Sloths | Folivora

Sloths | Folivora

Description
Description

Sloths are a group of slow-moving mammals from the suborder Folivora, known for their leisurely lifestyle, spending most of their lives hanging upside down in the trees of the tropical rainforests of Central and South America. Their evolution traces back about 64 million years, with ancestors that were much larger and ground-dwelling. Modern sloths have adapted to an arboreal life, with long limbs, curved claws, and a slow metabolism suited to their low-energy diet of leaves. They've developed a unique niche in the ecosystem, even hosting symbiotic algae in their fur, which provides camouflage among the treetops.

Anatomy
Anatomy

Sloths have a distinctive anatomy well-suited to their tree-dwelling lifestyle. Their bodies are relatively small and stout, with long limbs ending in curved, hook-like claws for gripping branches. This specialized limb structure makes them adept at hanging upside down but awkward on the ground. They have a slow, deliberate movement, conserving energy for their low-calorie, leaf-based diet. Sloths don't communicate vocally much, but they do make occasional calls, especially during mating season. Their vision isn't sharp; instead, they rely more on touch and sound. They have a slow metabolism, reflected in their leisurely pace and long resting periods.

Human Interaction
Human Interaction

The relationship between humans and sloths has evolved from one of curiosity and myth to a deeper understanding and appreciation. Ancient cultures in South America depicted sloths in their art and mythology. Today, sloths are beloved pop culture icons, endearing millions with their gentle, slow-moving nature in films like "Zootopia" and "Ice Age."

Unfortunately, habitat destruction and the pet trade threaten their survival. Conservation efforts are underway to protect their rainforest home and educate the public about the illegality and cruelty of the exotic pet trade. Through sanctuaries and research, humans are striving to ensure that these unique creatures continue to thrive.

Common Questions
Common Questions
Why do sloths move slowly?

Sloths’ slow metabolic rates make them not able to move quickly on land and even on trees. Fortunately, this is not a disadvantage to them as it is a survival skill. But what is interesting is that sloths can swim quickly. This is because they float easily or have a natural buoyancy.

Are sloths smart?

The fact that sloths move slowly and have small brains compared to their body size doesn’t mean that they are not smart. They are in their own way. They can hang upside down all day, stay still to watch out for predators, swim quickly, are extremely strong, and can make loud vocals to communicate with other sloths.

How do sloths protect themselves?

Camouflage is the best weapon that sloths use to protect themselves from predation. This is in addition to their slow movements, which ensure birds of prey can’t easily detect them. If these don’t work, then they will engage their three-to-four inches long claws and teeth to bite off attackers.

Animals

* Under Development *

5.9”-12.2” | 15-31 cm (Body)
7.1”-14.2” | 18-36 cm
16.5”-31.5” | 42-80 cm (Body)
4.9-13.9 lb | 2.2-6.3 kg
25-40 years
Brown-Throated Three-Toed Sloth
31.000
36.000
80.000
6.300
40.00
1750
GUIDE
3D
Brown-Throated Three-Toed Sloth
6.3”-8.7” | 16-22 cm (Body)
7.1”-9.8” | 18-25 cm
21.25”-29.1” | 54-74 cm (Body)
9.9-23.1 lb | 4.5-10.5 kg
12-43 years
Hoffmann's Two-Toed Sloth
22.000
25.000
74.000
10.500
43.00
1300
GUIDE
3D
Hoffmann's Two-Toed Sloth
6.3”-10.2” | 16-26 cm (Body)
7.1”-11.8” | 18-30 cm
21.25”-34.6” | 54-88 cm (Body)
8.8-24.3 lb | 4-11 kg
20-40 years
Linnaeus's Two-Toed Sloth
26.000
30.000
88.000
11.000
40.00
1000
GUIDE
3D
Linnaeus's Two-Toed Sloth
6.7”-10.2” | 17-26 cm (Body)
8.7”-11.8” | 22-30 cm
21.7”-29.9” | 55-76 cm (Body)
8.8-22 lb | 4-10 kg
12-40 years
Maned Three-Toed Sloth
26.000
30.000
76.000
10.000
40.00
1000
GUIDE
3D
Maned Three-Toed Sloth
6.3”-9.8” | 16-25 cm (Body)
7.5”-11.8” | 19-30 cm
18.1”-29.9” | 46-76 cm (Body)
6.6-14.3 lb | 3-6.5 kg
30-40 years
Pale-Throated Three-Toed Sloth
25.000
30.000
76.000
6.500
40.00
1030
GUIDE
3D
Pale-Throated Three-Toed Sloth
4.7”-5.5” | 12-14 cm (Body)
5.9”-6.7” | 15-17 cm
17.3”-20.9” | 44-53 cm (Body)
5.5-7.7 lb | 2.5-3.5 kg
30-40 years
Pygmy Three-Toed Sloth
14.000
17.000
53.000
3.500
40.00
2950
GUIDE
3D
Pygmy Three-Toed Sloth
Hoffmann's Two-Toed Sloth (Choloepus hoffmanni)
Scale illustration of an average Hoffmann's Two-Toed Sloth compared to other anteater species

The deciduous and rainforests of Central and South America are the ideal places to find Hoffmann’s Two-toed Sloth (Choloepus hoffmanni). It is a solitary herbivore, nocturnal, and arboreal. Other people call it the northern two-toed sloth. Its heavily built body is covered in shaggy fur and feet with curved claws. The head is round and the face flattened, round and thick, while the ears are hairy. The hair color is blonde, light brown, or tan. Besides, the hind limbs are shorter than the forelimbs. Female Hoffmann’s two-toed sloth may produce high-pitched screams to attract males.

The Hoffmann's Two-Toed Sloth has a body length in the range of 21.25”-29.1” (54-74 cm) and total weight of 9.9-23.1 lb (4.5-10.5 kg). The Hoffmann's Two-Toed Sloth has a body height between 6.3”-8.7” (16-22 cm), body width of 7.1”-9.8” (18-25 cm), and tail length of .6”-1.2” (1.5-3 cm). The typical lifespan of the Hoffmann's Two-Toed Sloth is between 12-43 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Hoffmann's Two-Toed Sloth
The deciduous and rainforests of Central and South America are the ideal places to find Hoffmann’s Two-toed Sloth (Choloepus hoffmanni). It is a solitary herbivore, nocturnal, and arboreal. Other people call it the northern two-toed sloth. Its heavily built body is covered in shaggy fur.

The Hoffmann's Two-Toed Sloth has a body length in the range of 21.25”-29.1” (54-74 cm) and total weight of 9.9-23.1 lb (4.5-10.5 kg). The Hoffmann's Two-Toed Sloth has a body height between 6.3”-8.7” (16-22 cm), body width of 7.1”-9.8” (18-25 cm), and tail length of .6”-1.2” (1.5-3 cm). The typical lifespan of the Hoffmann's Two-Toed Sloth is between 12-43 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Hoffmann's Two-Toed Sloth
Hoffmann's Two-Toed Sloth (Choloepus hoffmanni)
Height:
6.3”-8.7” | 16-22 cm (Body)
Width:
7.1”-9.8” | 18-25 cm
Length:
21.25”-29.1” | 54-74 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
9.9-23.1 lb | 4.5-10.5 kg
Area:

Tail Length: .6”-1.2” | 1.5-3 cm

Scientific Name
Choloepus hoffmanni
Lifespan
12-43 years

Drawings include:

Hoffmann's Two-Toed Sloth side view, front

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Brown-Throated Three-Toed Sloth (Bradypus variegatus)
Comparison drawing of the Brown-Throated Three-Toed Sloth compared to other anteaters

The Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth (Bradypus variegatus) is the most common three-toed sloth. It inhabits the tropical forest and semi-deciduous forests of Central and South America. It has a short tail, feet with long fingers, and long curved claws. Besides, it has a rounded head, blunt nose, and a body covered in grayish-brown to beige fur, though the throat, side of the face, and forehead have dark brown fur. The ears are not clearly visible. The brown-throated three-toed sloth practices monogamy with females vocalizing to attract males. In addition, it is solitary, an herbivore, and active both day and night.

The Brown-Throated Three-Toed Sloth has a body length in the range of 16.5”-31.5” (42-80 cm) and total weight of 4.9-13.9 lb (2.2-6.3 kg). The Brown-Throated Three-Toed Sloth has a body height between 5.9”-12.2” (15-31 cm), body width of 7.1”-14.2” (18-36 cm), and tail length of 1”-3.5” (2.5-9 cm). The typical lifespan of the Brown-Throated Three-Toed Sloth is between 25-40 years.

Set of scaled side and front drawings of the Brown-Throated Three-Toed Sloth
The Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth (Bradypus variegatus) is the most common three-toed sloth. It inhabits the tropical forest and semi-deciduous forests of Central and South America. It has a short tail, feet with long fingers, and long curved claws.

The Brown-Throated Three-Toed Sloth has a body length in the range of 16.5”-31.5” (42-80 cm) and total weight of 4.9-13.9 lb (2.2-6.3 kg). The Brown-Throated Three-Toed Sloth has a body height between 5.9”-12.2” (15-31 cm), body width of 7.1”-14.2” (18-36 cm), and tail length of 1”-3.5” (2.5-9 cm). The typical lifespan of the Brown-Throated Three-Toed Sloth is between 25-40 years.

Set of scaled side and front drawings of the Brown-Throated Three-Toed Sloth
Brown-Throated Three-Toed Sloth (Bradypus variegatus)
Height:
5.9”-12.2” | 15-31 cm (Body)
Width:
7.1”-14.2” | 18-36 cm
Length:
16.5”-31.5” | 42-80 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
4.9-13.9 lb | 2.2-6.3 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 1”-3.5” | 2.5-9 cm

Scientific Name
Bradypus variegatus
Lifespan
25-40 years

Drawings include:

Brown-Throated Three-Toed Sloth side view, front

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Pygmy Three-Toed Sloth (Bradypus pygmaeus)
Comparison drawing of the Pygmy Three-Toed Sloth compared to other anteaters

The Pygmy Three-toed Sloth (Bradypus pygmaeus) prefers coastal and red mangrove habitats. This is in the Isle Escudo de Veraguas. Being that it is arboreal, it feeds mainly on leaves and is very good at climbing trees. This is made possible by its large curved claws and limbs adapted to hanging. It is also called dwarf sloth or monk sloth. It has a buff-colored face, fur in clay-orange, and long and bushy hair on the head and shoulders, although facial hair is shorter. Females show great parental care. This sloth is solitary, prefers sedentary life, and is most active during the day.

The Pygmy Three-Toed Sloth has a body length in the range of 17.3”-20.9” (44-53 cm) and total weight of 5.5-7.7 lb (2.5-3.5 kg). The Pygmy Three-Toed Sloth has a body height between 4.7”-5.5” (12-14 cm), body width of 5.9”-6.7” (15-17 cm), and tail length of 1.6”-2.4” (4-6 cm). The typical lifespan of the Pygmy Three-Toed Sloth is between 30-40 years.

Set of scaled side and front drawings of the Pygmy Three-Toed Sloth
The Pygmy Three-toed Sloth (Bradypus pygmaeus) prefers coastal and red mangrove habitats. This is in the Isle Escudo de Veraguas. Being that it is arboreal, it feeds mainly on leaves and is very good at climbing trees. This is made possible by its large curved claws and limbs adapted to hanging.

The Pygmy Three-Toed Sloth has a body length in the range of 17.3”-20.9” (44-53 cm) and total weight of 5.5-7.7 lb (2.5-3.5 kg). The Pygmy Three-Toed Sloth has a body height between 4.7”-5.5” (12-14 cm), body width of 5.9”-6.7” (15-17 cm), and tail length of 1.6”-2.4” (4-6 cm). The typical lifespan of the Pygmy Three-Toed Sloth is between 30-40 years.

Set of scaled side and front drawings of the Pygmy Three-Toed Sloth
Pygmy Three-Toed Sloth (Bradypus pygmaeus)
Height:
4.7”-5.5” | 12-14 cm (Body)
Width:
5.9”-6.7” | 15-17 cm
Length:
17.3”-20.9” | 44-53 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
5.5-7.7 lb | 2.5-3.5 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 1.6”-2.4” | 4-6 cm

Scientific Name
Bradypus pygmaeus
Lifespan
30-40 years

Drawings include:

Pygmy Three-Toed Sloth side view, front

Downloads

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Maned Three-Toed Sloth (Bradypus torquatus)
Scale illustration of an average Maned Three-Toed Sloth compared to other anteater species

The Maned Three-toed Sloth (Bradypus torquatus) is endemic to the hilly and forested areas of the Brazilian coast. Its fur usually has a greenish tint with a unique pattern (extending from the hind legs to the head). It is arboreal and constantly found hanging in trees with dense foliage. Its limbs are long, with curved claws forming a hook, tail short and stubby. Females are larger and heavier than males. It mainly consumes leaves. Another common feature is its cryptic coloring and slow movement. This sloth produces high-pitched calls when distressed or captured.

The Maned Three-Toed Sloth has a body length in the range of 21.7”-29.9” (55-76 cm) and total weight of 8.8-22 lb (4-10 kg). The Maned Three-Toed Sloth has a body height between 6.7”-10.2” (17-26 cm), body width of 8.7”-11.8” (22-30 cm), and tail length of 1.9”-2” (4.8-5 cm). The typical lifespan of the Maned Three-Toed Sloth is between 12-40 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Maned Three-Toed Sloth
The Maned Three-toed Sloth (Bradypus torquatus) is endemic to the hilly and forested areas of the Brazilian coast. Its fur usually has a greenish tint with a unique pattern (extending from the hind legs to the head). It is arboreal and constantly found hanging in trees with dense foliage.

The Maned Three-Toed Sloth has a body length in the range of 21.7”-29.9” (55-76 cm) and total weight of 8.8-22 lb (4-10 kg). The Maned Three-Toed Sloth has a body height between 6.7”-10.2” (17-26 cm), body width of 8.7”-11.8” (22-30 cm), and tail length of 1.9”-2” (4.8-5 cm). The typical lifespan of the Maned Three-Toed Sloth is between 12-40 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Maned Three-Toed Sloth
Maned Three-Toed Sloth (Bradypus torquatus)
Height:
6.7”-10.2” | 17-26 cm (Body)
Width:
8.7”-11.8” | 22-30 cm
Length:
21.7”-29.9” | 55-76 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
8.8-22 lb | 4-10 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 1.9”-2” | 4.8-5 cm

Scientific Name
Bradypus torquatus
Lifespan
12-40 years

Drawings include:

Maned Three-Toed Sloth side view, front

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Linnaeus's Two-Toed Sloth (Choloepus didactylus)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Linnaeus's Two-Toed Sloth to other species of anteaters

A dominant character of Linnaeus’s Two-toed Sloth (Choloepus didactylus) is its slowness. It is found in most countries in South America. It is also called the Linne’s two-toed sloth, unau, or southern two-toed sloth, preferring tropical rainforest with dense foliage. Physically, it has a short neck and four equally long limbs with curved claws. The head is short and flat, eyes large, ears rudimentary, and nose snub. The hair is long and brownish-gray with grooves that collect algae, giving it a greenish tint. Females give birth to live offspring and take part in maternal care. These nocturnal animals primarily do most of their activities hanging upside down.

The Linnaeus's Two-Toed Sloth has a body length in the range of 21.25”-34.6” (54-88 cm) and total weight of 8.8-24.3 lb (4-11 kg). The Linnaeus's Two-Toed Sloth has a body height between 6.3”-10.2” (16-26 cm), body width of 7.1”-11.8” (18-30 cm), and tail length of .4”-1.2” (1-3 cm). The typical lifespan of the Linnaeus's Two-Toed Sloth is between 20-40 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Linnaeus's Two-Toed Sloth in various poses with dimensions
A dominant character of Linnaeus’s Two-toed Sloth (Choloepus didactylus) is its slowness. It is found in most countries in South America. It is also called the Linne’s two-toed sloth, unau, or southern two-toed sloth, preferring tropical rainforest with dense foliage.

The Linnaeus's Two-Toed Sloth has a body length in the range of 21.25”-34.6” (54-88 cm) and total weight of 8.8-24.3 lb (4-11 kg). The Linnaeus's Two-Toed Sloth has a body height between 6.3”-10.2” (16-26 cm), body width of 7.1”-11.8” (18-30 cm), and tail length of .4”-1.2” (1-3 cm). The typical lifespan of the Linnaeus's Two-Toed Sloth is between 20-40 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Linnaeus's Two-Toed Sloth in various poses with dimensions
Linnaeus's Two-Toed Sloth (Choloepus didactylus)
Height:
6.3”-10.2” | 16-26 cm (Body)
Width:
7.1”-11.8” | 18-30 cm
Length:
21.25”-34.6” | 54-88 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
8.8-24.3 lb | 4-11 kg
Area:

Tail Length: .4”-1.2” | 1-3 cm

Scientific Name
Choloepus didactylus
Lifespan
20-40 years

Drawings include:

Linnaeus's Two-Toed Sloth side view, front

Downloads

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