Pinnipeds, also commonly known as seals, are large furry fin or flipper footed carnivorous semi-aquatic marine mammals. While pinnipeds live primarily in the ocean, they can come on land for long periods of time. Millions of years ago, pinnipeds were land-dwelling creatures; it is believed that they were bear or weasel-like animals that spent increasing amounts of time in the ocean and eventually adapted to the marine environment. Pinnipeds have advanced senses with sight and sense of smell adapted to both air and water and whiskers with an advanced tactile system. Pinniped have a layer of blubber, or fat, under their skin to help them retain heat and stay warm in the cold water habitats they typically inhabit in the Northern and Southern hemispheres.

What is the largest pinniped?

The largest pinniped on record is the southern elephant seal measuring 21.3 ft (6.5 m) captured in 1913. The average male southern elephant seal can weigh between 4,900 to 8,800 lbs (2,200 to 4,000 kg) and are 14 ft to 19 ft (4.2 to 5.8 m) long. Bulls are typically 5 to 6 times heavier than females.

What do pinnipeds eat?

Pinnipeds are carnivorous and eat a wide variety of food depending on their species and habitat. They typically eat krill, crustaceans, mollusks, fish, and squid. Most pinnipeds are general feeders but some specialize, like the leopard seal that specializes in penguins. Ross seals and southern elephant seals generally only eat squid and crabeater seals feed mostly on krill.

Why is blubber important for pinnipeds?

Blubber, layers of fat under their skin, is important for pinnipeds because it helps them protect themselves from the cold. The layers of blubber also aides in streamlining their form which allows pinnipeds to effectively chase after their prey. Blubber is also important for newborn pups as they live off their blubber while they develop both their diving and feeding skills.

* Under Development *

Seals Guides
Browse through our curated Seals Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Seals. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.
17.7”-21.25” | 45-54 cm
21.25”-23.6” | 54-60 cm
6.92’-8.83’ | 2.1-2.7 m
440-550 lb | 200-250 kg
20-31 years
Bearded Seal
54.000
60.000
270.000
250.000
31.00
4750
3D
Bearded Seal
13.4”-18.1” | 34-46 cm
13.4”-18.1” | 34-46 cm
6.92’-8.83’ | 2.1-2.7 m
243-860 lb | 110-390 kg
19-36 years
California Sea Lion
46.000
46.000
270.000
390.000
36.00
8800
3D
California Sea Lion
17.7”-20.5” | 45-52 cm
17.3”-18.5” | 44-47 cm
7.5’-8.5’ | 2.3-2.6 m
440-660 lb | 200-300 kg
23-40 years
Crabeater Seal
52.000
47.000
260.000
300.000
40.00
5250
3D
Crabeater Seal
18.5”-19.7” | 44-50 cm
20.1”-21.7” | 51-55 cm
5.92’-6.5’ | 1.8-2 m
254-310 lb | 115-140 kg
20-35 years
Harp Seal
50.000
55.000
200.000
140.000
35.00
39700
3D
Harp Seal
12.6”-14.6” | 32-37 cm
16.5”-18.9” | 42-48 cm
6.92’-7.92’ | 2.1-2.4 m
310-400 lb | 140-200 kg
25-30 years
Hawaiian Monk Seal
37.000
48.000
240.000
200.000
30.00
13090
3D
Hawaiian Monk Seal
15”-29.1” | 38-74 cm (Overall)
13”-38.6” | 33-98 cm (Overall)
5.91’-10’ | 1.8-3 m (Overall)
440-880 lb | 200-400 kg (Overall)
25-35 years
Hooded Seal
74.000
98.000
300.000
400.000
35.00
5950
3D
Hooded Seal
13.4”-21.25” | 39-54 cm
15”-22” | 38-56 cm
7.83’-11.5’ | 2.39-3.5 m
573-1,100 lb | 260-500 kg
15-30 years
Leopard Seal
54.000
56.000
350.000
500.000
30.00
88300
3D
Leopard Seal
19.7”-31.5” | 50-80 cm (Overall)
18.5”-26” | 47-66 cm (Overall)
5.91’-9.84’ | 1.8-3 m (Overall)
310-770 lb | 140-350 kg (Overall)
16-30 years
South American Sea Lion
80.000
66.000
300.000
350.000
30.00
1600
3D
South American Sea Lion
19.7”-49.6” | 50-126 cm (Overall)
24.4”-70.9” | 62-180 cm (Overall)
8.5’-19.67’ | 2.6-6 m (Overall)
772-8,160 lb | 350-3,700 kg (Overall)
14-22 years
Southern Elephant Seal
126.000
180.000
600.000
3700.000
22.00
7200
3D
Southern Elephant Seal
24.4”-37.4” | 62-95 cm (Overall)
23.6”-39.4” | 60-100 cm (Overall)
7.5’-10.67’ | 2.3-3.25 m (Overall)
529-2,470 lb | 240-1,120 kg (Overall)
14-33 years
Steller Sea Lion
95.000
100.000
325.000
1120.000
33.00
8400
3D
Steller Sea Lion
Walrus
408300
33.1”-55.1” | 84-140 cm (Overall)
35.4”-52.4” | 90-133 cm (Overall)
7.5’-12.17’ | 2.3-3.7 m (Overall)
1,323-4,410 lb | 600-2,000 kg (Overall)
30-40 years
Walrus
140.000
133.000
370.000
2000.000
40.00
408300
3D
Walrus
18.9”-25.6” | 48-65 cm
13.8”-19.7” | 35-50 cm
8.17’-10.83’ | 2.5-3.3 m
882-1,323 lb | 400-600 kg
20-30 years
Weddell Seal
65.000
50.000
330.000
600.000
30.00
6200
3D
Weddell Seal
California Sea Lion (Zalophus californianus)
Measured comparison illustration of the size of a California Sea Lion to a typical person and similar seals

California sea lions are representatives of the Otaridae family possessing a dog-like face, high intellect, and playfulness. The male California sea lion is marked by a thicker neck and protruding sagittal crest. Similarly, these animals have large flippers for walking on land and external ear flaps. California sea lions occupy western North America coastline and often feed in the ocean and only come on land to molt or reproduce. Since they are intelligent, they can be trained for specialized operations or to play tricks to entertain the public in circuses. Additionally, the animals are truly social, often living in groups at haul-out spots or floating together.

California Sea Lions have a total length between 6.92’-8.83’ (2.1-2.7 m), body height of 13.4”-18.1” (34-46 cm), and width of 13.4”-18.1” (34-46 cm). The typical weight of the California Sea Lion is in the range of 243-860 lb (110-390 kg). California Sea Lions have lifespans between 19-36 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of California Sea Lion in top and side poses
California sea lions are representatives of the Otaridae family possessing a dog-like face, high intellect, and playfulness. The male California sea lion is marked by a thicker neck and protruding sagittal crest. Similarly, these animals have large flippers for walking on land and external ears.

California Sea Lions have a total length between 6.92’-8.83’ (2.1-2.7 m), body height of 13.4”-18.1” (34-46 cm), and width of 13.4”-18.1” (34-46 cm). The typical weight of the California Sea Lion is in the range of 243-860 lb (110-390 kg). California Sea Lions have lifespans between 19-36 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of California Sea Lion in top and side poses
California Sea Lion (Zalophus californianus)
Height:
13.4”-18.1” | 34-46 cm
Width:
13.4”-18.1” | 34-46 cm
Length:
6.92’-8.83’ | 2.1-2.7 m
Depth:
Weight:
243-860 lb | 110-390 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Zalophus californianus
Lifespan
19-36 years

Drawings include:

California Sea Lion side elevation, front, top

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Harp Seal (Pagophilus groenlandicus)
Scale illustration of an average Harp Seal compared to a human and similar seals

Harp seals, usually loved by commercial hunters, are sleek swimmers inhabiting the Arctic oceans and North Atlantic oceans with their name arising from the curved black patch on their back which looks like a harp. They prefer to swim and invest a meager time on land. They are also called Greenland seals or saddleback seals. Harp seals are true seals or earless seals characterized by pure black eyes, silver-grey coatings, and black harp markings. Males are relatively larger than females, with darker heads and better refined harp markings. Additionally, these animals migrate and display a preference for prey which is usually fish and invertebrates. Harp seals are social and regularly form huge colonies during mating or pupping.

Harp Seals have a total length between 5.92’-6.5’ (1.8-2 m), body height of 18.5”-19.7” (44-50 cm), and width of 20.1”-21.7” (51-55 cm). The typical weight of the Harp Seal is in the range of 254-310 lb (115-140 kg). Harp Seals have lifespans between 20-35 years.

Pair of elevation illustrations of the Harp Seal seen from the side and top
Harp seals, usually loved by commercial hunters, are sleek swimmers inhabiting the Arctic oceans and North Atlantic oceans with their name arising from the curved black patch on their back which looks like a harp. They prefer to swim and invest a meager time on land.

Harp Seals have a total length between 5.92’-6.5’ (1.8-2 m), body height of 18.5”-19.7” (44-50 cm), and width of 20.1”-21.7” (51-55 cm). The typical weight of the Harp Seal is in the range of 254-310 lb (115-140 kg). Harp Seals have lifespans between 20-35 years.

Pair of elevation illustrations of the Harp Seal seen from the side and top
Harp Seal (Pagophilus groenlandicus)
Height:
18.5”-19.7” | 44-50 cm
Width:
20.1”-21.7” | 51-55 cm
Length:
5.92’-6.5’ | 1.8-2 m
Depth:
Weight:
254-310 lb | 115-140 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Pagophilus groenlandicus
Lifespan
20-35 years

Drawings include:

Harp Seal side elevation, front, top

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Steller Sea Lion (Eumetopias jubatus)
Scale illustration of an average Steller Sea Lion compared to a human and similar seals

The Steller Sea Lion is native to the waters of the North Pacific besides being the largest in the family Otariidae. Apart from being larger, Steller sea lions or Northern sea lions show a boxy bear-like head, blunt face, and lighter skin color. Males have a heavy physique, thick neck, wider chest, larger and broader foreheads. These animals are skilled opportunistic predators and love to gather on an isolated island when they are out of water. Steller sea lions are social with the males being three times larger than the females. These creatures also apply a wide range of vocalization in communication and can spend a longer time submerged in water.

Steller Sea Lions have a total length between 7.5’-10.67’ (2.3-3.25 m), body height of 24.4”-37.4” (62-95 cm), and width of 23.6”-39.4” (60-100 cm). The typical weight of the Steller Sea Lion is in the range of 529-2,470 lb (240-1,120 kg). Steller Sea Lions have lifespans between 14-33 years. The sizes of Steller Sea Lions differ greatly between genders.

Pair of elevation illustrations of the Steller Sea Lion seen from the side and top
The Steller Sea Lion is native to the waters of the North Pacific besides being the largest in the family Otariidae. Apart from being larger, Steller sea lions or Northern sea lions show a boxy bear-like head, blunt face, and lighter skin color. Males have a heavy physique and thick neck.

Steller Sea Lions have a total length between 7.5’-10.67’ (2.3-3.25 m), body height of 24.4”-37.4” (62-95 cm), and width of 23.6”-39.4” (60-100 cm). The typical weight of the Steller Sea Lion is in the range of 529-2,470 lb (240-1,120 kg). Steller Sea Lions have lifespans between 14-33 years. The sizes of Steller Sea Lions differ greatly between genders.

Pair of elevation illustrations of the Steller Sea Lion seen from the side and top
Steller Sea Lion (Eumetopias jubatus)
Height:
24.4”-37.4” | 62-95 cm (Overall)
Width:
23.6”-39.4” | 60-100 cm (Overall)
Length:
7.5’-10.67’ | 2.3-3.25 m (Overall)
Depth:
Weight:
529-2,470 lb | 240-1,120 kg (Overall)
Area:

Male:

Length:
7.5’-10.67’ | 2.3-3.25 m

Height: 25.2”-37.4” | 64-95 cm

Width: 27.6”-39.4” | 70-100 cm

Weight: 992-2,470 lb | 450-1,120 kg



Female:

Length:
7.5’-9.5’ | 2.3-2.9 m

Height: 24.4”-30.7” | 62-78 cm

Width: 23.6”-27.6” | 60-70 cm

Weight: 529-772 lb | 240-350 kg

Scientific Name
Eumetopias jubatus
Lifespan
14-33 years

Drawings include:

Steller Sea Lion side elevation, front, top

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Bearded Seal (Erignathus barbatus)
Measured comparison illustration of the size of a bearded seal to a typical person and similar seals

Bearded seals are classified under the family Phocidae and are among the many known largest seals inhabiting the Arctic polar regions. They are identified by small heads, large bodies, dark grey or greyish-brown color, square fore-flippers, preference for ice floes, and very distinguishing whiskers used for detecting or feeling prey on the soft bottom sediments. Female bearded seals are generally larger than males, however, either sex shares some resemblances such as skin color. Bearded seals live in solitary and invest most of their time relaxing on sea ice or foliage for food along the shallow waters of the ocean.

Bearded Seals have a total length between 6.92’-8.83’ (2.1-2.7 m), body height of 17.7”-21.25” (45-54 cm), and width of 21.25”-23.6” (54-60 cm). The typical weight of the bearded seal is in the range of 440-550 lb (200-250 kg). Bearded seals have lifespans between 20-31 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of bearded seal in top and side poses
Bearded seals are classified under the family Phocidae and are among the many known largest seals inhabiting the Arctic polar regions. They are identified by small heads, large bodies, dark grey or greyish-brown color, square fore-flippers, preference for ice floes, and very distinguishing whiskers.

Bearded Seals have a total length between 6.92’-8.83’ (2.1-2.7 m), body height of 17.7”-21.25” (45-54 cm), and width of 21.25”-23.6” (54-60 cm). The typical weight of the bearded seal is in the range of 440-550 lb (200-250 kg). Bearded seals have lifespans between 20-31 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of bearded seal in top and side poses
Bearded Seal (Erignathus barbatus)
Height:
17.7”-21.25” | 45-54 cm
Width:
21.25”-23.6” | 54-60 cm
Length:
6.92’-8.83’ | 2.1-2.7 m
Depth:
Weight:
440-550 lb | 200-250 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Erignathus barbatus
Lifespan
20-31 years

Drawings include:

Bearded Seal side elevation, front, top

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Hawaiian Monk Seal (Neomonachus schauinslandi)
Measured comparison illustration of the size of a Hawaiian Monk Seal to a typical person and similar seals

The Hawaiian Monk seal is a true seal grouped under the family Phocidae and is primitive to the Hawaiian islands. These animals are identified by their dog-like faces with silver-grey colored backs. Their undersides have lighter creamy complexion and additions of bright patches plus red or green shades. Females are a little larger than males, with all adults being nocturnal hunters. Hawaiian Monk seals spent most of their time in the ocean and are considered generalist feeders. They mainly live in solitary, are nonmigratory, and rarely defend territories. The Hawaiian Monk seal is continually exposed to habitat loss resulting from human activity.

Hawaiian Monk Seals have a total length between 6.92’-7.92’ (2.1-2.4 m), body height of 12.6”-14.6” (32-37 cm), and width of 16.5”-18.9” (42-48 cm). The typical weight of the Hawaiian Monk Seal is in the range of 310-400 lb (140-200 kg). Hawaiian Monk Seals have lifespans between 25-30 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Hawaiian Monk Seal in top and side poses
The Hawaiian Monk seal is a true seal grouped under the family Phocidae and is primitive to the Hawaiian islands. These animals are identified by their dog-like faces with silver-grey colored backs. Their undersides have lighter creamy complexion and additions of bright patches with red or green.

Hawaiian Monk Seals have a total length between 6.92’-7.92’ (2.1-2.4 m), body height of 12.6”-14.6” (32-37 cm), and width of 16.5”-18.9” (42-48 cm). The typical weight of the Hawaiian Monk Seal is in the range of 310-400 lb (140-200 kg). Hawaiian Monk Seals have lifespans between 25-30 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Hawaiian Monk Seal in top and side poses
Hawaiian Monk Seal (Neomonachus schauinslandi)
Height:
12.6”-14.6” | 32-37 cm
Width:
16.5”-18.9” | 42-48 cm
Length:
6.92’-7.92’ | 2.1-2.4 m
Depth:
Weight:
310-400 lb | 140-200 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Neomonachus schauinslandi
Lifespan
25-30 years

Drawings include:

Hawaiian Monk Seal side elevation, front, top

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Related Animals Collections
Animals