Cartilaginous Fish | Chondrichthyes

Chondrichthyes refers to a class of fish or vertebrates that feature paired fins and an internal skeleton composed of cartilage. Noticeable characteristics of cartilaginous fish include the capability of numerous species to breathe through gills and spiracles, skin dressed in dermal denticles to give protection, a small brain with several sensory organs, and an adaptive immune system. Additionally, these fish lack swim bladders, are often predatory, and show jaws and paired appendages. They are likewise an excellent source of food for humans. Chondrichthyes are further divided into Elasmobranchii and Holocephali and can be found both in freshwater and marine environments.

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Thresher Shark
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Thresher Shark compared to an average person

The Thresher Shark (Alopias Vulpinus) is a shark species known for its extremely long tail that they use while hunting for food. They can be found along the coasts of North America and Asia in the Northern Pacific Ocean. Thresher Sharks typically eat meat, liver, skin, and fins.

They are not often involved in shark attacks, but are hunted for their skin that is turned into leather and the oil in their liver that can be used for vitamins. Thresher sharks have been identified as vulnerable to extinction since the year 2007.

Thresher Sharks have a total length between 10.5’-20’ (3.2-6.1 m) and an overall weight in the range of 500-775 lb (227-352 kg). The typical lifespan of the Thresher Shark is between 20-50 years.

Set of scaled elevation drawings of the Thresher Shark
The Thresher Shark (Alopias Vulpinus) is a shark species known for its extremely long tail that they use while hunting for food. They can be found along the coasts of North America and Asia in the Northern Pacific Ocean. Thresher Sharks typically eat meat, liver, skin, and fins.

Thresher Sharks have a total length between 10.5’-20’ (3.2-6.1 m) and an overall weight in the range of 500-775 lb (227-352 kg). The typical lifespan of the Thresher Shark is between 20-50 years.

Set of scaled elevation drawings of the Thresher Shark
Thresher Shark
Height:
Width:
Length:
10.5’-20’ | 3.2-6.1 m
Depth:
Weight:
500-775 lb | 227-352 kg
Area:
Speed
Scientific Name
Alopias vulpinus
Lifespan
20-50 years

Drawings include:

Thresher Shark side elevation, side (perspective), front, top

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Whale Shark
Scale illustration of an average Whale Shark with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Whale Shark (Rhincodon Typus) is the largest shark in the sea and have a gray-brown skin covered with white spots. They typically live in the tropical oceans and are rarely seen in water with a temperature below 70°F (21°C). Whale sharks are slow-moving and docile.

Whale Sharks are filter feeders, typically eat plankton as well as other small fish, and have about 3,000 small teeth. The average size of their litter is of 12 pups. Whale Sharks are considered in danger of extinction as their current population trend is decreasing.

Whale Sharks have a total length between 30’-62’ (9.1-18.9 m) and an overall weight in the range of 41000-50000 (20.6-25 tons) (18600-22675 kg). The typical lifespan of the Whale Shark is 70-130 years.

Series of elevation illustrations of the Whale Shark
The Whale Shark (Rhincodon Typus) is the largest shark in the sea and have a gray-brown skin covered with white spots. They typically live in the tropical oceans and are rarely seen in water with a temperature below 70°F (21°C). Whale sharks are slow-moving and docile and are endangered.

Whale Sharks have a total length between 30’-62’ (9.1-18.9 m) and an overall weight in the range of 41000-50000 (20.6-25 tons) (18600-22675 kg). The typical lifespan of the Whale Shark is 70-130 years.

Series of elevation illustrations of the Whale Shark
Whale Shark
Height:
Width:
Length:
30’-62’ | 9.1-18.9 m
Depth:
Weight:
41000-50000 (20.6-25 tons) | 18600-22675 kg
Area:
Speed
Scientific Name
Rhincodon typus
Lifespan
70-130 years

Drawings include:

Whale Shark side elevation, side (perspective), front, top

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Basking Shark
Comparison illustration of the size of a Basking Shark to a typical person

The Basking Shark (Cetorhinus Maximus) is the second largest shark, after the whale shark. It has a gray-brown coloring with marble-like skin pattern. They are found in all temperate oceans of the world. Basking Sharks do not hibernate, are active all year, and do not stay in one place for more than a couple months.

During the winter, Basking Sharks swim to deeper waters. Basking sharks are filter feeders that feed passively while swimming and typically eat zooplankton, copepods, barnacles, decapod larvae, fish eggs, and shrimp. The Basking Shark is considered to be endangered.

Basking Sharks have a total length between 22’-35’ (6.7-10.7 m) and an overall weight in the range of 8800-13200 lb (4000-6000 kg). The typical lifespan of the Basking Shark is Up to 50 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Basking Shark in various poses
The Basking Shark (Cetorhinus Maximus) is the second largest shark, after the whale shark. It has a gray-brown coloring with marble-like skin pattern. They are found in all temperate oceans of the world. Basking Sharks do not hibernate, are active all year, and do not stay in one place for long.

Basking Sharks have a total length between 22’-35’ (6.7-10.7 m) and an overall weight in the range of 8800-13200 lb (4000-6000 kg). The typical lifespan of the Basking Shark is Up to 50 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Basking Shark in various poses
Basking Shark
Height:
Width:
Length:
22’-35’ | 6.7-10.7 m
Depth:
Weight:
8800-13200 lb | 4000-6000 kg
Area:
Speed
Scientific Name
Cetorhinus maximus
Lifespan
Up to 50 years

Drawings include:

Basking Shark side elevation, side (perspective), front, top

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Leopard Shark
Scale illustration of an average Leopard Shark with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Leopard Shark (Triakis Semifasciata) is a shark species recognizable by its black pattern markings and large spots along its back after which it was named after. They generally live along the Pacific coast of North America. Leopard Sharks are bottom feeders and typically eat clams, spoon worms, crabs, shrimp, bony fish, and fish eggs.

Leopard Sharks tend to sink when they are not swimming and generally stay by the seafloor. They are very docile to humans and do not pose a threat to attack. Leopard Sharks are currently not in danger of extinction.

Leopard Sharks have a total length between 4’-7’ (1.2-2.1 m) and an overall weight in the range of 35-45 lb (16-20 kg). The typical lifespan of the Leopard Shark is 20-30 years.

Series of elevation illustrations of the Leopard Shark
The Leopard Shark (Triakis Semifasciata) is a shark species recognizable by its black pattern markings and large spots along its back after which it was named after. They generally live along the Pacific coast of North America. Leopard Sharks are bottom feeders.

Leopard Sharks have a total length between 4’-7’ (1.2-2.1 m) and an overall weight in the range of 35-45 lb (16-20 kg). The typical lifespan of the Leopard Shark is 20-30 years.

Series of elevation illustrations of the Leopard Shark
Leopard Shark
Height:
Width:
Length:
4’-7’ | 1.2-2.1 m
Depth:
Weight:
35-45 lb | 16-20 kg
Area:
Speed
Scientific Name
Triakis semifasciata
Lifespan
20-30 years

Drawings include:

Leopard Shark side elevation, side (perspective), front, top

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Sand Tiger Shark
Scale illustration of an average Sand Tiger Shark with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Sand Tiger Shark (Carcharias Taurus), also referred to as the spotted ragged-tooth shark, is a shark species with brown-gray skin with rust color spots on their back and white underside. They are generally found in the shores of subtropical waters like Japan, Australia, South Africa, and the Mediterranean.

Sand Tiger Sharks eat crustaceans, fish, and squid. They are active predators and feed throughout the night by staying close to the bottom. Sand Tiger Sharks are vulnerable to extinction as they have one of the lowest reproduction rates among all sharks.

Sand Tiger Sharks have a total length between 7’-10.5’ (2.1-3.2 m) and an overall weight in the range of 200-400 lb (91-182 kg). The typical lifespan of the Sand Tiger Shark is between 10-15 years.

Series of elevation illustrations of the Sand Tiger Shark
The Sand Tiger Shark (Carcharias Taurus), also referred to as the spotted ragged-tooth shark, has brown-gray skin with rust color spots on their back and white underside. They are generally found in the shores of subtropical waters like Japan, Australia, South Africa, and the Mediterranean.

Sand Tiger Sharks have a total length between 7’-10.5’ (2.1-3.2 m) and an overall weight in the range of 200-400 lb (91-182 kg). The typical lifespan of the Sand Tiger Shark is between 10-15 years.

Series of elevation illustrations of the Sand Tiger Shark
Sand Tiger Shark
Height:
Width:
Length:
7’-10.5’ | 2.1-3.2 m
Depth:
Weight:
200-400 lb | 91-182 kg
Area:
Speed
Scientific Name
Carcharias taurus
Lifespan
10-15 years

Drawings include:

Sand Tiger Shark side elevation, side (perspective), front, top

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