Bats, one of the most numerous types of mammals comprising 20% of all mammal species, are the only species of mammals capable of true flight. There are 1,200 different species of bats ranging in wingspan sizes from a little over an inch to five feet with two different suborders of bats: the megabats and the microbats.. Bats are found on nearly every continent, except for extreme deserts and arctic environments. Bats are nocturnal and typically feed on insects or fruits, but 3 species of bats feed on blood (typically from cattle) and thus have spawned many myths and folklore associations with vampires, darkness, and horror.

Where do bats live?

Bats live all over the world and in a lot of regions of the United States. During the day they tend to seek caves, rock crevices, old buildings, bridges, mines, and trees. Throughout the winter bats hibernate or migrate to warmer climates.

How long do bats live?

Bats have an average lifespan of 20 years while the oldest bat on record lived up to 40 years. A bat older than 30 years is the equivalent to a human older than 100 years. Bats are the longest-lived mammals considering their small size.

Where do bats go in the winter?

Some bats seek a hibernation site in the winter, while others migrate to warmer weather. Bats that do hibernate tend to do so in secluded spaces such as caves, isolated areas, mines, rock crevices, and structures with the adequate temperature and humidity. Some bats seek warmer weather as food becomes scarce in the winter.

Bats Guides
Browse through our curated Bats Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Bats. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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2.4”-2.75” | 6-7 cm (Hanging)
5.9”-6.7” | 15-17 cm (Wingspan)
1.1”-1.6” | 2.9-4.2 cm (Body)
.05-.07 oz | 1.5-2 g
5-10 years
Bumblebee Bat
7.000
17.000
4.200
0.002
10.00
24600
GUIDE
3D
Bumblebee Bat
3.9”-4.5” | 10-11.5 cm (Hanging)
7.9”-9.1” | 20-23 cm (Wingspan)
2.4”-3.1” | 6-8 cm (Body)
.67-1.4 oz | 19-41 g
4-5 years
Common Sheath-Tailed Bat
11.500
23.000
8.000
0.041
5.00
35
GUIDE
3D
Common Sheath-Tailed Bat
5.3”-6.3” | 13.5-16 cm (Hanging)
13.8”-15.75” | 35-40 cm (Wingspan)
2.6”-3.5” | 6.5-9 cm (Body)
.88-1.6 oz | 25-45 g
12-29 years
Common Vampire Bat
16.000
40.000
9.000
0.045
29.00
7100
GUIDE
3D
Common Vampire Bat
18.5”-21.7” | 47-55 cm (Hanging)
59”-67” | 150-170 cm (Wingspan)
11.4”-15.75” | 29-40 cm (Body)
2.2-2.6 lb | 1-1.2 kg
15-23 years
Giant Golden-Crowned Flying Fox
55.000
170.000
40.000
1.200
23.00
16900
GUIDE
3D
Giant Golden-Crowned Flying Fox
15”-18.1” | 38-46 cm (Hanging)
39”-47” | 100-120 cm (Wingspan)
9.1”-13” | 23-33 cm (Body)
2.2-3.5 lb | 1-1.6 kg
9-23 years
Great Flying Fox
46.000
120.000
33.000
1.600
23.00
130
GUIDE
3D
Great Flying Fox
4.5”-5.3” | 11.5-13.5 cm (Hanging)
13.4”-15.75” | 34-40 cm (Wingspan)
2”-2.75” | 5-7 cm (Body)
.46-1.2 oz | 13-34 g
10-30 years
Greater Horseshoe Bat
13.500
40.000
7.000
0.034
30.00
2100
GUIDE
3D
Greater Horseshoe Bat
9.8”-14.2” | 25-36 cm (Hanging)
27.2”-38.2” | 69-97 cm (Wingspan)
7.5”-11” | 19-28 cm (Body)
.5-1 lb | 230-450 g
12-30 years
Hammer-Headed Bat
36.000
97.000
28.000
0.450
30.00
11000
GUIDE
3D
Hammer-Headed Bat
5.9”-6.7” | 15-17 cm (Hanging)
15”-16.9” | 38-43 cm (Wingspan)
5.1”-5.9” | 13-15 cm (Body)
.71-1.2 oz | 20-35 g
6-14 years
Hoary Bat
17.000
43.000
15.000
0.035
14.00
6506
GUIDE
3D
Hoary Bat
1.8”-2” | 4.5-5 cm (Hanging)
3.7”-4.1” | 9.5-10.5 cm (Wingspan)
1.5”-1.9” | 3.7-4.7 cm (Body)
.18-.21 oz | 5-6 g
7-18 years
Honduran White Bat
5.000
10.500
4.700
0.006
18.00
16450
GUIDE
3D
Honduran White Bat
3.9”-5.1” | 10-13 cm (Hanging)
8.7”-10.6” | 22-27 cm (Wingspan)
3.1”-3.7” | 8-9.5 cm (Body)
.18-.46 oz | 5-13 g
7-34 years
Little Brown Bat
13.000
27.000
9.500
0.013
34.00
11000
GUIDE
3D
Little Brown Bat
3.9”-4.7” | 10-12 cm (Hanging)
11.4”-13.8” | 29-35 cm (Wingspan)
3.1”-3.9” | 8-10 cm (Body)
.25-.42 oz | 7-12 g
8-12 years
Mexican Free-Tailed Bat
12.000
35.000
10.000
0.012
12.00
7000
GUIDE
3D
Mexican Free-Tailed Bat
3.9”-4.7” | 10-12 cm (Hanging)
9.8”-11.8” | 25-30 cm (Wingspan)
2.75”-3.4” | 7-8.6 cm (Body)
.25-.35 oz | 7-10 g
Unknown
Palaeochiropteryx
12.000
30.000
8.600
0.010
140
GUIDE
3D
Palaeochiropteryx
Hammer-Headed Bat (Hypsignathus monstrosus)
Comparison drawing of the Hammer-Headed Bat compared to other bats

The Hammer-Headed Bat (Hypsignathus monstrosus) is a megabat that lives in lowland areas like rainforests, swamp forests, riverine forests, and grasslands. They are distributed throughout Central and West Africa, and they are the largest bat species in continental Africa. Males and females differ slightly in appearance; males have boxy heads and large lips, and females have narrower snouts and more foxlike faces. Both adult male and female bats have dark brown fur that is paler on the sides and back of the neck. The ears are triangular, and the black-brown eyes are very large. As frugivores, the Hammer-Headed Bat mostly eats figs, mangos, bananas, and guavas.

The Hammer-Headed Bat has a wingspan in the range of 27.2”-38.2” (69-97 cm) and total weight of .5-1 lb (230-450 g). The body of the Hammer-Headed Bat has a body length between 7.5”-11” (19-28 cm) and estimated hanging height of 9.8”-14.2” (25-36 cm). The typical lifespan of the Hammer-Headed Bat is between 12-30 years.

Set of scaled flying and hanging drawings of the Hammer-Headed Bat
The Hammer-Headed Bat (Hypsignathus monstrosus) is a megabat that lives in lowland areas like rainforests, swamp forests, riverine forests, and grasslands. They are distributed throughout Central and West Africa, and they are the largest bat species in continental Africa.

The Hammer-Headed Bat has a wingspan in the range of 27.2”-38.2” (69-97 cm) and total weight of .5-1 lb (230-450 g). The body of the Hammer-Headed Bat has a body length between 7.5”-11” (19-28 cm) and estimated hanging height of 9.8”-14.2” (25-36 cm). The typical lifespan of the Hammer-Headed Bat is between 12-30 years.

Set of scaled flying and hanging drawings of the Hammer-Headed Bat
Hammer-Headed Bat (Hypsignathus monstrosus)
Height:
9.8”-14.2” | 25-36 cm (Hanging)
Width:
27.2”-38.2” | 69-97 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
7.5”-11” | 19-28 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
.5-1 lb | 230-450 g
Area:
Scientific Name
Hypsignathus monstrosus
Lifespan
12-30 years

Drawings include:

Hammer-Headed Bat flying (assorted), hanging

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Common Vampire Bat (Desmodus rotundus)
Scale illustration of an average Common Vampire Bat compared to other bat species

The Common Vampire Bat (Desmodus rotundus) is a small bat that roosts in trees, caves, abandoned buildings, old wells, and mines, in parts of Mexico, Central America, and South America. They prefer warm and humid climates, and use tropical and subtropical woodlands and open grasslands to forage. The name, Common Vampire Bat, is in reference to the bat’s diet, which is primarily mammalian blood, and particularly that of livestock like cattle and horses. The bat approaches the sleeping prey at night, and uses its sharp teeth to cut open the skin of its hosts to lap up their blood. Unlike other bats, the Common Vampire Bat, can run on land.

The Common Vampire Bat has a wingspan in the range of 13.8”-15.75” (35-40 cm) and total weight of .88-1.6 oz (25-45 g). The body of the Common Vampire Bat has a body length between 2.6”-3.5” (6.5-9 cm) and estimated hanging height of 5.3”-6.3” (13.5-16 cm). The typical lifespan of the Common Vampire Bat is between 12-29 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Common Vampire Bat in multiple flying and hanging poses
The Common Vampire Bat (Desmodus rotundus) is a small bat that roosts in trees, caves, abandoned buildings, old wells, and mines, in parts of Mexico, Central America, and South America. They prefer warm and humid climates, and use tropical and subtropical woodlands and open grasslands to forage.

The Common Vampire Bat has a wingspan in the range of 13.8”-15.75” (35-40 cm) and total weight of .88-1.6 oz (25-45 g). The body of the Common Vampire Bat has a body length between 2.6”-3.5” (6.5-9 cm) and estimated hanging height of 5.3”-6.3” (13.5-16 cm). The typical lifespan of the Common Vampire Bat is between 12-29 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Common Vampire Bat in multiple flying and hanging poses
Common Vampire Bat (Desmodus rotundus)
Height:
5.3”-6.3” | 13.5-16 cm (Hanging)
Width:
13.8”-15.75” | 35-40 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
2.6”-3.5” | 6.5-9 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
.88-1.6 oz | 25-45 g
Area:
Scientific Name
Desmodus rotundus
Lifespan
12-29 years

Drawings include:

Common Vampire Bat flying (assorted), hanging

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Honduran White Bat (Ectophylla alba)
Scale illustration of an average Honduran White Bat compared to other bat species

The Honduran White Bat (Ectophylla alba) is a bat species with distinctive, entirely white fur. The nose-leaf is pronounced and with a bright yellow-orange coloration. The wing membranes are black, and the ears, tragi, and lips are the same bright yellow-orange color as the nose-leaf. The Honduran White Bat roosts in leaf tents that they construct; these are built by strategically cutting the leaf ribs with their teeth. They prefer leaves in low understory vegetation density, and they are distributed throughout the Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and western Panama. As frugivores, they almost exclusively eat one type of fig.

The Honduran White Bat has a wingspan in the range of 3.7”-4.1” (9.5-10.5 cm) and total weight of .18-.21 oz (5-6 g). The body of the Honduran White Bat has a body length between 1.5”-1.9” (3.7-4.7 cm) and estimated hanging height of 1.8”-2” (4.5-5 cm). The typical lifespan of the Honduran White Bat is between 7-18 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Honduran White Bat in multiple flying and hanging poses
The Honduran White Bat (Ectophylla alba) is a bat species with distinctive, entirely white fur. The nose-leaf is pronounced and with a bright yellow-orange coloration. The wing membranes are black, and the ears, tragi, and lips are the same bright yellow-orange color as the nose-leaf.

The Honduran White Bat has a wingspan in the range of 3.7”-4.1” (9.5-10.5 cm) and total weight of .18-.21 oz (5-6 g). The body of the Honduran White Bat has a body length between 1.5”-1.9” (3.7-4.7 cm) and estimated hanging height of 1.8”-2” (4.5-5 cm). The typical lifespan of the Honduran White Bat is between 7-18 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Honduran White Bat in multiple flying and hanging poses
Honduran White Bat (Ectophylla alba)
Height:
1.8”-2” | 4.5-5 cm (Hanging)
Width:
3.7”-4.1” | 9.5-10.5 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
1.5”-1.9” | 3.7-4.7 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
.18-.21 oz | 5-6 g
Area:
Scientific Name
Ectophylla alba
Lifespan
7-18 years

Drawings include:

Honduran White Bat flying (assorted), hanging

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Giant Golden-Crowned Flying Fox (Acerodon jubatus)
Comparison drawing of the Giant Golden-Crowned Flying Fox compared to other bats

The Giant Golden-Crowned Flying Fox (Acerodon jubatus) is a species of megabat that lives in forests and areas uninhabited by humans in the Philippines. As frugivores, the Giant Golden-Crowned Flying Fox consumes several kinds of figs; they live in riparian zones, as fig trees are located near rivers. Their name is in reference to their fur coloration which is a golden hue that begins between the eyes and terminates to a narrow ”V” shape at the nape of the neck. The face, brows, and throat are black, and the sides of the neck and upper back are maroon.

The Giant Golden-Crowned Flying Fox has a wingspan in the range of 59”-67” (150-170 cm) and total weight of 2.2-2.6 lb (1-1.2 kg). The body of the Giant Golden-Crowned Flying Fox has a body length between 11.4”-15.75” (29-40 cm) and estimated hanging height of 18.5”-21.7” (47-55 cm). The typical lifespan of the Giant Golden-Crowned Flying Fox is between 15-23 years.

Set of scaled flying and hanging drawings of the Giant Golden-Crowned Flying Fox
The Giant Golden-Crowned Flying Fox (Acerodon jubatus) is a species of megabat that lives in forests and areas uninhabited by humans in the Philippines. As frugivores, the Giant Golden-Crowned Flying Fox consumes several kinds of figs; they live in riparian zones, as fig trees are near rivers.

The Giant Golden-Crowned Flying Fox has a wingspan in the range of 59”-67” (150-170 cm) and total weight of 2.2-2.6 lb (1-1.2 kg). The body of the Giant Golden-Crowned Flying Fox has a body length between 11.4”-15.75” (29-40 cm) and estimated hanging height of 18.5”-21.7” (47-55 cm). The typical lifespan of the Giant Golden-Crowned Flying Fox is between 15-23 years.

Set of scaled flying and hanging drawings of the Giant Golden-Crowned Flying Fox
Giant Golden-Crowned Flying Fox (Acerodon jubatus)
Height:
18.5”-21.7” | 47-55 cm (Hanging)
Width:
59”-67” | 150-170 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
11.4”-15.75” | 29-40 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
2.2-2.6 lb | 1-1.2 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Acerodon jubatus
Lifespan
15-23 years

Drawings include:

Giant Golden-Crowned Flying Fox flying (assorted), hanging

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Palaeochiropteryx (Palaeochiropteryx tupaiodon)
Scale illustration of an average Palaeochiropteryx compared to other bat species

The Palaeochiropteryx is an extinct bat from the Middle Eocene of Europe. Despite being one of the oldest bats known, the Palaeochiropteryx was advanced in its ability to hunt by echolocation like modern insect-eating bats, and like its predecessors, the species also fed on insects. Unlike modern bats, the Palaeochiropteryx’s wings were less advanced, and they were formed from enlarged hands. They had 38 teeth, and their dental formula was known to be the same as at least three living bat families. Phaeomelanin were present in the hairs of the species, suggesting they were brown in color.

The Palaeochiropteryx has a wingspan in the range of 9.8”-11.8” (25-30 cm) and total weight of .25-.35 oz (7-10 g). The body of the Palaeochiropteryx has a body length between 2.75”-3.4” (7-8.6 cm) and estimated hanging height of 3.9”-4.7” (10-12 cm). The typical lifespan of the Palaeochiropteryx is unknown.

Series of measured illustrations of the Palaeochiropteryx in multiple flying and hanging poses
The Palaeochiropteryx is an extinct bat from the Middle Eocene of Europe. Despite being one of the oldest bats known, the Palaeochiropteryx was advanced in its ability to hunt by echolocation like modern insect-eating bats, and like its predecessors, the species also fed on insects.

The Palaeochiropteryx has a wingspan in the range of 9.8”-11.8” (25-30 cm) and total weight of .25-.35 oz (7-10 g). The body of the Palaeochiropteryx has a body length between 2.75”-3.4” (7-8.6 cm) and estimated hanging height of 3.9”-4.7” (10-12 cm). The typical lifespan of the Palaeochiropteryx is unknown.

Series of measured illustrations of the Palaeochiropteryx in multiple flying and hanging poses
Palaeochiropteryx (Palaeochiropteryx tupaiodon)
Height:
3.9”-4.7” | 10-12 cm (Hanging)
Width:
9.8”-11.8” | 25-30 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
2.75”-3.4” | 7-8.6 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
.25-.35 oz | 7-10 g
Area:
Scientific Name
Palaeochiropteryx tupaiodon
Lifespan
Unknown

Drawings include:

Palaeochiropteryx flying (assorted), hanging

Details & Downloads

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