Arctic animals are animals that have adapted to the extreme environmental conditions of the arctic biome located near the North Pole. Known for its cold, wind, snow, and ice, the Arctic Circle is further categorized into two distinct zones: the High Arctic Zone, closest to the North Pole with very little animal or plant life, and the Low Arctic Zone with slightly warmer temperatures that support the majority of arctic life. In response to the environment, many arctic animals have developed specific survival strategies that include growing thicker coats, camouflaging, hibernating, or migrating away.

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Arctic Animals Guides
Browse through our curated Arctic Animals Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Arctic Animals. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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18”-28” | 46-71 cm
8-13 lb | 3.6-6 kg
11-20 years
Adélie Penguin
71.000
6.000
20.00
2900
3D
Adélie Penguin
10”-12” | 25-30 cm
18”-24” | 46-61 cm
7-17 lb | 3-7.7 kg
3-6 years (wild); up to 14-16 years (captivity)
Arctic Fox
30.000
61.000
7.700
16.00
114000
3D
Arctic Fox
25”-31” | 64-79 cm
38”-68” | 97-173 cm
70-155 lb | 32-70 kg
7-10 years (wild); up to 18 years (captivity)
Arctic Wolf
79.000
173.000
70.000
18.00
28000
3D
Arctic Wolf
27”-30” | 68-76 cm
7-12 lb | 3.2-5.3 kg
15-20 years
Chinstrap Penguin
76.000
5.300
20.00
6900
3D
Chinstrap Penguin
43”-51” | 110-130 cm
49-99 lb | 22-45 kg
15-20 years
Emperor Penguin
130.000
45.000
20.00
44000
3D
Emperor Penguin
20”-35” | 51-90 cm
11-19 lb | 4.9-8.5 kg
15-20 years
Gentoo Penguin
90.000
8.500
20.00
9900
3D
Gentoo Penguin
26”-33” | 66-84 cm
40”-72” | 102-183 cm
50-150 lb | 23-68 kg
6-8 years (wild); up to 17 years (captivity)
Gray Wolf
84.000
183.000
68.000
17.00
35000
3D
Gray Wolf
12’-24’ | 3.7-7.3 m
1950-2250 lb | 885-1020 kg
300-500 years
Greenland Shark
730.000
1020.000
500.00
55000
3D
Greenland Shark
28”-39” | 70-100 cm
21-40 lb | 9.3-18 kg
15-30 years
King Penguin
100.000
18.000
30.00
15000
3D
King Penguin
24”-27” | 61-69 cm
7-14 lb | 3.2-6.4 kg
15-20 years
Macaroni Penguin
69.000
6.400
20.00
15000
3D
Macaroni Penguin
2.2”-2.6” | 5.5-6.5 cm
5.1”-6.3” | 13-16 cm
2.5-4.6 oz | 70-130 g
1-2 years (wild); 2-3 years (captivity)
Norway Lemming
6.500
16.000
0.130
3.00
30000
3D
Norway Lemming
2’8”-5’3” | .81-1.6 m
7’10”-9’10” | 2.4-3 m
330-1500 lb | 150-680 kg
20-30 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
Polar Bear
160.000
300.000
680.000
45.00
132000
3D
Polar Bear
2’9”-4’7” | 85-140 cm
3’11”-7’2” | 120-220 cm
132-705 lb | 60-320 kg
15-20 years
Reindeer | Caribou
140.000
220.000
320.000
20.00
204000
3D
Reindeer | Caribou
22”-26” | 56-66 cm
36”-51” | 91-130 cm
75-120 lb | 34-54 kg
8-15 years (wild); 18-22 years (captivity)
Snow Leopard
66.000
130.000
54.000
22.00
121000
3D
Snow Leopard
Snow Leopard
Comparison illustration of the size of a Snow Leopard to a typical person

The Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia), also known as an ounce, is a large cat inhabiting the mountains of Central and South Asia. This stocky, short-legged cat is pale grey in color with dark spots and rosettes. Due to living in alpine environments, the Snow Leopard has many features or adaptations to provide warmth and stability.

It has broad paws for walking on snow, a dense undercoat for insulation, a long, bushy tail to cover its face when asleep and to maintain balance, and small ears to lessen heat loss. The Snow Leopard typically rest and reside by ridges in the mountains to ensure a vantage point as it prefers to ambush prey from up above.

Snow Leopards have a shoulder height between 22”-26” (56-66 cm), body length of 36”-51” (91-130 cm), and weight in the range of 75-120 lb (34-54 kg). The tail of a Snow Leopard is 31”-39” (79-99 cm) in length. Snow Leopards have a typical lifespan of 8-15 years in the wild and up to 18-22 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Snow Leopard
The Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia), also known as an ounce, is a large cat inhabiting the mountains of Central and South Asia. This stocky, short-legged cat is pale grey in color with dark spots and rosettes. Due to living in cold alpine environments, the Snow Leopard has many adaptive features.

Snow Leopards have a shoulder height between 22”-26” (56-66 cm), body length of 36”-51” (91-130 cm), and weight in the range of 75-120 lb (34-54 kg). The tail of a Snow Leopard is 31”-39” (79-99 cm) in length. Snow Leopards have a typical lifespan of 8-15 years in the wild and up to 18-22 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Snow Leopard
Snow Leopard
Height:
22”-26” | 56-66 cm
Width:
Length:
36”-51” | 91-130 cm
Depth:
Weight:
75-120 lb | 34-54 kg
Area:
Tail Length
31”-39” | 79-99 cm
Scientific Name
Panthera uncia
Lifespan
8-15 years (wild); 18-22 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Snow Leopard side elevation (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down)

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Greenland Shark
Comparison illustration of the size of a Greenland Shark to a typical person

The Greenland Shark (Somniosus Microcephalus), also referred to as the gurry shark, is a rare species of shark that has a short-rounded snout, small eyes, and between 48 to 52 teeth. Male Greenland sharks are smaller than female sharks. Greenland sharks live in the northern Atlantic and Arctic Ocean.

Greenland Sharks typically eat fish such as sharks, skates, eels, herring, capelin, arctic char, cod, rosefish, and sculpins. They commonly have 10 offspring at a time and are independent since birth. Greenland sharks have the longest known lifespan of all vertebrate species at up to 500 years. Greenland sharks are currently near-threatened by extinction due to hunting by humans.

Greenland Sharks have a total length between 12’-24’ (3.7-7.3 m) and an overall weight in the range of 1950-2250 lb (885-1020 kg). The typical lifespan of the Greenland Shark is a lengthy 300-500 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Greenland Shark in various poses
The Greenland Shark (Somniosus Microcephalus), also referred to as the gurry shark, has a short-rounded snout, small eyes, and between 48 to 52 teeth. Male Greenland sharks are smaller than female sharks. Greenland sharks live in the northern Atlantic and Arctic Ocean.

Greenland Sharks have a total length between 12’-24’ (3.7-7.3 m) and an overall weight in the range of 1950-2250 lb (885-1020 kg). The typical lifespan of the Greenland Shark is a lengthy 300-500 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Greenland Shark in various poses
Greenland Shark
Height:
Width:
Length:
12’-24’ | 3.7-7.3 m
Depth:
Weight:
1950-2250 lb | 885-1020 kg
Area:
Speed
Scientific Name
Somniosus microcephalus
Lifespan
300-500 years

Drawings include:

Greenland Shark side elevation, side (perspective), front, top

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King Penguin
Dimensioned size comparison drawing of the King Penguin compared to the height of an average man

The King Penguin is the second largest penguin species; slightly smaller than the Emperor Penguin, the King Penguin is similar in appearance to that of the Emperor Penguin, but it can be distinguished by its straighter bill and sleeker body. King penguins breed on the Sub Antarctic islands on the northern regions of Antarctica, South Georgia, as well as other temperate islands; they are classified under least concern conservation status. The species’ diet consists of mostly laternfish, squid, and krill, and King Penguins can dive over 300 feet to catch their prey.

The King Penguin has an average height range of 28”-39” (70-100 cm), weight of 21-40 lb (9.3-18 kg), and typical lifespan of 15-30 years.

Series of drawings of King Penguins in various postures from walking to standing and looking
The King Penguin is the second largest penguin species; slightly smaller than the Emperor Penguin, the King Penguin is similar in appearance to that of the Emperor Penguin, but it can be distinguished by its straighter bill and sleeker body. King Penguins can dive over 300 feet to catch their prey.

The King Penguin has an average height range of 28”-39” (70-100 cm), weight of 21-40 lb (9.3-18 kg), and typical lifespan of 15-30 years.

Series of drawings of King Penguins in various postures from walking to standing and looking
King Penguin
Height:
28”-39” | 70-100 cm
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
21-40 lb | 9.3-18 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Aptenodytes patagonicus
Lifespan
15-30 years

Drawings include:
King Penguin standing (side), looking (side), standing (back), walking (side), standing (front), standing (winter man)

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Gentoo Penguin
Elevation drawing with dimensions of the Gentoo Penguin compared to the size of an average person

The Gentoo penguin, sometimes known as the Johnny penguin, is characterized by the large trumpeting call that it makes with its head thrown back. Other distinguishing factors include the wide white stripe that extends over the top of the penguins’ head, and its bright orange-red bill. Gentoo penguins have the most prominent tails of all penguin species. The species is most closely related to the Adélie penguin and the Chinstrap penguin. They are the third largest penguin species, and the fastest underwater swimmers of all penguin species, reaching speeds of 22 miles per hour.

The Gentoo Penguin has an average height range of 20”-35” (51-90 cm), weight of 11-19 lb (4.9-8.5 kg), and typical lifespan of 15-20 years.

Series of elevation drawings of the Gentoo Penguin in an assortment of postures from the front, back, and side views
The Gentoo penguin is characterized by the large trumpeting call that it makes with its head thrown back. Other distinguishing factors include the wide white stripe that extends over the top of the penguins’ head, its bright orange-red bill, and the most prominent tail of all penguin species.

The Gentoo Penguin has an average height range of 20”-35” (51-90 cm), weight of 11-19 lb (4.9-8.5 kg), and typical lifespan of 15-20 years.

Series of elevation drawings of the Gentoo Penguin in an assortment of postures from the front, back, and side views
Gentoo Penguin
Height:
20”-35” | 51-90 cm
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
11-19 lb | 4.9-8.5 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Pygoscelis papua
Lifespan
15-20 years

Drawings include:
Gentoo Penguin standing (side), looking (side), standing (back), walking (side), standing (front), standing (winter woman)

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Polar Bear
Comparison illustration of the size of a Polar Bear to an average human man

Polar bears are bears that are native to the Arctic Circle and the areas that surround it. Uniquely adapted to survive in the region, polar bears have bodies that are both resistant to the cold temperatures and allow for quick movement across ice and open water. Polar bears primarily hunt for seals along the edges of ice patches. Today, as their arctic habitats continue to be lost due to climate change, polar bears have become a species that is increasingly vulnerable.

Male Polar Bears have a shoulder height between 3’7”-5’3” (1.09-1.6 m) and a weight in the range of 775-1500 lb (352-680 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’8”-3’11” (.81-1.19 m) with weights from 330-650 lb (150-295 kg). The Polar Bear has an overall body length of roughly 7’10”-9’10” (2.4-3 m), standing height of 8’-10’ (2.5-3.05 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-30 years in the wild and up to 45 years in captivity.

Drawing of a Polar Bear from the side with dimensions for length and height
Polar bears are bears that are native to the Arctic Circle and the areas that surround it. Uniquely adapted to survive in the region, polar bears have bodies that are both resistant to the cold temperatures and allow for quick movement across ice and open water.

Male Polar Bears have a shoulder height between 3’7”-5’3” (1.09-1.6 m) and a weight in the range of 775-1500 lb (352-680 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’8”-3’11” (.81-1.19 m) with weights from 330-650 lb (150-295 kg). The Polar Bear has an overall body length of roughly 7’10”-9’10” (2.4-3 m), standing height of 8’-10’ (2.5-3.05 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-30 years in the wild and up to 45 years in captivity.

Drawing of a Polar Bear from the side with dimensions for length and height
Polar Bear
Height:
2’8”-5’3” | .81-1.6 m
Width:
Length:
7’10”-9’10” | 2.4-3 m
Depth:
Standing Height
8’-10’ | 2.5-3.05 m
Weight:
330-1500 lb | 150-680 kg
Area:

Males:
Height (Shoulder): 3’7”-5’3” | 1.09-1.6 m
Length: 8’6”-9’10” | 2.6-3 m
Weight: 775-1500 lb | 352-680 kg

Females:
Height (Shoulder): 2’8”-3’11” | .81-1.19 m
Length: 7’10”-9’2” | 2.4-2.8 m
Weight: 330-650 lb | 150-295 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus maritimus
Lifespan
20-30 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)

Drawings include:
Polar Bear side (standing), front (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down), plan

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