Badminton is a racket (racquet) sport where players hit a shuttlecock over a net to score points. Badminton can be played in either singles (one player per side) or doubles with court sizes adapting for either game style. Points are scored when the shuttlecock lands on the opposing team’s half of the court. Badminton can be played casually outdoors or more formally regulated in indoor courts.

Who invented badminton?

Badminton was originally invented in India around the 1860s as a game called ‘Poona.’ The game was imported and played on country estates back in England when British army officers returned home and further codified the rules of the game for competitive play.

How is badminton different from other racquet sports?

Badminton is unique to other racquet sports in that it is played with a conical shaped shuttlecock rather than a spherical ball.

What is the badminton ball called?


Badminton is played with a shuttlecock (also known as a birdie or bird) instead of a ball. The shuttlecock is an aerodynamic conical projectile that will fly through the air with the cork end first upon hitting it.

Badminton Guides
Browse through our curated Badminton Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Badminton. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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Badminton Backhand
700
3D
Badminton Backhand
17’-20' | 5.18-6.1 m
44’ | 13.41 m
880 ft2 | 81.75 m2
Badminton Court
610.000
1341.000
81.75
57000
https://p3d.in/e/XLKyo
3D
Badminton CourtPerspective view of a 3D model of a Badminton CourtPerspective view of a 3D model of a Badminton Court
Badminton Drop Shot
100
3D
Badminton Drop Shot
Badminton Forehand
100
3D
Badminton Forehand
5’1” | 1.55 m
20’ | 6.1 m
Badminton Net
155.000
610.000
14000
https://p3d.in/e/Jtidi
3D
Badminton Net3D model of a Badminton Net viewed in perspective3D model of a Badminton Net viewed in perspective
8.66”-9.06” | 220-230 mm
1” | 25.4 mm (Handle)
26.18”-26.77” | 665-680 mm
2.46-3.35 oz | 70-95 g
Badminton Racket
23.000
2.540
68.000
0.095
45000
https://p3d.in/e/9QB7A
3D
Badminton Racket3D model of a Badminton Racket viewed in perspective3D model of a Badminton Racket viewed in perspective
Badminton Serve
200
3D
Badminton Serve
Badminton Smash
4500
3D
Badminton Smash
5’8” | 1.73 m
June 15, 1993
Carolina Marín
173.000
1993.00
51000
3D
Carolina Marín
5’7.5” | 1.71 m
October 21, 1982
Lee Chong Wei
171.000
1982.00
71000
3D
Lee Chong Wei
Lin Dan
41000
5’10” | 1.78 m
October 14, 1983
Lin Dan
178.000
1983.00
41000
3D
Lin Dan
5’7” | 1.70 m
February 5, 1995
Ratchanok Intanon
170.000
1995.00
10000
3D
Ratchanok Intanon
2.28”-2.68” | 58-68 mm
.167-.194 oz | 4.75-5.5 g
Shuttlecock
6.800
0.005
93000
https://p3d.in/e/mNQ0p
3D
ShuttlecockView of a Badminton Shuttlecock in 3D available for downloadView of a Badminton Shuttlecock in 3D available for download
5’4” | 1.63 m
June 20, 1994
Tai Tzu-Ying
163.000
1994.00
4100
3D
Tai Tzu-Ying
6’4” | 1.93 m
January 4, 1994
Viktor Axelsen
193.000
1994.00
21000
3D
Viktor Axelsen
Badminton Backhand

A Badminton Backhand stroke is when the player hits the shuttle with their backhand area when the shuttle is in mid-air above the head. The swinging pattern is very different from tennis or squash. It is a very difficult skill to master, and many badminton players find it difficult to execute strong backhands. It is a defensive shot that is played when the player is not in a position to play a forehand shot. The purpose of the shot is to get the shuttle over the opponent’s head and force them as close to the rear court.

Collection of drawings of male badminton players performing the Badminton Backhand
A Badminton Backhand stroke is when the player hits the shuttle with their backhand area when the shuttle is in mid-air above the head. The swinging pattern is very different from tennis or squash. It is a very difficult skill to master, and many badminton players find it difficult to execute.

Collection of drawings of male badminton players performing the Badminton Backhand
Badminton Backhand
Height:
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Skill Type: Defensive

Birthday

Drawings include:
Badminton Backhand assorted (men, women)

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Badminton Shuttlecock
Size comparison diagram relating the size of a Badminton Shuttlecock to a Squash Ball and Tennis Ball

A Badminton Shuttlecock, also called a bird or a birdie, is a high-drag projectile used in the sport of Badminton. The open conical shape is formed by feathers, or a synthetic alternative, and embedded into a rounded cork or rubber base. Synthetic Shuttlecocks are referred to as plastics, and feathered Shuttlecocks are called feathers. There are 16 or so overlapping feathers, and it is preferable to use feathers from right or left wings, and to not mix feathers from different wings. This shape makes the Shuttlecock aerodynamically stable, and regardless of the initial orientation, the Shuttlecock will turn to fly cork first.

Badminton Shuttlecocks have a head diameter of .98”-1.1” (25-28 mm) and increase to an overall feather diameter between 2.28”-2.68” (58-68 mm). The overall length of a shuttlecock varies from 3.35”-3.75” (85-95 mm) and is dependent on the lengths of the feathers and the height of the head. The mass of a Badminton Shuttlecock is between .167-.194 oz (4.75-5.5 g).

Dimensioned drawing of a Badminton Shuttlecock with measurements for overall length, diameters, and circumference
A Badminton Shuttlecock, also called a bird or a birdie, is a high-drag projectile used in the sport of Badminton. The open conical shape is formed by feathers, or a synthetic alternative, and embedded into a rounded cork or rubber base. This shape makes the Shuttlecock aerodynamically stable.

Badminton Shuttlecocks have a head diameter of .98”-1.1” (25-28 mm) and increase to an overall feather diameter between 2.28”-2.68” (58-68 mm). The overall length of a shuttlecock varies from 3.35”-3.75” (85-95 mm) and is dependent on the lengths of the feathers and the height of the head. The mass of a Badminton Shuttlecock is between .167-.194 oz (4.75-5.5 g).

Dimensioned drawing of a Badminton Shuttlecock with measurements for overall length, diameters, and circumference
Badminton Shuttlecock
Height:
Width:
2.28”-2.68” | 58-68 mm
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
.167-.194 oz | 4.75-5.5 g
Area:

Head Diameter: .98”-1.1” | 25-28 mm
Feather Diameter: 2.28”-2.68” | 58-68 mm
Head Height: .9”-.98” | 23-25 mm
Feather Length: 2.44”-2.76” | 62-70 mm
Head Circumference: 3.09”-3.46” | 78.5-88 mm
Feather Circumference: 7.17”-8.4” | 182.2-213.6 mm

Materials: Goose or duck feathers (traditional) or plastic skirt; cork or rubber head

Birthday

Drawings include:
Badminton Shuttlecock elevations (assorted), top

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Viktor Axelsen
Group of scaled height illustrations of various badminton players compared to Viktor Axelsen

Viktor Axelsen, born January 4, 1994, is a Danish badminton player. He was the 2017 World Champion and the bronze medalist at the 2016 Summer Olympics. Axelsen won the 2010 World Junior Championships, being the first ever European player to hold the title, and he was also crowned the European men’s singles champion in 2016 and 2018. His greatest strength is his offensive play with his steep and powerful smash. His cross court net shots and ability to cut off many push shots further strengthen his offensive play.

Viktor Axelsen has a height of 6’4” (1.93 m).

Series of elevation drawings of Viktor Axelsen in badminton positions measured with overall height
Viktor Axelsen, born January 4, 1994, is a Danish badminton player. He was the 2017 World Champion and the bronze medalist at the 2016 Summer Olympics. Axelsen won the 2010 World Junior Championships, being the first ever European player to hold the title.

Viktor Axelsen has a height of 6’4” (1.93 m).

Series of elevation drawings of Viktor Axelsen in badminton positions measured with overall height
Viktor Axelsen
Height:
6’4” | 1.93 m
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Nationality: Denmark

Years Active: 2010—

Birthday
January 4, 1994

Drawings include:
Viktor Axelsen standing, swinging, jumping

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Badminton Drop Shot

The Badminton Drop Shot is a strategically soft hit that returns the shuttlecock within the opponent's forecourt area. Drop shots are commonly used to score on your opponent when they are positioned deep in their backcourt and would be unable to react to a shallow shot that is positioned close to the net. Regardless of if the opponent can return a drop shot, the shot itself often has the effect of forcing them out of position and sets the player up for another well placed shot. Practicing both slow and fast drop shots are key to deceiving your badminton opponent and varying the speed of the volley.

Set of illustrations of female badminton players doing the Badminton Drop Shot in various stances
The Badminton Drop Shot is a strategically soft hit that returns the shuttlecock within the opponent's forecourt area. Drop shots are commonly used to score on your opponent when they are positioned deep in their backcourt and would be unable to react to a shallow shot close to the net.

Set of illustrations of female badminton players doing the Badminton Drop Shot in various stances
Badminton Drop Shot
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Area:

Skill Type: Offensive

Birthday

Drawings include:
Badminton Drop Shot assorted (men, women)

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Tai Tzu-Ying
Group of scaled height illustrations of various badminton players compared to Tai Tzu-Ying

Tai Tzu-Ying, born June 20, 1994, is a Taiwanese professional badminton player. She earned the world No. 1 title in the women’s singles on December 2016 at age 22, and with 148 weeks, she currently holds the records for most weeks ranked at the top in BWF history. Tai Tzu-Ying won back-to-back Asian Championship titles, the year end tournament Superseries Finals, and the oldest tournament All England Open. She was the women’s singles gold medalist in the 2018 Asian Games and the 2017 Summer Universiade. Her playing style is characterized as unpredictable and spontaneous, and as an adventurous player, she can seemingly hit the shuttle from anywhere with a great range of shots and angles.

Tai Tzu-Ying has a height of 5’4” (1.63 m).

Series of elevation drawings of Tai Tzu-Ying in badminton positions measured with overall height
Tai Tzu-Ying, born June 20, 1994, is a Taiwanese professional badminton player. She earned the world No. 1 title in the women’s singles on December 2016 at age 22, and with 148 weeks, she currently holds the records for most weeks ranked at the top in BWF history.

Tai Tzu-Ying has a height of 5’4” (1.63 m).

Series of elevation drawings of Tai Tzu-Ying in badminton positions measured with overall height
Tai Tzu-Ying
Height:
5’4” | 1.63 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Nationality: Taiwan
Years Active: 2009—

Birthday
June 20, 1994

Drawings include:
Tai Tzu-Ying standing, swinging, jumping

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