Desert animals are distinguishable by their physical adaptations to be able to live in a harsh, dry environment. In the desert, water can be scarce and temperatures can reach upwards of 120 degrees Fahrenheit (50 degrees Celsius). This is why desert dwellers, such as the Camel and the Jackrabbit, have evolved to be equipped to handle extreme conditions with the Camel having the ability to store and carry large amounts of water and the Jackrabbit with large ears that help cool and deflect heat. Not only can deserts be extremely hot, but their temperatures can also drop at night, as low as -4 degrees Fahrenheit (-20 degrees Celsius) due to the lack of cloud cover to maintain heat. The animals living in these desert habitats have evolved to adapt and thrive in one of the most inhospitable, ever-changing habitats on Earth.

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Desert Animals Guides
Browse through our curated Desert Animals Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Desert Animals. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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30”-46” | 76-117 cm
4’7”-6’5” | 1.4-2 m
265-500 lb | 120-250 kg
12-18 years (wild); 18-20 years (captivity)
Asiatic Lion
117.000
200.000
250.000
20.00
7400
3D
Asiatic Lion
84" (7’) | 2.13 m
89"-138" (7’5”-11’6”) | 225-350 cm
990-1100 lb | 450-500 kg
20-40 years; 50 (wild)
Bactrian Camel
213.000
350.000
500.000
20.00
12000
3D
Bactrian Camel
Cougar
150000
21”-28” | 53-71 cm
42”-54” | 107-137 cm
65-200 lb | 30-91 kg
10-13 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Cougar
71.000
137.000
91.000
20.00
150000
3D
Cougar
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
32”-37” | 81-94 cm
20-45 lb | 9-20 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Coyote
61.000
94.000
20.000
20.00
600
3D
Coyote
1.8”-2” | 4.5-5 cm
2.75”-3.1” | 7-8 cm
.35-.6 oz | 10-17 g
2-3 years (wild); 4-5 years (captivity)
Dark Kangaroo Mouse
5.000
8.000
0.017
5.00
8000
3D
Dark Kangaroo Mouse
Dingo
105000
20”-24” | 51-61 cm
28”-43” | 71-109 cm
30-45 lb | 14-20 kg
3-7 years (wild); up to 16 years (captivity)
Dingo
61.000
109.000
20.000
16.00
105000
3D
Dingo
84" (7’) | 2.13 m
86"-134" (7’2”-11’2”) | 219-341 cm
880-1320 lb | 400-600 kg
40-50 years
Dromedary Camel
213.000
341.000
600.000
40.00
3400
3D
Dromedary Camel
22”-25” | 56-64 cm
34”-39” | 86-99 cm
45-55 lb | 20-25 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Eastern Coyote
64.000
99.000
25.000
20.00
3600
3D
Eastern Coyote
7”-9” | 18-23 cm
10”-16” | 25-41 cm
2-4 lb | 1-2 kg
8-10 years (wild); up to 10-14 years (captivity)
Fennec Fox
23.000
41.000
2.000
14.00
166000
3D
Fennec Fox
2.6”-4” | 6.6-10.2 cm
6”-9” | 15.2-22.9 cm
.9-1.3 lb | 400-600 g
2-4 years (wild), up to 6-10 years (captivity)
Four-Toed Hedgehog
10.200
22.900
0.600
10.00
3750
3D
Four-Toed Hedgehog
18”-20” | 46-51 cm
27”-33” | 69-84 cm
18-24 lb | 8-11 kg
8-10 years (wild); up to 16 years (captivity)
Golden Jackal
51.000
84.000
11.000
16.00
5000
3D
Golden Jackal
26”-33” | 66-84 cm
40”-72” | 102-183 cm
50-150 lb | 23-68 kg
6-8 years (wild); up to 17 years (captivity)
Gray Wolf
84.000
183.000
68.000
17.00
35000
3D
Gray Wolf
Kit Fox
13000
10”-12” | 25-30 cm
17”-21” | 43-53 cm
4-6 lb | 2-2.7 kg
4-7 years (wild); up to 12-14 years (captivity)
Kit Fox
30.000
53.000
2.700
14.00
13000
3D
Kit Fox
2.2”-2.7” | 5.6-6.8 cm
4.5”-5.7” | 11.5-14.5 cm
2-4.6 oz | 60-130 g
2-3 years (wild); 3-5 years (captivity)
Mongolian Gerbil
6.800
14.500
0.130
5.00
2700
3D
Mongolian Gerbil
1.8”-2.4” | 4.5-6 cm
3.5”-5.5” | 8-14 cm
2.1-3.4 oz | 60-95 g
2-5 years (wild); 5-10 years (captivity)
Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
6.000
14.000
0.095
10.00
26000
3D
Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
Red Fox
112000
14”-18” | 35-46 cm
22”-34” | 56-86 cm
12-18 lb | 5-8 kg
2-4 years (wild); up to 10-12 years (captivity)
Red Fox
46.000
86.000
8.000
12.00
112000
3D
Red Fox
4’10”-6’10” | 147-208 cm
39”-63” | 99-160 cm
50-200 lb | 23-91 kg
8-16 years (wild); up to 25-27 years (captivity)
Red Kangaroo
208.000
160.000
91.000
27.00
132000
3D
Red Kangaroo
1.1”-1.9” | 2.7-4.7 cm
2”-3” | 4.5-7.6 cm
.7-1 oz | 20-30 g
2-3 years (wild); 4-5 years (captivity)
Roborovski Dwarf Hamster
4.700
7.600
0.030
5.00
17000
3D
Roborovski Dwarf Hamster
11”-12” | 28-30 cm
15”-21” | 38-53 cm
4-7 lb | 2-3 kg
3-6 years (wild); up to 10-14 years (captivity)
Swift Fox
30.000
53.000
3.000
14.00
7600
3D
Swift Fox
Dingo
Scale illustration of an average Dingo with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Dingo (Canis lupus dingo), also known as a warrigal, is considered as either a sub species of the wolf or its own independent species. Likened to the domestic dog, the Dingo has short fur, pointed ears, and a bushy tail. What sets the Dingo apart from the physical appearance of the domestic dog is its longer snout and teeth and larger ears.

The color of the Dingo’s fur varies from yellowish to brownish with cream underparts, although some have been spotted with a completely black or white coat. The Dingo is highly mobile and carries the reputation of the “singing dog” due to the sound of its howls (used to signal occupied territories).

Dingos have a shoulder height of 20”-24” (51-61 cm), body length between 28”-43” (71-109 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 30-45 lb (14-20 kg). The typical lifespan of a Dingo is 3-7 years in the wild and up to 16 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of Dingo in various poses
The Dingo (Canis lupus dingo), also known as a warrigal, is considered as either a sub species of the wolf or its own independent species. Likened to the domestic dog, the Dingo has short fur, pointed ears, and a bushy tail. What sets the Dingo apart is its longer snout and teeth and larger ears.

Dingos have a shoulder height of 20”-24” (51-61 cm), body length between 28”-43” (71-109 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 30-45 lb (14-20 kg). The typical lifespan of a Dingo is 3-7 years in the wild and up to 16 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of Dingo in various poses
Dingo
Height:
20”-24” | 51-61 cm
Width:
Length:
28”-43” | 71-109 cm
Depth:
Weight:
30-45 lb | 14-20 kg
Area:
Coat Color
Scientific Name
Canis lupus dingo
Lifespan
3-7 years (wild); up to 16 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Dingo side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (sitting), side (walking)

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Mongolian Gerbil

The Mongolian Gerbil, also called a jird and originally recognized as the ‘desert rat’, is a small rodent with the scientific name Meriones unguiculatus. It’s adapted to a desert environment, having fur on its entire body, including the tail, to protect itself from the sun.

The Mongolian Gerbil has also adapted for safety, possessing the ability to shed its tail if a predator latches on. This act of survival is important as the Mongolian Gerbil’s tail is approximately as long as its body. It is both a tunnel maker and a considerable chewer, having teeth that grow all the time (a trait shared by all rodents).

Mongolian Gerbils have a height of 2.2”-2.7” (5.6-6.8 cm), body length between 4.5”-5.7” (11.5-14.5 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 2-4.6 oz (60-130 g). The tail length of a Mongolian Gerbil is 3.5”-4.7” (9-12 cm). Mongolian Gerbils have a typical lifespan of 2-3 years in the wild and 3-5 years when raised in captivity.

Set of dimensioned elevation drawings of the Mongolian Gerbil
The Mongolian Gerbil, also called a jird and originally recognized as the ‘desert rat’, is a small rodent with the scientific name Meriones unguiculatus. It’s adapted to a desert environment, having fur on its entire body, including the tail, to protect itself from the sun.

Mongolian Gerbils have a height of 2.2”-2.7” (5.6-6.8 cm), body length between 4.5”-5.7” (11.5-14.5 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 2-4.6 oz (60-130 g). The tail length of a Mongolian Gerbil is 3.5”-4.7” (9-12 cm). Mongolian Gerbils have a typical lifespan of 2-3 years in the wild and 3-5 years when raised in captivity.

Set of dimensioned elevation drawings of the Mongolian Gerbil
Mongolian Gerbil
Height:
2.2”-2.7” | 5.6-6.8 cm
Width:
Length:
4.5”-5.7” | 11.5-14.5 cm
Depth:
Weight:
2-4.6 oz | 60-130 g
Area:
Tail Length
3.5”-4.7” | 9-12 cm
Scientific Name
Meriones unguiculatus
Lifespan
2-3 years (wild); 3-5 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Mongolian Gerbil side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Dark Kangaroo Mouse

The Dark Kangaroo Mouse, a close relative to the kangaroo rat, refers to one of two species of leaping or jumping mouse (pale or dark). Both the pale (Microdipodops pallidus) and dark (Microdipodops megacephalus) kangaroo mice are native to the sandy deserts of the western United States.

Moving bipedally, the kangaroo mouse has tiny front legs, big hindlegs, and tails which are used to maintain balance. It does not need to drink water and is able to meet its nutrient needs from food alone. More so, the kangaroo mouse will collect its food, carry it in its cheeks, and store it in burrows rather than consuming immediately.

Dark Kangaroo Mouses have a height of 1.8”-2” (4.5-5 cm), body length between 2.75”-3.1” (7-8 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .35-.6 oz (10-17 g). The tail length of a Dark Kangaroo Mouse is 2.75”-3.93” (7-10 cm). Dark Kangaroo Mouses have a typical lifespan of 2-3 years in the wild and 4-5 years in captivity.

Dimensioned collection of scaled drawings of the Dark Kangaroo Mouse in various poses
The Dark Kangaroo Mouse, a close relative to the kangaroo rat, refers to one of two species of leaping or jumping mouse (pale or dark). Both the pale (Microdipodops pallidus) and dark (Microdipodops megacephalus) kangaroo mice are native to the sandy deserts of the western United States.

Dark Kangaroo Mouses have a height of 1.8”-2” (4.5-5 cm), body length between 2.75”-3.1” (7-8 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .35-.6 oz (10-17 g). The tail length of a Dark Kangaroo Mouse is 2.75”-3.93” (7-10 cm). Dark Kangaroo Mouses have a typical lifespan of 2-3 years in the wild and 4-5 years in captivity.

Dimensioned collection of scaled drawings of the Dark Kangaroo Mouse in various poses
Dark Kangaroo Mouse
Height:
1.8”-2” | 4.5-5 cm
Width:
Length:
2.75”-3.1” | 7-8 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.35-.6 oz | 10-17 g
Area:
Tail Length
2.75”-3.93” | 7-10 cm
Scientific Name
Microdipodops megacephalus
Lifespan
2-3 years (wild); 4-5 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Dark Kangaroo Mouse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (jumping)

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Cougar
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Cougar compared to an average person

The Cougar (Puma concolor), also known as puma, mountain lion, or catamount, is the second largest cat of the New World behind the Jaguar. Despite its large size, the cougar is considered more closely related to the domestic cat because of its inability to roar.

The Cougar has a slender body with a coat color spanning from sandy brown to a brownish-grey. It also has a round head and erect ears.Found in many habitats, the Cougar is one of the most widely-dispersed of any large land mammal. The range of its environment extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and from northern Canada to South America. Solitary and nocturnal by nature, the Cougar is rarely spotted as it is wary of humans.

Cougars have a shoulder height between 21”-28” (53-71 cm), body length of 42”-54” (107-137 cm), and weight in the range of 65-200 lb (30-91 kg). The tail of a Cougar is 24”-36” (61-91 cm) in length. Cougars have a typical lifespan of 10-13 years and the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Cougar
The Cougar (Puma concolor), also known as puma, mountain lion, or catamount, is the second largest cat of the New World behind the Jaguar. Despite its large size, the cougar is considered more closely related to the domestic cat because of its inability to roar.

Cougars have a shoulder height between 21”-28” (53-71 cm), body length of 42”-54” (107-137 cm), and weight in the range of 65-200 lb (30-91 kg). The tail of a Cougar is 24”-36” (61-91 cm) in length. Cougars have a typical lifespan of 10-13 years and the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Cougar
Cougar
Height:
21”-28” | 53-71 cm
Width:
Length:
42”-54” | 107-137 cm
Depth:
Weight:
65-200 lb | 30-91 kg
Area:
Tail Length
24”-36” | 61-91 cm
Scientific Name
Puma concolor
Lifespan
10-13 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Cougar side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (sitting)

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Red Fox

The Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) is the largest group of true foxes. They have a long body and short limbs typically with a rust-red fur coat. Red Foxes stand apart from other foxes due to their large size and ability to adapt to new environments.

They are native to the northern hemisphere including North America, Europe, Asia, and northern Africa with common habitats consisting of forests, grasslands, mountains, and deserts. Red foxes are typically found in pairs or small groups that consist of families. Their diet consists of small rodents, rabbits, game birds, reptiles, invertebrates, and young ungulates.

Red Foxs have a shoulder height of 14”-18” (35-46 cm), body length between 22”-34” (56-86 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 12-18 lb (5-8 kg). The typical lifespan of a Red Fox is 2-4 years in the wild and up to 10-12 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Red Fox
The Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) is the largest group of true foxes. They have a long body and short limbs typically with a rust-red fur coat. Red Foxes stand apart from other foxes due to their large size and ability to adapt to new environments.

Red Foxs have a shoulder height of 14”-18” (35-46 cm), body length between 22”-34” (56-86 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 12-18 lb (5-8 kg). The typical lifespan of a Red Fox is 2-4 years in the wild and up to 10-12 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Red Fox
Red Fox
Height:
14”-18” | 35-46 cm
Width:
Length:
22”-34” | 56-86 cm
Depth:
Weight:
12-18 lb | 5-8 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Vulpes vulpes
Lifespan
2-4 years (wild); up to 10-12 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Red Fox side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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