Coastal Animals

Coastal Animals

Description
Description

Coastal animals are diverse species that inhabit the interface between land and sea, including beaches, rocky shores, and coastal wetlands. Adapted to the dynamic environment, they contend with factors like tides, salinity changes, and wave action. Evolution has equipped them with specialized traits like salt tolerance in mangrove-dwelling creatures or burrowing abilities in beach crustaceans. Their habitats vary from tropical coral reefs to temperate seagrass meadows, each hosting a unique fauna. Coastal regions are biodiversity hotspots, serving as feeding grounds, nurseries, and migratory routes for numerous species, playing crucial roles in marine and terrestrial ecosystems.

Anatomy
Anatomy

Coastal animals display a fascinating array of anatomical features suited to life at the land-sea interface. Many have streamlined bodies for efficient swimming, like dolphins, or flattened shapes for burrowing, like crabs. Some, like sea turtles, have flippers for propulsion, while others, such as seabirds, have wings for flight. Many coastal dwellers have specialized senses; for instance, seals have whiskers sensitive to underwater vibrations. Communication varies: dolphins use complex vocalizations, while crabs may wave pincers for signaling. Adaptations to saline environments are common, with some possessing glands to expel excess salt. These diverse traits enable them to thrive in their ever-changing habitats.

Human Interaction
Human Interaction

Humans have long been intertwined with coastal animals, relying on them for food, transportation, and inspiration. Coastal communities have historically depended on fishing for sustenance and economic livelihood. Iconic coastal animals like dolphins have permeated pop culture, featuring in films like "Flipper" and "Finding Nemo."

Unfortunately, human activities such as pollution, overfishing, and habitat destruction have threatened many coastal species. Conservation efforts are underway globally, including marine protected areas, sustainable fishing practices, and rehabilitation programs for injured animals. Organizations and documentaries, like "The Blue Planet," raise awareness, fostering a growing public commitment to protecting our coastal wildlife and their habitats.

Common Questions
Common Questions
How do animals adapt to the coast?

Animals adapt to the coast by adjusting to living in salty water as well as being able to withstand being covered or uncovered by the tide. Further coastal adaptations also include being able to hide or escape quickly from predators, finding food, and staying in a safe place as the tides move.

Why are coasts important for wildlife?

Coasts are important for wildlife because they serve as nesting grounds for species of sea turtles as well as are habitats for animals like beach mice. Coasts are also important foraging areas for migratory shorebirds. Coasts are important as they are used in cohesion by all species of animals.

How does coastal erosion affect animals?

Coastal erosion affects animals and humans as it causes sea levels to rise, flooding, as well as stronger waves. Coastal erosion also causes the gradual loss of land that is important to many animals. Coastal erosion is when a portion of land is lost within a shoreline by either natural events or manmade decisions.

Animals

* Under Development *

24”-27” | 61-69 cm
7.5”-8.7” | 19-22 cm
4.4-8.8 lb | 2-4 kg
10-30 years
African Penguin
69.000
22.000
4.000
30.00
23350
GUIDE
3D
African Penguin
.9”-1.5” | 2.4-3.8 cm
3.1”-5.1” | 8-13 cm
8-10 years
Amazon Puffer
3.800
13.000
10.00
3250
GUIDE
3D
Amazon Puffer
1.6’-2’ | 50-62 cm
2.1’-2.7’ | 63-83 cm
8’-10’ | 2.4-3 m
573-1,058 lb | 260-480 kg
15-30 years
Amazonian Manatee
62.000
83.000
300.000
480.000
30.00
3900
GUIDE
3D
Amazonian Manatee
13.4”-17.7” | 34-45 cm
26.8”-29.9” | 68-76 cm (Wingspan)
15.75”-20.1” | 40-51 cm
.6-.93 lb | .27-.42 kg
9-15 years
American Avocet
45.000
76.000
51.000
0.420
15.00
2940
GUIDE
3D
American Avocet
1.2”-2.4” | 3-6 cm
20”-40” | 51-102 cm
13-17 lb | 6-7.7 kg
15-40 years
American Eel
6.000
102.000
7.700
40.00
10000
GUIDE
3D
American Eel
47.2”-57” | 120-145 cm
51.2”-65” | 130-165 cm (Wingspan)
47.2”-57” | 120-145 cm
4.85-7.94 lb | 2.2-3.6 kg
20-50 years
American Flamingo
145.000
165.000
145.000
3.600
50.00
8100
GUIDE
3D
American Flamingo
13.4”-16.7” | 34-42.5 cm
47.2”-61” | 120-155 cm (Wingspan)
20.9”-26” | 53-66 cm
1.3-3.6 lb | .6-1.65 kg
20-32 years
American Herring Gull
42.500
155.000
66.000
1.650
32.00
190
GUIDE
3D
American Herring Gull
9.8”-11” | 25-28 cm
31.9”-35” | 81-89 cm (Wingspan)
15.75”-17.3” | 40-44 cm
.88-1.54 lb | .4-.7 kg
10-17 years
American Oystercatcher
28.000
89.000
44.000
0.700
17.00
3100
GUIDE
3D
American Oystercatcher
5”-6.75” | 12.7-17.1 cm
19”-24” | 48-61 cm
3-8 lb | 1.4-3.6 kg
6-10 years
American Shad
17.100
61.000
3.600
10.00
4500
GUIDE
3D
American Shad
34”-47” | 86-119 cm
5.92’-7.83’ | 1.8-2.39 m
70-180 lb | 32-82 kg
25-35 years
Angel Shark
119.000
239.000
82.000
35.00
21200
GUIDE
3D
Angel Shark
5.5”-7.1” | 14-18 cm
1.4”-2” | 3.5-5 cm
1.3’-1.6’ | .4-.5 m
1.8-2.2 lb | .82-1 kg
Archaeopteryx
18.000
5.000
50.000
1.000
175000
GUIDE
3D
Archaeopteryx
5.1”-6.3” | 13-16 cm
25.6”-30.3” | 65-77 cm (Wingspan)
14.2”-16.9” | 36-43 cm
.2-.3 lb | .08-.13 kg
15-34 years
Arctic Tern
16.000
77.000
43.000
0.130
34.00
35400
GUIDE
3D
Arctic Tern
8.7”-9.8” | 22-25 cm
18.5”-24.8” | 47-63 cm (Wingspan)
11”-12.2” | 28-31 cm
.7-1.2 lb | .3-.55 kg
15-36 years
Atlantic Puffin
25.000
63.000
31.000
0.550
36.00
14700
GUIDE
3D
Atlantic Puffin
12”-18” | 30.5-46 cm
11.4”-17.7” | 29-45 cm (Disc)
6.6-13.2 lb | 3-6 kg
8-10 years
Atlantic Stingray
46.000
45.000
6.000
10.00
1705
GUIDE
3D
Atlantic Stingray
10.2”-13.8” | 26-35 cm; 26” | 66 cm (Max)
6’-8’ | 1.83-2.44 m; 15’ | 4.57 m (Max)
198-794 lb | 90-360 kg
30-60 years
Atlantic Sturgeon
35.000
244.000
360.000
60.00
4340
GUIDE
3D
Atlantic Sturgeon
12”-19” | 30.5-48 cm
5’-8’ | 152-244 cm
60-280 lb | 27-127 kg
30-55 years
Atlantic Tarpon
48.000
244.000
127.000
55.00
700
GUIDE
3D
Atlantic Tarpon
22’-35’ | 6.7-10.7 m
8800-13200 lb | 4000-6000 kg
Up to 50 years
Basking Shark
1070.000
6000.000
50.00
57000
GUIDE
3D
Basking Shark
17.7”-21.25” | 45-54 cm
21.25”-23.6” | 54-60 cm
6.92’-8.83’ | 2.1-2.7 m
440-550 lb | 200-250 kg
20-31 years
Bearded Seal
54.000
60.000
270.000
250.000
31.00
4750
GUIDE
3D
Bearded Seal
1.4”-2” | 3.5-5 cm
9.1”-13.8” | 23-35 cm
3-6 years
Big-Belly Seahorse
5.000
35.000
6.00
1250
GUIDE
3D
Big-Belly Seahorse
5.91”-15.35” | 15-39 cm
9.45”-23.62” | 24-60 cm
15”-39” | 38-99 cm
15-31 lb | 6.8-14 kg
1 year
Black Sea Hare
39.000
60.000
99.000
14.000
1.00
5800
GUIDE
3D
Black Sea Hare
8.3”-10.4” | 21-26.5 cm
42.1”-50” | 107-127 cm (Wingspan)
15.75”-19.7” | 40-50 cm
.6-.8 lb | .25-.37 kg
5-20 years
Black Skimmer
26.500
127.000
50.000
0.370
20.00
4250
GUIDE
3D
Black Skimmer
24”-30.7” | 61-78 cm
63”-79” | 160-201 cm (Wingspan)
43.3”-55.9” | 110-142 cm
8.2-19.8 lb | 3.7-9 kg
12-40 years
Black Swan
78.000
201.000
142.000
9.000
40.00
695200
GUIDE
3D
Black Swan
12.6”-15” | 32-38 cm
27.6”-32.3” | 70-82 cm (Wingspan)
14.6”-17.3” | 37-44 cm
.42-.88 lb | .19-.4 kg
10-24 years
Black-Tailed Godwit
38.000
82.000
44.000
0.400
24.00
1000
GUIDE
3D
Black-Tailed Godwit
15.75”-19.1” | 40-48.5 cm
28”-32.7” | 71-83 cm (Wingspan)
13”-15.75” | 33-40 cm
.33-.44 lb | .15-.2 kg
10-20 years
Black-Winged Stilt
48.500
83.000
40.000
0.200
20.00
1150
GUIDE
3D
Black-Winged Stilt
7.5”-11.4” | 19-29 cm
4.92’-8’ | 1.5-2.44 m
150-270 lb | 68-122 kg
12-16 years
Blacktip Shark
29.000
244.000
122.000
16.00
19200
GUIDE
3D
Blacktip Shark
4.37”-6.5” | 11.1-16.5 cm
3.94”-5.91” | 10-15 cm
40”-60” | 101.6-152.4 cm
25-31 lb | 11-14 kg
25-69 years
Blue Iguana
16.500
15.000
152.400
14.000
69.00
34600
GUIDE
3D
Blue Iguana
3.5”-6.5” | 8.9-16.5 cm
16”-30” | 40-75 cm
7-20 lb | 3-9 kg
10-20 years
Bonefish
16.500
75.000
9.000
20.00
100
GUIDE
3D
Bonefish
16.3”-17.5” | 41.5-44.5 cm
52”-61” | 132-155 cm (Wingspan)
29.5”-31.5” | 75-80 cm
2-4 lb | .9-1.8 kg
20-32 years
Brown Booby
44.500
155.000
80.000
1.800
32.00
2350
GUIDE
3D
Brown Booby
7’-11.5” | 2.1-3.5 m
400-700 lb | 181-318 kg
12-25 years
Bull Shark
350.000
318.000
25.00
56000
GUIDE
3D
Bull Shark
2.36”-3.15” | 6-8 cm
3.94”-4.53” | 10-11.5 cm
7.87”-9.84” | 20-25 cm
2-3 years
California Mussel
8.000
11.500
25.000
3.00
550
GUIDE
3D
California Mussel
13.4”-18.1” | 34-46 cm
13.4”-18.1” | 34-46 cm
6.92’-8.83’ | 2.1-2.7 m
243-860 lb | 110-390 kg
19-36 years
California Sea Lion
46.000
46.000
270.000
390.000
36.00
8800
GUIDE
3D
California Sea Lion
14.6”-21.7” | 37-55 cm
50”-73” | 127-185 cm (Wingspan)
29.5”-43.3” | 75-110 cm
5.5-14 lb | 2.5-6.35 kg
10-24 years
Canada Goose
55.000
185.000
110.000
6.350
24.00
31200
GUIDE
3D
Canada Goose
1.6”-2” | 4-5 cm
1.6”-2” | 4-5 cm
3.9”-4.7” | 10-12 cm
.9-1.7 oz | 25-47 g
3-4 years
Cape Golden Mole
5.000
5.000
12.000
0.047
4.00
180
GUIDE
3D
Cape Golden Mole
1.4”-3.9” | 3.5-10 cm
1.2”-3.1” | 3-8 cm
2”-6” | 5.1-15.2 cm (Overall)
.22-1 lb | .1-.45 kg
15-30 years
Caribbean Hermit Crab
10.000
8.000
15.200
0.450
30.00
1650
GUIDE
3D
Caribbean Hermit Crab
13”-21” | 33-53 cm
19.3”-30.3” | 49-77 cm
30-40 lb | 13.6-18 kg
5-8 years
Clearnose Skate
53.000
77.000
18.000
8.00
1940
GUIDE
3D
Clearnose Skate
2.4”-5.9” | 6-15 cm
3”-8” | 7.6-20.3 cm (Carapace)
5.9”-15.75” | 15-40 cm (Carapace)
8.8-11 lb | 4-5 kg
40-60 years
Coconut Crab
15.000
20.300
40.000
5.000
60.00
256900
GUIDE
3D
Coconut Crab
10.2”-18.1” | 26-46 cm
16”-28” | 41-71 cm
13.2-28.7 lb | 6-13 kg
16-24 years
Coffin Ray
46.000
71.000
13.000
24.00
2800
GUIDE
3D
Coffin Ray
24”-33” | 61-84 cm
14.6”-20.5” | 37-52 cm (Disc)
11-32 lb | 5-14.5 kg
15-20 years
Common Eagle Ray
84.000
52.000
14.500
20.00
25500
GUIDE
3D
Common Eagle Ray
9.8”-22” | 25-56 cm
30”-64” | 76-163 cm
55-65 lb | 25-29.5 kg
16-24 years
Common Guitarfish
56.000
163.000
29.500
24.00
7310
GUIDE
3D
Common Guitarfish
3.5”-12.6” | 9-32 cm
10”-36” | 25.4-91.4 cm
11-22 lb | 5-10 kg
8-11 years
Common Hogfish
32.000
91.400
10.000
11.00
45080
GUIDE
3D
Common Hogfish
11.8”-14.2” | 30-36 cm
24”-28.7” | 61-73 cm (Wingspan)
15”-17.7” | 38-45 cm
1.7-2.8 lb | .78-1.25 kg
15-41 years
Common Murre
36.000
73.000
45.000
1.250
41.00
5500
GUIDE
3D
Common Murre
.43”-1.06” | 1.1-2.7 cm
.43”-1.06” | 1.1-2.7 cm
.63”-1.5” | 1.6-3.8 cm
4-10 years
Common Periwinkle
2.700
2.700
3.800
10.00
3500
GUIDE
3D
Common Periwinkle
12.2”-15.75” | 31-40 cm
45.3”-59” | 115-150 cm (Wingspan)
20.9”-26.4” | 53-67 cm
24.7-70.5 oz | .7-2 kg
10-44 years
Common Raven
40.000
150.000
67.000
2.000
44.00
49000
GUIDE
3D
Common Raven
4.5”-5.7” | 11.5-14.5 cm
13.8”-15.75” | 35-40 cm (Wingspan)
7.5”-9.4” | 19-24 cm
.09-.13 lb | .04-.06 kg
10-15 years
Common Sandpiper
14.500
40.000
24.000
0.060
15.00
5700
GUIDE
3D
Common Sandpiper
.4”-1” | 1-2.5 cm
2.75”-6.7” | 7-17 cm;
1-4 years
Common Seahorse
2.500
17.000
4.00
240800
GUIDE
3D
Common Seahorse
4.9’-6.6’ | 1.5-2 m
6.6’-9.4’ | 2-2.85 m (Total)
220-330 lb | 100-150 kg
50-55 years
Common Skate
200.000
285.000
150.000
55.00
1600
GUIDE
3D
Common Skate
4.7”-5.3” | 12-13.5 cm
15.75”-18.5” | 40-47 cm (Wingspan)
9.8”-11” | 25-28 cm
.18-.4 lb | .08-.18 kg
10-18 years
Common Snipe
13.500
47.000
28.000
0.180
18.00
6500
GUIDE
3D
Common Snipe
18”-55” | 46-140 cm
14.6”-44.5” | 37-113 cm (Disc)
31-70.5 lb | 14-32 kg
15-21 years
Common Stingray
140.000
113.000
32.000
21.00
357700
GUIDE
3D
Common Stingray
7.9”-16.1” | 20-41 cm
12”-24” | 30.5-61 cm
11-22 lb | 5-10 kg
10-15 years
Common Torpedo
41.000
61.000
10.000
15.00
550
GUIDE
3D
Common Torpedo
1.85”-2.56” | 4.7-6.5 cm
1.57”-2.36” | 4-6 cm
3.15”-4.33” | 8-11 cm
.11-.22 lb | .05-.1 kg
10-15 years
Common Whelk
6.500
6.000
11.000
0.100
15.00
2950
GUIDE
3D
Common Whelk
5.1”-5.9” | 13-15 cm
7”-8” | 18-20 cm
4-10 years
Copperband Butterflyfish
15.000
20.000
10.00
3700
GUIDE
3D
Copperband Butterflyfish
30”-45” | 76-114 cm
18.9”-28.3” | 48-72 cm (Disc)
26.5-50.7 lb | 12-23 kg
13-18 years
Cownose Ray
114.000
72.000
23.000
18.00
12200
GUIDE
3D
Cownose Ray
17.7”-20.5” | 45-52 cm
17.3”-18.5” | 44-47 cm
7.5’-8.5’ | 2.3-2.6 m
440-660 lb | 200-300 kg
23-40 years
Crabeater Seal
52.000
47.000
260.000
300.000
40.00
5250
GUIDE
3D
Crabeater Seal
18”-25” | 47-63 cm
14”-18.5” | 35-47 cm
5.92’-8’ | 1.8-2.44 m
265-353 lb | 120-160 kg
15-20 years
Dall's Porpoise
63.000
47.000
244.000
160.000
20.00
4450
GUIDE
3D
Dall's Porpoise
9’-17’ | 2.74-5.18 m
5.3’-10.17’ | 1.61-3.10 m
661-794 lb | 300-360 kg
15-20 years
Devil Fish
518.000
310.000
360.000
20.00
19500
GUIDE
3D
Devil Fish
24.4”-29.9” | 62-76 cm
58”-71” | 147-180 cm (Wingspan)
29.1”-35.8” | 74-91 cm
4.9-10.1 lb | 2.2-4.6 kg
15-31 years
Domestic Goose
76.000
180.000
91.000
4.600
31.00
9200
GUIDE
3D
Domestic Goose
19.9”-25.4” | 50.5-64.5 cm
44.9”-48.4” | 114-123 cm (Wingspan)
27.6”-35.4” | 70-90 cm
2.6-5.5 lb | 1.2-2.5 kg
6-22 years
Double-Crested Cormorant
64.500
123.000
90.000
2.500
22.00
300
GUIDE
3D
Double-Crested Cormorant
Dugong
302300
1.9’-3.1’ | 58-95 cm
3’-5’ | 93-153 cm
8’-13’ | 2.4-4 m
507-838 lb | 230-380 kg
50-70 years
Dugong
95.000
153.000
400.000
380.000
70.00
302300
GUIDE
3D
Dugong
2.1”-3.5” | 5.4-8.9 cm
5.9”-9.8” | 15-25 cm (Carapace)
3.9”-6.5” | 10-16.5 cm (Carapace)
2-4.4 lb | .9-2 kg
8-13 years
Dungeness Crab
8.900
25.000
16.500
2.000
13.00
103060
GUIDE
3D
Dungeness Crab
.1”-.2” | .3-.6 cm
1”-2” | 2.5-5.1 cm
1-2 years
Dwarf Seahorse
0.600
5.100
2.00
3900
GUIDE
3D
Dwarf Seahorse
2”-3.9” | 5-10 cm
6.5’-14’ | 1.98-4.27 m
2.2-3.3 lb | 1-1.5 kg
12-19 years
Eastern Green Mamba
10.000
427.000
1.500
19.00
3950
GUIDE
3D
Eastern Green Mamba
9.5”-2.6” | 2.4-6.6 cm
1.77”-4.92” | 4.5-12.5 cm
3”-8” | 7.6-20.3 cm
.88-1.98 lb | .4-.9 kg
10-20 years
Eastern Oyster
6.600
12.500
20.300
0.900
20.00
2000
GUIDE
3D
Eastern Oyster
15.75”-17.3” | 40-44 cm
48”-56” | 122-142 cm (Wingspan)
26”-28” | 66-71 cm
4.3-6.9 lb | 1.95-3.13 kg
6-12 years
Emperor Goose
44.000
142.000
71.000
3.130
12.00
2530
GUIDE
3D
Emperor Goose
20”-26” | 51-66 cm
9.4”-11.8” | 24-30 cm
6-13 lb | 2.7-5.9 kg
10-20 years
Erect-Crested Penguin
66.000
30.000
5.900
20.00
1200
GUIDE
3D
Erect-Crested Penguin
1.6”-2.75” | 4-7 cm
24”-39” | 61-99 cm
3-8 lb | 1.4-3.6 kg
15-20 years
European Eel
7.000
99.000
3.600
20.00
9500
GUIDE
3D
European Eel
1”-1.7” | 2.6-4.3 cm
2.5”-4” | 6.4-10.2 cm (Carapace)
2.1”-3.3” | 5.3-8.5 cm (Carapace)
2.6-3 oz | 75-85 g
3-5 years
European Green Crab
4.300
10.200
8.500
0.085
5.00
5500
GUIDE
3D
European Green Crab
14”-17” | 36-43 cm
21”-25” | 54-64 cm
6.25’-7.5’ | 1.91-2.29 m
66-159 lb | 30-72 kg
10-20 years
Finless Porpoise
43.000
64.000
229.000
72.000
20.00
4610
GUIDE
3D
Finless Porpoise
21”-23” | 53-58 cm
7.9”-9.1” | 20-23 cm
4.4-13.2 lb | 2-6 kg
10-20 years
Fiordland Penguin
58.000
23.000
6.000
20.00
1600
GUIDE
3D
Fiordland Penguin
14.2”-17.3” | 36-44 cm
27.5”-33” | 70-84 cm (Carapace)
31”-37” | 79-94 cm (Carapace)
154-198 lb | 70-90 kg
40-60 years (wild); 50-100 years (captivity)
Flatback Sea Turtle
44.000
84.000
94.000
90.000
100.00
2150
GUIDE
3D
Flatback Sea Turtle
2.6”-3” | 6.5-7.5 cm
5.1”-5.7” | 13-14.5 cm (Carapace)
3”-3.4” | 7.6-8.7 cm (Carapace)
3-6 oz | 85-170 g
6-8 years
Florida Stone Crab
7.500
14.500
8.700
0.170
8.00
2560
GUIDE
3D
Florida Stone Crab
18”-21” | 46-53 cm
5.5”-6.7” | 14-17 cm
3.5-6 lb | 1.6-2.7 kg
15-20 years
Galápagos Penguin
53.000
17.000
2.700
20.00
16400
GUIDE
3D
Galápagos Penguin
.6”-.75” | 15-19 mm
11”-13.4” | 28-34 cm
6.4-9.6 oz | 181-272 g
7-10 years
Giant African Millipede
1.900
34.000
0.272
10.00
4600
GUIDE
3D
Giant African Millipede
33.3”-40.6” | 77-103 cm
6.75’-8.83’ | 2.06-2.69 m
275-507 lb | 125-230 kg
16-20 years
Giant Guitarfish
103.000
269.000
230.000
20.00
780
GUIDE
3D
Giant Guitarfish
3.5”-5.1” | 9-13 cm
59”-79” | 1.5-2 m
44-62 lb | 20-28 kg
20-40 years
Giant Mottled Eel
13.000
200.000
28.000
40.00
1050
GUIDE
3D
Giant Mottled Eel
15’-23’ | 4.6-7 m
15’-23’ | 4.6-7 m
5,300-6,600 lb | 2,400-3,000 kg
18-20 years
Giant Oceanic Manta Ray
700.000
700.000
3000.000
20.00
8900
GUIDE
3D
Giant Oceanic Manta Ray
10”-20” | 25.4-50.8 cm
33”-67” | 85-170 cm
33-132 lb | 15-60 kg
10-25 years
Giant Trevally
50.800
170.000
60.000
25.00
4700
GUIDE
3D
Giant Trevally
29.5”-33.5” | 75-85 cm
8.9”-10.8” | 22.5-27.5 cm
35.4”-40.9” | 90-104 cm
11-15.4 lb | 5-7 kg
20-25 years
Great Auk
85.000
27.500
104.000
7.000
25.00
25600
GUIDE
3D
Great Auk
21”-34.6” | 53-88 cm
12’-20’ | 3.66-6.1 m
510-1,000 lb | 231-454 kg
20-30 years
Great Hammerhead
88.000
610.000
454.000
30.00
13100
GUIDE
3D
Great Hammerhead
13.4”-15.2” | 34-38.5 cm
49.2”-55.1” | 125-140 cm (Wingspan)
20.9”-22.8” | 53-58 cm
2.6-4.4 lb | 1.2-2 kg
22-36 years
Great Skua
38.500
140.000
58.000
2.000
36.00
2500
GUIDE
3D
Great Skua
11’-21’ | 3.35-6.4 m
1500-2400 lb | 680-1090 kg
30-70 years
Great White Shark
640.000
1090.000
70.00
133000
GUIDE
3D
Great White Shark
43.3”-59” | 110-150 cm
55.1”-66.9” | 140-170 cm (Wingspan)
43.3”-59” | 110-150 cm
4.4-9.9 lb | 2-4.5 kg
30-60 years
Greater Flamingo
150.000
170.000
150.000
4.500
60.00
18300
GUIDE
3D
Greater Flamingo
14.2”-18.9” | 36-48 cm
27.5”-36.2” | 70-92 cm (Carapace)
36”-48” | 91-122 cm (Carapace)
243-419 lb | 110-190 kg
60-75 years (wild); 80-120 years (captivity)
Green Sea Turtle
48.000
92.000
122.000
190.000
120.00
46700
GUIDE
3D
Green Sea Turtle
5.7”-6.7” | 14.5-17 cm
18.9”-20.1” | 48-51 cm (Wingspan)
9.1”-10.6” | 23-27 cm
.18-.26 lb | .08-.12 kg
13-15 years
Grey-Tailed Tattler
17.000
51.000
27.000
0.120
15.00
140
GUIDE
3D
Grey-Tailed Tattler
3.3”-3.9” | 8.5-10 cm
8.3”-9.8” | 21-25 cm
.9-1.2 oz | .02-.03 kg
15-20 years
Hairy Frogfish
10.000
25.000
0.030
20.00
5250
GUIDE
3D
Hairy Frogfish
14”-16” | 35-41 cm
11”-13” | 29-34 cm
5’-6’ | 1.52-1.83 m
99-198 lb | 45-90 kg
8-20 years
Harbour Porpoise
41.000
34.000
183.000
90.000
20.00
6700
GUIDE
3D
Harbour Porpoise
8.7”-12.6” | 22-32 cm
22”-26” | 56-66 cm (Wingspan)
14”-20” | 36-51 cm
1-1.7 lb | .45-.76 kg
12-20 years
Harlequin Duck
32.000
66.000
51.000
0.760
20.00
12050
GUIDE
3D
Harlequin Duck
18.5”-19.7” | 44-50 cm
20.1”-21.7” | 51-55 cm
5.92’-6.5’ | 1.8-2 m
254-310 lb | 115-140 kg
20-35 years
Harp Seal
50.000
55.000
200.000
140.000
35.00
39700
GUIDE
3D
Harp Seal
12.6”-14.6” | 32-37 cm
16.5”-18.9” | 42-48 cm
6.92’-7.92’ | 2.1-2.4 m
310-400 lb | 140-200 kg
25-30 years
Hawaiian Monk Seal
37.000
48.000
240.000
200.000
30.00
13090
GUIDE
3D
Hawaiian Monk Seal
15”-29.1” | 38-74 cm (Overall)
13”-38.6” | 33-98 cm (Overall)
5.91’-10’ | 1.8-3 m (Overall)
440-880 lb | 200-400 kg (Overall)
25-35 years
Hooded Seal
74.000
98.000
300.000
400.000
35.00
5950
GUIDE
3D
Hooded Seal
6.7”-9” | 17-23 cm
36”-48” | 91-122 cm
20-23 lb | 9-10.4 kg
12-25 years
Horn Shark
23.000
122.000
10.400
25.00
8200
GUIDE
3D
Horn Shark
24”-28” | 61-71 cm
7.9”-9.4” | 20-24 cm
8-13 lb | 3.6-6 kg
10-20 years
Humboldt Penguin
71.000
24.000
6.000
20.00
11200
GUIDE
3D
Humboldt Penguin
7.7”-8.5” | 19.5-21.5 cm
27.6”-29.5” | 70-75 cm (Wingspan)
15”-16.5” | 38-42 cm
.6-.71 lb | .27-.32 kg
15-26 years
Ibisbill
21.500
75.000
42.000
0.320
26.00
70
GUIDE
3D
Ibisbill
3.1”-4.7” | 8-12 cm
39”-51” | 99-130 cm
6.6-8.8 lb | 3-4 kg
15-20 years
Japanese Eel
12.000
130.000
4.000
20.00
7800
GUIDE
3D
Japanese Eel
2”-3” | 5.1-7.7 cm
5.9”-8.7” | 15-22 cm (Carapace)
3.7”-5.6” | 9.5-14.3 cm (Carapace)
.75-1.2 lb | .34-.54 kg
1-5 years
Jonah Crab
7.700
22.000
14.300
0.540
5.00
7050
GUIDE
3D
Jonah Crab
5.9”-7.9” | 15-20 cm
18.1”-18.9” | 46-48 cm (Wingspan)
7.9”-10.6” | 20-27 cm
.17-.28 lb | .075-.128 kg
10-12 years
Killdeer
20.000
48.000
27.000
0.128
12.00
42250
GUIDE
3D
Killdeer
3.15”-5.51” | 8-14 cm
3.15”-5.91” | 8-15 cm
5”-9” | 12.7-22.9 cm
.88-1.98 lb | .4-.9 kg
10-15 years
Knobbed Whelk
14.000
15.000
22.900
0.900
15.00
860
GUIDE
3D
Knobbed Whelk
14.17”-17.72” | 36-45 cm
13.78”-17.32” | 35-44 cm
8’-10’ | 2.43-3.05 m
150-300 lb | 68-136 kg
10-30 years
Komodo Dragon
45.000
44.000
305.000
136.000
30.00
452200
GUIDE
3D
Komodo Dragon
63”-67” | 160-170 cm
17.7”-19.3” | 45-49 cm
198-220 lb | 90-100 kg
Kumimanu
170.000
49.000
100.000
750
GUIDE
3D
Kumimanu
7.5’-11’ | 2.3-3.4 m
190-400 lb | 86-181 kg
25-35 years
Lemon Shark
340.000
181.000
35.00
27000
GUIDE
3D
Lemon Shark
13.4”-21.25” | 39-54 cm
15”-22” | 38-56 cm
7.83’-11.5’ | 2.39-3.5 m
573-1,100 lb | 260-500 kg
15-30 years
Leopard Seal
54.000
56.000
350.000
500.000
30.00
88300
GUIDE
3D
Leopard Seal
European Green Crab (Carcinus maenas)
Scale illustration of an average European Green Crab compared to other crustacean species

You may think its small nature is a hindrance, but the European Green Crab (Carcinus maenas) is aggressive and an invasive species of the family Portunidae capable of changing the balance in a habitat. It has colonized several habitats though was native to the European coast and the Baltic sea. Also called Green Crab or Shoe crab, it loves estuaries and rocky intertidal areas. The European Green Crab is identified by a set of five triangular teeth, also called spines, and three rounded lobes found between the eyes. Juveniles that resemble the Dungeness are separated from the later by the number of spines behind their eyes.

The European Green Crab has a carapace length between 2.1”-3.3” (5.3-8.5 cm), carapace width of 2.5”-4” (6.4-10.2 cm), body height of 1”-1.7” (2.6-4.3 cm), and weight between 2.6-3 oz (75-85 g). The typical lifespan of the European Green Crab is between 3-5 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the European Green Crab
You may think its small nature is a hindrance, but the European Green Crab (Carcinus maenas) is aggressive and an invasive species of the family Portunidae capable of changing the balance in a habitat. It has colonized several habitats though was native to the European coast and the Baltic sea.

The European Green Crab has a carapace length between 2.1”-3.3” (5.3-8.5 cm), carapace width of 2.5”-4” (6.4-10.2 cm), body height of 1”-1.7” (2.6-4.3 cm), and weight between 2.6-3 oz (75-85 g). The typical lifespan of the European Green Crab is between 3-5 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the European Green Crab
European Green Crab (Carcinus maenas)
Height:
1”-1.7” | 2.6-4.3 cm
Width:
2.5”-4” | 6.4-10.2 cm (Carapace)
Length:
2.1”-3.3” | 5.3-8.5 cm (Carapace)
Depth:
Weight:
2.6-3 oz | 75-85 g
Area:
Scientific Name
Carcinus maenas
Lifespan
3-5 years

Drawings include:

European Green Crab top view, side

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Little Penguin (Eudyptula minor)
Comparison drawing of the Little Penguin compared to other similar penguins and a person

The Little Penguin (Eudyptula minor) is found in New Zealand and the Southern coast of Australia. Some communities call it fairy penguin, blue penguin, or little blue penguin because of its slate-blue feathers. This marine seabird is among the smallest penguins in the world, flightless, and has a black bill. The chin, throat, torso, and underside of flippers are white, while the head and neck are indigo-blue. Juveniles have shorter and thinner beaks. Apart from that, males are larger than females. The Little penguin is diurnal and has a longer lifespan, and both sexes assume parental responsibility from the breeding process to when the young have hatched.

Little Penguins have an overall height between 12”-15” (30.5-38 cm) and body width of 4.7”-5.9” (12-15 cm). The typical weight of the Little Penguin is in the range of 2-3.5 lb (.9-1.6 kg). Little Penguins have lifespans between 5-7 years.

Set of scaled elevation drawings of the Little Penguin viewed from the side and front
The Little Penguin (Eudyptula minor) is found in New Zealand and the Southern coast of Australia. Some communities call it fairy penguin, blue penguin, or little blue penguin because of its slate-blue feathers. This marine seabird is among the smallest penguins in the world.

Little Penguins have an overall height between 12”-15” (30.5-38 cm) and body width of 4.7”-5.9” (12-15 cm). The typical weight of the Little Penguin is in the range of 2-3.5 lb (.9-1.6 kg). Little Penguins have lifespans between 5-7 years.

Set of scaled elevation drawings of the Little Penguin viewed from the side and front
Little Penguin (Eudyptula minor)
Height:
12”-15” | 30.5-38 cm
Width:
4.7”-5.9” | 12-15 cm
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
2-3.5 lb | .9-1.6 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Eudyptula minor
Lifespan
5-7 years

Drawings include:

Little Penguin side elevations, front, back

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus)
Scale illustration of an average Greater Flamingo compared to other shorebird species

The Greater Flamingo (phoenicopterus roseus) is a flamingo species that is the most widespread. They live in mudflats and shallow coastal lagoons with salt water in Africa, the Indian subcontinent, the Middle East, and in southern Europe. Physically, the plumage is pink-white with red wing coverts and black primary and secondary flight feathers. The legs are pink, and the bill is also pink with a restricted black tip. As chicks they are covered in gray fluffy down. Their diet consists of small shrimp, seeds, blue-green algae, microscopic organisms, and mollusks; this is obtained by stirring up the mud and sucking water through the bill to filter out the food.

The Greater Flamingo has a wingspan in the range of 55.1”-66.9” (140-170 cm) and total weight of 4.4-9.9 lb (2-4.5 kg). The body of the Greater Flamingo has an overall length between 43.3”-59” (110-150 cm), body width of 9.8”-11.8” (25-30 cm), and standing height of roughly 43.3”-59” (110-150 cm). The typical lifespan of the Greater Flamingo is between 30-60 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Greater Flamingo
The Greater Flamingo (phoenicopterus roseus) is a flamingo species that is the most widespread. They live in mudflats and shallow coastal lagoons with salt water in Africa, the Indian subcontinent, the Middle East, and in southern Europe. Physically, the plumage is pink-white with red wing coverts.

The Greater Flamingo has a wingspan in the range of 55.1”-66.9” (140-170 cm) and total weight of 4.4-9.9 lb (2-4.5 kg). The body of the Greater Flamingo has an overall length between 43.3”-59” (110-150 cm), body width of 9.8”-11.8” (25-30 cm), and standing height of roughly 43.3”-59” (110-150 cm). The typical lifespan of the Greater Flamingo is between 30-60 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Greater Flamingo
Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus)
Height:
43.3”-59” | 110-150 cm
Width:
55.1”-66.9” | 140-170 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
43.3”-59” | 110-150 cm
Depth:
Weight:
4.4-9.9 lb | 2-4.5 kg
Area:

Body Width: 9.8”-11.8” | 25-30 cm

Scientific Name
Phoenicopterus roseus
Lifespan
30-60 years

Drawings include:

Greater Flamingo side view, front, flying (assorted)

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Snares Penguin (Eudyptes robustus)
Comparison drawing of the Snares Penguin compared to other similar penguins and a person

The Snares Penguin (Eudyptes robustus) gets its name from the region where it breeds--the Snare island. It is endemic to New Zealand and is also called Snare Islands penguin or Snare crested penguin. This yellow-crested penguin has white underparts and a dark-blue dorsal side. Besides, it has a large red-brown bill, while the eyebrow stripes are yellow and extend over the eyes. At the base of its bill is bare pink skin, while the beak is thick and reddish-brown. Each individual has a unique color pattern under the wings, making it easy to identify when mixed with other species. It is separated from the Fiordland penguin by a patch of skin at the base of its beaks.

Snares Penguins have an overall height between 22”-28” (56-71 cm) and body width of 7.9”-10.2” (20-26 cm). The typical weight of the Snares Penguin is in the range of 5-10 lb (2.3-4.5 kg). Snares Penguins have lifespans between 15-20 years.

Set of scaled elevation drawings of the Snares Penguin viewed from the side and front
The Snares Penguin (Eudyptes robustus) gets its name from the region where it breeds--the Snare island. It is endemic to New Zealand and is also called Snare Islands penguin or Snare crested penguin. This yellow-crested penguin has white underparts and a dark-blue dorsal side.

Snares Penguins have an overall height between 22”-28” (56-71 cm) and body width of 7.9”-10.2” (20-26 cm). The typical weight of the Snares Penguin is in the range of 5-10 lb (2.3-4.5 kg). Snares Penguins have lifespans between 15-20 years.

Set of scaled elevation drawings of the Snares Penguin viewed from the side and front
Snares Penguin (Eudyptes robustus)
Height:
22”-28” | 56-71 cm
Width:
7.9”-10.2” | 20-26 cm
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
5-10 lb | 2.3-4.5 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Eudyptes robustus
Lifespan
15-20 years

Drawings include:

Snares Penguin side elevations, front, back

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Sea Otter (Enhydra lutris)
Scale illustration of an average Sea Otter compared to other species of Mustelids

The Sea Otter, Enhydra lutris, is a marine mammal that resides on the coasts of the northern and eastern North Pacific Ocean; while the sea otter can walk on land, it is able to live exclusively in the ocean. Its thick coat of fur aids in insulation, and it is the densest in the animal kingdom. It is one of the few mammal species to use tools to forage and eat; its prey include sea urchins, mollusks, crustaceans, and some types of fish. Some of these species of fish are also valued by humans as food, and this can lead to conflicts between sea otters and fisheries.

The Sea Otter has a body length in the range of 29.5”-45.3” (75-115 cm) and total weight of 31-99 lb (14-45 kg). Sea Otters have a shoulder height between 12.2”-18.5” (31-47 cm), body width of 10.2”-15.75” (26-40 cm), and tail length of 9.8”-13.8” (25-35 cm). The typical lifespan of the Sea Otter is between 10-23 years.

Pair of elevation illustrations of the Sea Otter seen from the side and front
The Sea Otter, Enhydra lutris, is a marine mammal that resides on the coasts of the northern and eastern North Pacific Ocean; while the sea otter can walk on land, it is able to live exclusively in the ocean. Its thick coat of fur aids in insulation, and it is the densest in the animal kingdom.

The Sea Otter has a body length in the range of 29.5”-45.3” (75-115 cm) and total weight of 31-99 lb (14-45 kg). Sea Otters have a shoulder height between 12.2”-18.5” (31-47 cm), body width of 10.2”-15.75” (26-40 cm), and tail length of 9.8”-13.8” (25-35 cm). The typical lifespan of the Sea Otter is between 10-23 years.

Pair of elevation illustrations of the Sea Otter seen from the side and front
Sea Otter (Enhydra lutris)
Height:
12.2”-18.5” | 31-47 cm
Width:
10.2”-15.75” | 26-40 cm
Length:
29.5”-45.3” | 75-115 cm
Depth:
Weight:
31-99 lb | 14-45 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 9.8”-13.8” | 25-35 cm

Scientific Name
Enhydra lutris
Lifespan
10-23 years

Drawings include:

Sea Otter side elevation (assorted), front

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads