Palms | Arecaceae

Palms | Arecaceae

Description
Description

Palms, scientifically known as Arecaceae, are a diverse family of flowering plants characterized by their large, compound, evergreen leaves and sturdy trunks. They are predominantly tropical but can also be found in subtropical and warm temperate climates, symbolizing the quintessential image of tropical landscapes. Palms play significant ecological roles in these habitats, providing food and shelter for wildlife.

They evolved around 80 million years ago, adapting to a wide range of environments from rainforests to deserts. Palms are not just ornamental; they have economic importance, providing resources like coconut, dates, palm oil, and materials for construction and handicrafts. Their distinctive growth pattern, with leaves emerging from a single growing point at the top of the trunk, and their variety of sizes and shapes, make them a unique and vital plant group globally.

Anatomy
Anatomy

Palms, belonging to the Arecaceae family, are known for their unique anatomy. They typically have a single, unbranched stem, or trunk, which is often tall and slender. At the top of this trunk, large, feathery or fan-shaped leaves emerge, forming a crown. Unlike many trees, palms don't have bark or branches. Their roots are fibrous and shallow, spreading out near the surface. Palms produce flowers and seeds; the seeds vary in size and can be quite large, as seen in coconuts.

Their growth pattern is unique, as new leaves form at the top of the trunk, and old leaves are shed from the bottom, allowing the palm to grow taller. This growth pattern, along with their distinct leaf structure, makes palms easily recognizable and visually distinctive.

Cultural Impact
Cultural Impact

Palms have a profound cultural impact and a long-standing relationship with humans, deeply rooted in history, symbolizing tropical paradise in popular culture. Historically, they've been vital for survival, providing food (dates, coconuts), shelter, and materials for tools, clothing, and furniture. In many cultures, palms hold religious significance; for example, palm branches symbolize peace and victory in Christian and Jewish traditions. They're iconic in media, often used to depict idyllic, exotic beach scenes.

Beyond aesthetics, palms are economically crucial, with products like coconut oil, palm oil, and dates being integral to global trade. Their versatility and distinctiveness have made palms an enduring and significant part of human life across various cultures.

Common Questions
Common Questions
How fast do palm trees grow?

Palm trees can grow at different rates depending on the species and the growing conditions. In general, most palm trees grow relatively slowly, with a growth rate of around 1 to 2 feet per year. Some species, such as the Chinese fan palm, can grow faster, reaching a growth rate of up to 3 feet per year.

Why is it called a "palm" tree?

Palm trees are called "palm" trees because they have palm-shaped leaves. These leaves are long and slender, with a distinctive shape that resembles the shape of a palm. The term "palm" is used to describe the shape of the leaves and is not related to the tree's scientific classification or family.

What types of fruit can grow on palm trees?

Palm trees can produce a variety of different types of fruit, depending on the species. Some common types of fruit that grow on palm trees include coconuts, dates, and acai berries. Other types of fruit that can grow on palm trees include betel nuts, sago palms, and oil palms.

Plants

* Under Development *

49.2’-82’ | 15-25 m
23’-28.5’ | 7-8.7 m (Spread)
9.8”-19.7” | 25-50 cm (Trunk)
11.5’-14.8’ | 3.5-4.5 m (Leaf)
Alexandra Palm
2500.000
870.000
50.000
450.000
3200
GUIDE
3D
Alexandra Palm
32.8’-65.6’ | 10-20 m
7.9’-10.2’ | 2.4-3.1 m (Spread)
3.9”-5.9” | 10-15 cm (Trunk)
4.9’-6.6’ | 1.5-2 m (Leaf)
Betel Palm
2000.000
310.000
15.000
200.000
350
GUIDE
3D
Betel Palm
12’-20’ | 3.7-6.1 m
15.75’-19.4’ | 4.8-5.9 m (Spread)
23.6”-31.5” | 60-80 cm (Trunk)
10’-12’ | 3-3.7 m (Leaf)
Bottle Palm
610.000
590.000
80.000
370.000
20800
GUIDE
3D
Bottle Palm
40’-70’ | 12.2-21.3 m
10’-15’ | 3-4.6 m (Spread)
9.8”-15.75” | 25-40 cm (Trunk)
5’-7’ | 1.5-2.1 m (Leaf)
Cabbage Palm
2130.000
460.000
40.000
210.000
8900
GUIDE
3D
Cabbage Palm
49.2’-65.6’ | 15-20 m
10’-20’ | 3-6.1 m (Spread)
24”-36” | 60-91 cm (Trunk)
3’-6.6’ | .9-2 m (Leaf)
California Fan Palm
2000.000
610.000
91.000
200.000
5500
GUIDE
3D
California Fan Palm
32.8’-65.6’ | 10-20 m
19.7’-29.5’ | 6-9 m (Spread)
23.6”-47.2” | 60-120 cm (Trunk)
9.8’-19.7’ | 3-6 m (Leaf)
Canary Island Date Palm
2000.000
900.000
120.000
600.000
5900
GUIDE
3D
Canary Island Date Palm
32.8’-49.2’ | 10-15 m
15.4’-23.3’ | 4.7-7.1 m (Spread)
39.4”-51.2” | 100-130 cm (Trunk)
10’-15’ | 3-4.6 m (Leaf)
Chilean Wine Palm
1500.000
710.000
130.000
460.000
405
GUIDE
3D
Chilean Wine Palm
10’-29.5’ | 3-9 m
6.6’-12.5’ | 2-3.8 m (Spread)
7.9”-11.8” | 20-30 cm (Trunk)
3’-6’ | .9-1.8 m (Leaf)
Chinese Fan Palm
900.000
380.000
30.000
180.000
20300
GUIDE
3D
Chinese Fan Palm
20’-40’ | 6.1-12.2 m
5’-10.5’ | 1.5-3.2 m (Spread)
13.8”-27.6” | 35-70 cm (Trunk)
4.6’-6.2’ | 1.4-1.9 m (Leaf)
Chinese Windmill Palm
1220.000
320.000
70.000
190.000
52600
GUIDE
3D
Chinese Windmill Palm
65.6’-100’ | 20-30.5 m
22’-32.8’ | 6.7-10 m (Spread)
11.8”-17.7” | 30-45 cm (Trunk)
13.1’-19.7’ | 4-6 m (Leaf)
Coconut Palm
3050.000
1000.000
45.000
600.000
6200
GUIDE
3D
Coconut Palm
49.2’-82’ | 15-25 m
16.4’-25’ | 5-7.6 m (Spread)
15.75”-24” | 40-60 cm (Trunk)
9.8’-16.4’ | 3-5 m (Leaf)
Date Palm
2500.000
760.000
60.000
500.000
18600
GUIDE
3D
Date Palm
32.8’-55.8’ | 10-17 m
21’-36’ | 6.4-11 m (Spread)
11.8”-17.7” | 30-45 cm (Trunk)
3.9’-6.6’ | 1.2-2 m (Leaf)
Doum Palm
1700.000
1100.000
45.000
200.000
120
GUIDE
3D
Doum Palm
8’-13.1’ | 2.4-4 m
11.5’-15.75’ | 3.5-4.8 m (Spread)
7.9”-9.8” | 20-25 cm (Trunk)
18”-24” | .45-.61 m (Leaf)
European Fan Palm
400.000
480.000
25.000
61.000
5200
GUIDE
3D
European Fan Palm
16.4’-32.8’ | 5-10 m
8.2’-11.5’ | 2.5-3.5 m (Spread)
6”-12” | 15-30.5 cm (Trunk)
8’-10’ | 2.4-3 m (Leaf)
Foxtail Palm
1000.000
350.000
30.500
300.000
35800
GUIDE
3D
Foxtail Palm
10’-20’ | 3-6.1 m
10.8’-21.7’ | 3.3-6.6 m (Spread)
11.8”-23.6” | 30-60 cm (Trunk)
5’-10’ | 1.5-3 m (Leaf)
Jelly Palm
610.000
660.000
60.000
300.000
11300
GUIDE
3D
Jelly Palm
20’-40' | 6.1-12.2 m
12’-22’ | 3.7-6.7 m (Spread)
18”-24” | 45-60 cm (Trunk)
4’-6’ | 1.2-1.8 m (Leaf)
Mexican Blue Palm
1220.000
670.000
60.000
180.000
800
GUIDE
3D
Mexican Blue Palm
50’-80’ | 15.2-24.4 m
8’-10’ | 2.4-3 m (Spread)
10”-14” | 25.4-35.6 cm (Trunk)
3’-4’ | .9-1.2 m (Leaf)
Mexican Fan Palm
2440.000
300.000
35.600
120.000
8000
GUIDE
3D
Mexican Fan Palm
3’-5.9’ | .9-1.8 m
3.9’-7.9’ | 1.2-2.4 m (Spread)
9.8”-15.75” | 25-40 cm (Trunk)
15”-20” | .38-.51 m (Leaf)
Needle Palm
180.000
240.000
40.000
51.000
5100
GUIDE
3D
Needle Palm
5.9’-9.8’ | 1.8-3 m
5.9’-7.9’ | 1.8-2.4 m (Spread)
3”-6” | 7.6-15.2 cm (Trunk)
2’-3.9’ | .6-1.2 m (Leaf)
Pygmy Date Palm
300.000
240.000
15.200
120.000
44000
GUIDE
3D
Pygmy Date Palm
32.8’-49.2’ | 10-15 m
20’-25’ | 6.1-7.6 m (Spread)
11.8”-23.6” | 30-60 cm (Trunk)
8.2’-16.4’ | 2.5-5 m (Leaf)
Queen Palm
1500.000
760.000
60.000
500.000
31300
GUIDE
3D
Queen Palm
50’-80’ | 15.2-24.4 m
10’-20’ | 3-6.1 m (Spread)
18”-30” | 46-76 cm (Trunk)
6.6’-13.1’ | 2-4 m (Leaf)
Royal Palm
2440.000
610.000
76.000
400.000
8800
GUIDE
3D
Royal Palm
Pygmy Date Palm (Phoenix roebelenii)
Comparison drawing of the Pygmy Date Palm compared to similar Palm species and a person

The small to medium-size nature of the Pygmy Date Palm (Phoenix roebelenii) makes it a good ornamental plant. It is most common in southeast Asia in places like northern Laos and Vietnam and southwestern China. It can be called miniature date palm, dwarf date palm, and robellini palm. The slow-growing plant has small, yellowish flowers, small, thin-fleshed edible fruits, and slightly drooping grey-green leaves. The plant is dioecious, and its name comes from its short profile. It prefers moist, well-drained soil and a subtropical climate. The fine leaves and attractive trunk make it suitable indoors.

Pygmy Date Palms have an overall height between 5.9’-9.8’ (1.8-3 m) and spread diameter of 5.9’-7.9’ (1.8-2.4 m). The trunk of the Pygmy Date Palm has a diameter of 3”-6” (7.6-15.2 cm) with leaf lengths between 2’-3.9’ (.6-1.2 m).

Scaled set of drawings of the Pygmy Date Palm in front and top views with dimensions
The small to medium-size nature of the Pygmy Date Palm (Phoenix roebelenii) makes it a good ornamental plant. It is most common in southeast Asia in places like northern Laos and Vietnam and southwestern China. It can be called miniature date palm, dwarf date palm, and robellini palm.

Pygmy Date Palms have an overall height between 5.9’-9.8’ (1.8-3 m) and spread diameter of 5.9’-7.9’ (1.8-2.4 m). The trunk of the Pygmy Date Palm has a diameter of 3”-6” (7.6-15.2 cm) with leaf lengths between 2’-3.9’ (.6-1.2 m).

Scaled set of drawings of the Pygmy Date Palm in front and top views with dimensions
Pygmy Date Palm (Phoenix roebelenii)
Height:
5.9’-9.8’ | 1.8-3 m
Width:
5.9’-7.9’ | 1.8-2.4 m (Spread)
Length:
2’-3.9’ | .6-1.2 m (Leaf)
Depth:
3”-6” | 7.6-15.2 cm (Trunk)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Phoenix roebelenii

Drawings include:

Pygmy Date Palm front elevation, plan view

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Queen Palm (Syagrus romanzoffiana)
Scale illustration of an average Queen Palm compared to other species of palms and a human

The Queen Palm (Syagrus romanzoffiana) is also called cocos palm and is native to South America, especially Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina, and Brazil. In these places, the fruits are edible while the palm tree is chopped to produce animal fodder. In other parts of the world where it is grown, it is an ornamental tree. It has a fast growth rate, with blue-green pinnate leaves having many pinnae. It is known to be the hardiest tropical plant, possessing a smooth gray trunk and bright orange elongated fruits with several seedlings. It prefers moist, well-drained soil in lowland areas or small mountain ranges with tropical and temperate climatic conditions, even though it may be cold tolerant.

Queen Palms have an overall height between 32.8’-49.2’ (10-15 m) and spread diameter of 20’-25’ (6.1-7.6 m). The trunk of the Queen Palm has a diameter of 11.8”-23.6” (30-60 cm) with leaf lengths between 8.2’-16.4’ (2.5-5 m).

Pair of dimensioned illustrations of the Queen Palm seen from the top and elevation views
The Queen Palm (Syagrus romanzoffiana) is also called cocos palm and is native to South America, especially Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina, and Brazil. In these places, the fruits are edible while the palm tree is chopped to produce animal fodder. It is often an ornamental tree.

Queen Palms have an overall height between 32.8’-49.2’ (10-15 m) and spread diameter of 20’-25’ (6.1-7.6 m). The trunk of the Queen Palm has a diameter of 11.8”-23.6” (30-60 cm) with leaf lengths between 8.2’-16.4’ (2.5-5 m).

Pair of dimensioned illustrations of the Queen Palm seen from the top and elevation views
Queen Palm (Syagrus romanzoffiana)
Height:
32.8’-49.2’ | 10-15 m
Width:
20’-25’ | 6.1-7.6 m (Spread)
Length:
8.2’-16.4’ | 2.5-5 m (Leaf)
Depth:
11.8”-23.6” | 30-60 cm (Trunk)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Syagrus romanzoffiana

Drawings include:

Queen Palm front elevation, plan view

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2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Chilean Wine Palm (Jubaea spectabilis)
Comparison drawing of the Chilean Wine Palm compared to similar Palm species and a person

The Chilean Wine Palm (Jubaea spectabilis) also referenced as the Chile Cocopalm or Palma Chilena is a palm tree that belongs to the Arecaceae family. The Chilean Wine Palm is native to southwestern South America specifically to the region of central Chile. The Chilean Wine Palm is known for having one of the thickest trunks of any palm species. Its crown is typically wider than its height and its leaves give the crown a V-shape. The Chilean Wine Palm tree grows flowers that then produce spherical edible fruits that turn yellow when mature. The Chilean Wine Palm is vulnerable to extinction.

Chilean Wine Palms have an overall height between 32.8’-49.2’ (10-15 m) and spread diameter of 15.4’-23.3’ (4.7-7.1 m). The trunk of the Chilean Wine Palm has a diameter of 39.4”-51.2” (100-130 cm) with leaf lengths between 10’-15’ (3-4.6 m).

Scaled set of drawings of the Chilean Wine Palm in front and top views with dimensions
The Chilean Wine Palm (Jubaea spectabilis) also referenced as the Chile Cocopalm or Palma Chilena is a palm tree that belongs to the Arecaceae family. The Chilean Wine Palm is native to southwestern South America specifically to the region of central Chile.

Chilean Wine Palms have an overall height between 32.8’-49.2’ (10-15 m) and spread diameter of 15.4’-23.3’ (4.7-7.1 m). The trunk of the Chilean Wine Palm has a diameter of 39.4”-51.2” (100-130 cm) with leaf lengths between 10’-15’ (3-4.6 m).

Scaled set of drawings of the Chilean Wine Palm in front and top views with dimensions
Chilean Wine Palm (Jubaea spectabilis)
Height:
32.8’-49.2’ | 10-15 m
Width:
15.4’-23.3’ | 4.7-7.1 m (Spread)
Length:
10’-15’ | 3-4.6 m (Leaf)
Depth:
39.4”-51.2” | 100-130 cm (Trunk)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Jubaea spectabilis

Drawings include:

Chilean Wine Palm front elevation, plan view

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Chinese Fan Palm (Livistona chinensis)
Scale illustration of an average Chinese Fan Palm compared to other species of palms and a human

The drooping fan leaves, wide-spreading crown, stoutness, and hardiness make the Chinese Fan Palm (Livistona chinensis) a good container and garden plant. It is native to Asia and may grow in a wide range of soil. However, it has to be warm, moist, acidic, and well-drained. Besides, it may tolerate drought, cold, and areas with shade. Hence, it can be grown indoors. The Chinese Fan Palm is slow-growing and favors a warm, humid climate. It has bluish-green or glossy olive green fan-shaped, costapalmate leaves. When young, the Chinese Fan Palm has a bushy appearance, but a single, slender grayish-brown trunk will show as it ages.

Chinese Fan Palms have an overall height between 10’-29.5’ (3-9 m) and spread diameter of 6.6’-12.5’ (2-3.8 m). The trunk of the Chinese Fan Palm has a diameter of 7.9”-11.8” (20-30 cm) with leaf lengths between 3’-6’ (.9-1.8 m).

Pair of dimensioned illustrations of the Chinese Fan Palm seen from the top and elevation views
The drooping fan leaves, wide-spreading crown, stoutness, and hardiness make the Chinese Fan Palm (Livistona chinensis) a good container and garden plant. It is native to Asia and may grow in a wide range of soil. However, it has to be warm, moist, acidic, and well-drained.

Chinese Fan Palms have an overall height between 10’-29.5’ (3-9 m) and spread diameter of 6.6’-12.5’ (2-3.8 m). The trunk of the Chinese Fan Palm has a diameter of 7.9”-11.8” (20-30 cm) with leaf lengths between 3’-6’ (.9-1.8 m).

Pair of dimensioned illustrations of the Chinese Fan Palm seen from the top and elevation views
Chinese Fan Palm (Livistona chinensis)
Height:
10’-29.5’ | 3-9 m
Width:
6.6’-12.5’ | 2-3.8 m (Spread)
Length:
3’-6’ | .9-1.8 m (Leaf)
Depth:
7.9”-11.8” | 20-30 cm (Trunk)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Livistona chinensis

Drawings include:

Chinese Fan Palm front elevation, plan view

Downloads

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3D Downloads

California Fan Palm (Washingtonia filifera)
Size comparison drawing of the California Fan Palm compared to a person and other Palm species

The California Fan Palm (Washingtonia filifera) also referenced as the Desert Fan Palm or Petticoat Palm is a flowering evergreen palm tree species that is characterized by its ornamental values. The California Palm is native to the southwestern United States and Baja California in Mexico. The California Palm has a column-like trunk that supports a fan-shaped crown made up of gray-green colored palm leaves. Dead fronds hang from the crown of the palm giving a thick skirt. It blooms yellow and white flowers in the spring. The fruits grown by the California Palm Tree are sweet and edible. The California Palm tree is near threatened to extinction. The fan-shaped leaves are positioned at the top of the tree and along the trunk hang the dead leaves that act as shelter and habitat for small animals.

California Fan Palms have an overall height between 49.2’-65.6’ (15-20 m) and spread diameter of 10’-20’ (3-6.1 m). The trunk of the California Fan Palm has a diameter of 24”-36” (60-91 cm) with leaf lengths between 3’-6.6’ (.9-2 m).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of the California Fan Palm viewed from the front and top
The California Fan Palm (Washingtonia filifera) also referenced as the Desert Fan Palm or Petticoat Palm is a flowering evergreen palm tree species that is characterized by its ornamental values. The California Palm is native to the southwestern United States and Baja California in Mexico.

California Fan Palms have an overall height between 49.2’-65.6’ (15-20 m) and spread diameter of 10’-20’ (3-6.1 m). The trunk of the California Fan Palm has a diameter of 24”-36” (60-91 cm) with leaf lengths between 3’-6.6’ (.9-2 m).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of the California Fan Palm viewed from the front and top
California Fan Palm (Washingtonia filifera)
Height:
49.2’-65.6’ | 15-20 m
Width:
10’-20’ | 3-6.1 m (Spread)
Length:
3’-6.6’ | .9-2 m (Leaf)
Depth:
24”-36” | 60-91 cm (Trunk)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Washingtonia filifera

Drawings include:

California Fan Palm front elevation, plan view

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads