Palms, Arecaceae, are the family of perennial flowering plants that is part of the monocot order, Arecales. The growth and physical forms of the Palms family can be described as climbers or tree-like and they are distinguished by their large fronds at the top of their unbranched stems. Palms can be found within almost every type of habitat – ranging from deserts to rainforests. More than two-thirds of palm species live within humid moist forests. There are around 2,600 species of Palms. The various species of Palms include the Bangalow Palm, Coconut, Oil Palm, Date Palm, Palmettos, and Fan Palm.

How fast do palm trees grow?

Palm trees can grow at different rates depending on the species and the growing conditions. In general, most palm trees grow relatively slowly, with a growth rate of around 1 to 2 feet per year. Some species, such as the Chinese fan palm, can grow faster, reaching a growth rate of up to 3 feet per year.

Why is it called a "palm" tree?

Palm trees are called "palm" trees because they have palm-shaped leaves. These leaves are long and slender, with a distinctive shape that resembles the shape of a palm. The term "palm" is used to describe the shape of the leaves and is not related to the tree's scientific classification or family.

What types of fruit can grow on palm trees?

Palm trees can produce a variety of different types of fruit, depending on the species. Some common types of fruit that grow on palm trees include coconuts, dates, and acai berries. Other types of fruit that can grow on palm trees include betel nuts, sago palms, and oil palms.

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Palms Guides
Browse through our curated Palms Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Palms. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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49.2’-82’ | 15-25 m
23’-28.5’ | 7-8.7 m (Spread)
9.8”-19.7” | 25-50 cm (Trunk)
11.5’-14.8’ | 3.5-4.5 m (Leaf)
Alexandra Palm
2500.000
870.000
50.000
450.000
3200
GUIDE
3D
Alexandra Palm
32.8’-65.6’ | 10-20 m
7.9’-10.2’ | 2.4-3.1 m (Spread)
3.9”-5.9” | 10-15 cm (Trunk)
4.9’-6.6’ | 1.5-2 m (Leaf)
Betel Palm
2000.000
310.000
15.000
200.000
350
GUIDE
3D
Betel Palm
12’-20’ | 3.7-6.1 m
15.75’-19.4’ | 4.8-5.9 m (Spread)
23.6”-31.5” | 60-80 cm (Trunk)
10’-12’ | 3-3.7 m (Leaf)
Bottle Palm
610.000
590.000
80.000
370.000
20800
GUIDE
3D
Bottle Palm
40’-70’ | 12.2-21.3 m
10’-15’ | 3-4.6 m (Spread)
9.8”-15.75” | 25-40 cm (Trunk)
5’-7’ | 1.5-2.1 m (Leaf)
Cabbage Palm
2130.000
460.000
40.000
210.000
8900
GUIDE
3D
Cabbage Palm
49.2’-65.6’ | 15-20 m
10’-20’ | 3-6.1 m (Spread)
24”-36” | 60-91 cm (Trunk)
3’-6.6’ | .9-2 m (Leaf)
California Fan Palm
2000.000
610.000
91.000
200.000
5500
GUIDE
3D
California Fan Palm
32.8’-65.6’ | 10-20 m
19.7’-29.5’ | 6-9 m (Spread)
23.6”-47.2” | 60-120 cm (Trunk)
9.8’-19.7’ | 3-6 m (Leaf)
Canary Island Date Palm
2000.000
900.000
120.000
600.000
5900
GUIDE
3D
Canary Island Date Palm
32.8’-49.2’ | 10-15 m
15.4’-23.3’ | 4.7-7.1 m (Spread)
39.4”-51.2” | 100-130 cm (Trunk)
10’-15’ | 3-4.6 m (Leaf)
Chilean Wine Palm
1500.000
710.000
130.000
460.000
405
GUIDE
3D
Chilean Wine Palm
10’-29.5’ | 3-9 m
6.6’-12.5’ | 2-3.8 m (Spread)
7.9”-11.8” | 20-30 cm (Trunk)
3’-6’ | .9-1.8 m (Leaf)
Chinese Fan Palm
900.000
380.000
30.000
180.000
20300
GUIDE
3D
Chinese Fan Palm
20’-40’ | 6.1-12.2 m
5’-10.5’ | 1.5-3.2 m (Spread)
13.8”-27.6” | 35-70 cm (Trunk)
4.6’-6.2’ | 1.4-1.9 m (Leaf)
Chinese Windmill Palm
1220.000
320.000
70.000
190.000
52600
GUIDE
3D
Chinese Windmill Palm
65.6’-100’ | 20-30.5 m
22’-32.8’ | 6.7-10 m (Spread)
11.8”-17.7” | 30-45 cm (Trunk)
13.1’-19.7’ | 4-6 m (Leaf)
Coconut Palm
3050.000
1000.000
45.000
600.000
6200
GUIDE
3D
Coconut Palm
49.2’-82’ | 15-25 m
16.4’-25’ | 5-7.6 m (Spread)
15.75”-24” | 40-60 cm (Trunk)
9.8’-16.4’ | 3-5 m (Leaf)
Date Palm
2500.000
760.000
60.000
500.000
18600
GUIDE
3D
Date Palm
32.8’-55.8’ | 10-17 m
21’-36’ | 6.4-11 m (Spread)
11.8”-17.7” | 30-45 cm (Trunk)
3.9’-6.6’ | 1.2-2 m (Leaf)
Doum Palm
1700.000
1100.000
45.000
200.000
120
GUIDE
3D
Doum Palm
8’-13.1’ | 2.4-4 m
11.5’-15.75’ | 3.5-4.8 m (Spread)
7.9”-9.8” | 20-25 cm (Trunk)
18”-24” | .45-.61 m (Leaf)
European Fan Palm
400.000
480.000
25.000
61.000
5200
GUIDE
3D
European Fan Palm
16.4’-32.8’ | 5-10 m
8.2’-11.5’ | 2.5-3.5 m (Spread)
6”-12” | 15-30.5 cm (Trunk)
8’-10’ | 2.4-3 m (Leaf)
Foxtail Palm
1000.000
350.000
30.500
300.000
35800
GUIDE
3D
Foxtail Palm
10’-20’ | 3-6.1 m
10.8’-21.7’ | 3.3-6.6 m (Spread)
11.8”-23.6” | 30-60 cm (Trunk)
5’-10’ | 1.5-3 m (Leaf)
Jelly Palm
610.000
660.000
60.000
300.000
11300
GUIDE
3D
Jelly Palm
20’-40' | 6.1-12.2 m
12’-22’ | 3.7-6.7 m (Spread)
18”-24” | 45-60 cm (Trunk)
4’-6’ | 1.2-1.8 m (Leaf)
Mexican Blue Palm
1220.000
670.000
60.000
180.000
800
GUIDE
3D
Mexican Blue Palm
50’-80’ | 15.2-24.4 m
8’-10’ | 2.4-3 m (Spread)
10”-14” | 25.4-35.6 cm (Trunk)
3’-4’ | .9-1.2 m (Leaf)
Mexican Fan Palm
2440.000
300.000
35.600
120.000
8000
GUIDE
3D
Mexican Fan Palm
3’-5.9’ | .9-1.8 m
3.9’-7.9’ | 1.2-2.4 m (Spread)
9.8”-15.75” | 25-40 cm (Trunk)
15”-20” | .38-.51 m (Leaf)
Needle Palm
180.000
240.000
40.000
51.000
5100
GUIDE
3D
Needle Palm
5.9’-9.8’ | 1.8-3 m
5.9’-7.9’ | 1.8-2.4 m (Spread)
3”-6” | 7.6-15.2 cm (Trunk)
2’-3.9’ | .6-1.2 m (Leaf)
Pygmy Date Palm
300.000
240.000
15.200
120.000
44000
GUIDE
3D
Pygmy Date Palm
32.8’-49.2’ | 10-15 m
20’-25’ | 6.1-7.6 m (Spread)
11.8”-23.6” | 30-60 cm (Trunk)
8.2’-16.4’ | 2.5-5 m (Leaf)
Queen Palm
1500.000
760.000
60.000
500.000
31300
GUIDE
3D
Queen Palm
50’-80’ | 15.2-24.4 m
10’-20’ | 3-6.1 m (Spread)
18”-30” | 46-76 cm (Trunk)
6.6’-13.1’ | 2-4 m (Leaf)
Royal Palm
2440.000
610.000
76.000
400.000
8800
GUIDE
3D
Royal Palm
Chinese Fan Palm (Livistona chinensis)
Scale illustration of an average Chinese Fan Palm compared to other species of palms and a human

The drooping fan leaves, wide-spreading crown, stoutness, and hardiness make the Chinese Fan Palm (Livistona chinensis) a good container and garden plant. It is native to Asia and may grow in a wide range of soil. However, it has to be warm, moist, acidic, and well-drained. Besides, it may tolerate drought, cold, and areas with shade. Hence, it can be grown indoors. The Chinese Fan Palm is slow-growing and favors a warm, humid climate. It has bluish-green or glossy olive green fan-shaped, costapalmate leaves. When young, the Chinese Fan Palm has a bushy appearance, but a single, slender grayish-brown trunk will show as it ages.

Chinese Fan Palms have an overall height between 10’-29.5’ (3-9 m) and spread diameter of 6.6’-12.5’ (2-3.8 m). The trunk of the Chinese Fan Palm has a diameter of 7.9”-11.8” (20-30 cm) with leaf lengths between 3’-6’ (.9-1.8 m).

Pair of dimensioned illustrations of the Chinese Fan Palm seen from the top and elevation views
The drooping fan leaves, wide-spreading crown, stoutness, and hardiness make the Chinese Fan Palm (Livistona chinensis) a good container and garden plant. It is native to Asia and may grow in a wide range of soil. However, it has to be warm, moist, acidic, and well-drained.

Chinese Fan Palms have an overall height between 10’-29.5’ (3-9 m) and spread diameter of 6.6’-12.5’ (2-3.8 m). The trunk of the Chinese Fan Palm has a diameter of 7.9”-11.8” (20-30 cm) with leaf lengths between 3’-6’ (.9-1.8 m).

Pair of dimensioned illustrations of the Chinese Fan Palm seen from the top and elevation views
Chinese Fan Palm (Livistona chinensis)
Height:
10’-29.5’ | 3-9 m
Width:
6.6’-12.5’ | 2-3.8 m (Spread)
Length:
3’-6’ | .9-1.8 m (Leaf)
Depth:
7.9”-11.8” | 20-30 cm (Trunk)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Livistona chinensis

Drawings include:

Chinese Fan Palm front elevation, plan view

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Pygmy Date Palm (Phoenix roebelenii)
Comparison drawing of the Pygmy Date Palm compared to similar Palm species and a person

The small to medium-size nature of the Pygmy Date Palm (Phoenix roebelenii) makes it a good ornamental plant. It is most common in southeast Asia in places like northern Laos and Vietnam and southwestern China. It can be called miniature date palm, dwarf date palm, and robellini palm. The slow-growing plant has small, yellowish flowers, small, thin-fleshed edible fruits, and slightly drooping grey-green leaves. The plant is dioecious, and its name comes from its short profile. It prefers moist, well-drained soil and a subtropical climate. The fine leaves and attractive trunk make it suitable indoors.

Pygmy Date Palms have an overall height between 5.9’-9.8’ (1.8-3 m) and spread diameter of 5.9’-7.9’ (1.8-2.4 m). The trunk of the Pygmy Date Palm has a diameter of 3”-6” (7.6-15.2 cm) with leaf lengths between 2’-3.9’ (.6-1.2 m).

Scaled set of drawings of the Pygmy Date Palm in front and top views with dimensions
The small to medium-size nature of the Pygmy Date Palm (Phoenix roebelenii) makes it a good ornamental plant. It is most common in southeast Asia in places like northern Laos and Vietnam and southwestern China. It can be called miniature date palm, dwarf date palm, and robellini palm.

Pygmy Date Palms have an overall height between 5.9’-9.8’ (1.8-3 m) and spread diameter of 5.9’-7.9’ (1.8-2.4 m). The trunk of the Pygmy Date Palm has a diameter of 3”-6” (7.6-15.2 cm) with leaf lengths between 2’-3.9’ (.6-1.2 m).

Scaled set of drawings of the Pygmy Date Palm in front and top views with dimensions
Pygmy Date Palm (Phoenix roebelenii)
Height:
5.9’-9.8’ | 1.8-3 m
Width:
5.9’-7.9’ | 1.8-2.4 m (Spread)
Length:
2’-3.9’ | .6-1.2 m (Leaf)
Depth:
3”-6” | 7.6-15.2 cm (Trunk)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Phoenix roebelenii

Drawings include:

Pygmy Date Palm front elevation, plan view

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Needle Palm (Rhapidophyllum hystrix)
Size comparison drawing of the Needle Palm compared to a person and other Palm species

The Needle Palm (Rhapidophyllum hystrix) holds the record as the most cold-hardy palms around. It can be found in several parts of the south Atlantic state and eastern Gulf of the US, southern Alabama, and even South Carolina, grown as a specimen plant for small spaces. It favors subtropical climates or warm temperate climates. The fan or needle-like palm takes a shrub-like clumping form. It also has several stems emanating from a single base. The leaves have long petioles and many needle-like spines in between. The plant is dioecious, producing flowers in dense short clusters and fruits in a brown drupe. It prefers moist, well-drained soil.

Needle Palms have an overall height between 3’-5.9’ (.9-1.8 m) and spread diameter of 3.9’-7.9’ (1.2-2.4 m). The trunk of the Needle Palm has a diameter of 9.8”-15.75” (25-40 cm) with leaf lengths between 15”-20” (.38-.51 m).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of the Needle Palm viewed from the front and top
The Needle Palm (Rhapidophyllum hystrix) holds the record as the most cold-hardy palms around. It can be found in several parts of the south Atlantic state and eastern Gulf of the US, southern Alabama, and even South Carolina, grown as a specimen plant for small spaces.

Needle Palms have an overall height between 3’-5.9’ (.9-1.8 m) and spread diameter of 3.9’-7.9’ (1.2-2.4 m). The trunk of the Needle Palm has a diameter of 9.8”-15.75” (25-40 cm) with leaf lengths between 15”-20” (.38-.51 m).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of the Needle Palm viewed from the front and top
Needle Palm (Rhapidophyllum hystrix)
Height:
3’-5.9’ | .9-1.8 m
Width:
3.9’-7.9’ | 1.2-2.4 m (Spread)
Length:
15”-20” | .38-.51 m (Leaf)
Depth:
9.8”-15.75” | 25-40 cm (Trunk)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Rhapidophyllum hystrix

Drawings include:

Needle Palm front elevation, plan view

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Bottle Palm (Hyophorbe lagenicaulis)
Size comparison drawing of the Bottle Palm compared to a person and other Palm species

The Bottle Palm (Hyophorbe lagenicaulis) is native to Mauritius, specifically Round Island. It is also called palmiste gargoulette and has a large swollen trunk near the base. The position of the swollen trunk (when young) separates it from other plant species with swollen trunks. Besides, the black or orange fruits are much smaller, and their inflorescence branches in four orders. It prefers tropical or subtropical climates where there is no cold. It gets its name from its unique trunk shape, though its overall size is small but striking. It has long, slender, dark-green, graceful fronds. Bottle Palms are slow-growing, high salt-tolerant, and prefer well-drained wet soils.

Bottle Palms have an overall height between 12’-20’ (3.7-6.1 m) and spread diameter of 15.75’-19.4’ (4.8-5.9 m). The trunk of the Bottle Palm has a diameter of 23.6”-31.5” (60-80 cm) with leaf lengths between 10’-12’ (3-3.7 m).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of the Bottle Palm viewed from the front and top
The Bottle Palm (Hyophorbe lagenicaulis) is native to Mauritius, specifically Round Island. It is also called palmiste gargoulette and has a large swollen trunk near the base. The position of the swollen trunk (when young) separates it from other plant species with swollen trunks.

Bottle Palms have an overall height between 12’-20’ (3.7-6.1 m) and spread diameter of 15.75’-19.4’ (4.8-5.9 m). The trunk of the Bottle Palm has a diameter of 23.6”-31.5” (60-80 cm) with leaf lengths between 10’-12’ (3-3.7 m).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of the Bottle Palm viewed from the front and top
Bottle Palm (Hyophorbe lagenicaulis)
Height:
12’-20’ | 3.7-6.1 m
Width:
15.75’-19.4’ | 4.8-5.9 m (Spread)
Length:
10’-12’ | 3-3.7 m (Leaf)
Depth:
23.6”-31.5” | 60-80 cm (Trunk)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Hyophorbe lagenicaulis

Drawings include:

Bottle Palm front elevation, plan view

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Chinese Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus fortunei)
Scale illustration of an average Chinese Windmill Palm compared to other species of palms and a human

The Chinese Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus fortunei) is endemic to China, India, Myanmar, and Japan. The name comes from the leaves that spiral in every direction, resembling a windmill. It is also called the windmill palm or Chusan palm. The palm tree is hardy, evergreen, and single-stemmed. It is found in higher altitudes and tolerates acidic soil, cold temperatures, and even cool, moist summers. The solitary trunk is rough, shaggy, hairy, and the bright/silver-green leaves have long petioles. The palm is dioecious and produces kidney-shaped fruits that turn from yellow to blue-black on maturity. The leaf fibers are used in weaving.

Chinese Windmill Palms have an overall height between 20’-40’ (6.1-12.2 m) and spread diameter of 5’-10.5’ (1.5-3.2 m). The trunk of the Chinese Windmill Palm has a diameter of 13.8”-27.6” (35-70 cm) with leaf lengths between 4.6’-6.2’ (1.4-1.9 m).

Pair of dimensioned illustrations of the Chinese Windmill Palm seen from the top and elevation views
The Chinese Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus fortunei) is endemic to China, India, Myanmar, and Japan. The name comes from the leaves that spiral in every direction, resembling a windmill. It is also called the windmill palm or Chusan palm. The palm tree is hardy, evergreen, and single-stemmed.

Chinese Windmill Palms have an overall height between 20’-40’ (6.1-12.2 m) and spread diameter of 5’-10.5’ (1.5-3.2 m). The trunk of the Chinese Windmill Palm has a diameter of 13.8”-27.6” (35-70 cm) with leaf lengths between 4.6’-6.2’ (1.4-1.9 m).

Pair of dimensioned illustrations of the Chinese Windmill Palm seen from the top and elevation views
Chinese Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus fortunei)
Height:
20’-40’ | 6.1-12.2 m
Width:
5’-10.5’ | 1.5-3.2 m (Spread)
Length:
4.6’-6.2’ | 1.4-1.9 m (Leaf)
Depth:
13.8”-27.6” | 35-70 cm (Trunk)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Trachycarpus fortunei

Drawings include:

Chinese Windmill Palm front elevation, plan view

Details & Downloads

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