Waterbirds also called aquatic birds refer to birds that spend most of their lifestyle in water or live on or around water bodies. Some portray both terrestrial and marine adaptation, but this usually depends on the environment. These birds are characterized by webbed feet or legs adapted for marine life. Others like Penguins have strong wing-bones that are suited to swimming. They largely live in groups, are carnivores, and prefer water baths. Many get their food underwater and would move to land to breed or molt while other species migrate. Waterbirds can be used as an indicator of how robust or shattered an ecosystem is.

What are the typical characteristics of water birds?

The typical characteristics of water birds include webbed feet, beaks, and legs that have been adapted to be as well as feed in the water. Water birds also can dive from the surface or the air to effectively catch their prey in water.

What is the function of feathers for water birds?

The function of the different types of feathers for water birds ranges, but overall, they help the water bird carry out daily tasks. Contour feathers act as a protective layer, while down feathers are meant to provide insulation. The flight feathers of a water bird help support a bird’s weight during flight.

Why do water birds have webbed feet?

Water birds have webbed feet to help them swim either on the water surface or under it. The webbed feet of water birds are designed to help propel them through the water. Webbed feet can spread effectively as the water bird pushes its foot backward.

Water Birds Guides
Browse through our curated Water Birds Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Water Birds. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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18”-28” | 46-71 cm
8-13 lb | 3.6-6 kg
11-20 years
Adélie Penguin
71.000
6.000
20.00
2900
GUIDE
3D
Adélie Penguin
24”-27” | 61-69 cm
7.5”-8.7” | 19-22 cm
4.4-8.8 lb | 2-4 kg
10-30 years
African Penguin
69.000
22.000
4.000
30.00
23350
GUIDE
3D
African Penguin
13.4”-17.7” | 34-45 cm
26.8”-29.9” | 68-76 cm (Wingspan)
15.75”-20.1” | 40-51 cm
.6-.93 lb | .27-.42 kg
9-15 years
American Avocet
45.000
76.000
51.000
0.420
15.00
2940
GUIDE
3D
American Avocet
47.2”-57” | 120-145 cm
51.2”-65” | 130-165 cm (Wingspan)
47.2”-57” | 120-145 cm
4.85-7.94 lb | 2.2-3.6 kg
20-50 years
American Flamingo
145.000
165.000
145.000
3.600
50.00
8100
GUIDE
3D
American Flamingo
13.4”-16.7” | 34-42.5 cm
47.2”-61” | 120-155 cm (Wingspan)
20.9”-26” | 53-66 cm
1.3-3.6 lb | .6-1.65 kg
20-32 years
American Herring Gull
42.500
155.000
66.000
1.650
32.00
190
GUIDE
3D
American Herring Gull
9.8”-11” | 25-28 cm
31.9”-35” | 81-89 cm (Wingspan)
15.75”-17.3” | 40-44 cm
.88-1.54 lb | .4-.7 kg
10-17 years
American Oystercatcher
28.000
89.000
44.000
0.700
17.00
3100
GUIDE
3D
American Oystercatcher
5.1”-6.3” | 13-16 cm
25.6”-30.3” | 65-77 cm (Wingspan)
14.2”-16.9” | 36-43 cm
.2-.3 lb | .08-.13 kg
15-34 years
Arctic Tern
16.000
77.000
43.000
0.130
34.00
35400
GUIDE
3D
Arctic Tern
8.7”-9.8” | 22-25 cm
18.5”-24.8” | 47-63 cm (Wingspan)
11”-12.2” | 28-31 cm
.7-1.2 lb | .3-.55 kg
15-36 years
Atlantic Puffin
25.000
63.000
31.000
0.550
36.00
14700
GUIDE
3D
Atlantic Puffin
8.3”-10.4” | 21-26.5 cm
42.1”-50” | 107-127 cm (Wingspan)
15.75”-19.7” | 40-50 cm
.6-.8 lb | .25-.37 kg
5-20 years
Black Skimmer
26.500
127.000
50.000
0.370
20.00
4250
GUIDE
3D
Black Skimmer
24”-30.7” | 61-78 cm
63”-79” | 160-201 cm (Wingspan)
43.3”-55.9” | 110-142 cm
8.2-19.8 lb | 3.7-9 kg
12-40 years
Black Swan
78.000
201.000
142.000
9.000
40.00
695200
GUIDE
3D
Black Swan
12.6”-15” | 32-38 cm
27.6”-32.3” | 70-82 cm (Wingspan)
14.6”-17.3” | 37-44 cm
.42-.88 lb | .19-.4 kg
10-24 years
Black-Tailed Godwit
38.000
82.000
44.000
0.400
24.00
1000
GUIDE
3D
Black-Tailed Godwit
15.75”-19.1” | 40-48.5 cm
28”-32.7” | 71-83 cm (Wingspan)
13”-15.75” | 33-40 cm
.33-.44 lb | .15-.2 kg
10-20 years
Black-Winged Stilt
48.500
83.000
40.000
0.200
20.00
1150
GUIDE
3D
Black-Winged Stilt
16.3”-17.5” | 41.5-44.5 cm
52”-61” | 132-155 cm (Wingspan)
29.5”-31.5” | 75-80 cm
2-4 lb | .9-1.8 kg
20-32 years
Brown Booby
44.500
155.000
80.000
1.800
32.00
2350
GUIDE
3D
Brown Booby
7.5”-9.4” | 19-24 cm
20”-24” | 51-61 cm (Wingspan)
13”-16” | 33-41 cm
.6-1.2 lb | .27-.55 kg
3-18 years
Bufflehead
24.000
61.000
41.000
0.550
18.00
21060
GUIDE
3D
Bufflehead
14.6”-21.7” | 37-55 cm
50”-73” | 127-185 cm (Wingspan)
29.5”-43.3” | 75-110 cm
5.5-14 lb | 2.5-6.35 kg
10-24 years
Canada Goose
55.000
185.000
110.000
6.350
24.00
31200
GUIDE
3D
Canada Goose
27”-30” | 68-76 cm
7-12 lb | 3.2-5.3 kg
15-20 years
Chinstrap Penguin
76.000
5.300
20.00
6900
GUIDE
3D
Chinstrap Penguin
11.4”-14.6” | 29-37 cm
34”-38” | 86-97 cm (Wingspan)
22”-28” | 56-71 cm
2-4.6 lb | .9-2.1 kg
11-15 years
Common Merganser
37.000
97.000
71.000
2.100
15.00
13350
GUIDE
3D
Common Merganser
11.8”-14.2” | 30-36 cm
24”-28.7” | 61-73 cm (Wingspan)
15”-17.7” | 38-45 cm
1.7-2.8 lb | .78-1.25 kg
15-41 years
Common Murre
36.000
73.000
45.000
1.250
41.00
5500
GUIDE
3D
Common Murre
4.5”-5.7” | 11.5-14.5 cm
13.8”-15.75” | 35-40 cm (Wingspan)
7.5”-9.4” | 19-24 cm
.09-.13 lb | .04-.06 kg
10-15 years
Common Sandpiper
14.500
40.000
24.000
0.060
15.00
5700
GUIDE
3D
Common Sandpiper
4.7”-5.3” | 12-13.5 cm
15.75”-18.5” | 40-47 cm (Wingspan)
9.8”-11” | 25-28 cm
.18-.4 lb | .08-.18 kg
10-18 years
Common Snipe
13.500
47.000
28.000
0.180
18.00
6500
GUIDE
3D
Common Snipe
24.4”-29.9” | 62-76 cm
58”-71” | 147-180 cm (Wingspan)
29.1”-35.8” | 74-91 cm
4.9-10.1 lb | 2.2-4.6 kg
15-31 years
Domestic Goose
76.000
180.000
91.000
4.600
31.00
9200
GUIDE
3D
Domestic Goose
19.9”-25.4” | 50.5-64.5 cm
44.9”-48.4” | 114-123 cm (Wingspan)
27.6”-35.4” | 70-90 cm
2.6-5.5 lb | 1.2-2.5 kg
6-22 years
Double-Crested Cormorant
64.500
123.000
90.000
2.500
22.00
300
GUIDE
3D
Double-Crested Cormorant
15.75”-17.3” | 40-44 cm
48”-56” | 122-142 cm (Wingspan)
26”-28” | 66-71 cm
4.3-6.9 lb | 1.95-3.13 kg
6-12 years
Emperor Goose
44.000
142.000
71.000
3.130
12.00
2530
GUIDE
3D
Emperor Goose
43”-51” | 110-130 cm
49-99 lb | 22-45 kg
15-20 years
Emperor Penguin
130.000
45.000
20.00
44000
GUIDE
3D
Emperor Penguin
20”-26” | 51-66 cm
9.4”-11.8” | 24-30 cm
6-13 lb | 2.7-5.9 kg
10-20 years
Erect-Crested Penguin
66.000
30.000
5.900
20.00
1200
GUIDE
3D
Erect-Crested Penguin
7.5”-8.7” | 19-22 cm
21.7”-23.6” | 55-60 cm (Wingspan)
13”-15” | 33-38 cm
.51-.93 lb | .23-.42 kg
10-15.5 years
Eurasian Woodcock
22.000
60.000
38.000
0.420
15.50
2000
GUIDE
3D
Eurasian Woodcock
21”-23” | 53-58 cm
7.9”-9.1” | 20-23 cm
4.4-13.2 lb | 2-6 kg
10-20 years
Fiordland Penguin
58.000
23.000
6.000
20.00
1600
GUIDE
3D
Fiordland Penguin
Gadwall
14040
11”-13.4” | 28-34 cm
31”-35” | 79-89 cm (Wingspan)
18”-22” | 46-56 cm
1.2-2.2 lb | .55-1 kg
10-28 years
Gadwall
34.000
89.000
56.000
1.000
28.00
14040
GUIDE
3D
Gadwall
18”-21” | 46-53 cm
5.5”-6.7” | 14-17 cm
3.5-6 lb | 1.6-2.7 kg
15-20 years
Galápagos Penguin
53.000
17.000
2.700
20.00
16400
GUIDE
3D
Galápagos Penguin
20”-35” | 51-90 cm
11-19 lb | 4.9-8.5 kg
15-20 years
Gentoo Penguin
90.000
8.500
20.00
9900
GUIDE
3D
Gentoo Penguin
29.5”-33.5” | 75-85 cm
8.9”-10.8” | 22.5-27.5 cm
35.4”-40.9” | 90-104 cm
11-15.4 lb | 5-7 kg
20-25 years
Great Auk
85.000
27.500
104.000
7.000
25.00
25600
GUIDE
3D
Great Auk
13.4”-15.2” | 34-38.5 cm
49.2”-55.1” | 125-140 cm (Wingspan)
20.9”-22.8” | 53-58 cm
2.6-4.4 lb | 1.2-2 kg
22-36 years
Great Skua
38.500
140.000
58.000
2.000
36.00
2500
GUIDE
3D
Great Skua
43.3”-59” | 110-150 cm
55.1”-66.9” | 140-170 cm (Wingspan)
43.3”-59” | 110-150 cm
4.4-9.9 lb | 2-4.5 kg
30-60 years
Greater Flamingo
150.000
170.000
150.000
4.500
60.00
18300
GUIDE
3D
Greater Flamingo
5.7”-6.7” | 14.5-17 cm
18.9”-20.1” | 48-51 cm (Wingspan)
9.1”-10.6” | 23-27 cm
.18-.26 lb | .08-.12 kg
13-15 years
Grey-Tailed Tattler
17.000
51.000
27.000
0.120
15.00
140
GUIDE
3D
Grey-Tailed Tattler
8.7”-12.6” | 22-32 cm
22”-26” | 56-66 cm (Wingspan)
14”-20” | 36-51 cm
1-1.7 lb | .45-.76 kg
12-20 years
Harlequin Duck
32.000
66.000
51.000
0.760
20.00
12050
GUIDE
3D
Harlequin Duck
9.8”-12.2” | 25-31 cm
23”-28” | 58-71 cm (Wingspan)
15.75”-19.3” | 40-49 cm
1-1.9 lb | .45-.88 kg
11-16 years
Hooded Merganser
31.000
71.000
49.000
0.880
16.00
27070
GUIDE
3D
Hooded Merganser
24”-28” | 61-71 cm
7.9”-9.4” | 20-24 cm
8-13 lb | 3.6-6 kg
10-20 years
Humboldt Penguin
71.000
24.000
6.000
20.00
11200
GUIDE
3D
Humboldt Penguin
7.7”-8.5” | 19.5-21.5 cm
27.6”-29.5” | 70-75 cm (Wingspan)
15”-16.5” | 38-42 cm
.6-.71 lb | .27-.32 kg
15-26 years
Ibisbill
21.500
75.000
42.000
0.320
26.00
70
GUIDE
3D
Ibisbill
5.9”-7.9” | 15-20 cm
18.1”-18.9” | 46-48 cm (Wingspan)
7.9”-10.6” | 20-27 cm
.17-.28 lb | .075-.128 kg
10-12 years
Killdeer
20.000
48.000
27.000
0.128
12.00
42250
GUIDE
3D
Killdeer
28”-39” | 70-100 cm
21-40 lb | 9.3-18 kg
15-30 years
King Penguin
100.000
18.000
30.00
15000
GUIDE
3D
King Penguin
63”-67” | 160-170 cm
17.7”-19.3” | 45-49 cm
198-220 lb | 90-100 kg
Kumimanu
170.000
49.000
100.000
750
GUIDE
3D
Kumimanu
12”-15” | 30.5-38 cm
4.7”-5.9” | 12-15 cm
2-3.5 lb | .9-1.6 kg
5-7 years
Little Penguin
38.000
15.000
1.600
7.00
19800
GUIDE
3D
Little Penguin
24”-27” | 61-69 cm
7-14 lb | 3.2-6.4 kg
15-20 years
Macaroni Penguin
69.000
6.400
20.00
15000
GUIDE
3D
Macaroni Penguin
24”-30” | 61-76 cm
8.3”-10.6” | 21-27 cm
5.5-14.3 lb | 2.5-6.5 kg
20-30 years
Magellanic Penguin
76.000
27.000
6.500
30.00
8400
GUIDE
3D
Magellanic Penguin
12.2”-15.75” | 31-40 cm
85.4”-96” | 217-244 cm (Wingspan)
35”-44.9” | 89-114 cm
2.2-4.2 lb | 1-1.9 kg
10-22 years
Magnificent Frigatebird
40.000
244.000
114.000
1.900
22.00
6100
GUIDE
3D
Magnificent Frigatebird
Mallard
105400
12.6”-17.7” | 32-45 cm
32”-39” | 81-99 cm (Wingspan)
19.7”-28” | 50-71 cm
1.5-3.5 lb | .7-1.6 kg
5-29 years
Mallard
45.000
99.000
71.000
1.600
29.00
105400
GUIDE
3D
Mallard
14.2”-18.1” | 36-46 cm
54”-60” | 137-152 cm (Wingspan)
26”-33.1” | 66-84 cm
6-15 lb | 2.72-6.8 kg
6-15 years
Muscovy Duck
46.000
152.000
84.000
6.800
15.00
68000
GUIDE
3D
Muscovy Duck
33.1”-42.9” | 84-109 cm
59”-94” | 150-239 cm (Wingspan)
49.2”-63” | 125-160 cm
19-26 lb | 8.62-11.79 kg
15-25 years
Mute Swan
109.000
239.000
160.000
11.790
25.00
24800
GUIDE
3D
Mute Swan
12.4”-15.75” | 31.5-40 cm
40.2”-44.1” | 102-112 cm (Wingspan)
15.4”-19.7” | 39-50 cm
1-2.2 lb | .45-1 kg
30-60 years
Northern Fulmar
40.000
112.000
50.000
1.000
60.00
1350
GUIDE
3D
Northern Fulmar
21.1”-23.8” | 53.5-60.5 cm
65”-70.9” | 165-180 cm (Wingspan)
34.25”-39.4” | 87-100 cm
4.9-7.9 lb | 2.2-3.6 kg
15-37 years
Northern Gannet
60.500
180.000
100.000
3.600
37.00
6000
GUIDE
3D
Northern Gannet
5.1”-7.3” | 13-18.5 cm
18.9”-20.1” | 48-51 cm (Wingspan)
6.7”-9.4” | 17-24 cm
.19-.32 lb | .087-.145 kg
3-6.5 years
Northern Jacana
18.500
51.000
24.000
0.145
6.50
2950
GUIDE
3D
Northern Jacana
16”-18” | 41-46 cm
6.3”-7.5” | 16-19 cm
4-10 lb | 1.8-4.5 kg
10-30 years
Northern Rockhopper Penguin
46.000
19.000
4.500
30.00
2070
GUIDE
3D
Northern Rockhopper Penguin
5.5”-7.1” | 14-18 cm
11”-14.2” | 28-36 cm (Wingspan)
5.9”-7.5” | 15-19 cm
.09-.21 lb | .04-.095 kg
3-13.5 years
Plains Wanderer
18.000
36.000
19.000
0.095
13.50
1140
GUIDE
3D
Plains Wanderer
8.7”-10.2” | 22-26 cm
39”-41.7” | 99-106 cm (Wingspan)
17.3”-20.1” | 44-51 cm
.9-1.7 lb | .4-.75 kg
10-30 years
Red-Billed Tropicbird
26.000
106.000
51.000
0.750
30.00
650
GUIDE
3D
Red-Billed Tropicbird
8.9”-10.6” | 22.5-27 cm
31”-33” | 79-84 cm (Wingspan)
16.9”-20.9” | 43-53 cm
1.5-3.2 lb | .68-1.45 kg
10-23 years
Redhead Duck
27.000
84.000
53.000
1.450
23.00
5860
GUIDE
3D
Redhead Duck
12.2”-15.2” | 31-38.5 cm
41”-50” | 104-127 cm (Wingspan)
16.9”-21.25” | 43-54 cm
.7-1.5 lb | .3-.7 kg
10-25 years
Ring-Billed Gull
38.500
127.000
54.000
0.700
25.00
550
GUIDE
3D
Ring-Billed Gull
4.3”-4.9” | 11-12.5 cm
18.9”-22.4” | 48-57 cm (Wingspan)
6.7”-7.9” | 17-20 cm
.11-.17 lb | .05-.075 kg
5-10 years
Ringed Plover
12.500
57.000
20.000
0.075
10.00
2700
GUIDE
3D
Ringed Plover
26”-30” | 66-76 cm
9.8”-11.4” | 25-29 cm
8.8-14.3 lb | 4-6.5 kg
15-20 years
Royal Penguin
76.000
29.000
6.500
30.00
4400
GUIDE
3D
Royal Penguin
7.9”-10” | 20-25.5 cm
22”-25” | 56-64 cm (Wingspan)
13.4”-16.9” | 34-43 cm
.8-1.8 lb | .35-.8 kg
13-20 years
Ruddy Duck
25.500
64.000
43.000
0.800
20.00
20300
GUIDE
3D
Ruddy Duck
6.7”-9.25” | 17-23.5 cm
17.7”-22” | 45-56 cm (Wingspan)
9.1”-12.6” | 23-32 cm
.14-.39 lb | .065-.154 kg
7-13 years
Short-Billed Dowitcher
23.500
56.000
32.000
0.154
13.00
1250
GUIDE
3D
Short-Billed Dowitcher
22”-28” | 56-71 cm
7.9”-10.2” | 20-26 cm
5-10 lb | 2.3-4.5 kg
15-20 years
Snares Penguin
71.000
26.000
4.500
20.00
260
GUIDE
3D
Snares Penguin
18.9”-24.8” | 48-63 cm
53”-65” | 135-165 cm (Wingspan)
25.2”-33.1” | 64-84 cm
4.4-7.1 lb | 2-3.2 kg
15-25 years
Snow Goose
63.000
165.000
84.000
3.200
25.00
22300
GUIDE
3D
Snow Goose
10.2”-13.4” | 26-34 cm
37”-43.3” | 94-110 cm (Wingspan)
15.75”-20.1” | 40-51 cm
1.4-2.2 lb | .65-1 kg
20-40 years
Sooty Shearwater
34.000
110.000
51.000
1.000
40.00
2240
GUIDE
3D
Sooty Shearwater
17.7”-20.9” | 45-53 cm
59”-82.7” | 150-210 cm (Wingspan)
31.5”-39” | 80-99 cm
6.6-18.7 lb | 3-8.5 kg
15-30 years
Southern Giant Petrel
53.000
210.000
99.000
8.500
30.00
3450
GUIDE
3D
Southern Giant Petrel
12.2”-14.8” | 31-37.5 cm
22”-27.6” | 56-70 cm (Wingspan)
12.6”-15” | 32-38 cm
.55-.94 lb | .25-.425 kg
10-13 years
Southern Lapwing
37.500
70.000
38.000
0.425
13.00
4700
GUIDE
3D
Southern Lapwing
37.8”-46.5” | 96-118 cm
72”-102” | 183-259 cm (Wingspan)
57.1”-70.9” | 145-180 cm
15.4-30 lb | 7-13.6 kg
24-35 years
Trumpeter Swan
118.000
259.000
180.000
13.600
35.00
13100
GUIDE
3D
Trumpeter Swan
9.8”-11.4” | 25-29 cm
24.8”-29.1” | 63-74 cm (Wingspan)
13.8”-15.75” | 35-40 cm
1.5-1.9 lb | .7-.9 kg
15-25 years
Tufted Puffin
29.000
74.000
40.000
0.900
25.00
5100
GUIDE
3D
Tufted Puffin
29.5”-37.8” | 75-96 cm
72”-84” | 183-213 cm (Wingspan)
45.3”-59.1” | 115-150 cm
7.5-21.2 lb | 3.4-9.6 kg
15-24 years
Tundra Swan
96.000
213.000
150.000
9.600
24.00
9350
GUIDE
3D
Tundra Swan
25”-39” | 65-100 cm
6.3”-10.2” | 16-26 cm
22-66 lb | 10-30 kg
Waimanu
100.000
26.000
30.000
540
GUIDE
3D
Waimanu
39.4”-49.6” | 100-126 cm
98”-138” | 250–350 cm (Wingspan)
42.1”-53.1” | 107-135 cm
13-28 lb | 5.9-12.7 kg
50-80 years
Wandering Albatross
126.000
350.000
135.000
12.700
80.00
36250
GUIDE
3D
Wandering Albatross
9.6”-11.4” | 24.5-29 cm
15.75”-20.1” | 40-51 cm (Wingspan)
8.3”-9.8” | 21-25 cm
.19-.32 lb | .085-.145 kg
3-6.5 years
Wattled Jacana
29.000
51.000
25.000
0.145
6.50
2000
GUIDE
3D
Wattled Jacana
12”-13.8” | 30.5-35 cm
26”-30” | 66-76 cm (Wingspan)
18.5”-21.3” | 47-54 cm
1-1.9 lb | .45-.86 kg
15-23 years
Wood Duck
35.000
76.000
54.000
0.860
23.00
74600
GUIDE
3D
Wood Duck
24”-31” | 61-79 cm
8.3”-11” | 21-28 cm
8-18 lb | 3.6-8.2 kg
10-25 years
Yellow-Eyed Penguin
79.000
28.000
8.200
25.00
6100
GUIDE
3D
Yellow-Eyed Penguin
Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Bufflehead to other species of waterfowl

The Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola) is a small sea duck that occupies wooded lakes and ponds in Alaska and Canada. They are migratory, and in winter most are in protected coastal waters or open inland waters on the east and west coasts of North America and in the southern United States. Adult males are white and black with iridescent green and purple heads; adult females are gray with a light underside. They are highly active and continuously undertake dives. As underwater foragers, they primarily eat insects in freshwater, and in saltwater, they feed on mostly crustaceans and mollusks.

The Bufflehead has a wingspan in the range of 20”-24” (51-61 cm) and total weight of .6-1.2 lb (.27-.55 kg). The body of the Bufflehead has an overall length between 13”-16” (33-41 cm), body width of 3.9”-5.1” (10-13 cm), and standing height of roughly 7.5”-9.4” (19-24 cm). The typical lifespan of the Bufflehead is between 3-18 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Bufflehead in various poses with dimensions
The Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola) is a small sea duck that occupies wooded lakes and ponds in Alaska and Canada. They are migratory, and in winter most are in protected coastal waters or open inland waters on the east and west coasts of North America and in the southern United States.

The Bufflehead has a wingspan in the range of 20”-24” (51-61 cm) and total weight of .6-1.2 lb (.27-.55 kg). The body of the Bufflehead has an overall length between 13”-16” (33-41 cm), body width of 3.9”-5.1” (10-13 cm), and standing height of roughly 7.5”-9.4” (19-24 cm). The typical lifespan of the Bufflehead is between 3-18 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Bufflehead in various poses with dimensions
Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola)
Height:
7.5”-9.4” | 19-24 cm
Width:
20”-24” | 51-61 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
13”-16” | 33-41 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.6-1.2 lb | .27-.55 kg
Area:

Body Width: 3.9”-5.1” | 10-13 cm

Scientific Name
Bucephala albeola
Lifespan
3-18 years

Drawings include:

Bufflehead side view, front, flying (assorted)

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Magellanic Penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus)
Measured comparison illustration of the size of a Magellanic Penguin to a typical person and similar penguins

The medium-sized Magellanic penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus) is highly migratory, commonly seen in most South American coasts, though some traces can be seen in Australia and New Zealand. It is named after the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan. Males Magellanic penguins are larger than females, and both parents take part in raising young ones. Typically, Magellanic penguins have white abdomens and black backs, showing two unique black bands within the head and breast. However, juveniles only have one black band under their neck. In addition, juveniles have grey-blue backs and a botched pattern on their feet. Adults, on the other hand, have webbed feet.

Magellanic Penguins have an overall height between 24”-30” (61-76 cm) and body width of 8.3”-10.6” (21-27 cm). The typical weight of the Magellanic Penguin is in the range of 5.5-14.3 lb (2.5-6.5 kg). Magellanic Penguins have lifespans between 20-30 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Magellanic Penguin in front and side poses
The medium-sized Magellanic penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus) is highly migratory, commonly seen in most South American coasts, though some traces can be seen in Australia and New Zealand. It is named after the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan.

Magellanic Penguins have an overall height between 24”-30” (61-76 cm) and body width of 8.3”-10.6” (21-27 cm). The typical weight of the Magellanic Penguin is in the range of 5.5-14.3 lb (2.5-6.5 kg). Magellanic Penguins have lifespans between 20-30 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Magellanic Penguin in front and side poses
Magellanic Penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus)
Height:
24”-30” | 61-76 cm
Width:
8.3”-10.6” | 21-27 cm
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
5.5-14.3 lb | 2.5-6.5 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Spheniscus magellanicus
Lifespan
20-30 years

Drawings include:

Magellanic Penguin side elevations, front, back

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Southern Giant Petrel (Macronectes giganteus)
Scale illustration of an average Southern Giant Petrel compared to other seabird species

The Southern Giant Petrel (Macronectes giganteus) also known as the giant fulmar is a large seabird. Southern giant petrels have a dark plumage, a large yellow bill with a green tip, and gray-brown legs. They are known as the vultures of the Southern Ocean and are the most common seabirds. Southern giant petrels typically breed in the Antarctic continent and subarctic islands like Heard Island and South Georgia. They nest in rocky bluffs, open flats, and offshore rocks. This species of petrel feeds on fish, krill, and any waste from boats. They are not considered to be in danger of extinction.

The Southern Giant Petrel has a wingspan in the range of 59”-82.7” (150-210 cm) and total weight of 6.6-18.7 lb (3-8.5 kg). The body of the Southern Giant Petrel has an overall length between 31.5”-39” (80-99 cm), body width of 9.1”-10.8” (23-27.5 cm), and standing height of roughly 17.7”-20.9” (45-53 cm). The typical lifespan of the Southern Giant Petrel is between 15-30 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Southern Giant Petrel
The Southern Giant Petrel (Macronectes giganteus) also known as the giant fulmar is a large seabird. Southern giant petrels have a dark plumage, a large yellow bill with a green tip, and gray-brown legs. They are known as the vultures of the Southern Ocean and are the most common seabirds.

The Southern Giant Petrel has a wingspan in the range of 59”-82.7” (150-210 cm) and total weight of 6.6-18.7 lb (3-8.5 kg). The body of the Southern Giant Petrel has an overall length between 31.5”-39” (80-99 cm), body width of 9.1”-10.8” (23-27.5 cm), and standing height of roughly 17.7”-20.9” (45-53 cm). The typical lifespan of the Southern Giant Petrel is between 15-30 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Southern Giant Petrel
Southern Giant Petrel (Macronectes giganteus)
Height:
17.7”-20.9” | 45-53 cm
Width:
59”-82.7” | 150-210 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
31.5”-39” | 80-99 cm
Depth:
Weight:
6.6-18.7 lb | 3-8.5 kg
Area:

Body Width: 9.1”-10.8” | 23-27.5 cm

Scientific Name
Macronectes giganteus
Lifespan
15-30 years

Drawings include:

Southern Giant Petrel side view, front, flying (assorted)

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Ibisbill (Ibidorhyncha struthersii)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Ibisbill to other species of shorebirds

The Ibisbill (Ibidorhyncha struthersii) is a bird closely related to shorebirds, but it is distinguished and is in its own family, Ibidorhynchidae. The species lives on the shingle riverbanks of the high plateau of central Asia and the Himalayas. Adult Ibisbills are gray with a white belly; they have a crimson and long down-curved bill on a black face and a black breast band. Younger birds have similar characteristics but lack the black on the face and on the breast, and they have a duller bill. The diet is of varied terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates that are captured by probing under rocks on stream beds.

The Ibisbill has a wingspan in the range of 27.6”-29.5” (70-75 cm) and total weight of .6-.71 lb (.27-.32 kg). The body of the Ibisbill has an overall length between 15”-16.5” (38-42 cm), body width of 4.1”-4.7” (10.5-12 cm), and standing height of roughly 7.7”-8.5” (19.5-21.5 cm). The typical lifespan of the Ibisbill is between 15-26 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Ibisbill in various poses with dimensions
The Ibisbill (Ibidorhyncha struthersii) is a bird closely related to shorebirds, but it is distinguished and is in its own family, Ibidorhynchidae. The species lives on the shingle riverbanks of the high plateau of central Asia and the Himalayas. Adult Ibisbills are gray with a white belly.

The Ibisbill has a wingspan in the range of 27.6”-29.5” (70-75 cm) and total weight of .6-.71 lb (.27-.32 kg). The body of the Ibisbill has an overall length between 15”-16.5” (38-42 cm), body width of 4.1”-4.7” (10.5-12 cm), and standing height of roughly 7.7”-8.5” (19.5-21.5 cm). The typical lifespan of the Ibisbill is between 15-26 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Ibisbill in various poses with dimensions
Ibisbill (Ibidorhyncha struthersii)
Height:
7.7”-8.5” | 19.5-21.5 cm
Width:
27.6”-29.5” | 70-75 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
15”-16.5” | 38-42 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.6-.71 lb | .27-.32 kg
Area:

Body Width: 4.1”-4.7” | 10.5-12 cm

Scientific Name
Ibidorhyncha struthersii
Lifespan
15-26 years

Drawings include:

Ibisbill side view, front, flying (assorted)

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Snow Goose (Anser caerulescens)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Snow Goose to other species of waterfowl

The Snow Goose (Anser caerulescens) is a North American species; its name references the typically white plumage. The other plumage morph is gray/blue, and the bluish-gray plumage replaces the white except on the head, neck, and tail tip. The white-morph is all white except for the black wing tips. Both variations have rose-red feet and legs and pink bills with black tomia. They breed north of the timberline in Greenland, Canada, Alaska, and the northeastern tip of Siberia, and they spend winters in the warmer parts of North America- from southwestern British Columbia through parts of the United States to Mexico.

The Snow Goose has a wingspan in the range of 53”-65” (135-165 cm) and total weight of 4.4-7.1 lb (2-3.2 kg). The body of the Snow Goose has an overall length between 25.2”-33.1” (64-84 cm), body width of 7.9”-10.6” (20-27 cm), and standing height of roughly 18.9”-24.8” (48-63 cm). The typical lifespan of the Snow Goose is between 15-25 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Snow Goose in various poses with dimensions
The Snow Goose (Anser caerulescens) is a North American species; its name references the typically white plumage. The other plumage morph is gray/blue, and the bluish-gray plumage replaces the white except on the head, neck, and tail tip. The white-morph is all white except for the black wing tips.

The Snow Goose has a wingspan in the range of 53”-65” (135-165 cm) and total weight of 4.4-7.1 lb (2-3.2 kg). The body of the Snow Goose has an overall length between 25.2”-33.1” (64-84 cm), body width of 7.9”-10.6” (20-27 cm), and standing height of roughly 18.9”-24.8” (48-63 cm). The typical lifespan of the Snow Goose is between 15-25 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Snow Goose in various poses with dimensions
Snow Goose (Anser caerulescens)
Height:
18.9”-24.8” | 48-63 cm
Width:
53”-65” | 135-165 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
25.2”-33.1” | 64-84 cm
Depth:
Weight:
4.4-7.1 lb | 2-3.2 kg
Area:

Body Width: 7.9”-10.6” | 20-27 cm

Scientific Name
Anser caerulescens
Lifespan
15-25 years

Drawings include:

Snow Goose side view, front, flying (assorted)

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