Badminton is a racket (racquet) sport where players hit a shuttlecock over a net to score points. Badminton can be played in either singles (one player per side) or doubles with court sizes adapting for either game style. Points are scored when the shuttlecock lands on the opposing team’s half of the court. Badminton can be played casually outdoors or more formally regulated in indoor courts.

Who invented badminton?

Badminton was originally invented in India around the 1860s as a game called ‘Poona.’ The game was imported and played on country estates back in England when British army officers returned home and further codified the rules of the game for competitive play.

How is badminton different from other racquet sports?

Badminton is unique to other racquet sports in that it is played with a conical shaped shuttlecock rather than a spherical ball.

What is the badminton ball called?


Badminton is played with a shuttlecock (also known as a birdie or bird) instead of a ball. The shuttlecock is an aerodynamic conical projectile that will fly through the air with the cork end first upon hitting it.

Badminton Guides
Browse through our curated Badminton Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Badminton. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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Badminton Backhand
700
3D
Badminton Backhand
17’-20' | 5.18-6.1 m
44’ | 13.41 m
880 ft2 | 81.75 m2
Badminton Court
610.000
1341.000
81.75
57000
https://p3d.in/e/XLKyo
3D
Badminton CourtPerspective view of a 3D model of a Badminton CourtPerspective view of a 3D model of a Badminton Court
Badminton Drop Shot
100
3D
Badminton Drop Shot
Badminton Forehand
100
3D
Badminton Forehand
5’1” | 1.55 m
20’ | 6.1 m
Badminton Net
155.000
610.000
14000
https://p3d.in/e/Jtidi
3D
Badminton Net3D model of a Badminton Net viewed in perspective3D model of a Badminton Net viewed in perspective
8.66”-9.06” | 220-230 mm
1” | 25.4 mm (Handle)
26.18”-26.77” | 665-680 mm
2.46-3.35 oz | 70-95 g
Badminton Racket
23.000
2.540
68.000
0.095
45000
https://p3d.in/e/9QB7A
3D
Badminton Racket3D model of a Badminton Racket viewed in perspective3D model of a Badminton Racket viewed in perspective
Badminton Serve
200
3D
Badminton Serve
Badminton Smash
4500
3D
Badminton Smash
5’8” | 1.73 m
June 15, 1993
Carolina Marín
173.000
1993.00
51000
3D
Carolina Marín
5’7.5” | 1.71 m
October 21, 1982
Lee Chong Wei
171.000
1982.00
71000
3D
Lee Chong Wei
Lin Dan
41000
5’10” | 1.78 m
October 14, 1983
Lin Dan
178.000
1983.00
41000
3D
Lin Dan
5’7” | 1.70 m
February 5, 1995
Ratchanok Intanon
170.000
1995.00
10000
3D
Ratchanok Intanon
2.28”-2.68” | 58-68 mm
.167-.194 oz | 4.75-5.5 g
Shuttlecock
6.800
0.005
93000
https://p3d.in/e/mNQ0p
3D
ShuttlecockView of a Badminton Shuttlecock in 3D available for downloadView of a Badminton Shuttlecock in 3D available for download
5’4” | 1.63 m
June 20, 1994
Tai Tzu-Ying
163.000
1994.00
4100
3D
Tai Tzu-Ying
6’4” | 1.93 m
January 4, 1994
Viktor Axelsen
193.000
1994.00
21000
3D
Viktor Axelsen
Lin Dan
Scaled height comparison drawings of Lin Dan compared to other badminton players

Lin Dan, born October 14, 1983, is a former Chinese badminton player. He is a two-time Olympic champion, five-time World champion, and a six-time All England champion. By age 28 Lin Dan completed the “Super Grand Slam”, what some consider to be the nine major titles in the badminton world, and he was the first and only player to achieve this feat. He is widely regarded as the greatest badminton player of all time. Lin Dan’s rival is Lee Chong Wei, and the two players had careers that were almost exactly contemporaneous; the rivalry is considered to be the greatest in the history of badminton through Lin had the decided edge.

Lin Dan has a height of 5’10” (1.78 m).

Set of illustrations of Lin Dan in various badminton poses measured with overall height
Lin Dan, born October 14, 1983, is a former Chinese badminton player. He is a two-time Olympic champion, five-time World champion, and a six-time All England champion. By age 28 Lin Dan completed the “Super Grand Slam”, what some consider to be the nine major titles in the badminton world.

Lin Dan has a height of 5’10” (1.78 m).

Set of illustrations of Lin Dan in various badminton poses measured with overall height
Lin Dan
Height:
5’10” | 1.78 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Nationality: China

Years Active: 2000-2020

Birthday
October 14, 1983

Drawings include:
Lin Dan standing, swinging, jumping

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Badminton Court

Badminton Courts are the rectangular surfaces used for the racket sport of badminton. divided in half by a center badminton net, courts are usually marked for both singles or doubles games with boundary widths varying between the two match types. Badminton courts should be surfaced with safe flooring materials for gameplay, that include wood, synthetic, and rubber flooring options.

Badminton Courts have a length of 44’ (13.4 m), but double courts are 20’ (6.1 m) wide while single courts are reduced to 17’ (5.18 m); shrinking by 1.5’ (.46 m) on both sides. Service courts are split by a center line dividing the width of the court and are set back from the net by a ‘short service line’ of 6.5’ (1.98 m). Doubles games also require a ‘long service line’ that is placed 2.5’ (.76 m) in from the back boundary. Clearances of 2’ (.61 m) should be providing around the entire badminton court.

Plan drawing of a Badminton Court with dimensions labeled for singles and doubles games
Badminton Courts are the rectangular surfaces used for the racket sport of badminton. divided in half by a center badminton net, courts are usually marked for both singles or doubles games with boundary widths varying between the two match types.

Badminton Courts have a length of 44’ (13.4 m), but double courts are 20’ (6.1 m) wide while single courts are reduced to 17’ (5.18 m); shrinking by 1.5’ (.46 m) on both sides. Service courts are split by a center line dividing the width of the court and are set back from the net by a ‘short service line’ of 6.5’ (1.98 m). Doubles games also require a ‘long service line’ that is placed 2.5’ (.76 m) in from the back boundary. Clearances of 2’ (.61 m) should be providing around the entire badminton court.

Plan drawing of a Badminton Court with dimensions labeled for singles and doubles games
Badminton Court
Height:
Width:
17’-20' | 5.18-6.1 m
Length:
44’ | 13.41 m
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
880 ft2 | 81.75 m2

Width (Full/Doubles): 20’ | 6.1 m
Width (Singles): 17’ | 5.18 m
Clearance: 2’ | .61 m around full perimeter
Material: Wood, synthetic, or rubberized surface

Birthday

Drawings include:
Badminton Court plan

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Badminton Racket

A Badminton Racket is a piece of sports equipment that has a handled frame with an open hoop with a network of strings stretched tightly. It is used to strike a shuttlecock in a Badminton match. Modern rackets are made of carbon fiber composite, which is stiff, has a good strength to weight ratio, and gives good kinetic energy transfer. Prior to the use of carbon fiber composite, Badminton Rackets were made of wood. While a Badminton Racket’s size and shape are limited by standards, there is a wide variety of racket designs, and different rackets have playing characteristics that appeal to different players.

Badminton Rackets have an overall length of 26.18”-26.77” (665-680 mm), head width from 8.66”-9.06” (220-230 mm), and a handle diameter of 1” (25.4 mm). The mass of a modern Badminton Racket is between 2.46-3.35 oz (70-95 g).

Pair of dimensioned drawings of a Badminton Racket with overall length, width, and handle depth
A Badminton Racket is a piece of sports equipment that has a handled frame with an open hoop with a network of strings stretched tightly. It is used to strike a shuttlecock in a Badminton match. Modern rackets are made of carbon fiber composite, which is stiff with a good strength to weight ratio.

Badminton Rackets have an overall length of 26.18”-26.77” (665-680 mm), head width from 8.66”-9.06” (220-230 mm), and a handle diameter of 1” (25.4 mm). The mass of a modern Badminton Racket is between 2.46-3.35 oz (70-95 g).

Pair of dimensioned drawings of a Badminton Racket with overall length, width, and handle depth
Badminton Racket
Height:
Width:
8.66”-9.06” | 220-230 mm
Length:
26.18”-26.77” | 665-680 mm
Depth:
1” | 25.4 mm (Handle)
Weight:
2.46-3.35 oz | 70-95 g
Area:

Materials: Carbon fiber, graphite, or wood (traditional)

Birthday

Drawings include:
Badminton Racket front elevation, side

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Badminton Stance

The Badminton Stance is the defensive position that a player should perform when waiting on their opponent(s) return. Though the badminton stance is a relatively neutral position, the proper stance is a ready and engaged position with bent legs for quick reactions to whatever may come your way. By having a ready stance, players can react more quickly and with more power to their opponent's hits. To perform a proper badminton stance, the body should be turned to face the opponents side fo the court with the non-racket leg forward and legs at a shoulder width apart.

Set of illustrations of female badminton players in various Badminton Stances
The Badminton Stance is the defensive position that a player should perform when waiting on their opponent(s) return. Though the badminton stance is a relatively neutral position, the proper stance is a ready and engaged position with bent legs for quick reactions to whatever may come your way.

Set of illustrations of female badminton players in various Badminton Stances
Badminton Stance
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Skill Type: Defensive

Birthday

Drawings include:
Badminton Stance assorted (men, women)

Details & Downloads

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Badminton Smash

A Badminton Smash is an offensive shot that is executed from the rear court; it travels downwards to the opponent’s side. It can be played both on the forehand and backhand sides. The player hits the shuttle overhead with all the tempo downwards. The non-racket hand should be raised and pointed above the chin for an angled shot, and the weight of the player is shifted to the rear foot for balance. A Badminton Smash is considered to be the most potent of all badminton shots, and there is almost no defense against a well executed smash.

Collection of drawings of male badminton players performing the Badminton Smash
A Badminton Smash is an offensive shot that is executed from the rear court; it travels downwards to the opponent’s side. It can be played both on the forehand and backhand sides. The player hits the shuttle overhead with all the tempo downwards. The non-racket hand should be raised and pointed.

Collection of drawings of male badminton players performing the Badminton Smash
Badminton Smash
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Skill Type: Offensive

Birthday

Drawings include:
Badminton Smash assorted (men, women)

Details & Downloads

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