Desert animals are distinguishable by their physical adaptations to be able to live in a harsh, dry environment. In the desert, water can be scarce and temperatures can reach upwards of 120 degrees Fahrenheit (50 degrees Celsius). This is why desert dwellers, such as the Camel and the Jackrabbit, have evolved to be equipped to handle extreme conditions with the Camel having the ability to store and carry large amounts of water and the Jackrabbit with large ears that help cool and deflect heat. Not only can deserts be extremely hot, but their temperatures can also drop at night, as low as -4 degrees Fahrenheit (-20 degrees Celsius) due to the lack of cloud cover to maintain heat. The animals living in these desert habitats have evolved to adapt and thrive in one of the most inhospitable, ever-changing habitats on Earth.

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Desert Animals

Dromedary Camel
86"-134" (7’2”-11’2”) | 219-341 cm
3D
Bactrian Camel
89"-138" (7’5”-11’6”) | 225-350 cm
3D
Mongolian Gerbil
2-3 years (wild); 3-5 years (captivity)
3D
Dark Kangaroo Mouse
2-3 years (wild); 4-5 years (captivity)
3D
Four-Toed Hedgehog
2-4 years (wild), up to 6-10 years (captivity)
3D
Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
2-5 years (wild); 5-10 years (captivity)
3D
Red Fox
2-4 years (wild); up to 10-12 years (captivity)
3D
Swift Fox
3-6 years (wild); up to 10-14 years (captivity)
3D
Kit Fox
4-7 years (wild); up to 12-14 years (captivity)
3D
Fennec Fox
8-10 years (wild); up to 10-14 years (captivity)
3D
Dingo
3-7 years (wild); up to 16 years (captivity)
3D
Golden Jackal
8-10 years (wild); up to 16 years (captivity)
3D
Gray Wolf
6-8 years (wild); up to 17 years (captivity)
3D
Cougar
10-13 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
3D
Coyote
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
3D
Eastern Coyote
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
3D
Asiatic Lion
12-18 years (wild); 18-20 years (captivity)
3D
Red Kangaroo
8-16 years (wild); up to 25-27 years (captivity)
3D

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Dromedary Camel
Side elevation drawing of a Dromedary Camel compared to the height of a person with dimensions for heights and body length

The Dromedary Camel, also known as the Arabian Camel, is a one-humped camelid that resides primarily in Northern Africa, with a small feral population in Australia. The Dromedary Camel has not occurred in the wild for about 2,000 years after being domesticated about 4,000 in Arabian Peninsula. The Dromedary Camel is the tallest of all the camel species with a hump that can store up to 80 pounds of fat that can be converted to water in time of need. Due to its ability to store plenty of water reserves, the Dromedary Camel can cover distances of 100 miles in the desert and go several weeks without access to water.

The average Dromedary Camel has an overall height of 84" (7’) (2.13 m), withers height of 71"-78" (5’11”-6’6”) (180-198 cm), and body length of 86"-134" (7’2”-11’2”) (219-341 cm). A typical Dromedary Camel weighs between 880-1320 lb (400-600 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 40-50 years.

Pair of illustrations of a Dromedary Camel viewed walking from the side and standing from behind
The Dromedary Camel is a one-humped camelid that resides in primarily in Northern Africa, with a small feral population in Australia. The Dromedary Camel is the tallest of all the camel species with a hump that can store up to 80 pounds of fat that can be converted to water in time of need.

The average Dromedary Camel has an overall height of 84" (7’) (2.13 m), withers height of 71"-78" (5’11”-6’6”) (180-198 cm), and body length of 86"-134" (7’2”-11’2”) (219-341 cm). A typical Dromedary Camel weighs between 880-1320 lb (400-600 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 40-50 years.

Pair of illustrations of a Dromedary Camel viewed walking from the side and standing from behind
Dromedary Camel
Height:
84" (7’) | 2.13 m
Width:
Length:
86"-134" (7’2”-11’2”) | 219-341 cm
Depth:
Withers Height (Shoulder)
71"-78" (5’11”-6’6”) | 180-198 cm
Weight:
880-1320 lb | 400-600 kg
Area:

Uses: Pack animal

Camelus dromedarius
Lifespan
40-50 years

Drawings include:
Dromedary Cameld side elevation (standing), side (person), front, back, walking, lying down

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Dark Kangaroo Mouse

The Dark Kangaroo Mouse, a close relative to the kangaroo rat, refers to one of two species of leaping or jumping mouse (pale or dark). Both the pale (Microdipodops pallidus) and dark (Microdipodops megacephalus) kangaroo mice are native to the sandy deserts of the western United States.

Moving bipedally, the kangaroo mouse has tiny front legs, big hindlegs, and tails which are used to maintain balance. It does not need to drink water and is able to meet its nutrient needs from food alone. More so, the kangaroo mouse will collect its food, carry it in its cheeks, and store it in burrows rather than consuming immediately.

Dark Kangaroo Mouses have a height of 1.8”-2” (4.5-5 cm), body length between 2.75”-3.1” (7-8 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .35-.6 oz (10-17 g). The tail length of a Dark Kangaroo Mouse is 2.75”-3.93” (7-10 cm). Dark Kangaroo Mouses have a typical lifespan of 2-3 years in the wild and 4-5 years in captivity.

Dimensioned collection of scaled drawings of the Dark Kangaroo Mouse in various poses
The Dark Kangaroo Mouse, a close relative to the kangaroo rat, refers to one of two species of leaping or jumping mouse (pale or dark). Both the pale (Microdipodops pallidus) and dark (Microdipodops megacephalus) kangaroo mice are native to the sandy deserts of the western United States.

Dark Kangaroo Mouses have a height of 1.8”-2” (4.5-5 cm), body length between 2.75”-3.1” (7-8 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .35-.6 oz (10-17 g). The tail length of a Dark Kangaroo Mouse is 2.75”-3.93” (7-10 cm). Dark Kangaroo Mouses have a typical lifespan of 2-3 years in the wild and 4-5 years in captivity.

Dimensioned collection of scaled drawings of the Dark Kangaroo Mouse in various poses
Dark Kangaroo Mouse
Height:
1.8”-2” | 4.5-5 cm
Width:
Length:
2.75”-3.1” | 7-8 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.35-.6 oz | 10-17 g
Area:
Tail Length
2.75”-3.93” | 7-10 cm
Scientific Name
Microdipodops megacephalus
Lifespan
2-3 years (wild); 4-5 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Dark Kangaroo Mouse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (jumping)

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Golden Jackal
Scale illustration of an average Golden Jackal with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Golden Jackal (Canis aureus) is a wolf-like canid. Their coats range from yellow to gold, but they vary from season and region. They are native to southeast Europe, and south Asia. Golden jackals like to live near valleys, by rivers, canals, lakes, and seashores.

They are highly social and adaptable. Golden jackals are omnivorous and they are both predators and scavengers. Their diet consists of rodents, birds, and fruit. They will also scavenge any of the preys by the lion, tiger, leopard, dhole, and gray wolf.

Golden Jackals have a shoulder height of 18”-20” (46-51 cm), body length between 27”-33” (69-84 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 18-24 lb (8-11 kg). The typical lifespan of a Golden Jackal is 8-10 years in the wild and up to 16 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of Golden Jackal in various poses
The Golden Jackal (Canis aureus) is a wolf-like canid. Their coats range from yellow to gold, but they vary from season and region. They are native to southeast Europe, and south Asia. Golden jackals like to live near valleys, by rivers, canals, lakes, and seashores.

Golden Jackals have a shoulder height of 18”-20” (46-51 cm), body length between 27”-33” (69-84 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 18-24 lb (8-11 kg). The typical lifespan of a Golden Jackal is 8-10 years in the wild and up to 16 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of Golden Jackal in various poses
Golden Jackal
Height:
18”-20” | 46-51 cm
Width:
Length:
27”-33” | 69-84 cm
Depth:
Weight:
18-24 lb | 8-11 kg
Area:
Coat Color
Scientific Name
Canis aureus
Lifespan
8-10 years (wild); up to 16 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Golden Jackal side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down)

Details & Downloads

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Bactrian Camel
Dimensioned drawing of a Bactrian Camel standing next to a man for scale with measurements for heights and width

The Bactrian Camel is a two-humped camelid residing in the Central and Eastern Asian Desert and is closely related, but wholly distinct from, the Wild Bactrian Camel, Camelus ferus. With its tolerance for both hot and cold temperatures, adaptation for high altitudes, and endurance for many miles, the Bactrian Camel enabled trade along the Silk Road from 130 B.C. to 1453 A.D. as a versatile pack animal. While mostly domesticated, a small feral population still exists in southwest Kazakhstan and India. Similar to the Dromedary Camel, the Bactrian Camel rarely sweats, can close its nostrils to sand, and has two rows of eyelashes to protect his eyes.

The average Bactrian Camel has an overall height of 84" (7’) (2.13 m), withers height of 62"-71" (5’2”-5’11”) (157-180 cm), and body length of 89"-138" (7’5”-11’6”) (225-350 cm). A typical Bactrian Camel weighs between 990-1100 lb (450-500 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 20-40 years; 50 (wild).

Illustrations of Bactrian Camels in various postures including walking, standing, and lying down
The Bactrian Camel is a two-humped camelid residing in Central and Eastern Asian Desert and is closely related to the Wild Bactrian Camel. Similar to the Dromedary Camel, the Bactrian Camel rarely sweats, can close its nostrils to sand, and has two rows of eyelashes to protect his eyes.

The average Bactrian Camel has an overall height of 84" (7’) (2.13 m), withers height of 62"-71" (5’2”-5’11”) (157-180 cm), and body length of 89"-138" (7’5”-11’6”) (225-350 cm). A typical Bactrian Camel weighs between 990-1100 lb (450-500 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 20-40 years; 50 (wild).

Illustrations of Bactrian Camels in various postures including walking, standing, and lying down
Bactrian Camel
Height:
84" (7’) | 2.13 m
Width:
Length:
89"-138" (7’5”-11’6”) | 225-350 cm
Depth:
Withers Height (Shoulder)
62"-71" (5’2”-5’11”) | 157-180 cm
Weight:
990-1100 lb | 450-500 kg
Area:

Uses: Pack animal

Camelus bactrianus
Lifespan
20-40 years; 50 (wild)

Drawings include:
Bactrian Camel side elevation (standing), side (person), front, walking, lying down

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Ord’s Kangaroo Rat

Scientifically known as Dipodomys ordii, Ord's Kangaroo Rat is a small, nocturnal rodent with large hind legs found in the deserts of North America. Kangaroo Rats are solitary and have several adaptations to survive in these remote areas. Its name derives from its bipedal movement, a form of locomotion also used by the kangaroo.

Like the kangaroo, but developed entirely separately, the kangaroo rat can hop around at great distances and with the ability to quickly change direction whilst jumping. Aside from its way of getting around, the kangaroo rat is distinguished by its tail being longer than that of both its body and head combined.

Ord’s Kangaroo Rats have a height of 1.8”-2.4” (4.5-6 cm), body length between 3.5”-5.5” (8-14 cm
), and an overall weight in the range of 2.1-3.4 oz (60-95 g). The tail length of a Ord’s Kangaroo Rat is 5.5”-6.5” (14-17 cm). Ord’s Kangaroo Rats have a typical lifespan of 2-5 years in the wild and up to 5-10 years in captivity.

Series of measured elevation illustrations of the Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
Scientifically known as Dipodomys ordii, Ord's Kangaroo Rat is a small, nocturnal rodent with large hind legs found in the deserts of North America. Kangaroo Rats are solitary and have several adaptations to survive in these remote areas. Its name derives from its bipedal movement.

Ord’s Kangaroo Rats have a height of 1.8”-2.4” (4.5-6 cm), body length between 3.5”-5.5” (8-14 cm
), and an overall weight in the range of 2.1-3.4 oz (60-95 g). The tail length of a Ord’s Kangaroo Rat is 5.5”-6.5” (14-17 cm). Ord’s Kangaroo Rats have a typical lifespan of 2-5 years in the wild and up to 5-10 years in captivity.

Series of measured elevation illustrations of the Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
Height:
1.8”-2.4” | 4.5-6 cm
Width:
Length:
3.5”-5.5” | 8-14 cm
Depth:
Weight:
2.1-3.4 oz | 60-95 g
Area:
Tail Length
5.5”-6.5” | 14-17 cm
Scientific Name
Dipodomys ordii
Lifespan
2-5 years (wild); 5-10 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Ord’s Kangaroo Rat side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (jumping), front (upright)

Details & Downloads

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