Apes | Hominoidea

Apes | Hominoidea

Description
Description

Apes, belonging to the superfamily Hominoidea, are primates distinguished by their lack of a tail, more flexible shoulders, and larger brains relative to body size compared to other primates. This group encompasses gibbons, orangutans, gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos, and humans. Inhabiting diverse habitats ranging from the rainforests of Central Africa and Southeast Asia to every corner of the globe where humans reside, apes have demonstrated remarkable behavioral and cognitive abilities. Evolutionary, apes are significant for their close genetic relationship to humans, with shared ancestors dating back millions of years, offering insights into human evolution and the broader narrative of life on Earth.

Anatomy
Anatomy

Apes are tailless primates with flexible shoulder joints and strong arms for climbing and swinging through trees. Their hands and feet are adept for grasping, with opposable thumbs and, often, big toes, allowing precise manipulation of objects. Their large brains enable complex behaviors, problem-solving, and in some species, tool use. Apes communicate through a range of vocalizations, facial expressions, and body language. Their senses are keen; they have binocular vision for depth perception, essential in a three-dimensional forest environment. Though primarily arboreal, many apes can walk upright for short distances, showcasing the link to bipedal humans.

Human Interaction
Human Interaction

Humans have long been fascinated by apes, our closest living relatives in the animal kingdom. This kinship has been celebrated in pop culture, from the classic film "King Kong" to the "Planet of the Apes" series, reflecting our complex relationship. Historically, apes have been subjects of scientific research, contributing vastly to our understanding of human evolution and behavior.

Conservation efforts have gained momentum as many ape species face threats from habitat loss and poaching. Organizations worldwide are working to protect these intelligent creatures, advocating for habitat conservation, anti-poaching laws, and sanctuary for rescued individuals, recognizing our shared responsibility for their survival.

Common Questions
Common Questions
How are Hominoids different from Anthropoids?

Hominoids are a group of simians that include only humans and apes, while the anthropoids are simians including hominoids, New, and Old World monkeys. Hominoids lack tails, while monkeys in anthropoids have tails. Besides, hominoids have a better brain and mental capacity and a longer lifespan compared to monkeys in anthropoids.

When did Hominoidea first appear?

Fossils of the first hominids were found in Africa and are between 26 to 30 million years old. This is in Fort Ternan, Kenya. Records show that hominids prefered woodland habitats. They had smaller blunt canines and could walk in an upright manner. They also had larger brains and could use tools and communicate through languages.

Why are humans classified as part of Hominoidea?

Humans have a close resemblance and relationship to apes, which are part of the sub-group Hominoidea. This genetic relationship to primates, which includes large, complex brains and even forward-facing eyes, makes them part of the sub-group Hominoidea. Their close relative is the chimpanzee. The only difference is that humans are more intelligent.

Animals

* Under Development *

Bonobo
671800
39”-49” | 99-125 cm (Upright)
10.6”-14.2” | 27-36 cm
27.6”-32.7” | 70-83 cm
60-86 lb | 27-39 kg
20-45 years (wild); 50-58 years (captivity)
Bonobo
125.000
36.000
83.000
39.000
58.00
671800
GUIDE
3D
Bonobo
39.4”-59” | 100-150 cm (Upright)
18.9”-28” | 48-71 cm
31.9”-47.6” | 81-121 cm
110-220 lb | 50-100 kg
35-45 years (wild); 50-60 years (captivity)
Bornean Orangutan
150.000
71.000
121.000
100.000
60.00
16800
GUIDE
3D
Bornean Orangutan
63”-72” | 160-183 cm (Upright)
25.2”-28” | 64-71 cm
37.4”-47.2” | 95-120 cm
220-460 lb | 100-210 kg
30-40 (wild); 40-60 (captivity)
Eastern Lowland Gorilla
183.000
71.000
120.000
210.000
60.00
4350
GUIDE
3D
Eastern Lowland Gorilla
16.5”-23.2” | 42-59 cm (Upright)
5.9”-8.7” | 15-22 cm
10.6”-14.6” | 27-37 cm (Head to Rear)
9.7-16.8 lb | 4.4-7.6 kg
25-30 years (wild); 35-56 years (captivity)
Lar Gibbon
59.000
22.000
37.000
7.600
56.00
3400
GUIDE
3D
Lar Gibbon
55”-67” | 140-170 cm (Upright)
24”-29.1” | 61-74 cm
37.4”-45.3” | 95-115 cm
154-419 lb | 70-190 kg
35-40 years (wild); 40-50 years (captivity)
Mountain Gorilla
170.000
74.000
115.000
190.000
50.00
27250
GUIDE
3D
Mountain Gorilla
Siamang
36600
29.1”-35.4” | 74-90 cm (Upright)
12.2”-14.6” | 31-37 cm
18.9”-23.6” | 48-60 cm (Head to Rear)
22-31 lb | 10-14 kg
25-30 years (wild); 30-43 years (captivity)
Siamang
90.000
37.000
60.000
14.000
43.00
36600
GUIDE
3D
Siamang
43.3”-59” | 110-150 cm (Upright)
19.3”-26” | 49-66 cm
31.1”-42.5” | 79-108 cm
110-198 lb | 50-90 kg
30-40 years (wild); 34-58 years (captivity)
Sumatran Orangutan
150.000
66.000
108.000
90.000
58.00
12500
GUIDE
3D
Sumatran Orangutan
39”-59” | 99-150 cm (Upright)
13”-18.1” | 33-46 cm
27.2”-37.8” | 69-96 cm
88-104 lb | 40-47 kg
15-25 years (wild); 30-50 years (captivity)
Western Chimpanzee
150.000
46.000
96.000
47.000
50.00
900
GUIDE
3D
Western Chimpanzee
Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii)
Drawing comparing the size of the Sumatran Orangutan to simliar Ape species

The Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii) is a species of large primate native to Indonesia. They have orange hair and long arms like other orangutans, but are set apart by the white hairs on their face and long beards. Sumatran orangutans eat a variety of foods but love figs the best. They live in a variety of wet forests of the island of Sumatra, including mangrove forests and riparian forests. Sumatran orangutans are primarily arboreal, living almost entirely in the trees, and sleeping in nests. They are the largest of the three species of orangutan in Asia, and the largest non-human primates in Asia.

Sumatran Orangutans have an upright standing height of 43.3”-59” (110-150 cm), height on all fours of 29.5”-40.2” (75-102 cm), body length between 31.1”-42.5” (79-108 cm), and an estimated body width of 19.3”-26” (49-66 cm). The typical weight of the Sumatran Orangutan is in the range of 110-198 lb (50-90 kg). Sumatran Orangutans have lifespans between 30-40 years in the wild and 34-58 years in captivity.

Collection of dimensioned scaled drawings of the Sumatran Orangutan viewed from the side and front elevations
The Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii) is a species of large primate native to Indonesia. They have orange hair and long arms like other orangutans, but are set apart by the white hairs on their face and long beards. Sumatran orangutans eat a variety of foods but love figs the best.

Sumatran Orangutans have an upright standing height of 43.3”-59” (110-150 cm), height on all fours of 29.5”-40.2” (75-102 cm), body length between 31.1”-42.5” (79-108 cm), and an estimated body width of 19.3”-26” (49-66 cm). The typical weight of the Sumatran Orangutan is in the range of 110-198 lb (50-90 kg). Sumatran Orangutans have lifespans between 30-40 years in the wild and 34-58 years in captivity.

Collection of dimensioned scaled drawings of the Sumatran Orangutan viewed from the side and front elevations
Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii)
Height:
43.3”-59” | 110-150 cm (Upright)
Width:
19.3”-26” | 49-66 cm
Length:
31.1”-42.5” | 79-108 cm
Depth:
Height (All Fours)
29.5”-40.2” | 75-102 cm
Weight:
110-198 lb | 50-90 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Pongo abelii
Lifespan
30-40 years (wild); 34-58 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Sumatran Orangutan side elevation (assorted), front

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Bornean Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
Scale illustration of an average Bornean Orangutan compared to other species of Apes

The Bornean Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) is a great ape species native to Asia. They have shaggy bright red-orange fur and long arms with both hands and feet suited to grasping tree branches. Bornean orangutans eat up to five hundred different types of plants, but love fruits the best. They live in the rainforests of the island of Borneo, spread across Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei. They are the largest arboreal mammals in existence, and one of only three great ape species native to Asia. They also use tools in their daily life, including using sticks to check water depth.

Bornean Orangutans have an upright standing height of 39.4”-59” (100-150 cm), height on all fours of 30.7”-45.7” (78-116 cm), body length between 31.9”-47.6” (81-121 cm), and an estimated body width of 18.9”-28” (48-71 cm). The typical weight of the Bornean Orangutan is in the range of 110-220 lb (50-100 kg). Bornean Orangutans have lifespans between 35-45 years in the wild and 50-60 years in captivity.

Group of measured illustrations of the Bornean Orangutan seen from the front and side
The Bornean Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) is a great ape species native to Asia. They have shaggy bright red-orange fur and long arms with both hands and feet suited to grasping tree branches. Bornean orangutans eat up to five hundred different types of plants, but love fruits the best.

Bornean Orangutans have an upright standing height of 39.4”-59” (100-150 cm), height on all fours of 30.7”-45.7” (78-116 cm), body length between 31.9”-47.6” (81-121 cm), and an estimated body width of 18.9”-28” (48-71 cm). The typical weight of the Bornean Orangutan is in the range of 110-220 lb (50-100 kg). Bornean Orangutans have lifespans between 35-45 years in the wild and 50-60 years in captivity.

Group of measured illustrations of the Bornean Orangutan seen from the front and side
Bornean Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
Height:
39.4”-59” | 100-150 cm (Upright)
Width:
18.9”-28” | 48-71 cm
Length:
31.9”-47.6” | 81-121 cm
Depth:
Height (All Fours)
30.7”-45.7” | 78-116 cm
Weight:
110-220 lb | 50-100 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Pongo pygmaeus
Lifespan
35-45 years (wild); 50-60 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Bornean Orangutan side elevation (assorted), front

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Eastern Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri)
Comparison drawing of the Eastern Lowland Gorilla compared to similar Ape species at scale

The Eastern Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) is the largest of the four gorilla subspecies of the Eastern Gorilla and is unique to the mountainous forest of the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Eastern lowland gorillas are sociable and peaceful animals that feast on a varied diet of fruits, stems and bark, and small insects. The gorillas’ coats are jet black, and the hair greys as the animal matures; this is known as ‘silverback’. Eastern lowland gorillas are critically endangered, and there is only one female eastern gorilla in captivity and can be found at the Antwerp Zoo in Belgium.

Eastern Lowland Gorillas have an upright standing height of 63”-72” (160-183 cm), height on all fours of 39.4”-45.3” (100-115 cm), body length between 37.4”-47.2” (95-120 cm), and an estimated body width of 25.2”-28” (64-71 cm). The typical weight of the Eastern Lowland Gorilla is in the range of 220-460 lb (100-210 kg). Eastern Lowland Gorillas have lifespans between 30-40 in the wild and 40-60 in captivity.

Series of dimensioned drawings of the Eastern Lowland Gorilla in front and side views
The Eastern Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) is the largest of the four gorilla subspecies of the Eastern Gorilla and is unique to the mountainous forest of the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Eastern lowland gorillas are sociable and peaceful animals that feast on a varied diet.

Eastern Lowland Gorillas have an upright standing height of 63”-72” (160-183 cm), height on all fours of 39.4”-45.3” (100-115 cm), body length between 37.4”-47.2” (95-120 cm), and an estimated body width of 25.2”-28” (64-71 cm). The typical weight of the Eastern Lowland Gorilla is in the range of 220-460 lb (100-210 kg). Eastern Lowland Gorillas have lifespans between 30-40 in the wild and 40-60 in captivity.

Series of dimensioned drawings of the Eastern Lowland Gorilla in front and side views
Eastern Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri)
Height:
63”-72” | 160-183 cm (Upright)
Width:
25.2”-28” | 64-71 cm
Length:
37.4”-47.2” | 95-120 cm
Depth:
Height (All Fours)
39.4”-45.3” | 100-115 cm
Weight:
220-460 lb | 100-210 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Gorilla beringei graueri
Lifespan
30-40 (wild); 40-60 (captivity)

Drawings include:
Eastern Lowland Gorilla side elevation (assorted), front

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Lar Gibbon (Hylobates lar)
Drawing comparing the size of the Lar Gibbon to simliar Ape species

The Lar Gibbon or white-handed Gibbon (Hylobates lar) is a primate species native to southeast and southern Asia. They are known, of course, for their white-furred hands they are named after. Lar gibbons are frugivorous, eating almost entirely fruit, up to half of which is purely figs. They live in southern Asia’s tropical rainforests, in the upper tree canopy, and frequently live their entire lives without ever touching the ground. Early Chinese writers called them ”noble gentlemen” after seeing the way they move through the trees, leaping as much as forty feet from one tree to another, sometimes even snatching birds out of the air.

Lar Gibbons have an upright standing height of 16.5”-23.2” (42-59 cm), head to rear length between 10.6”-14.6” (27-37 cm), and an estimated body width of 5.9”-8.7” (15-22 cm). The typical weight of the Lar Gibbon is in the range of 9.7-16.8 lb (4.4-7.6 kg). Lar Gibbons have lifespans between 25-30 years in the wild and 35-56 years in captivity.

Collection of dimensioned scaled drawings of the Lar Gibbon viewed from the side and front elevations
The Lar Gibbon or white-handed Gibbon (Hylobates lar) is a primate species native to southeast and southern Asia. They are known, of course, for their white-furred hands they are named after. Lar gibbons are frugivorous, eating almost entirely fruit, up to half of which is purely figs.

Lar Gibbons have an upright standing height of 16.5”-23.2” (42-59 cm), head to rear length between 10.6”-14.6” (27-37 cm), and an estimated body width of 5.9”-8.7” (15-22 cm). The typical weight of the Lar Gibbon is in the range of 9.7-16.8 lb (4.4-7.6 kg). Lar Gibbons have lifespans between 25-30 years in the wild and 35-56 years in captivity.

Collection of dimensioned scaled drawings of the Lar Gibbon viewed from the side and front elevations
Lar Gibbon (Hylobates lar)
Height:
16.5”-23.2” | 42-59 cm (Upright)
Width:
5.9”-8.7” | 15-22 cm
Length:
10.6”-14.6” | 27-37 cm (Head to Rear)
Depth:
Height (All Fours)
Weight:
9.7-16.8 lb | 4.4-7.6 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Hylobates lar
Lifespan
25-30 years (wild); 35-56 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Lar Gibbon side elevation (assorted), front

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Bonobo (Pan paniscus)
Comparison drawing of the Bonobo compared to similar Ape species at scale

The Bonobo (Pan Paniscus) is a primate species native to the Democratic Republic of the Congo. They are identifiable by their black faces and red lips, and their webbed toes. Bonobos are frugivorous, eating almost exclusively fruit. They live in the swamp forests and lowland rainforests in the heart of the Congo. Bonobos are similar to chimpanzees, but tend to be the smaller and the more peaceful of the two. They are our closest evolutionary cousins, and our DNA is 98.7 percent similar. They are endangered and their population continues to shrink as poaching and deforestation continue.

Bonobos have an upright standing height of 39”-49” (99-125 cm), height on all fours of 25.2”-31.5” (64-80 cm), body length between 27.6”-32.7” (70-83 cm), and an estimated body width of 10.6”-14.2” (27-36 cm). The typical weight of the Bonobo is in the range of 60-86 lb (27-39 kg). Bonobos have lifespans between 20-45 years in the wild and 50-58 years in captivity.

Series of dimensioned drawings of the Bonobo in front and side views
The Bonobo (Pan Paniscus) is a primate species native to the Democratic Republic of the Congo. They are identifiable by their black faces and red lips, and their webbed toes. Bonobos are frugivorous, eating almost exclusively fruit. They live in the swamp forests and lowland Congo rainforests.

Bonobos have an upright standing height of 39”-49” (99-125 cm), height on all fours of 25.2”-31.5” (64-80 cm), body length between 27.6”-32.7” (70-83 cm), and an estimated body width of 10.6”-14.2” (27-36 cm). The typical weight of the Bonobo is in the range of 60-86 lb (27-39 kg). Bonobos have lifespans between 20-45 years in the wild and 50-58 years in captivity.

Series of dimensioned drawings of the Bonobo in front and side views
Bonobo (Pan paniscus)
Height:
39”-49” | 99-125 cm (Upright)
Width:
10.6”-14.2” | 27-36 cm
Length:
27.6”-32.7” | 70-83 cm
Depth:
Height (All Fours)
25.2”-31.5” | 64-80 cm
Weight:
60-86 lb | 27-39 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Pan paniscus
Lifespan
20-45 years (wild); 50-58 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Bonobo side elevation (assorted), front

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