Desert Animals

Desert Animals

Description
Description

Desert animals are a diverse group adapted to survive in arid environments, characterized by extreme temperatures, scarce water, and limited food resources. Their habitats range from the sandy dunes of the Sahara to the rocky expanses of the Mojave. These animals have evolved remarkable adaptations; some are nocturnal to avoid daytime heat, others have specialized kidneys to conserve water, and many have a light-colored coat to reflect sunlight. Camels, scorpions, and various reptiles are quintessential desert dwellers. The evolution of these animals is a testament to life's resilience, showcasing a wide array of survival strategies in one of Earth's harshest environments.

Anatomy
Anatomy

Desert animals boast unique anatomical features tailored for extreme survival. Many have slender bodies and long limbs for efficient heat dissipation and swift movement across sand. Creatures like camels store fat in humps instead of throughout their bodies, preventing insulation that could cause overheating. Fennec foxes have large ears that radiate body heat and detect scarce prey. Snakes and lizards exhibit scales to minimize water loss, while nocturnal animals have evolved acute senses to navigate and hunt in darkness. Vocal communication is often limited, as it can attract predators. Instead, these animals rely on subtle sounds, body language, and vibrations to interact.

Human Interaction
Human Interaction

The relationship between humans and desert animals is marked by adaptation and mutual benefits. Historically, nomadic peoples have relied on camels for transportation and sustenance in arid regions. In pop culture, desert animals like meerkats and scorpions symbolize resilience and mystery. Desert fauna, often portrayed in films and literature, captivate audiences with their unique adaptations.

Conservation efforts for desert animals are crucial due to threats like habitat loss and climate change. Organizations work to protect species and habitats, emphasizing sustainable human-animal coexistence. Ecotourism also plays a role, fostering appreciation and support for these remarkable creatures and their challenging environments.

Common Questions
Common Questions
How do desert animals survive without water?

Desert animals can survive without water through various physical adaptations. For example, the camel has a hump in which fats are stored and small insects absorb moisture from their surroundings or water droplets from xerophyte plants. Some animals also rest in the colder areas below the desert soil.

Why do desert animals have fur?

Desert animals may have fur to help provide some traction from the ground. Fur also helps the skin of desert animals from the hot sand and ground surfaces. The fur also helps protect them from the sun rays while serving as insulation during cold nights.

What do animals eat in the desert?

Typically, animals in the desert eat plants, insects, and carcasses. It is often easier for smaller animals to find food in the desert and stay satisfied. This is due to the scarcity of food and water as well as extreme climate conditions. Animals usually find food by scavenging around the desert.

5.7”-8.1” | 14.5-20.5 cm
19.7”-24” | 50-61 cm (Wingspan)
8.7”-12.2” | 22-31 cm
.18-.36 lb | .08-.165 kg
5-11 years
American Kestrel
20.500
61.000
31.000
0.165
11.00
25500
GUIDE
3D
American Kestrel
.55”-.67” | 1.4-1.7 cm
.51”-.63” | 1.3-1.6 cm
3.1”-3.9” | 7.9-9.9 cm
.02-.17 oz | .5-5 g
3-8 years
Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion
1.700
1.600
9.900
0.005
8.00
900
GUIDE
3D
Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion
43.3”-66.9” | 110-170 cm
13.4”-21.3” | 34-54 cm
59”-92.5” | 150-235 cm
143-165 lb | 65-75 kg
15-21 years
Arabian Oryx
170.000
54.000
235.000
75.000
21.00
15450
GUIDE
3D
Arabian Oryx
.16”-.22” | .4-.55 cm
.39”-.51” | 1-1.3 cm
2.56”-3.15” | 6.5-8 cm
2 oz | 57 g
5-7 years
Arizona Bark Scorpion
0.550
1.300
8.000
0.057
7.00
10800
GUIDE
3D
Arizona Bark Scorpion
.39”-.55” | 1-1.4 cm
.6”-.8” | 1.5-2 cm
3”-3.5” | 7.5-9 cm
1.8-3.5 oz | 50-100 g
10-25 years
Armadillo Lizard
1.400
2.000
9.000
0.100
25.00
53600
GUIDE
3D
Armadillo Lizard
30”-46” | 76-117 cm
4’7”-6’5” | 1.4-2 m
265-500 lb | 120-250 kg
12-18 years (wild); 18-20 years (captivity)
Asiatic Lion
117.000
200.000
250.000
20.00
7400
GUIDE
3D
Asiatic Lion
7’ | 2.13 m
7.42'-11.5' | 2.25-3.5 m
990-1100 lb | 450-500 kg
20-40 years; 50 (wild)
Bactrian Camel
213.000
350.000
500.000
50.00
12000
GUIDE
3D
Bactrian Camel
.18”-.22” | 4.5-5.5 mm
2.64”-3.5” | 67-89 mm (Wingspan)
.79”-1.1” | 20-28 mm
2-3 months
Black Swallowtail
0.550
8.900
2.800
0.25
20600
GUIDE
3D
Black Swallowtail
28”-31” | 71-79 cm (Shoulder)
11.8”-13.8” | 30-35 cm
39.4”-49.2” | 100-125 cm
84-104 lb | 38-47 kg
12-20 years
Brown Hyena
79.000
35.000
125.000
47.000
20.00
8100
GUIDE
3D
Brown Hyena
5.3”-8.9” | 13.5-22.5 cm
20”-24” | 51-61 cm (Wingspan)
6.7”-11” | 17-28 cm
.29-.57 lb | .13-.26 kg
6-11 years
Burrowing Owl
22.500
61.000
28.000
0.260
11.00
34200
GUIDE
3D
Burrowing Owl
3.7”-4.7” | 9.5-12 cm
10.6”-11” | 27-28 cm (Wingspan)
7.1”-9.1” | 18-23 cm
1.2-1.7 oz | 33-47 g
2-7 years
Cactus Wren
12.000
28.000
23.000
0.047
7.00
8620
GUIDE
3D
Cactus Wren
1.2”-2” | 3-5 cm
3’-6.5’ | .91-1.98 m
1-3.3 lb | .45-1.5 kg
10-20 years
California Kingsnake
5.000
198.000
1.500
20.00
16400
GUIDE
3D
California Kingsnake
.43”-.67” | 11-17 mm
.35”-.55” | 9-14 mm
5.51”-8.07” | 14-20.5 cm
1-1.5 years
Camel Spider
1.700
1.400
20.500
1.50
247060
GUIDE
3D
Camel Spider
1.6”-3.15” | 4-8 cm
6.5’-10’ | 1.98-3.05 m
26.4-33 lb | 12-15 kg
15-30 years
Carpet Python
8.000
305.000
15.000
30.00
27200
GUIDE
3D
Carpet Python
29.9”-39.4” | 76-100 cm
9.1”-11.4” | 23-29 cm
35.4”-47.2” | 90-120 cm
44-55 lb | 20-25 kg
12-15 years
Chinkara
100.000
29.000
120.000
25.000
15.00
20900
GUIDE
3D
Chinkara
.35”-.71” | .9-1.8 cm
.4”-.83” | 1-2.1 cm
3”-5.9” | 7.5-15 cm
1.6-2.5 oz | 45-70 g
3-8 years
Common House Gecko
1.800
2.100
15.000
0.070
8.00
136000
GUIDE
3D
Common House Gecko
8.1”-9.4” | 20.5-24 cm
26.8”-31.5” | 68-80 cm (Wingspan)
13”-15.4” | 33-39 cm
.31-.68 lb | .14-.31 kg
15-18 years
Common Kestrel
24.000
80.000
39.000
0.310
18.00
33500
GUIDE
3D
Common Kestrel
.71”-1.1” | 1.8-2.8 cm
.98”-1.38” | 2.5-3.5 cm
7.1”-11” | 18-28 cm
1.6-3 oz | 45-85 g
10-20 years
Common Leopard Gecko
2.800
3.500
28.000
0.085
20.00
300000
GUIDE
3D
Common Leopard Gecko
5.3”-6.3” | 13.5-16 cm (Hanging)
13.8”-15.75” | 35-40 cm (Wingspan)
2.6”-3.5” | 6.5-9 cm (Body)
.88-1.6 oz | 25-45 g
12-29 years
Common Vampire Bat
16.000
40.000
9.000
0.045
29.00
7100
GUIDE
3D
Common Vampire Bat
.6”-1.4” | 1.5-3.5 cm
2’-6’ | .61-1.83 m
1-2 lb | .45-.9 kg
10-23 years
Corn Snake
3.500
183.000
0.900
23.00
255000
GUIDE
3D
Corn Snake
Cougar
150000
21”-28” | 53-71 cm
42”-54” | 107-137 cm
65-200 lb | 30-91 kg
10-13 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Cougar
71.000
137.000
91.000
20.00
150000
GUIDE
3D
Cougar
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
32”-37” | 81-94 cm
20-45 lb | 9-20 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Coyote
61.000
94.000
20.000
20.00
600
GUIDE
3D
Coyote
5.3”-5.7” | 13.5-14.5 cm
13.4”-13.8” | 34-35 cm (Wingspan)
10.6”-11” | 27-28 cm
2.2-3.3 oz | 61-94 g
5-11 years
Curve-Billed Thrasher
14.500
35.000
28.000
0.094
11.00
1650
GUIDE
3D
Curve-Billed Thrasher
1.8”-2” | 4.5-5 cm
2.75”-3.1” | 7-8 cm
.35-.6 oz | 10-17 g
2-3 years (wild); 4-5 years (captivity)
Dark Kangaroo Mouse
5.000
8.000
0.017
5.00
8000
GUIDE
3D
Dark Kangaroo Mouse
.28”-.43” | .7-1.1 cm
.43”-.71” | 1.1-1.8 cm
2.75”-4.33” | 7-11 cm
.035-.09 oz | 1-2.5 g
4-12 years
Deathstalker
1.100
1.800
11.000
0.003
12.00
17200
GUIDE
3D
Deathstalker
1.1”-1.73” | 2.8-4.4 cm
1.06”-1.65” | 2.7-4.2 cm
10”-16” | 25.4-40.6 cm
2-3 oz | 57-85 g
7-14 years
Desert Iguana
4.400
4.200
40.600
0.085
14.00
6300
GUIDE
3D
Desert Iguana
.43”-.71” | 11-18 mm
.35”-.59” | 9-15 mm
1.97”-3.15” | 5-8 cm
3-12 months
Desert Locust
1.800
1.500
8.000
1.00
7100
GUIDE
3D
Desert Locust
.2”-.43” | 5-11 mm
3.9”-5.9” | 10-15 cm
7-10 years
Desert Millipede
1.100
15.000
10.00
1150
GUIDE
3D
Desert Millipede
Dingo
105000
20”-24” | 51-61 cm
28”-43” | 71-109 cm
30-45 lb | 14-20 kg
3-7 years (wild); up to 16 years (captivity)
Dingo
61.000
109.000
20.000
16.00
105000
GUIDE
3D
Dingo
Donkey
119000
43”-57” | 109-145 cm
57”-76” | 145-193 cm
400-500 lb | 180-225 kg
25-40 years
Donkey
145.000
193.000
225.000
25.00
119000
GUIDE
3D
Donkey
28.7”-36.2” | 73-92 cm
7.1”-9.1” | 18-23 cm
35.4”-43.3” | 90-110 cm
31-44 lb | 14-20 kg
15-24 years
Dorcas Gazelle
92.000
23.000
110.000
20.000
24.00
3100
GUIDE
3D
Dorcas Gazelle
7’ | 2.13 m
7.17'-11.17' | 2.19-3.41 m
880-1320 lb | 400-600 kg
40-50 years
Dromedary Camel
213.000
341.000
600.000
50.00
3400
GUIDE
3D
Dromedary Camel
1”-1.4” | 2.5-3.5 cm
3.5’-6’ | 1.07-1.83 m
1.1-4.9 lb | .5-2.2 kg
10-34 years
Eastern Black Rat Snake
3.500
183.000
2.200
34.00
1200
GUIDE
3D
Eastern Black Rat Snake
22”-25” | 56-64 cm
34”-39” | 86-99 cm
45-55 lb | 20-25 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Eastern Coyote
64.000
99.000
25.000
20.00
3600
GUIDE
3D
Eastern Coyote
7”-9” | 18-23 cm
10”-16” | 25-41 cm
2-4 lb | 1-2 kg
8-10 years (wild); up to 10-14 years (captivity)
Fennec Fox
23.000
41.000
2.000
14.00
166000
GUIDE
3D
Fennec Fox
14.2”-19.5” | 36-49.5 cm
52”-59.8” | 132-152 cm (Wingspan)
19.7”-27.2” | 50-69 cm
2.2-4.6 lb | .98-2.08 kg
16-24 years
Ferruginous Hawk
49.500
152.000
69.000
2.080
24.00
10200
GUIDE
3D
Ferruginous Hawk
2.6”-4” | 6.6-10.2 cm
6”-9” | 15.2-22.9 cm
.9-1.3 lb | 400-600 g
2-4 years (wild), up to 6-10 years (captivity)
Four-Toed Hedgehog
10.200
22.900
0.600
10.00
3750
GUIDE
3D
Four-Toed Hedgehog
.28”-.55” | 7-14 mm
3”-6.3” | 7.5-16 cm
3-5 years
Giant Centipede
1.400
16.000
5.00
29040
GUIDE
3D
Giant Centipede
.47”-.63” | 12-16 mm
6.7”-7.9” | 17-20 cm
3-6 years
Giant Desert Centipede
1.600
20.000
6.00
7600
GUIDE
3D
Giant Desert Centipede
.39”-.67” | 1-1.7 cm
.75”-1.25” | 1.9-3.2 cm
3.94”-7.1” | 10-18 cm
.14-.25 oz | 4-7 g
7-10 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Giant Hairy Scorpion
1.700
3.200
18.000
0.007
20.00
4000
GUIDE
3D
Giant Hairy Scorpion
18”-20” | 46-51 cm
27”-33” | 69-84 cm
18-24 lb | 8-11 kg
8-10 years (wild); up to 16 years (captivity)
Golden Jackal
51.000
84.000
11.000
16.00
5000
GUIDE
3D
Golden Jackal
26”-33” | 66-84 cm
40”-72” | 102-183 cm
50-150 lb | 23-68 kg
6-8 years (wild); up to 17 years (captivity)
Gray Wolf
84.000
183.000
68.000
17.00
35000
GUIDE
3D
Gray Wolf
9.6”-14.2” | 24.5-36 cm
35.8”-59.8” | 91-152 cm (Wingspan)
16.9”-25.2” | 43-64 cm
2-5.5 lb | .9-2.5 kg
13-35 years
Great Horned Owl
36.000
152.000
64.000
2.500
35.00
106000
GUIDE
3D
Great Horned Owl
3”-3.9” | 7.5-10 cm
6’-9’ | 1.83-2.74 m
2.2-4.4 lb | 1-2 kg
10-20 years
Inland Taipan
10.000
274.000
2.000
20.00
79900
GUIDE
3D
Inland Taipan
Kit Fox
13000
10”-12” | 25-30 cm
17”-21” | 43-53 cm
4-6 lb | 2-2.7 kg
4-7 years (wild); up to 12-14 years (captivity)
Kit Fox
30.000
53.000
2.700
14.00
13000
GUIDE
3D
Kit Fox
5.1”-6.3” | 13-16 cm
2.75”-3.9” | 7-10 cm
11.4”-13.8” | 29-35 cm
.7-1.5 lb | .3-.7 kg
4-9 years
Marbled Polecat
16.000
10.000
35.000
0.700
9.00
8800
GUIDE
3D
Marbled Polecat
Meerkat
87000
5.7”-7.9” | 14.5-20 cm (Shoulder)
2.75”-3.5” | 7-9 cm
9.8”-13.8” | 25-35 cm
1.3-2.2 lb | .6-1 kg
8-20 years
Meerkat
20.000
9.000
35.000
1.000
20.00
87000
GUIDE
3D
Meerkat
3.9”-4.7” | 10-12 cm (Hanging)
11.4”-13.8” | 29-35 cm (Wingspan)
3.1”-3.9” | 8-10 cm (Body)
.25-.42 oz | 7-12 g
8-12 years
Mexican Free-Tailed Bat
12.000
35.000
10.000
0.012
12.00
7000
GUIDE
3D
Mexican Free-Tailed Bat
2.2”-2.7” | 5.6-6.8 cm
4.5”-5.7” | 11.5-14.5 cm
2-4.6 oz | 60-130 g
2-3 years (wild); 3-5 years (captivity)
Mongolian Gerbil
6.800
14.500
0.130
5.00
2700
GUIDE
3D
Mongolian Gerbil
41.3”-55.1” | 105-140 cm
55.1”-70.9” | 140-180 cm
441-573 lb | 200-260 kg
15-40 years
Mongolian Wild Ass
140.000
180.000
260.000
40.00
3180
GUIDE
3D
Mongolian Wild Ass
3.3”-4.1” | 8.5-10.5 cm
2.2”-2.75” | 5.5-7 cm
4.3”-5.1” | 11-13 cm (Body)
1.4-1.9 oz | 40-55 g
1-4 years
North African Elephant Shrew
10.500
7.000
13.000
0.055
4.00
100
GUIDE
3D
North African Elephant Shrew
16.9”-20.1” | 43-51 cm
42.1”-47.2” | 107-120 cm (Wingspan)
19.3”-22.8” | 49-58 cm
2-3.5 lb | .9-1.6 kg
18-30 years
Northern Crested Caracara
51.000
120.000
58.000
1.600
30.00
2700
GUIDE
3D
Northern Crested Caracara
1.8”-2.4” | 4.5-6 cm
3.5”-5.5” | 8-14 cm
2.1-3.4 oz | 60-95 g
2-5 years (wild); 5-10 years (captivity)
Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
6.000
14.000
0.095
10.00
26000
GUIDE
3D
Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
.055”-.07” | 1.4-1.8 mm
.06”-.08” | 1.5-2 mm
.28”-.35” | 7-9 mm
1 year
Peacock Spider
0.180
0.200
0.900
1.00
43000
GUIDE
3D
Peacock Spider
8.1”-13” | 20.5-33 cm
29.1”-47.2” | 74-120 cm (Wingspan)
14.2”-22.8” | 36-58 cm
.73-3.3 lb | .33-1.5 kg
15-25 years
Peregrine Falcon
33.000
120.000
58.000
1.500
25.00
205000
GUIDE
3D
Peregrine Falcon
56.3”-63” | 143-160 cm
66.9”-75.6” | 170-192 cm
441-573 lb | 200-260 kg
20-40 years
Persian Onager
160.000
192.000
260.000
40.00
1000
GUIDE
3D
Persian Onager
Pichi
20150
4.7”-7.1” | 12-18 cm
4.1”-5.9” | 10.5-15 cm
10.2”-13.8” | 26-35 cm (Body)
1.5-3.3 lb | .7-1.5 kg
9-13 years
Pichi
18.000
15.000
35.000
1.500
13.00
20150
GUIDE
3D
Pichi
1.2”-1.8” | 3-4.5 cm
.8”-1.2” | 2-3 cm
3.15”-4.7” | 8-12 cm (Body)
.22-.26 lb | .1-.12 kg
3-4 years
Pink Fairy Armadillo
4.500
3.000
12.000
0.120
4.00
27600
GUIDE
3D
Pink Fairy Armadillo
8.3”-10.6” | 21-27 cm
35.4”-44.5” | 90-113 cm (Wingspan)
15”-19.7” | 38-50 cm
1.1-2.1 lb | .5-.95 kg
15-20 years
Prairie Falcon
27.000
113.000
50.000
0.950
20.00
5970
GUIDE
3D
Prairie Falcon
51.2”-61” | 130-155 cm
63”-74.8” | 160-190 cm
551-794 lb | 250-360 kg
20-25 years
Przewalski's Horse
155.000
190.000
360.000
25.00
310
GUIDE
3D
Przewalski's Horse
Red Fox
112000
14”-18” | 35-46 cm
22”-34” | 56-86 cm
12-18 lb | 5-8 kg
2-4 years (wild); up to 10-12 years (captivity)
Red Fox
46.000
86.000
8.000
12.00
112000
GUIDE
3D
Red Fox
4’10”-6’10” | 147-208 cm
39”-63” | 99-160 cm
50-200 lb | 23-91 kg
8-16 years (wild); up to 25-27 years (captivity)
Red Kangaroo
208.000
160.000
91.000
27.00
132000
GUIDE
3D
Red Kangaroo
5.5”-7.9” | 14-20 cm
3.3”-4.7” | 8.5-12 cm
11.8”-16.5” | 30-42 cm (Body)
1.8-2.9 lb | .8-1.3 kg
7-19 years
Ringtail
20.000
12.000
42.000
1.300
19.00
4800
GUIDE
3D
Ringtail
1.1”-1.9” | 2.7-4.7 cm
2”-3” | 4.5-7.6 cm
.7-1 oz | 20-30 g
2-3 years (wild); 4-5 years (captivity)
Roborovski Dwarf Hamster
4.700
7.600
0.030
5.00
17000
GUIDE
3D
Roborovski Dwarf Hamster
.6”-1.2” | 1.5-3 cm
17”-36” | 43-91 cm
.8-1 lb | .36-.45 kg
18-31 years
Rosy Boa
3.000
91.000
0.450
31.00
25030
GUIDE
3D
Rosy Boa
44.1”-67.7” | 112-172 cm
14.2”-21.7” | 36-55 cm
59”-90.6” | 150-230 cm
198-463 lb | 90-210 kg
15-28 years
Scimitar Oryx
172.000
55.000
230.000
210.000
28.00
13200
GUIDE
3D
Scimitar Oryx
4.3”-8.3” | 11-21 cm
3.9”-7.1” | 10-18 cm
8.7”-16.5” | 22-42 cm (Body)
.66-2.9 lb | .3-1.3 kg
9-16 years
Screaming Hairy Armadillo
21.000
18.000
42.000
1.300
16.00
2650
GUIDE
3D
Screaming Hairy Armadillo
3.1”-5.9” | 8-15 cm
2.6”-4.5” | 6.5-11.5 cm
6.7”-12.2” | 17-31 cm (Body)
.9-2.1 oz | 25-60 g
1-4 years
Somali Elephant Shrew
15.000
11.500
31.000
0.060
4.00
410
GUIDE
3D
Somali Elephant Shrew
11”-12” | 28-30 cm
15”-21” | 38-53 cm
4-7 lb | 2-3 kg
3-6 years (wild); up to 10-14 years (captivity)
Swift Fox
30.000
53.000
3.000
14.00
7600
GUIDE
3D
Swift Fox
.4”-1” | 1-2.5 cm
2’-4’ | .61-1.22 m
2-5 lb | .9-2.3 kg
7-15 years
Texas Coral Snake
2.500
122.000
2.300
15.00
7700
GUIDE
3D
Texas Coral Snake
1.26”-1.69” | 3.2-4.3 cm
1.61”-2.4” | 4.1-6.1 cm
6”-8.5” | 15.2-21.6 cm
1.8-3.4 oz | 50-95 g
12-20 years
Thorny Dragon
4.300
6.100
21.600
0.095
20.00
7700
GUIDE
3D
Thorny Dragon
.28”-.47” | 7-12 mm
3.9”-7.1” | 10-18 cm
4-6 years
Tiger Centipede
1.200
18.000
6.00
2600
GUIDE
3D
Tiger Centipede
.13”-.17” | 3.2-4.3 mm (Male); .25”-.33” | 6.3-8.4 mm (Female)
.13”-.18” | 3.4-4.5 mm (Male); .26”-.35” | 6.7-9 mm (Female)
.75”-1.02” | 19-26 mm (Male); 1.5”-1.97” | 38-50 mm (Female)
2-3 years
Western Black Widow
0.840
0.900
5.000
3.00
10000
GUIDE
3D
Western Black Widow
1.4”-2.75” | 3.5-7 cm
3’-7’ | .91-2.13 m
2.6-14.8 lb | 1.2-6.7 kg
15-26 years
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake
7.000
213.000
6.700
26.00
20800
GUIDE
3D
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Western Diamondback Rattlesnake to other snakes

The Western diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox) is also called corn tail, desert diamond-back, diamond-backed rattlesnake, spitting snake, and buzz tail. The snake favors hillsides, steep rocky canyons, desert scrub, grassland desert, and sandy areas. They belong to the family Viperidae and native to the southwest part of North America up to Mexico. These highly aggressive pit vipers’ defense mechanisms include forming an S-shape by lifting the fore body or coiling, rattling, and attacking if those measures do not work. The head is triangular, tail shorter, and a plump body covered either in pink, pale blue, yellowish-gray with a dark diamond shape and pale border down its length. Females give birth to live offspring.

The Western Diamondback Rattlesnake has an overall length between 3’-7’ (.91-2.13 m), body width of roughly 1.4”-2.75” (3.5-7 cm), and weight from 2.6-14.8 lb (1.2-6.7 kg). The typical lifespan of the Western Diamondback Rattlesnake is between 15-26 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Western Diamondback Rattlesnake in various poses
The Western diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox) is also called corn tail, desert diamond-back, diamond-backed rattlesnake, spitting snake, and buzz tail. The snake favors hillsides, steep rocky canyons, desert scrub, grassland desert, and sandy areas. They belong to the family Viperidae.

The Western Diamondback Rattlesnake has an overall length between 3’-7’ (.91-2.13 m), body width of roughly 1.4”-2.75” (3.5-7 cm), and weight from 2.6-14.8 lb (1.2-6.7 kg). The typical lifespan of the Western Diamondback Rattlesnake is between 15-26 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Western Diamondback Rattlesnake in various poses
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox)
Height:
Width:
1.4”-2.75” | 3.5-7 cm
Length:
3’-7’ | .91-2.13 m
Depth:
Weight:
2.6-14.8 lb | 1.2-6.7 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Crotalus atrox
Lifespan
15-26 years

Drawings include:

Western Diamondback Rattlesnake top view (assorted)

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Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion (Androctonus crassicauda)
Comparison drawing of the Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion compared to other scorpions

The Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion (Androctonus crassicauda) is considered one of the most dangerous species of scorpion following the Deathstalker. It is commonly found in the exotic animal trade despite this information. Its habitat range extends from North Africa into the Middle East throughout the semi-arid and arid regions. It is a medium-sized species noted for its large-sized tail from which its name derives and with a scientific name that translates to ”fat-tailed man-killer.” The color of the Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion varies from a light brown to a darker brown and tends to feed on anything smaller and moving.

The Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion has an overall length between 3.1”-3.9” (7.9-9.9 cm) and weight of .02-.17 oz (.5-5 g). Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpions have a body length of 1.46”-1.85” (3.7-4.7 cm), body width of .51”-.63” (1.3-1.6 cm), and body height of .55”-.67” (1.4-1.7 cm). The typical lifespan of the Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion is between 3-8 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion
The Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion (Androctonus crassicauda) is considered one of the most dangerous species of scorpion following the Deathstalker. It is commonly found in the exotic animal trade despite this information. Its habitat range extends from North Africa into the Middle East.

The Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion has an overall length between 3.1”-3.9” (7.9-9.9 cm) and weight of .02-.17 oz (.5-5 g). Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpions have a body length of 1.46”-1.85” (3.7-4.7 cm), body width of .51”-.63” (1.3-1.6 cm), and body height of .55”-.67” (1.4-1.7 cm). The typical lifespan of the Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion is between 3-8 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion
Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion (Androctonus crassicauda)
Height:
.55”-.67” | 1.4-1.7 cm
Width:
.51”-.63” | 1.3-1.6 cm
Length:
3.1”-3.9” | 7.9-9.9 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.02-.17 oz | .5-5 g
Area:

Body Length: 1.46”-1.85” | 3.7-4.7 cm

Scientific Name
Androctonus crassicauda
Lifespan
3-8 years

Drawings include:

Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion top view, side

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Western Black Widow (Latrodectus hesperus)
Scale illustration of an average Western Black Widow compared to other spider species

Perhaps the most noticeable feature in the Western Black Widow (Latrodectus hesperus) is its black hourglass-shaped body with a red mark on the lower abdomen. Another thing is its painful venomous bite. This spider is a member of the family Theridiidae, native to western North America, and builds irregular, disorganized webs. Like other members of the same species, the spider exhibits cannibalism and suicidal behavior during courtship. Males and females build separate webs. Look for it in the dark areas of a room. No wonder it has poor eyesight and relies on silk vibration to detect prey or danger. Studies show their egg sacs can hold several future spiderlings.

Male and female Western Black Widows vary in size. The female Western Black Widow has an overall legspan length between 1.5”-1.97” (38-50 mm), body length of .47”-.63” (12-16 mm), body width of .26”-.35” (6.7-9 mm), and body height of .25”-.33” (6.3-8.4 mm). The male Western Black Widow has an overall legspan length between .75”-1.02” (19-26 mm), body length of .24”-.31” (6-8 mm), body width of .13”-.18” (3.4-4.5 mm), and body height of .13”-.17” (3.2-4.3 mm). The common lifespan of the Western Black Widow is between 2-3 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Western Black Widow
Perhaps the most noticeable feature in the Western Black Widow (Latrodectus hesperus) is its black hourglass-shaped body with a red mark on the lower abdomen. Another thing is its painful venomous bite. This spider is a member of the family Theridiidae and is native to western North America.

Male and female Western Black Widows vary in size. The female Western Black Widow has an overall legspan length between 1.5”-1.97” (38-50 mm), body length of .47”-.63” (12-16 mm), body width of .26”-.35” (6.7-9 mm), and body height of .25”-.33” (6.3-8.4 mm). The male Western Black Widow has an overall legspan length between .75”-1.02” (19-26 mm), body length of .24”-.31” (6-8 mm), body width of .13”-.18” (3.4-4.5 mm), and body height of .13”-.17” (3.2-4.3 mm). The common lifespan of the Western Black Widow is between 2-3 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Western Black Widow
Western Black Widow (Latrodectus hesperus)
Height:
.13”-.17” | 3.2-4.3 mm (Male); .25”-.33” | 6.3-8.4 mm (Female)
Width:
.13”-.18” | 3.4-4.5 mm (Male); .26”-.35” | 6.7-9 mm (Female)
Length:
.75”-1.02” | 19-26 mm (Male); 1.5”-1.97” | 38-50 mm (Female)
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Body Length: .24”-.31” | 6-8 mm (Male); .47”-.63” | 12-16 mm (Female)

Scientific Name
Latrodectus hesperus
Lifespan
2-3 years

Drawings include:

Western Black Widow top view, side

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Camel Spider (Galeodes arabs)
Scale illustration of an average Camel Spider compared to other spider species

They may have gained an evil reputation during the Iraqi war as voracious predators capable of devouring humans or a camel, but those are just myths about the Camel Spider (Solifugae). This spider belongs to the class Arachnida and is also called Wind Scorpion, Solifuge, or Sun spider. The Camel Spider shows characteristics of both scorpions and spiders and has a unique feeding ability of devouring prey to a pulp, then exuding digestive enzymes to liquefy the flesh. As a desert dweller, it feeds on small ground-dwelling animals and hides on scrubs. Females dig burrows which she uses to lay her eggs.

The Camel Spider has an overall legspan length between 5.51”-8.07” (14-20.5 cm). Camel Spiders have a typical body length of 2”-3” (5.1-7.6 cm), body width of .35”-.55” (9-14 mm), and body height of .43”-.67” (11-17 mm). The common lifespan of the Camel Spider is between 1-1.5 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Camel Spider
They may have gained an evil reputation during the Iraqi war as voracious predators capable of devouring humans or a camel, but those are just myths about the Camel Spider (Solifugae). This spider belongs to the class Arachnida and is also called Wind Scorpion, Solifuge, or Sun spider.

The Camel Spider has an overall legspan length between 5.51”-8.07” (14-20.5 cm). Camel Spiders have a typical body length of 2”-3” (5.1-7.6 cm), body width of .35”-.55” (9-14 mm), and body height of .43”-.67” (11-17 mm). The common lifespan of the Camel Spider is between 1-1.5 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Camel Spider
Camel Spider (Galeodes arabs)
Height:
.43”-.67” | 11-17 mm
Width:
.35”-.55” | 9-14 mm
Length:
5.51”-8.07” | 14-20.5 cm
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Body Length: 2”-3” | 5.1-7.6 cm

Scientific Name
Galeodes arabs
Lifespan
1-1.5 years

Drawings include:

Camel Spider top view, side

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Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Peregrine Falcon to other species of birds of prey

The Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) is a bird of prey and the fastest bird in the world and in the animal kingdom. They are found nearly everywhere on earth with the exception of extreme polar regions, high mountain ranges, and most tropical rainforests. They have a blue-gray plumage with barred white underparts. The head is black with a pale neck and white throat. They almost exclusively hunt medium-sized birds, but they may occasionally eat small mammals, small reptiles, or even insects. Due to their strong hunting skills, high trainability, versatility, and availability, the Peregrine Falcon is a well-respected falconry bird.

The Peregrine Falcon has a wingspan in the range of 29.1”-47.2” (74-120 cm) and total weight of .73-3.3 lb (.33-1.5 kg). The body of the Peregrine Falcon has an overall length between 14.2”-22.8” (36-58 cm), body width of 3.9”-6.3” (10-16 cm), and standing height of roughly 8.1”-13” (20.5-33 cm). The typical lifespan of the Peregrine Falcon is between 15-25 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Peregrine Falcon in various standing poses with dimensions
The Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) is a bird of prey and the fastest bird in the world and in the animal kingdom. They are found nearly everywhere on earth with the exception of extreme polar regions, high mountain ranges, and most tropical rainforests. They have a blue-gray plumage.

The Peregrine Falcon has a wingspan in the range of 29.1”-47.2” (74-120 cm) and total weight of .73-3.3 lb (.33-1.5 kg). The body of the Peregrine Falcon has an overall length between 14.2”-22.8” (36-58 cm), body width of 3.9”-6.3” (10-16 cm), and standing height of roughly 8.1”-13” (20.5-33 cm). The typical lifespan of the Peregrine Falcon is between 15-25 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Peregrine Falcon in various standing poses with dimensions
Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)
Height:
8.1”-13” | 20.5-33 cm
Width:
29.1”-47.2” | 74-120 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
14.2”-22.8” | 36-58 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.73-3.3 lb | .33-1.5 kg
Area:

Body Width: 3.9”-6.3” | 10-16 cm

Scientific Name
Falco peregrinus
Lifespan
15-25 years

Drawings include:

Peregrine Falcon side view, front, flying (assorted)

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