Pinnipeds, also commonly known as seals, are large furry fin or flipper footed carnivorous semi-aquatic marine mammals. While pinnipeds live primarily in the ocean, they can come on land for long periods of time. Millions of years ago, pinnipeds were land-dwelling creatures; it is believed that they were bear or weasel-like animals that spent increasing amounts of time in the ocean and eventually adapted to the marine environment. Pinnipeds have advanced senses with sight and sense of smell adapted to both air and water and whiskers with an advanced tactile system. Pinniped have a layer of blubber, or fat, under their skin to help them retain heat and stay warm in the cold water habitats they typically inhabit in the Northern and Southern hemispheres.

What is the largest pinniped?

The largest pinniped on record is the southern elephant seal measuring 21.3 ft (6.5 m) captured in 1913. The average male southern elephant seal can weigh between 4,900 to 8,800 lbs (2,200 to 4,000 kg) and are 14 ft to 19 ft (4.2 to 5.8 m) long. Bulls are typically 5 to 6 times heavier than females.

What do pinnipeds eat?

Pinnipeds are carnivorous and eat a wide variety of food depending on their species and habitat. They typically eat krill, crustaceans, mollusks, fish, and squid. Most pinnipeds are general feeders but some specialize, like the leopard seal that specializes in penguins. Ross seals and southern elephant seals generally only eat squid and crabeater seals feed mostly on krill.

Why is blubber important for pinnipeds?

Blubber, layers of fat under their skin, is important for pinnipeds because it helps them protect themselves from the cold. The layers of blubber also aides in streamlining their form which allows pinnipeds to effectively chase after their prey. Blubber is also important for newborn pups as they live off their blubber while they develop both their diving and feeding skills.

* Under Development *

Related Collections
Seals Guides
Browse through our curated Seals Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Seals. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.
17.7”-21.25” | 45-54 cm
21.25”-23.6” | 54-60 cm
6.92’-8.83’ | 2.1-2.7 m
440-550 lb | 200-250 kg
20-31 years
Bearded Seal
54.000
60.000
270.000
250.000
31.00
4750
3D
Bearded Seal
13.4”-18.1” | 34-46 cm
13.4”-18.1” | 34-46 cm
6.92’-8.83’ | 2.1-2.7 m
243-860 lb | 110-390 kg
19-36 years
California Sea Lion
46.000
46.000
270.000
390.000
36.00
8800
3D
California Sea Lion
17.7”-20.5” | 45-52 cm
17.3”-18.5” | 44-47 cm
7.5’-8.5’ | 2.3-2.6 m
440-660 lb | 200-300 kg
23-40 years
Crabeater Seal
52.000
47.000
260.000
300.000
40.00
5250
3D
Crabeater Seal
18.5”-19.7” | 44-50 cm
20.1”-21.7” | 51-55 cm
5.92’-6.5’ | 1.8-2 m
254-310 lb | 115-140 kg
20-35 years
Harp Seal
50.000
55.000
200.000
140.000
35.00
39700
3D
Harp Seal
12.6”-14.6” | 32-37 cm
16.5”-18.9” | 42-48 cm
6.92’-7.92’ | 2.1-2.4 m
310-400 lb | 140-200 kg
25-30 years
Hawaiian Monk Seal
37.000
48.000
240.000
200.000
30.00
13090
3D
Hawaiian Monk Seal
15”-29.1” | 38-74 cm (Overall)
13”-38.6” | 33-98 cm (Overall)
5.91’-10’ | 1.8-3 m (Overall)
440-880 lb | 200-400 kg (Overall)
25-35 years
Hooded Seal
74.000
98.000
300.000
400.000
35.00
5950
3D
Hooded Seal
13.4”-21.25” | 39-54 cm
15”-22” | 38-56 cm
7.83’-11.5’ | 2.39-3.5 m
573-1,100 lb | 260-500 kg
15-30 years
Leopard Seal
54.000
56.000
350.000
500.000
30.00
88300
3D
Leopard Seal
19.7”-31.5” | 50-80 cm (Overall)
18.5”-26” | 47-66 cm (Overall)
5.91’-9.84’ | 1.8-3 m (Overall)
310-770 lb | 140-350 kg (Overall)
16-30 years
South American Sea Lion
80.000
66.000
300.000
350.000
30.00
1600
3D
South American Sea Lion
19.7”-49.6” | 50-126 cm (Overall)
24.4”-70.9” | 62-180 cm (Overall)
8.5’-19.67’ | 2.6-6 m (Overall)
772-8,160 lb | 350-3,700 kg (Overall)
14-22 years
Southern Elephant Seal
126.000
180.000
600.000
3700.000
22.00
7200
3D
Southern Elephant Seal
24.4”-37.4” | 62-95 cm (Overall)
23.6”-39.4” | 60-100 cm (Overall)
7.5’-10.67’ | 2.3-3.25 m (Overall)
529-2,470 lb | 240-1,120 kg (Overall)
14-33 years
Steller Sea Lion
95.000
100.000
325.000
1120.000
33.00
8400
3D
Steller Sea Lion
Walrus
408300
33.1”-55.1” | 84-140 cm (Overall)
35.4”-52.4” | 90-133 cm (Overall)
7.5’-12.17’ | 2.3-3.7 m (Overall)
1,323-4,410 lb | 600-2,000 kg (Overall)
30-40 years
Walrus
140.000
133.000
370.000
2000.000
40.00
408300
3D
Walrus
18.9”-25.6” | 48-65 cm
13.8”-19.7” | 35-50 cm
8.17’-10.83’ | 2.5-3.3 m
882-1,323 lb | 400-600 kg
20-30 years
Weddell Seal
65.000
50.000
330.000
600.000
30.00
6200
3D
Weddell Seal
Bearded Seal (Erignathus barbatus)
Measured comparison illustration of the size of a bearded seal to a typical person and similar seals

Bearded seals are classified under the family Phocidae and are among the many known largest seals inhabiting the Arctic polar regions. They are identified by small heads, large bodies, dark grey or greyish-brown color, square fore-flippers, preference for ice floes, and very distinguishing whiskers used for detecting or feeling prey on the soft bottom sediments. Female bearded seals are generally larger than males, however, either sex shares some resemblances such as skin color. Bearded seals live in solitary and invest most of their time relaxing on sea ice or foliage for food along the shallow waters of the ocean.

Bearded Seals have a total length between 6.92’-8.83’ (2.1-2.7 m), body height of 17.7”-21.25” (45-54 cm), and width of 21.25”-23.6” (54-60 cm). The typical weight of the bearded seal is in the range of 440-550 lb (200-250 kg). Bearded seals have lifespans between 20-31 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of bearded seal in top and side poses
Bearded seals are classified under the family Phocidae and are among the many known largest seals inhabiting the Arctic polar regions. They are identified by small heads, large bodies, dark grey or greyish-brown color, square fore-flippers, preference for ice floes, and very distinguishing whiskers.

Bearded Seals have a total length between 6.92’-8.83’ (2.1-2.7 m), body height of 17.7”-21.25” (45-54 cm), and width of 21.25”-23.6” (54-60 cm). The typical weight of the bearded seal is in the range of 440-550 lb (200-250 kg). Bearded seals have lifespans between 20-31 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of bearded seal in top and side poses
Bearded Seal (Erignathus barbatus)
Height:
17.7”-21.25” | 45-54 cm
Width:
21.25”-23.6” | 54-60 cm
Length:
6.92’-8.83’ | 2.1-2.7 m
Depth:
Weight:
440-550 lb | 200-250 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Erignathus barbatus
Lifespan
20-31 years

Drawings include:

Bearded Seal side elevation, front, top

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Hawaiian Monk Seal (Neomonachus schauinslandi)
Measured comparison illustration of the size of a Hawaiian Monk Seal to a typical person and similar seals

The Hawaiian Monk seal is a true seal grouped under the family Phocidae and is primitive to the Hawaiian islands. These animals are identified by their dog-like faces with silver-grey colored backs. Their undersides have lighter creamy complexion and additions of bright patches plus red or green shades. Females are a little larger than males, with all adults being nocturnal hunters. Hawaiian Monk seals spent most of their time in the ocean and are considered generalist feeders. They mainly live in solitary, are nonmigratory, and rarely defend territories. The Hawaiian Monk seal is continually exposed to habitat loss resulting from human activity.

Hawaiian Monk Seals have a total length between 6.92’-7.92’ (2.1-2.4 m), body height of 12.6”-14.6” (32-37 cm), and width of 16.5”-18.9” (42-48 cm). The typical weight of the Hawaiian Monk Seal is in the range of 310-400 lb (140-200 kg). Hawaiian Monk Seals have lifespans between 25-30 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Hawaiian Monk Seal in top and side poses
The Hawaiian Monk seal is a true seal grouped under the family Phocidae and is primitive to the Hawaiian islands. These animals are identified by their dog-like faces with silver-grey colored backs. Their undersides have lighter creamy complexion and additions of bright patches with red or green.

Hawaiian Monk Seals have a total length between 6.92’-7.92’ (2.1-2.4 m), body height of 12.6”-14.6” (32-37 cm), and width of 16.5”-18.9” (42-48 cm). The typical weight of the Hawaiian Monk Seal is in the range of 310-400 lb (140-200 kg). Hawaiian Monk Seals have lifespans between 25-30 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Hawaiian Monk Seal in top and side poses
Hawaiian Monk Seal (Neomonachus schauinslandi)
Height:
12.6”-14.6” | 32-37 cm
Width:
16.5”-18.9” | 42-48 cm
Length:
6.92’-7.92’ | 2.1-2.4 m
Depth:
Weight:
310-400 lb | 140-200 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Neomonachus schauinslandi
Lifespan
25-30 years

Drawings include:

Hawaiian Monk Seal side elevation, front, top

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Southern Elephant Seal (Mirounga leonina)
Measured comparison illustration of the size of a Southern Elephant Seal to a typical person and similar seals

The Southern Elephant seal is the only known largest Carnivora marine mammal under the Clade Pinnipedia. The animal’s name arises from the large proboscis present in adult males. They show the greatest sexual dimorphism, with males being unusually larger and heavier than females. The Southern Elephant seals are grayish-brown and shift between their haul-out sites and foraging grounds. They are the only seals known to stay on land and in colonies for the longest duration. The Southern Elephant seal is found in the southern oceans, subantarctic and Antarctic islands with colonies led by a dominant male.

Southern Elephant Seals have a total length between 8.5’-19.67’ (2.6-6 m), body height of 19.7”-49.6” (50-126 cm), and width of 24.4”-70.9” (62-180 cm). The typical weight of the Southern Elephant Seal is in the range of 772-8,160 lb (350-3,700 kg). Southern Elephant Seals have lifespans between 14-22 years. The sizes of Southern Elephant Seals differ greatly between genders.

Scaled collection of drawings of the male Southern Elephant Seal in top and side poses
The Southern Elephant seal is the only known largest Carnivora marine mammal under the Clade Pinnipedia. The animal’s name arises from the large proboscis present in adult males. They show the greatest sexual dimorphism, with males being unusually larger and heavier than females.

Southern Elephant Seals have a total length between 8.5’-19.67’ (2.6-6 m), body height of 19.7”-49.6” (50-126 cm), and width of 24.4”-70.9” (62-180 cm). The typical weight of the Southern Elephant Seal is in the range of 772-8,160 lb (350-3,700 kg). Southern Elephant Seals have lifespans between 14-22 years. The sizes of Southern Elephant Seals differ greatly between genders.

Scaled collection of drawings of the male Southern Elephant Seal in top and side poses
Southern Elephant Seal (Mirounga leonina)
Height:
19.7”-49.6” | 50-126 cm (Overall)
Width:
24.4”-70.9” | 62-180 cm (Overall)
Length:
8.5’-19.67’ | 2.6-6 m (Overall)
Depth:
Weight:
772-8,160 lb | 350-3,700 kg (Overall)
Area:

Male:

Length:
13.75’-19.67’ | 4.2-6 m
Height: 34.6”-49.6” | 88-126 cm

Width: 48.8”-70.9” | 124-180 cm

Weight: 3,300-8,160 lb | 1,500-3,700 kg



Female:

Length:
8.5’-9.83’ | 2.6-3 m

Height: 19.7”-23.6” | 50-60 cm

Width: 24.4”-27.6” | 62-70 cm

Weight: 772-1,323 lb | 350-600 kg

Scientific Name
Mirounga leonina
Lifespan
14-22 years

Drawings include:

Southern Elephant Seal side elevation, front

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Walrus (Odobenus rosmarus)
Scale illustration of an average Walrus compared to a human and similar species

Walrus are sociable marine mammals inhabiting parts of the subarctic seas and Arctic oceans. They are the only surviving species grouped under the class Odobenidae. Walrus are identified by a mustache, long-tusk, flat flippers, grizzly whiskers, wrinkled brown and pink hides, and infamous for snorting and bellowing loudly at one another. Walrus use their tusk for various reasons such as hauling themselves out of water or breaking breathing holes into the ice and in males, battling for territories. Walrus also play a big role in the tradition and religion of many Arctic people showing up in folklores and ceremonies. Also, they are regularly hunted for their ivory, blubber, and meat.

Walruss have a total length between 7.5’-12.17’ (2.3-3.7 m), body height of 33.1”-55.1” (84-140 cm), and width of 35.4”-52.4” (90-133 cm). The typical weight of the Walrus is in the range of 1,323-4,410 lb (600-2,000 kg). Walrus have lifespans between 30-40 years. The sizes of Walruses differ greatly between genders.

Pair of elevation illustrations of the Walrus seen from the side and top
Walrus are sociable marine mammals inhabiting parts of the subarctic seas and Arctic oceans. They are the only surviving species grouped under the class Odobenidae. Walrus are identified by a mustache, long-tusk, flat flippers, grizzly whiskers, wrinkled brown and pink hides, and infamous snorting.

Walruss have a total length between 7.5’-12.17’ (2.3-3.7 m), body height of 33.1”-55.1” (84-140 cm), and width of 35.4”-52.4” (90-133 cm). The typical weight of the Walrus is in the range of 1,323-4,410 lb (600-2,000 kg). Walrus have lifespans between 30-40 years. The sizes of Walruses differ greatly between genders.

Pair of elevation illustrations of the Walrus seen from the side and top
Walrus (Odobenus rosmarus)
Height:
33.1”-55.1” | 84-140 cm (Overall)
Width:
35.4”-52.4” | 90-133 cm (Overall)
Length:
7.5’-12.17’ | 2.3-3.7 m (Overall)
Depth:
Weight:
1,323-4,410 lb | 600-2,000 kg (Overall)
Area:

Male:
Length:
8.83’-12.17’ | 2.7-3.7 m

Height: 37.4”-55.1” | 95-140 cm

Width: 35.8”-52.4” | 91-133 cm

Weight: 1,764-4,410 lb | 800-2,000 kg



Female:

Length:
7.5’-10.17’ | 2.3-3.1 m

Height: 33.1”-46.1” | 84-117 cm
Width: 35.4”-45.3” | 90-115 cm

Weight: 1,323-1,874 lb | 600-850 kg

Scientific Name
Odobenus rosmarus
Lifespan
30-40 years

Drawings include:

Walrus side elevation, front

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Crabeater Seal (Lobodon carcinophaga)
Comparison drawing of the crabeater seal compared to other similar seals and a person

Crabeater seals are medium to large size Carnivora with rather slender bodies and pale-tinted skins. They inhabit most parts of the South pole or Antarctica coast, free-floating on ice packs they use for resting, mating, or accessing prey. They are classified under the family Phocidae with unique attributes of the tooth which somewhat functions like that of the Baleen whales. These vertebrates are highly social, primarily found gathering in groups, and can migrate over great distances. Crabeater seals are identified by comparatively long, slender heads and muzzles with eyes set further apart. They also show somewhat sickle-shaped long wide fore flippers. They mainly feed on Krill and not crab as their name suggests.

Crabeater Seals have a total length between 7.5’-8.5’ (2.3-2.6 m), body height of 17.7”-20.5” (45-52 cm), and width of 17.3”-18.5” (44-47 cm). The typical weight of the Crabeater Seal is in the range of 440-660 lb (200-300 kg). Crabeater Seals have lifespans between 23-40 years.

Set of scaled elevation drawings of the crabeater seal viewed from the side and top
Crabeater seals are medium to large size Carnivora with rather slender bodies and pale-tinted skins. They inhabit most parts of the South pole or Antarctica coast, free-floating on ice packs they use for resting, mating, or accessing prey. They are classified under the family Phocidae.

Crabeater Seals have a total length between 7.5’-8.5’ (2.3-2.6 m), body height of 17.7”-20.5” (45-52 cm), and width of 17.3”-18.5” (44-47 cm). The typical weight of the Crabeater Seal is in the range of 440-660 lb (200-300 kg). Crabeater Seals have lifespans between 23-40 years.

Set of scaled elevation drawings of the crabeater seal viewed from the side and top
Crabeater Seal (Lobodon carcinophaga)
Height:
17.7”-20.5” | 45-52 cm
Width:
17.3”-18.5” | 44-47 cm
Length:
7.5’-8.5’ | 2.3-2.6 m
Depth:
Weight:
440-660 lb | 200-300 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Lobodon carcinophaga
Lifespan
23-40 years

Drawings include:

Crabeater Seal side elevation, front

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Related Animals Collections
Animals