Marsupials | Marsupialia

Marsupials are mammals characterized by the pouch the mother has for raising and protecting her young, also known as joeys. Marsupials are most commonly associated with Austrailia, because that’s where the well-known Kangaroos and Koalas are found, but marsupials, specifically the opposum, are also found in North, Central, and South America. Some species of marsupials are herbivores, while others are insectivores or carnivores. Marsupials typically live alone, except in the mating season, and the females will raise the joeys alone. Most marsupial mothers, expect for the Kangaroo and Koala, give birth to multiple young at a time. Marsupials play an important role in their environment: they spread seeds, pollinates, eat pests and vermin, and can aid the creation of habitats for other creatures by helping to loosen up soil for burrowing animals.

What do marsupials eat?

A marsupials’ diet depends on its species, teeth, and habitat. Marsupials can be omnivores, herbivores, carnivores, or insectivores. For example, bandicoots, Australian possums, and American opossums are omnivores, while wombat, kangaroos, and koalas are herbivores. Marsupials typically eat bugs, smaller mammals, birds, fruit, seeds, and eucalyptus leaves.

Why do marsupials have pouches?

Marsupials have pouches that are essential for the well-being of their offspring. After birth marsupials climb into the pouch and then latch into their mother’s nipple. The offspring continues to develop for 6 months inside pouch after birth, and receives the nursing and care required to later survive on its own.

Where do marsupials live?

Marsupials live in Australia, as well as North, Central, and South America. They are not picky with their habitats. They typically live in forests, savannas, and shrublands. Some species of marsupials live in desert-like habitats while some live in burrows.

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Marsupials

Long-Nosed Bandicoot
2-4 years (wild); up to 5-6 years (captivity)
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Virginia Opossum
2-4 years (wild); up to 6 years (captivity)
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Numbat
4-5 years (wild); up to 8 years (captivity)
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Tasmanian Devil
4-6 years (wild); up to 8 years (captivity)
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Thylacine
5-7 years (wild); up to 8-11 years (captivity)
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Quokka
8-12 years (wild); up to 13-15 years (captivity)
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Agile Wallaby
10-14 years (wild); up to 15-17 years (captivity)
3D
Common Spotted Cuscus
8-11 years (wild); up to 17 years (captivity)
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Koala
8-12 years (wild); up to 16-20 years (captivity)
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Wallaroo
12-18 years (wild); up to 20-22 years (captivity)
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Red Kangaroo
8-16 years (wild); up to 25-27 years (captivity)
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Common Wombat
5-12 years (wild); up to 20-30 years (captivity)
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Agile Wallaby
Scale illustration of an average Agile Wallaby with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Agile Wallaby (Macropus agilis) is a medium-sized marsupial that belongs to the kangaroo family. The Agile Rock Wallabies, as the name would suggest, live among rocks near the water and are characterized by their stripes and markings. The Forest Wallabies, native to New Guinea, are distinguished as the smallest kind of wallabies. The Hare Wallabies resemble hares in terms of their movement, having stocky limbs. Brush wallabies, found in the eastern parts of Australia, are most similar in build to larger kangaroos although differing in body and tail length.

Agile Wallabies have a standing height of 34”-40” (86-102 cm), body length between 28”-33” (71-84 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 20-60 lb (9-27 kg). The tail of the Agile Wallaby is 27”-33” (69-84 cm) in length. Agile Wallabies have a typical lifespan of 10-14 years in the wild and up to 15-17 years when raised in captivity.

Collection of scaled dimensional drawings of the Agile Wallaby in various poses
The Agile Wallaby (Macropus agilis) is a medium-sized marsupial that belongs to the kangaroo family. The Agile Rock Wallabies, as the name would suggest, live among rocks near the water and are characterized by their stripes and markings.

Agile Wallabies have a standing height of 34”-40” (86-102 cm), body length between 28”-33” (71-84 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 20-60 lb (9-27 kg). The tail of the Agile Wallaby is 27”-33” (69-84 cm) in length. Agile Wallabies have a typical lifespan of 10-14 years in the wild and up to 15-17 years when raised in captivity.

Collection of scaled dimensional drawings of the Agile Wallaby in various poses
Agile Wallaby
Height:
34”-40” | 86-102 cm
Width:
Length:
28”-33” | 71-84 cm
Depth:
Weight:
20-60 lb | 9-27 kg
Area:
Tail Length
27”-33” | 69-84 cm
Scientific Name
Macropus agilis
Lifespan
10-14 years (wild); up to 15-17 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Agile Wallaby side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (jumping), side (lying down)

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Common Spotted Cuscus

The Common Spotted Cusus (Spilocuscus maculatus) is a marsupial that lives in the Cape York region of Australia, New Guinea, and nearby smaller islands. It has a round head, small hidden ears, thick fur, and a curled, prehensile tail that aids in climbing. The tail is a distinctive characteristic of the Common Spotted Cuscus; the upper part of the tail is covered in fur, and the lower half is covered in rough scales. As the dentition is unspecialized, the species eats a wide variety of plant products, and it will also eat flowers, small animals, and occasionally eggs.

Common Spotted Cuscuss have a shoulder height of 8”-13” (20-33 cm), body length between 14”-24” (36-61 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 6.5-15 lb (3-7 kg). The tail of the Common Spotted Cuscus is 13”-22” (33-56 cm) in length. Common Spotted Cuscuss have a typical lifespan of 8-11 years in the wild and up to 17 years when raised in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of Common Spotted Cuscus in various poses with height and length
The Common Spotted Cusus (Spilocuscus maculatus) is a marsupial that lives in the Cape York region of Australia, New Guinea, and nearby smaller islands. It has a round head, small hidden ears, thick fur, and a curled, prehensile tail that aids in climbing.

Common Spotted Cuscuss have a shoulder height of 8”-13” (20-33 cm), body length between 14”-24” (36-61 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 6.5-15 lb (3-7 kg). The tail of the Common Spotted Cuscus is 13”-22” (33-56 cm) in length. Common Spotted Cuscuss have a typical lifespan of 8-11 years in the wild and up to 17 years when raised in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of Common Spotted Cuscus in various poses with height and length
Common Spotted Cuscus
Height:
8”-13” | 20-33 cm
Width:
Length:
14”-24” | 36-61 cm
Depth:
Weight:
6.5-15 lb | 3-7 kg
Area:
Tail Length
13”-22” | 33-56 cm
Scientific Name
Spilocuscus maculatus
Lifespan
8-11 years (wild); up to 17 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Common Spotted Cuscus side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (sitting)

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Quokka

The Quokka (Setonix brachyurus), a kind of wallaby, is a herbivorous and mainly nocturnal marsupial found on the islands off the west coast of Australia. Around the size of a domestic cat, the Quokka has a brown stocky body, round ears, and a short head. Although small in size, this marsupial is able to climb trees and shrubs up to five feet tall. Unafraid of human interaction, the Quokka has a reputation of being the happiest animal on Earth.

Quokkas have a shoulder height of 9.5”-13” (24-33 cm), body length between 16”-21” (41-53 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 5-11 lb (2.3-5 kg). The tail of the Quokka is 9.5”-12” (24-31 cm) in length. Quokkas have a typical lifespan of 8-12 years in the wild and up to 13-15 years in captivity.

Series of dimensioned side elevation illustrations of the Quokka
The Quokka (Setonix brachyurus), a kind of wallaby, is a herbivorous and mainly nocturnal marsupial found on the islands off the west coast of Australia. Around the size of a domestic cat, the Quokka has a brown stocky body, round ears, and a short head.

Quokkas have a shoulder height of 9.5”-13” (24-33 cm), body length between 16”-21” (41-53 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 5-11 lb (2.3-5 kg). The tail of the Quokka is 9.5”-12” (24-31 cm) in length. Quokkas have a typical lifespan of 8-12 years in the wild and up to 13-15 years in captivity.

Series of dimensioned side elevation illustrations of the Quokka
Quokka
Height:
9.5”-13” | 24-33 cm
Width:
Length:
16”-21” | 41-53 cm
Depth:
Weight:
5-11 lb | 2.3-5 kg
Area:
Tail Length
9.5”-12” | 24-31 cm
Scientific Name
Setonix brachyurus
Lifespan
8-12 years (wild); up to 13-15 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Quokka side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (standing)

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Long-Nosed Bandicoot

The Long-Nosed Bandicoot (Perameles nasuta) is a solitary and mainly nocturnal marsupial omnivore found in the regions of Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea, and neighboring islands. The Bandicoot’s body can be small to large-sized, characterized as portly and coarse-haired.

It has sharp teeth, a narrow snout, and hind legs that extend longer than its front limbs. In search for plants and insects, the Long-Nosed Bandicoot will dig funnel-shaped holes, often finding themselves deemed as pests by farmers for digging in fields and pastures. Types of Bandicoots include the long-nosed, short-nosed, pig-footed, and rabbit-eared (also known as bilbies).

Long-Nosed Bandicoots have a shoulder height of 6”-8.5” (15-22 cm), body length between 12”-17” (31-43 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 1.6-3.3 lb (.7-1.5 kg). The tail of the Long-Nosed Bandicoot is 5”-6” (13-15 cm) in length. Long-Nosed Bandicoots have a typical lifespan of 2-4 years in the wild and up to 5-6 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of Long-nosed Bandicoot in various poses
The Long-Nosed Bandicoot (Perameles nasuta) is a solitary and mainly nocturnal marsupial omnivore found in the regions of Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea, and neighboring islands. The Bandicoot’s body can be small to large-sized, characterized as portly and coarse-haired.

Long-Nosed Bandicoots have a shoulder height of 6”-8.5” (15-22 cm), body length between 12”-17” (31-43 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 1.6-3.3 lb (.7-1.5 kg). The tail of the Long-Nosed Bandicoot is 5”-6” (13-15 cm) in length. Long-Nosed Bandicoots have a typical lifespan of 2-4 years in the wild and up to 5-6 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of Long-nosed Bandicoot in various poses
Long-Nosed Bandicoot
Height:
6”-8.5” | 15-22 cm
Width:
Length:
12”-17” | 31-43 cm
Depth:
Weight:
1.6-3.3 lb | .7-1.5 kg
Area:
Tail Length
5”-6” | 13-15 cm
Scientific Name
Perameles nasuta
Lifespan
2-4 years (wild); up to 5-6 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Long-Nosed Bandicoot side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Koala

The Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus), also known as the Koala Bear, is a solitary marsupial who inhabits the eucalypt woodlands, with the extent of its home covering more than a dozen trees. The Koala has a stout gray body, cream chest, large round head, fluffy ears, and a leathery nose likened to the shape of a spoon.

Due to their strict and selective diet consisting entirely on the leaves of eucalyptus trees, the Koala is left nutrient deficient. The result is a sedentary life for this marsupial, filled with long hours of sleeping and sitting exposed amongst the trees.

Koalas have a shoulder height of 15”-23” (38-58 cm), body length between 24”-36” (61-91 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 9-20 lb (4-9 kg). The tail of the Koala is .4”-.75” (1-2 cm) in length. Koalas have a typical lifespan of 8-12 years in the wild and up to 16-20 years when raised in captivity.

Set of elevation drawings of the Koala climbing and sitting
The Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus), also known as the Koala Bear, is a solitary marsupial who inhabits the eucalypt woodlands, with the extent of its home covering more than a dozen trees. The Koala has a stout gray body, cream chest, large round head, fluffy ears, and a leathery nose.

Koalas have a shoulder height of 15”-23” (38-58 cm), body length between 24”-36” (61-91 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 9-20 lb (4-9 kg). The tail of the Koala is .4”-.75” (1-2 cm) in length. Koalas have a typical lifespan of 8-12 years in the wild and up to 16-20 years when raised in captivity.

Set of elevation drawings of the Koala climbing and sitting
Koala
Height:
15”-23” | 38-58
Width:
Length:
24”-36” | 61-91 cm
Depth:
Weight:
9-20 lb | 4-9 kg
Area:
Tail Length
.4”-.75” | 1-2 cm
Scientific Name
Phascolarctos cinereus
Lifespan
8-12 years (wild); up to 16-20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Koala side elevation (sitting), front (standing), front (walking), side (walking), side (climbing)

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