Cartilaginous Fish | Chondrichthyes

Chondrichthyes refers to a class of fish or vertebrates that feature paired fins and an internal skeleton composed of cartilage. Noticeable characteristics of cartilaginous fish include the capability of numerous species to breathe through gills and spiracles, skin dressed in dermal denticles to give protection, a small brain with several sensory organs, and an adaptive immune system. Additionally, these fish lack swim bladders, are often predatory, and show jaws and paired appendages. They are likewise an excellent source of food for humans. Chondrichthyes are further divided into Elasmobranchii and Holocephali and can be found both in freshwater and marine environments.

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Basking Shark
Comparison illustration of the size of a Basking Shark to a typical person

The Basking Shark (Cetorhinus Maximus) is the second largest shark, after the whale shark. It has a gray-brown coloring with marble-like skin pattern. They are found in all temperate oceans of the world. Basking Sharks do not hibernate, are active all year, and do not stay in one place for more than a couple months.

During the winter, Basking Sharks swim to deeper waters. Basking sharks are filter feeders that feed passively while swimming and typically eat zooplankton, copepods, barnacles, decapod larvae, fish eggs, and shrimp. The Basking Shark is considered to be endangered.

Basking Sharks have a total length between 22’-35’ (6.7-10.7 m) and an overall weight in the range of 8800-13200 lb (4000-6000 kg). The typical lifespan of the Basking Shark is Up to 50 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Basking Shark in various poses
The Basking Shark (Cetorhinus Maximus) is the second largest shark, after the whale shark. It has a gray-brown coloring with marble-like skin pattern. They are found in all temperate oceans of the world. Basking Sharks do not hibernate, are active all year, and do not stay in one place for long.

Basking Sharks have a total length between 22’-35’ (6.7-10.7 m) and an overall weight in the range of 8800-13200 lb (4000-6000 kg). The typical lifespan of the Basking Shark is Up to 50 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Basking Shark in various poses
Basking Shark
Height:
Width:
Length:
22’-35’ | 6.7-10.7 m
Depth:
Weight:
8800-13200 lb | 4000-6000 kg
Area:
Speed
Scientific Name
Cetorhinus maximus
Lifespan
Up to 50 years

Drawings include:

Basking Shark side elevation, side (perspective), front, top

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Nurse Shark
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Nurse Shark compared to an average person

Nurse Sharks (Ginglymostoma Cirratum) are a species of shark that moves slowly, are bottom-dwellers, and have a smooth gray-brown skin that sets them apart from other sharks. They live along the western Atlantic and eastern Pacific oceans. Nurse sharks ranked fourth in the documented shark attacks to humans.

They are nocturnal and rest along the seafloor during the day. The mouth of the Nurse Shark is filled with thousands of small sharp teeth and their diet consists of shrimp and squid. It is not exactly known what their current population trend is as it has been claimed as data deficient.

Nurse Sharks have a total length between 7.5’-10’ (2.3-3 m) and an overall weight in the range of 200-330 lb (91-150 kg). The typical lifespan of the Nurse Shark is 15-25 years.

Set of scaled elevation drawings of the Nurse Shark
Nurse Sharks (Ginglymostoma Cirratum) are a species of shark that moves slowly, are bottom-dwellers, and have a smooth gray-brown skin that sets them apart from other sharks. They live along the western Atlantic and eastern Pacific oceans. Nurse sharks ranked fourth in the documented shark attacks.

Nurse Sharks have a total length between 7.5’-10’ (2.3-3 m) and an overall weight in the range of 200-330 lb (91-150 kg). The typical lifespan of the Nurse Shark is 15-25 years.

Set of scaled elevation drawings of the Nurse Shark
Nurse Shark
Height:
Width:
Length:
7.5’-10’ | 2.3-3 m
Depth:
Weight:
200-330 lb | 91-150 kg
Area:
Speed
Scientific Name
Ginglymostoma cirratum
Lifespan
15-25 years

Drawings include:

Nurse Shark side elevation, side (perspective), front, top

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Thresher Shark
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Thresher Shark compared to an average person

The Thresher Shark (Alopias Vulpinus) is a shark species known for its extremely long tail that they use while hunting for food. They can be found along the coasts of North America and Asia in the Northern Pacific Ocean. Thresher Sharks typically eat meat, liver, skin, and fins.

They are not often involved in shark attacks, but are hunted for their skin that is turned into leather and the oil in their liver that can be used for vitamins. Thresher sharks have been identified as vulnerable to extinction since the year 2007.

Thresher Sharks have a total length between 10.5’-20’ (3.2-6.1 m) and an overall weight in the range of 500-775 lb (227-352 kg). The typical lifespan of the Thresher Shark is between 20-50 years.

Set of scaled elevation drawings of the Thresher Shark
The Thresher Shark (Alopias Vulpinus) is a shark species known for its extremely long tail that they use while hunting for food. They can be found along the coasts of North America and Asia in the Northern Pacific Ocean. Thresher Sharks typically eat meat, liver, skin, and fins.

Thresher Sharks have a total length between 10.5’-20’ (3.2-6.1 m) and an overall weight in the range of 500-775 lb (227-352 kg). The typical lifespan of the Thresher Shark is between 20-50 years.

Set of scaled elevation drawings of the Thresher Shark
Thresher Shark
Height:
Width:
Length:
10.5’-20’ | 3.2-6.1 m
Depth:
Weight:
500-775 lb | 227-352 kg
Area:
Speed
Scientific Name
Alopias vulpinus
Lifespan
20-50 years

Drawings include:

Thresher Shark side elevation, side (perspective), front, top

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Australian Ghost Shark
Comparison illustration of the size of a Australian Ghost Shark to a typical person

The Australian Ghost Shark (Callorhinchus Milii), also known as a chimaera, is cartilaginous fish related to the shark. Ghost Sharks have 1 gill on each side of their body and have eyes that are lined with a reflective tissue that appears to glow. Their skeletons are made out of cartilage and lack scales.

Ghost sharks live in the cool waters of the continental shelves around the world. Ghost sharks typically eat small fishes and invertebrates. Not much is known about the ghost shark as they haven’t been studied much in their natural habitat.

Australian Ghost Sharks have a total length between 26”-49” (66-125 cm) and an overall weight in the range of 6.6-8.8 lb (3-4 kg). The typical lifespan of the Australian Ghost Shark is between 10-15 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Australian Ghost Shark in various poses
The Australian Ghost Shark (Callorhinchus Milii), also known as a chimaera, is cartilaginous fish related to the shark. Ghost Sharks have 1 gill on each side of their body and have eyes that are lined with a reflective tissue that appears to glow. Unlike other fish, they lack exterior scales.

Australian Ghost Sharks have a total length between 26”-49” (66-125 cm) and an overall weight in the range of 6.6-8.8 lb (3-4 kg). The typical lifespan of the Australian Ghost Shark is between 10-15 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Australian Ghost Shark in various poses
Australian Ghost Shark
Height:
Width:
Length:
26”-49” | 66-125 cm
Depth:
Weight:
6.6-8.8 lb | 3-4 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Callorhinchus milii
Lifespan
10-15 years

Drawings include:

Australian Ghost Shark side elevation, side (perspective), front, top

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Blue Shark
Scale illustration of an average Blue Shark with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Blue Shark (Prionace Glauca) is a shark with blue skin coloring for which they were named from. They are often found in deep waters all over the world from in different temperatures ranging from tropical to cold. Blue Sharks have a lethargic nature, but can move very quickly if necessary.

Blue Sharks typically feed on small fish and squid, but can take on larger prey if needed. Female and male Blue Sharks generally live in different places until they have to mate. They can live up to 20 years. The Blue shark is considered to be endangered.

Blue Sharks have a total length between 8.5’-13’ (2.6-4 m) and an overall weight in the range of 120-400 lb (54-181 kg). The typical lifespan of the Blue Shark is 15-20 years.

Series of elevation illustrations of the Blue Shark
The Blue Shark (Prionace Glauca) is a shark with blue skin coloring for which they were named from. They are often found in deep waters all over the world from in different temperatures ranging from tropical to cold. Blue Sharks have a lethargic nature, but can move very quickly if necessary.

Blue Sharks have a total length between 8.5’-13’ (2.6-4 m) and an overall weight in the range of 120-400 lb (54-181 kg). The typical lifespan of the Blue Shark is 15-20 years.

Series of elevation illustrations of the Blue Shark
Blue Shark
Height:
Width:
Length:
8.5’-13’ | 2.6-4 m
Depth:
Weight:
120-400 lb | 54-181 kg
Area:
Speed
Scientific Name
Prionace glauca
Lifespan
15-20 years

Drawings include:

Blue Shark side elevation, side (perspective), front, top

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