Badminton is a racket (racquet) sport where players hit a shuttlecock over a net to score points. Badminton can be played in either singles (one player per side) or doubles with court sizes adapting for either game style. Points are scored when the shuttlecock lands on the opposing team’s half of the court. Badminton can be played casually outdoors or more formally regulated in indoor courts.

Who invented badminton?

Badminton was originally invented in India around the 1860s as a game called ‘Poona.’ The game was imported and played on country estates back in England when British army officers returned home and further codified the rules of the game for competitive play.

How is badminton different from other racquet sports?

Badminton is unique to other racquet sports in that it is played with a conical shaped shuttlecock rather than a spherical ball.

What is the badminton ball called?


Badminton is played with a shuttlecock (also known as a birdie or bird) instead of a ball. The shuttlecock is an aerodynamic conical projectile that will fly through the air with the cork end first upon hitting it.

Badminton Guides
Browse through our curated Badminton Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Badminton. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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Badminton Backhand
700
3D
Badminton Backhand
17’-20' | 5.18-6.1 m
44’ | 13.41 m
880 ft2 | 81.75 m2
Badminton Court
610.000
1341.000
81.75
57000
https://p3d.in/e/XLKyo
3D
Badminton CourtPerspective view of a 3D model of a Badminton CourtPerspective view of a 3D model of a Badminton Court
Badminton Drop Shot
100
3D
Badminton Drop Shot
Badminton Forehand
100
3D
Badminton Forehand
5’1” | 1.55 m
20’ | 6.1 m
Badminton Net
155.000
610.000
14000
https://p3d.in/e/Jtidi
3D
Badminton Net3D model of a Badminton Net viewed in perspective3D model of a Badminton Net viewed in perspective
8.66”-9.06” | 220-230 mm
1” | 25.4 mm (Handle)
26.18”-26.77” | 665-680 mm
2.46-3.35 oz | 70-95 g
Badminton Racket
23.000
2.540
68.000
0.095
45000
https://p3d.in/e/9QB7A
3D
Badminton Racket3D model of a Badminton Racket viewed in perspective3D model of a Badminton Racket viewed in perspective
Badminton Serve
200
3D
Badminton Serve
Badminton Smash
4500
3D
Badminton Smash
5’8” | 1.73 m
June 15, 1993
Carolina Marín
173.000
1993.00
51000
3D
Carolina Marín
5’7.5” | 1.71 m
October 21, 1982
Lee Chong Wei
171.000
1982.00
71000
3D
Lee Chong Wei
Lin Dan
41000
5’10” | 1.78 m
October 14, 1983
Lin Dan
178.000
1983.00
41000
3D
Lin Dan
5’7” | 1.70 m
February 5, 1995
Ratchanok Intanon
170.000
1995.00
10000
3D
Ratchanok Intanon
2.28”-2.68” | 58-68 mm
.167-.194 oz | 4.75-5.5 g
Shuttlecock
6.800
0.005
93000
https://p3d.in/e/mNQ0p
3D
ShuttlecockView of a Badminton Shuttlecock in 3D available for downloadView of a Badminton Shuttlecock in 3D available for download
5’4” | 1.63 m
June 20, 1994
Tai Tzu-Ying
163.000
1994.00
4100
3D
Tai Tzu-Ying
6’4” | 1.93 m
January 4, 1994
Viktor Axelsen
193.000
1994.00
21000
3D
Viktor Axelsen
Badminton Forehand

A Badminton Forehand stroke is any shot performed during the game with a forehand grip. They are done on the racket side of a body. A right-handed player would perform the shot on the right side of the body, and a left-handed player would preform the shot on the left side of the body. Further, all the shots that are hit on top of the body will be forehand strokes. Forehand shots are the most powerful shots of any payer, and they are the most common type of shot on the back of the court.

Collection of drawings of female badminton players performing Badminton Forehands
A Badminton Forehand stroke is any shot performed during the game with a forehand grip. They are done on the racket side of a body. A right-handed player would perform the shot on the right side of the body, and a left-handed player would preform the shot on the left side of the body.

Collection of drawings of female badminton players performing Badminton Forehands
Badminton Forehand
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Skill Type: Offensive

Birthday

Drawings include:
Badminton Forehand assorted (men, women)

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Ratchanok Intanon
Scaled height comparison drawings of Ratchanok Intanon compared to other badminton players

Ratchanok Intanon, born February 5, 1995, is a Thai badminton player, and the first Thai player to hold the No. 1 title in women’s singles. In 2013 she became world champion in women’s singles. She holds many other records, youngest ever singles champion at the BWF World Championships, first ever singles player to win three Superseries titles in three consecutive weeks, and first ever three-time champion in a singles discipline of the BWF World Junior Championships. Intanon is known for her relaxed hitting motion and light footwork, which has been described as ‘balletic’.

Ratchanok Intanon has a height of 5’7” (1.70 m).

Set of illustrations of Ratchanok Intanon in various badminton poses measured with overall height
Ratchanok Intanon, born February 5, 1995, is a Thai badminton player, and the first Thai player to hold the No. 1 title in women’s singles. In 2013 she became world champion in women’s singles. She holds many other records and was the youngest ever singles champion at the BWF World Championships.

Ratchanok Intanon has a height of 5’7” (1.70 m).

Set of illustrations of Ratchanok Intanon in various badminton poses measured with overall height
Ratchanok Intanon
Height:
5’7” | 1.70 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
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Nationality: Thailand

Years Active: 2008—

Birthday
February 5, 1995

Drawings include:
Ratchanok Intanon standing, swinging, jumping

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Badminton Court

Badminton Courts are the rectangular surfaces used for the racket sport of badminton. divided in half by a center badminton net, courts are usually marked for both singles or doubles games with boundary widths varying between the two match types. Badminton courts should be surfaced with safe flooring materials for gameplay, that include wood, synthetic, and rubber flooring options.

Badminton Courts have a length of 44’ (13.4 m), but double courts are 20’ (6.1 m) wide while single courts are reduced to 17’ (5.18 m); shrinking by 1.5’ (.46 m) on both sides. Service courts are split by a center line dividing the width of the court and are set back from the net by a ‘short service line’ of 6.5’ (1.98 m). Doubles games also require a ‘long service line’ that is placed 2.5’ (.76 m) in from the back boundary. Clearances of 2’ (.61 m) should be providing around the entire badminton court.

Plan drawing of a Badminton Court with dimensions labeled for singles and doubles games
Badminton Courts are the rectangular surfaces used for the racket sport of badminton. divided in half by a center badminton net, courts are usually marked for both singles or doubles games with boundary widths varying between the two match types.

Badminton Courts have a length of 44’ (13.4 m), but double courts are 20’ (6.1 m) wide while single courts are reduced to 17’ (5.18 m); shrinking by 1.5’ (.46 m) on both sides. Service courts are split by a center line dividing the width of the court and are set back from the net by a ‘short service line’ of 6.5’ (1.98 m). Doubles games also require a ‘long service line’ that is placed 2.5’ (.76 m) in from the back boundary. Clearances of 2’ (.61 m) should be providing around the entire badminton court.

Plan drawing of a Badminton Court with dimensions labeled for singles and doubles games
Badminton Court
Height:
Width:
17’-20' | 5.18-6.1 m
Length:
44’ | 13.41 m
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
880 ft2 | 81.75 m2

Width (Full/Doubles): 20’ | 6.1 m
Width (Singles): 17’ | 5.18 m
Clearance: 2’ | .61 m around full perimeter
Material: Wood, synthetic, or rubberized surface

Birthday

Drawings include:
Badminton Court plan

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Badminton Backhand

A Badminton Backhand stroke is when the player hits the shuttle with their backhand area when the shuttle is in mid-air above the head. The swinging pattern is very different from tennis or squash. It is a very difficult skill to master, and many badminton players find it difficult to execute strong backhands. It is a defensive shot that is played when the player is not in a position to play a forehand shot. The purpose of the shot is to get the shuttle over the opponent’s head and force them as close to the rear court.

Collection of drawings of male badminton players performing the Badminton Backhand
A Badminton Backhand stroke is when the player hits the shuttle with their backhand area when the shuttle is in mid-air above the head. The swinging pattern is very different from tennis or squash. It is a very difficult skill to master, and many badminton players find it difficult to execute.

Collection of drawings of male badminton players performing the Badminton Backhand
Badminton Backhand
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Skill Type: Defensive

Birthday

Drawings include:
Badminton Backhand assorted (men, women)

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Badminton Net

The Badminton Net is the central gameplay element in a game of Badminton, requiring players to return the shuttlecock from one side of the court to the other during the match. Made taut by the use of weighted tension poles on the outside edges of the badminton court, the badminton net is allowed to sag slightly in the center of the span. Unlike other sport nets that require the poles to be installed permanently, badminton nets are often mobile and can be moved and setup quickly when ready for play. Variations of badminton nets come in polyethylene, nylon, and vinyl.

Badminton Nets span the entire 20’ (6.1 m) width of the court and are placed over the doubles sidelines, even when singles games are played. The net has a height of 5’1” (1.55 m) at the edges and sags slightly at the center resulting in a height of 5’ (1.52 m). Badminton nets are split into a 1:1 ratio with a 30’ (76 cm) opening below the mesh and an equal surface above.

Dimensioned drawing of a Badminton Net with players documenting the width and height
The Badminton Net is the central gameplay element in a game of Badminton, requiring players to return the shuttlecock from one side of the court to the other during the match. Badminton nets are typically made taut by the use of weighted tension poles on the outside edges of the badminton court.

Badminton Nets span the entire 20’ (6.1 m) width of the court and are placed over the doubles sidelines, even when singles games are played. The net has a height of 5’1” (1.55 m) at the edges and sags slightly at the center resulting in a height of 5’ (1.52 m). Badminton nets are split into a 1:1 ratio with a 30’ (76 cm) opening below the mesh and an equal surface above.

Dimensioned drawing of a Badminton Net with players documenting the width and height
Badminton Net
Height:
5’1” | 1.55 m
Width:
20’ | 6.1 m
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Height (Center): 5’ | 1.52 m
Above Floor: 2.5’ | .76 m
Net Mesh: 3/4” | 19 mm
Material: Polyethylene, nylon, vinyl

Birthday

Drawings include:
Badminton Net front elevation, front (players)

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