitional posture into poses such as Wild Thing or the Yogi can bring the leg to touch an elbow and kick back out for some good core exercise.
Wild Thing Pose is an intermediate arm balance that also opens the chest. Wild Thing Pose is known to open the chest and shoulders, open the front of the legs and hip flexors, and helps build strength in the upper back. Some preparatory postures include Downward Facing Dog, Bow Pose, and Side Plank. To do Wild Thing Pose, Yogi’s can move from Downward Facing Dog to Three-Legged Dog Pose. With the right leg in the air, move the leg over the left of the body ending with the chest facing up and the left hand still on the mat. Follow up with Downward Facing Dog.
The Border Collie, also called the Scottish Sheepdog, is a medium-sized energetic herding dog. The Border Collie, hailing from the Scottish borders and the United Kingdom, was originally bred to be intelligent and obedient as a working dog for herding livestock. The average Border Collie has an overall height of 22.0”-27.0” (56-69 cm), withers height of 18.0”-22.0” (46-56 cm), and body length of 28.0”-34.0” (71-86 cm). A typical Border Collie weighs between 27-45 lb (12-20 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 10-17 years.
Jumping is a form of movement in which an organism propels themselves into an airborne state along a ballistic trajectory. Though one might run or walk leading up to a jump, a jump is characterized by the longer duration of the aerial phase and a higher angle of initial launch.
Greeting is the social act of intentionally making oneself known to another and can suggest relationship dynamics and social status depending on the type of greeting used. Greeting can vary from a quick hand gesture or verbal acknowledgement to a more formal series of physical gestures.
Canidae, or canines, are vertebrate dog-like creatures with long muzzles, upright ears, sharp teeth, long legs, and bushy tails. The Canidae family includes foxes, wolves, jackals, and domestic dogs. Canines are one of the earliest domesticated species and dogs continue to be popular pets.
The Australian Shepherd, lovingly nicknamed The Aussie, is a lean, tough medium-sized dog with an intelligent, active, work-orientated personality. Despite its name, the Australian Shepherd likely originated in California around the time of the Gold Rush in the 1840s as a ranching and herding dog. The average Australian Shepherd has an overall height of 25.0”-32.0” (64-81 cm), withers height of 18.0”-23.0” (46-58 cm), and body length of 28.0”-36.0” (71-91 cm). A typical Australian Shepherd weighs between 35-70 lb (16-32 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 13-15 years.
The Dingo (Canis lupus dingo), also known as a warrigal, is considered as either a sub species of the wolf or its own independent species. Likened to the domestic dog, the Dingo has short fur, pointed ears, and a bushy tail. What sets the Dingo apart is its longer snout and teeth and larger ears. Dingos have a shoulder height of 20”-24” (51-61 cm), body length between 28”-43” (71-109 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 30-45 lb (14-20 kg). The typical lifespan of a Dingo is 3-7 years in the wild and up to 16 years in captivity.
Also known as a Havana Silk Dog, the Havanese is a joyful and peppy member of the toy group and is the only dog breed native to Cuba. Small but sturdy in stature, the Havanese has an average weight ranging from seven to fourteen pounds and is popular for its adaptable, people-pleasing nature. Havaneses have a withers height between 8.5”-11.5” (22-29 cm) and a weight in the range of 7-13 lb (3.2-5.9 kg). The Havanese has an overall body length of roughly 19”-25.5” (48-65 cm), standing height of 12.5”-17” (32-43 cm), and a typical lifespan of 14-16 years.
Golden Retrievers are a medium to large breed of dog bred for sporting uses but are also trained to serve as disability assistance dogs as well as guide, hunting, and search and rescue dogs. The average Golden Retriever has an overall height of 28.5"-31.5" (72-80 cm), withers height of 21.5"-24" (55-61 cm), and body length of 37.0"-42.0" (94-107 cm). A typical Golden Retriever weighs between 55-75 lb (25-34 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 10-12 years.
The Collie, one of the most easily recognizable dog breeds, is a large, agile herding dog. Originating in Scotland and Northern England, the Collie’s popularity quickly spread through Australia and North American for its skill as a livestock herding dog. The average Collie has an overall height of 26.0”-32.0” (66-81 cm), withers height of 20.0”-24.0” (51-61 cm), and body length of 29.0”-34.0” (74-86 cm). A typical Collie weighs between 40-65 lb (18-29 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 14-16 years.
Dalmatians are a medium-sized breed of dog famous for their spotted coats and elegant bodies. Dalmatians were bred as ‘coach dogs’ that would trot with carriages and guard the horses. The average Dalmatian has an overall height of 27.5"-30.0" (70-76 cm), withers (shoulder) height of 22.0"-24.0" (56-61 cm), and body length of 31.0"-33.0" (79-84 cm). A typical Dalmatian weighs between 45-70 lb (20-32 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 11-15 years.
The Basset Hound is a short-legged dog with iconic long, velvety ears, and an impressive scenting ability, second only to the Bloodhound. While not the speediest of dogs, Basset Hounds are endurance dogs having originally being bred to track hares. The average Basset Hound has an overall height of 16.0”-21.0” (41-53 cm), withers (shoulder) height of 11.0”-15.0” (28-38 cm), and body length of 26.0”-35.0” (66-89 cm). A typical Basset Hound weighs between 44-64 lb (20-29 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 10-12 years.
A member of the toy group of dog breeds, the Pomeranian is a small dog ranging from three to seven pounds that is renowned for its iconic puffy coat. Named for the Polish-German region of Pomerania, this petite dog is believed to be a descendent from either the Spitz or the Samoyed. Pomeranians have a withers height between 6”-7” (15-18 cm) and a weight in the range of 3-7 lb (1.4-3.2 kg). The Pomeranian has an overall body length of roughly 9.5”-11” (24-28 cm), standing height of 8”-9.5” (20-24 cm), and a typical lifespan of 12-16 years.
With features that include an underbite and broad, muscular shoulders, the Boxer is a popular member of the working group of dogs. A result of the crossing between two extinct dog breeds—the Old English Bulldog and the Bullenbeisser—the Boxer was bred to be a strong, guard dog with a powerful bite. Male Boxers have a withers height between 23”-25” (58-64 cm) and a weight in the range of 65-80 lb (29.5-36.3 kg). Female Boxers have a withers height between 21.5”-23.5” (55-59.7 cm) and a weight in the range of 50-65 lb (22.7-29.5 kg). The Boxer has an overall body length of roughly 30”-35” (76-89 cm), standing height of 28.5”-33" (72-84 cm), and a typical lifespan of 10-12 years.
German Shepherds are a medium to large German breed of a dog originally bred as a working dog used for herding purposes (shepherding). The average German Shepherd has an overall height of 26.5"-31.0" (67-79 cm), withers height of 22.0"-26.0" (56-66 cm), and body length of 36.0"-42.5" (91-108 cm). A typical German Shepherd weighs between 50-90 lb (23-41 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 7-13 years.
A member of the working group, the Siberian Husky is a large, furry, and mischievous pooch that is best known for its occupation as a sled dog. With origins rooted in Russia, the Siberian Husky was bred to be a pack dog that could pull loads through treacherous, snowy environments. Male Siberian Huskys have a withers height between 21”-23.5” (53-60 cm) and a weight in the range of 45-65 lb (20-29.5 kg). Female Siberian Huskys have a withers height between 20”-22” (51-56 cm) and a weight in the range of 35-50 lb (15.9-22.7 kg). The Siberian Husky has an overall body length of roughly 30”-34.5” (76-88 cm), standing height of 26.5”-31” (67-79 cm), and a typical lifespan of 12-14 years.
The Tibetan Mastiff is a large breed of dog belonging to the mastiff family. With origins rooted in the nomadic cultures of Tibet, China, Mongolia, India, and Nepal, this dog was fine tuned over thousands of years to expertly guard and look after animals and settlements. Male Tibetan Mastiffs have a withers height between 26”-30” (66-76 cm) and a weight in the range of 90-150 lb (40.8-68 kg). Female Tibetan Mastiffs have a withers height between 24”-28” (61-71 cm) and a weight in the range of 70-120 lb (31.8-54.4 kg). The Tibetan Mastiff has an overall body length of roughly 35.5”-44.5” (90-113 cm), standing height of 28.5”-35.5” (72-90 cm), and a typical lifespan of 10-12 years.
Tenaciously loyal, intelligent, and alert, the Doberman Pinscher is a revered member of the working group of dogs. Originating in Germany during the later half of the 19th century, the Doberman was bred to be a fearless, reliable guard dog that could fight off other animals or human threats. Male Doberman Pinschers have a withers height between 26”-28” (66-71 cm) and a weight in the range of 75-100 lb (34-45.4 kg). Female Doberman Pinschers have a withers height between 24”-26” (61-66 cm) and a weight in the range of 60-90 lb (27.2-40.8 kg). The Doberman Pinscher has an overall body length of roughly 40”-46” (102-117 cm), standing height of 30”-35.5” (76-90 cm), and a typical lifespan of 10-12 years.
The Bulldog, also known as the British or English Bulldog, is one of the most recognizable dog breeds, due to its stout structure, loose skin, small ears, and distinctive walk. Originally from England, the Bulldog was brought to America by settlers and remains one of the most popular pet dog breeds. The average Bulldog has an overall height of 15.0”-19.0” (38-48 cm), withers height of 12.0”-16.0” (31-40 cm), and body length of 20.0”-27.0” (51-69 cm). A typical Bulldog weighs between 40-55 lb (18-25 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 8-10 years.
The Standard Schnauzer, or Mittelschnauzer, is a medium sized dog with a distinctive salt and pepper colored coat, snout, and whiskers. The Standard Schnauzer is a working dog that originated from the farms of 14th and 15th century Germany where it was prized for its chasing ability. The average Standard Schnauzer has an overall height of 23.0”-26.0” (58-66 cm), withers height of 18.0”-20.0” (44-50 cm), and body length of 28.0”-31.0” (71-79 cm). A typical Standard Schnauzer weighs between 31-44 lb (14-20 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 13-16 years.
The Beagle, also known as the English Beagle, is a friendly, lovable, and loyal small hound dog ranging in color from lemon to red and white, with many being tri-color. Similar in appearance to the larger Foxhound, the Beagle is a scent dog, originally bred to track hares. The average Beagle has an overall height of 18.0”-22.0” (46-56 cm), withers height of 13.0”-16.0” (33-41 cm), and body length of 20.0”-25.0” (51-64 cm). A typical Beagle weighs between 20-24 lb (9-11 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 12-15 years.