Ramp - Switchback

Ramp - Switchback

Plan and elevation drawings of an ADA ramp with a switchback layout with dimensions for length and width
Description
Description

Switchback ramps are accessible ramps designed with a 180° change of direction along the accessible route. The inner handrail of a switchback ramp must remain continuous. It consists of a series of zigzag turns or switchbacks that create a staircase-like structure, allowing the ramp to go up a steep incline while occupying a smaller area. This design is commonly used in hilly terrain or when building a ramp in a confined space, as it helps to reduce the overall slope of the ramp, making it more accessible for people with disabilities and easier to traverse for everyone.

Dimensions & Sizes
Dimensions & Sizes

The Ramp (Switchback) has a height of 24” (61 cm), total run length of 38’ (11.6 m), and overall width as shown of 7’ (2.13 m). Dimensions will vary based on the desired slope and height needed. The landings of switchback ramps must maintain consistent minimum widths and depths of 60” (152.4 cm) along the entire change of direction running parallel to the ramp run. Landings with minimum lengths of 60” (152.4 cm) and widths consistent to the width of the ramp must be provided at the top and bottom of any straight run portions of the switchback ramp.

ADA accessible ramps must maintain a minimum clear width of 36” (91.4 cm) at all times. The cross slope along the width of any ramp must be less than 1:50 or <2%. The 36” (91.4 cm) clear width must be maintained between all including handrails.

The maximum allowable slope in any new construction is 1:12 with a maximum rise of 30” (76.2 cm) without a landing. A ramp with a slope between 1:12 and 1:16 can have a maximum horizontal length of 30’ (9.14 m) without a landing. A ramp with a slope between 1:16 and 1:20 can have a horizontal run up to 40’ (12.19 m) before requiring a landing.

3D Model
3D Model
Common Questions
Common Questions
What is a switchback ramp?
A switchback ramp is an accessible ramp designed with a 180° change direction along the accessible route.
What is the minimum clear depth of a switchback ramp landing?
Switchback ramp landings shall have consistent minimum widths and depths of 60” (152.4 cm) along the entire change of direction.
What is the minimum size of a landing along a switchback ramp?
Switchback ramp landings are at least 60” (152.4 cm) deep with a length of at least the combined widths of both connected ramp runs at typically 36” (91.4 cm) minimum widths each.
3D model of Ramp (Switchback) viewed in perspectiveRamp - Switchback
Details
Details

*Under Development*

Height:
24” | 61 cm
Width:
7’ | 2.13 m (Overall)
Depth:
Length:
38’ | 11.6 m (Total)
:
:
Weight:
Area:
:

Landing Depth (Min.): 60” | 152.4 cm
Landing Width (Min.): 60” | 152.4 cm
Landing Length (Min.): Combined widths of both runs

:
:
:

Drawings include:
Ramp Landings Switchback plan (wheelchair user), elevation

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Ramps are inclined surfaces that join different levels of a space. Commonly used at the entrances of buildings to accommodate level changes, ramps provide building access to wheelchair users. The maximum slope of a ramp is calculated to provide comfortable and easy access to the building.

30” | 76.2 cm (Max)
30'-40' | 9.14-12.19 m (Max)
Ramp Slopes
76.200
1219.000
3800
https://p3d.in/e/DyDAX
GUIDE
3D
Ramp Slopes3D model of Ramp Slopes viewed in perspective3D model of Ramp Slopes viewed in perspective
4’ | 122 cm (Overall)
44” | 111.7 cm
18.7’ | 5.7 m (Total)
Ramp Handrails - Utility
122.000
111.700
570.000
1900
https://p3d.in/e/XzmYg
GUIDE
3D
Ramp Handrails - Utility3D model of Ramp Handrails (Utility) viewed in perspective3D model of Ramp Handrails (Utility) viewed in perspective
4.17’ | 127 cm (Overall)
49.5” | 125.7 cm
22.33’ | 6.81 m (Total)
Ramp Handrails - Wall
127.000
125.700
681.000
1900
https://p3d.in/e/zN4LY
GUIDE
3D
Ramp Handrails - WallView of Ramp Handrails (Wall) in 3D available for downloadView of Ramp Handrails (Wall) in 3D available for download
4.5’ | 137 cm (Overall)
45” | 114.3 cm
18.5’ | 5.64 m (Total)
Ramp Handrails - Vertical
137.000
114.300
564.000
1900
https://p3d.in/e/fojl6
GUIDE
3D
Ramp Handrails - VerticalPerspective view of a 3D model of Ramp Handrails (Vertical)Perspective view of a 3D model of Ramp Handrails (Vertical)
24” | 61 cm
7’ | 2.13 m (Overall)
38’ | 11.6 m (Total)
Ramp - Switchback
61.000
213.000
1160.000
420
https://p3d.in/e/pFlVK
GUIDE
3D
Ramp - Switchback3D model of Ramp (Switchback) viewed in perspective3D model of Ramp (Switchback) viewed in perspective
4”, 6” | 10.2, 15.2 cm
12’-15’ | 3.66,-4.57 m
48”, 60” | 121.9, 152.4 cm
Curb - Ramp, Parallel
15.200
457.000
152.400
90
https://p3d.in/e/WZfYv
GUIDE
3D
Curb - Ramp, Parallel3D model of a Parallel Curb Ramp viewed in perspective3D model of a Parallel Curb Ramp viewed in perspective
4”, 6” | 10.2, 15.2 cm
9”8”-14’ | 2.95-4.27 m (Overall)
48”, 72” | 121.9, 182.9 cm
Curb - Ramp, Built-Up
15.200
427.000
182.900
50
https://p3d.in/e/xTVjd
GUIDE
3D
Curb - Ramp, Built-UpView of a Built-Up Curb Ramp in 3D available for downloadView of a Built-Up Curb Ramp in 3D available for download
12” | 30.5 cm
36” | 91.4 cm
17’ | 5.18 m
Ramp - Straight
30.500
91.400
518.000
20
https://p3d.in/e/VfZkN
GUIDE
3D
Ramp - StraightView of Ramp (Straight) in 3D available for downloadView of Ramp (Straight) in 3D available for download
24” | 61 cm
17’ | 5.18 m (Overall)
36’ | 11 m (Total)
Ramp - Turning
61.000
518.000
1100.000
20
https://p3d.in/e/iUWGA
GUIDE
3D
Ramp - TurningPerspective view of a 3D model of Ramp (Turning)Perspective view of a 3D model of Ramp (Turning)
4”, 6” | 10.2, 15.2 cm
9”8”-14’ | 2.95-4.27 m (Overall)
48”, 72” | 121.9, 182.9 cm
Curb - Ramp, Flared
15.200
427.000
182.900
10
https://p3d.in/e/5oeHX
GUIDE
3D
Curb - Ramp, FlaredPerspective view of a 3D model of a Flared Curb RampPerspective view of a 3D model of a Flared Curb Ramp
4”, 6” | 10.2, 15.2 cm
36”, 48” | 91.4, 121.9 cm
48”, 72” | 121.9, 182.9 cm
Curb - Ramp, Returned
15.200
121.900
182.900
0
https://p3d.in/e/Y4xw3
GUIDE
3D
Curb - Ramp, ReturnedView of a Returned Curb Ramp in 3D available for downloadView of a Returned Curb Ramp in 3D available for download