Carnivorans | Carnivora

Carnivorans | Carnivora

Description
Description

Carnivorans are a diverse order of mammals, known as Carnivora, that predominantly consume meat. Their evolutionary history dates back over 60 million years, branching into families like canids (dogs), felids (cats), ursids (bears), and mustelids (weasels). Adapted to a variety of habitats, from arctic tundra to tropical forests, their morphology is specialized for predation. Carnivorans exhibit sharp canines, keen senses, and strong jaws for hunting and scavenging. Their ecological roles as predators make them crucial for maintaining balanced ecosystems. Yet, habitat loss and human conflict threaten many species, reflecting the need for integrated conservation strategies.

Anatomy
Anatomy

Carnivorans, including lions, wolves, and bears, share specialized anatomy suited for hunting and meat consumption. They possess strong, muscular bodies for chasing and overpowering prey. Sharp claws and powerful jaws with canine teeth allow them to grasp and tear flesh. Many have keen senses; for instance, felines have exceptional night vision, while canines have a heightened sense of smell. While they don't "speak" as humans do, they communicate through growls, roars, howls, and body language. Their movement varies from the stealthy stalking of big cats to the endurance running of wolves, showcasing their adaptation to diverse hunting strategies and habitats.

Human Interaction
Human Interaction

Humans and carnivorans share a complex relationship. Historically, some species like wolves were domesticated to become dogs, integral to human society. Others, like lions and bears, are revered in mythology and serve as symbols in various cultures. Pop culture often portrays them in films and literature, from "The Lion King" to "The Jungle Book".

On the darker side, carnivorans have been hunted for sport or perceived as threats, leading to declines in their populations. Today, conservation efforts are crucial, with initiatives like protected reserves and anti-poaching laws aiming to preserve these magnificent creatures and their ecosystems for future generations.

Common Questions
Common Questions
What do species in the order of Carnivora have in common?

Species in the order Carnivora, whether cats or dogs, eat only flesh. That means they have to venture out and hunt for food unless domesticated. Among the most common physical features possessed by members of this species are powerful jaws, limbs, and agility. Besides, their digestive system is less complicated compared to herbivores.

What is the largest land animal in the Carnivora order?

Bears are the largest among land carnivores. You can find them in the inhospitable environments in the Northern Hemisphere. Male polar bears can weigh up to 700 kgs and can hunt both on land and at sea. This is made possible by a body covered in thick fur and fat reserves that help them to easily swim and dive in cold waters.

Are all animals in the Carnivora order carnivores?

Carnivores eat a wide range of meat dishes but not all of them depend only on meat and fish. For example, pandas are carnivores but feed on plant materials. Their digestive system is suited to digest bamboo shoots and leaves. There are also cases of domesticated dogs and cats eating corn.

16”-20” | 41-51 cm (Shoulder)
5.9”-7.9” | 15-20 cm
21.6”-31.5” | 55-80 cm
18-26.5 lb | 8-12 kg
8-14 years
Aardwolf
51.000
20.000
80.000
12.000
14.00
37000
GUIDE
3D
Aardwolf
15.75”-20.5” | 40-52 cm
7.5”-9.8” | 19-25 cm
26.4”-35” | 67-89 cm (Body)
15.4-44.1 lb | 7-20 kg
15-28 years
African Civet
52.000
25.000
89.000
20.000
28.00
10450
GUIDE
3D
African Civet
44"-50" | 1.1-1.3 m
54"-78" | 1.4-2 m
270-420 lb | 120-190 kg
10-15 years (wild), 30 (captivity)
African Lion
130.000
200.000
190.000
15.00
449000
GUIDE
3D
African Lion
10.2”-12.6” | 26-32 cm
9.1”-11.4” | 23-29 cm
23.6”-30” | 60-76 cm
9-26.5 lb | 4-12 kg
9-25 years
American Badger
32.000
29.000
76.000
12.000
25.00
31000
GUIDE
3D
American Badger
6.7”-9.1” | 17-23 cm
3.5”-4.7” | 9-12 cm
12.6”-17.7” | 32-45 cm
.6-2.9 lb | .28-1.3 kg
11-18 years
American Marten
23.000
12.000
45.000
1.300
18.00
8600
GUIDE
3D
American Marten
5.3”-7.9” | 13.5-20 cm
3.9”-5.9” | 10-15 cm
12.2”-18.1” | 31-46 cm
3.1-5.1 lb | 1.4-2.3 kg
3-11 years
American Mink
20.000
15.000
46.000
2.300
11.00
14000
GUIDE
3D
American Mink
6.7”-7.9” | 17-20 cm
3.5”-4.3” | 9-11 cm
17.3”-19.7” | 44-50 cm (Body)
3.1-3.3 lb | 1.4-1.5 kg
9-20 years
Aquatic Genet
20.000
11.000
50.000
1.500
20.00
70
GUIDE
3D
Aquatic Genet
10”-12” | 25-30 cm
18”-24” | 46-61 cm
7-17 lb | 3-7.7 kg
3-6 years (wild); up to 14-16 years (captivity)
Arctic Fox
30.000
61.000
7.700
16.00
114000
GUIDE
3D
Arctic Fox
25”-31” | 64-79 cm
38”-68” | 97-173 cm
70-155 lb | 32-70 kg
7-10 years (wild); up to 18 years (captivity)
Arctic Wolf
79.000
173.000
70.000
18.00
28000
GUIDE
3D
Arctic Wolf
11.4”-13.8” | 29-35 cm
5.5”-6.9” | 14-17.5 cm
18.9”-23.2” | 48-59 cm (Body)
2.9-6.8 lb | 1.3-3.1 kg
15-25 years
Asian Palm Civet
35.000
17.500
59.000
3.100
25.00
13900
GUIDE
3D
Asian Palm Civet
30”-46” | 76-117 cm
4’7”-6’5” | 1.4-2 m
265-500 lb | 120-250 kg
12-18 years (wild); 18-20 years (captivity)
Asiatic Lion
117.000
200.000
250.000
20.00
7400
GUIDE
3D
Asiatic Lion
5.9”-9.1” | 15-23 cm (Shoulder)
2.75”-4.3” | 7-11 cm
12”-18” | 30.5-46 cm
3.3-5.5 lb | 1.5-2.5 kg
10-17 years
Banded Mongoose
23.000
11.000
46.000
2.500
17.00
2300
GUIDE
3D
Banded Mongoose
7.9”-11” | 20-28 cm
3.1”-4.3” | 8-11 cm
16.1”-22” | 41-56 cm (Body)
2.2-6.6 lb | 1-3 kg
11-16 years
Banded Palm Civet
28.000
11.000
56.000
3.000
16.00
1000
GUIDE
3D
Banded Palm Civet
12”-15” | 30-38 cm
18”-26” | 46-66 cm
7-12 lb | 3-5 kg
5-7 years (wild); up to 12-16 years (captivity)
Bat-Eared Fox
38.000
66.000
5.000
16.00
12300
GUIDE
3D
Bat-Eared Fox
17.7”-21.25” | 45-54 cm
21.25”-23.6” | 54-60 cm
6.92’-8.83’ | 2.1-2.7 m
440-550 lb | 200-250 kg
20-31 years
Bearded Seal
54.000
60.000
270.000
250.000
31.00
4750
GUIDE
3D
Bearded Seal
34”-45” | 86-114 cm
5’3”-6’5” | 160-196 cm
220-650 lb | 100-295 kg
8-10 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
Bengal Tiger
114.000
196.000
295.000
25.00
45000
GUIDE
3D
Bengal Tiger
Binturong
119400
13.4”-21.25” | 34-54 cm
10.2”-15.75” | 26-40 cm
23.6”-37.8” | 60-96 cm (Body)
19.8-52.9 lb | 9-24 kg
10-27 years
Binturong
54.000
40.000
96.000
24.000
27.00
119400
GUIDE
3D
Binturong
3.9”-5.9” | 10-15 cm
2.6”-3.5” | 6.5-9 cm
13”-18.1” | 33-46 cm
1.3-3.1 lb | .6-1.4 kg
4-9 years
Black-Footed Ferret
15.000
9.000
46.000
1.400
9.00
24000
GUIDE
3D
Black-Footed Ferret
28”-31” | 71-79 cm (Shoulder)
11.8”-13.8” | 30-35 cm
39.4”-49.2” | 100-125 cm
84-104 lb | 38-47 kg
12-20 years
Brown Hyena
79.000
35.000
125.000
47.000
20.00
8100
GUIDE
3D
Brown Hyena
7.1”-9.4” | 18-24 cm
3.9”-5.1” | 10-13 cm
15”-18.5” | 38-47 cm (Body)
1.5-3.3 lb | .7-1.5 kg
7-24 years
Cacomistle
24.000
13.000
47.000
1.500
24.00
2700
GUIDE
3D
Cacomistle
13.4”-18.1” | 34-46 cm
13.4”-18.1” | 34-46 cm
6.92’-8.83’ | 2.1-2.7 m
243-860 lb | 110-390 kg
19-36 years
California Sea Lion
46.000
46.000
270.000
390.000
36.00
8800
GUIDE
3D
California Sea Lion
Caracal
81000
16”-20” | 41-51 cm
24”-42” | 61-107 cm
15-45 lb | 7-20 kg
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Caracal
51.000
107.000
20.000
20.00
81000
GUIDE
3D
Caracal
Cheetah
185000
28”-35” | 70–90 cm
44”-59” | 112-150 cm
77-143 lb | 35-65 kg
10-12 years
Cheetah
90.000
150.000
65.000
10.00
185000
GUIDE
3D
Cheetah
18”-22” | 46-56 cm
27”-43” | 69-109 cm
25-50 lb | 11-23 kg
11-15 years (wild); 17-20 years (captivity)
Clouded Leopard
56.000
109.000
23.000
20.00
30000
GUIDE
3D
Clouded Leopard
9.6”-13.8” | 24.5-35 cm
5.3”-6.7” | 13.5-17 cm
16.9”-23.6” | 43-60 cm (Body)
3.3-7.1 lb | 1.5-3.2 kg
8-23 years
Common Genet
35.000
17.000
60.000
3.200
23.00
4000
GUIDE
3D
Common Genet
10.4”-17.7” | 26.5-45 cm
6.7”-12.2” | 17-31 cm
15.75”-27.6” | 40-70 cm (Body)
7.7-23.1 lb | 3.5-10.5 kg
2-16 years
Common Raccoon
45.000
31.000
70.000
10.500
16.00
19390
GUIDE
3D
Common Raccoon
Cougar
150000
21”-28” | 53-71 cm
42”-54” | 107-137 cm
65-200 lb | 30-91 kg
10-13 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Cougar
71.000
137.000
91.000
20.00
150000
GUIDE
3D
Cougar
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
32”-37” | 81-94 cm
20-45 lb | 9-20 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Coyote
61.000
94.000
20.000
20.00
600
GUIDE
3D
Coyote
17.7”-20.5” | 45-52 cm
17.3”-18.5” | 44-47 cm
7.5’-8.5’ | 2.3-2.6 m
440-660 lb | 200-300 kg
23-40 years
Crabeater Seal
52.000
47.000
260.000
300.000
40.00
5250
GUIDE
3D
Crabeater Seal
Dingo
105000
20”-24” | 51-61 cm
28”-43” | 71-109 cm
30-45 lb | 14-20 kg
3-7 years (wild); up to 16 years (captivity)
Dingo
61.000
109.000
20.000
16.00
105000
GUIDE
3D
Dingo
4.7”-5.9” | 12-15 cm
3.3”-4.3” | 8.5-11 cm
13”-16.1” | 33-41 cm
1.5-4.4 lb | .7-2 kg
5-10 years
Domestic Ferret
15.000
11.000
41.000
2.000
10.00
644000
GUIDE
3D
Domestic Ferret
5.5”-5.9” | 14-15 cm (Shoulder)
2.75”-3.3” | 7-8.5 cm
12”-13” | 30.5-33 cm
1.3-1.5 lb | .6-.675 kg
10-13 years
Durrell’s Vontsira
15.000
8.500
33.000
0.675
13.00
80
GUIDE
3D
Durrell’s Vontsira
3.5”-5.5” | 9-14 cm (Shoulder)
2.4”-3.9” | 6-10 cm
7”-11” | 18-28 cm
.44-.77 lb | .2-.35 kg
8-18 years
Dwarf Mongoose
14.000
10.000
28.000
0.350
18.00
250
GUIDE
3D
Dwarf Mongoose
22”-25” | 56-64 cm
34”-39” | 86-99 cm
45-55 lb | 20-25 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Eastern Coyote
64.000
99.000
25.000
20.00
3600
GUIDE
3D
Eastern Coyote
3.9”-5.5” | 10-14 cm
4.3”-5.5” | 11-14 cm
9.4”-12.2” | 24-31 cm
1-4 lb | .4-1.8 kg
2-11 years
Eastern Spotted Skunk
14.000
14.000
31.000
1.800
11.00
3300
GUIDE
3D
Eastern Spotted Skunk
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
33”-40” | 84-102 cm
25-45 lb | 11-20 kg
7-9 years (wild); up to 12 years (captivity)
Ethiopian Wolf
61.000
102.000
20.000
12.00
7800
GUIDE
3D
Ethiopian Wolf
12.6”-17.3” | 32-44 cm
8.7”-12.2” | 22-31 cm
24”-35.4” | 61-90 cm
15.4-35.2 lb | 7-16 kg
5-15 years
European Badger
44.000
31.000
90.000
16.000
15.00
17000
GUIDE
3D
European Badger
5.5”-6.7” | 14-17 cm
3.9”-4.7” | 10-12 cm
14.2”-16.9” | 36-43 cm
1.2-1.8 lb | .55-.8 kg
6-10 years
European Mink
17.000
12.000
43.000
0.800
10.00
2500
GUIDE
3D
European Mink
4.3”-7.5” | 11-19 cm
2.75”-4.7” | 7-12 cm
11.4”-20” | 29-51 cm
1.5-4.2 lb | .7-1.9 kg
5-14 years
European Polecat
19.000
12.000
51.000
1.900
14.00
9100
GUIDE
3D
European Polecat
7”-9” | 18-23 cm
10”-16” | 25-41 cm
2-4 lb | 1-2 kg
8-10 years (wild); up to 10-14 years (captivity)
Fennec Fox
23.000
41.000
2.000
14.00
166000
GUIDE
3D
Fennec Fox
Fisher
56000
11.8”-17.7” | 30-45 cm
6.3”-9.4” | 16-24 cm
18.5”-29.5” | 47-75 cm
7.7-13.2 lb | 3.5-6 kg
7-10 years
Fisher
45.000
24.000
75.000
6.000
10.00
56000
GUIDE
3D
Fisher
Fossa
44000
11.8”-13.8” | 30-35 cm (Shoulder)
5.5”-6.3” | 14-16 cm
27”-31” | 69-79 cm
12-19 lb | 5.5-8.6 kg
15-23 years
Fossa
35.000
16.000
79.000
8.600
23.00
44000
GUIDE
3D
Fossa
13.8”-19.7” | 35-50 cm
8.7”-11.8” | 22-30 cm
33.9”-47.2” | 86-120 cm
48.5-75 lb | 22-34 kg
8-20 years
Giant Otter
50.000
30.000
120.000
34.000
20.00
38000
GUIDE
3D
Giant Otter
18”-20” | 46-51 cm
27”-33” | 69-84 cm
18-24 lb | 8-11 kg
8-10 years (wild); up to 16 years (captivity)
Golden Jackal
51.000
84.000
11.000
16.00
5000
GUIDE
3D
Golden Jackal
12”-17” | 30-43 cm
21”-32” | 53-81 cm
6-16 lb | 2.7-7 kg
6-8 years (wild); up to 14-16 years (captivity)
Gray Fox
43.000
81.000
7.000
16.00
32000
GUIDE
3D
Gray Fox
26”-33” | 66-84 cm
40”-72” | 102-183 cm
50-150 lb | 23-68 kg
6-8 years (wild); up to 17 years (captivity)
Gray Wolf
84.000
183.000
68.000
17.00
35000
GUIDE
3D
Gray Wolf
18.5”-19.7” | 44-50 cm
20.1”-21.7” | 51-55 cm
5.92’-6.5’ | 1.8-2 m
254-310 lb | 115-140 kg
20-35 years
Harp Seal
50.000
55.000
200.000
140.000
35.00
39700
GUIDE
3D
Harp Seal
12.6”-14.6” | 32-37 cm
16.5”-18.9” | 42-48 cm
6.92’-7.92’ | 2.1-2.4 m
310-400 lb | 140-200 kg
25-30 years
Hawaiian Monk Seal
37.000
48.000
240.000
200.000
30.00
13090
GUIDE
3D
Hawaiian Monk Seal
11.4”-15.75” | 29-40 cm
8.7”-11.4” | 22-29 cm
21.7”-30.3” | 55-77 cm
11-35.3 lb | 5-16 kg
7-26 years
Honey Badger
40.000
29.000
77.000
16.000
26.00
382000
GUIDE
3D
Honey Badger
15”-29.1” | 38-74 cm (Overall)
13”-38.6” | 33-98 cm (Overall)
5.91’-10’ | 1.8-3 m (Overall)
440-880 lb | 200-400 kg (Overall)
25-35 years
Hooded Seal
74.000
98.000
300.000
400.000
35.00
5950
GUIDE
3D
Hooded Seal
5.5”-6.7” | 14-17 cm
3.9”-4.5” | 10-11.5 cm
11”-13” | 28-33 cm
1-6 lb | .4-2.7 kg
3-9 years
Hooded Skunk
17.000
11.500
33.000
2.700
9.00
2500
GUIDE
3D
Hooded Skunk
Jaguar
407000
27”-31” | 69-79 cm
4’10”-6’ | 147-183 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
8-15 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
Jaguar
79.000
183.000
113.000
25.00
407000
GUIDE
3D
Jaguar
10”-14” | 25-36 cm
22”-30” | 56-76 cm
6-20 lb | 3-9 kg
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Jaguarundi
36.000
76.000
9.000
20.00
26000
GUIDE
3D
Jaguarundi
12.6”-15” | 32-38 cm
8.7”-10.2” | 22-26 cm
27.6”-32.7” | 70-83 cm
8.4-24.3 lb | 3.8-11 kg
10-20 years
Japanese Badger
38.000
26.000
83.000
11.000
20.00
1800
GUIDE
3D
Japanese Badger
8.3”-12.6” | 21-32 cm
7.1”-8.7” | 18-22 cm
14.2”-21.7” | 36-55 cm (Body)
4.4-10.1 lb | 2-4.6 kg
23-40 years
Kinkajou
32.000
22.000
55.000
4.600
40.00
79000
GUIDE
3D
Kinkajou
Kit Fox
13000
10”-12” | 25-30 cm
17”-21” | 43-53 cm
4-6 lb | 2-2.7 kg
4-7 years (wild); up to 12-14 years (captivity)
Kit Fox
30.000
53.000
2.700
14.00
13000
GUIDE
3D
Kit Fox
6.3”-9.1” | 16-23 cm (Shoulder)
4.9”-7.5” | 12.5-19 cm
12”-18” | 30.5-46 cm
1-3.1 lb | .45-1.4 kg
9-13 years
Kusimanse
23.000
19.000
46.000
1.400
13.00
30
GUIDE
3D
Kusimanse
1.8”-2.75” | 4.5-7 cm
1.6”-2.6” | 4-6.5 cm
5.9”-9.5” | 15-24 cm
1.2-2.5 oz | 35-70 g
2-9 years
Least Weasel
7.000
6.500
24.000
0.070
9.00
12000
GUIDE
3D
Least Weasel
13.4”-21.25” | 39-54 cm
15”-22” | 38-56 cm
7.83’-11.5’ | 2.39-3.5 m
573-1,100 lb | 260-500 kg
15-30 years
Leopard Seal
54.000
56.000
350.000
500.000
30.00
88300
GUIDE
3D
Leopard Seal
3.9”-5.9” | 10-15 cm
2.75”-3.9” | 7-10 cm
11”-16.5” | 28-42 cm
3-9.5 oz | 85-270 g
3-9 years
Long-Tailed Weasel
15.000
10.000
42.000
0.270
9.00
9500
GUIDE
3D
Long-Tailed Weasel
5.1”-6.3” | 13-16 cm
2.75”-3.9” | 7-10 cm
11.4”-13.8” | 29-35 cm
.7-1.5 lb | .3-.7 kg
4-9 years
Marbled Polecat
16.000
10.000
35.000
0.700
9.00
8800
GUIDE
3D
Marbled Polecat
Margay
19000
12”-17” | 31-43 cm
18”-31” | 36-79 cm
5-9 lb | 2-4 kg
12-14 years (wild); Up to 24 years (captivity)
Margay
43.000
79.000
4.000
24.00
19000
GUIDE
3D
Margay
9.1”-14.2” | 23-36 cm
5.9”-9.8” | 15-25 cm
19.7”-31.1” | 50-79 cm
6.6-13.2 lb | 3-6 kg
10-23 years
Marine Otter
36.000
25.000
79.000
6.000
23.00
1900
GUIDE
3D
Marine Otter
Meerkat
87000
5.7”-7.9” | 14.5-20 cm (Shoulder)
2.75”-3.5” | 7-9 cm
9.8”-13.8” | 25-35 cm
1.3-2.2 lb | .6-1 kg
8-20 years
Meerkat
20.000
9.000
35.000
1.000
20.00
87000
GUIDE
3D
Meerkat
10.6”-16.5” | 27-42 cm
6.7”-10.2” | 17-26 cm
25.6”-41.3” | 65-105 cm
11-31 lb | 5-14 kg
8-27 years
North American River Otter
42.000
26.000
105.000
14.000
27.00
8100
GUIDE
3D
North American River Otter
8.5”-11” | 21.5-28 cm
5.7”-7.7” | 14.5-19.5 cm
13.8”-18.5” | 35-47 cm (Body)
2-3.3 lb | .9-1.5 kg
10-25 years
Northern Olingo
28.000
19.500
47.000
1.500
25.00
10
GUIDE
3D
Northern Olingo
Ocelot
137000
15”-20” | 38-51 cm
27”-40” | 69-102 cm
18-40 lb | 8-18 kg
12-15 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Ocelot
51.000
102.000
18.000
20.00
137000
GUIDE
3D
Ocelot
6.3”-9.1” | 16-23 cm
3.5”-5.7” | 9-14.5 cm
11.8”-17.7” | 30-45 cm (Body)
2-2.6 lb | .9-1.2 kg
10-25 years
Olinguito
23.000
14.500
45.000
1.200
25.00
3400
GUIDE
3D
Olinguito
15”-20” | 38-51 cm
20”-27” | 51-69 cm
14-22 lb | 6-10 kg
4-8 years (wild): up to 11-16 years (captivity)
Raccoon Dog
51.000
69.000
10.000
16.00
62000
GUIDE
3D
Raccoon Dog
Red Fox
112000
14”-18” | 35-46 cm
22”-34” | 56-86 cm
12-18 lb | 5-8 kg
2-4 years (wild); up to 10-12 years (captivity)
Red Fox
46.000
86.000
8.000
12.00
112000
GUIDE
3D
Red Fox
Red Panda
1100000
11”-13.4” | 28-34 cm
5.5”-7.1” | 14-18 cm
20”-25.2” | 51-64 cm
8-17 lb | 3.6-7.7 kg
8-22 years
Red Panda
34.000
18.000
64.000
7.700
22.00
1100000
GUIDE
3D
Red Panda
24”-26” | 61-66 cm
38”-60” | 97-152 cm
45-85 lb | 20-39 kg
5-6 years (wild); up to 14 years (captivity)
Red Wolf
66.000
152.000
39.000
14.00
42000
GUIDE
3D
Red Wolf
5.5”-7.9” | 14-20 cm
3.3”-4.7” | 8.5-12 cm
11.8”-16.5” | 30-42 cm (Body)
1.8-2.9 lb | .8-1.3 kg
7-19 years
Ringtail
20.000
12.000
42.000
1.300
19.00
4800
GUIDE
3D
Ringtail
Sable
45000
6.7”-11” | 17-28 cm
3.9”-6.7” | 10-17 cm
13.8”-22” | 35-56 cm
1.8-4 lb | .8-1.8 kg
8-22 years
Sable
28.000
17.000
56.000
1.800
22.00
45000
GUIDE
3D
Sable
6.7”-7.5” | 17-19 cm
4.7”-5.5” | 12-14 cm
20.5”-22.4” | 52-57 cm
1.5-3.5 lb | .7-1.6 kg
6-11 years
Sea Mink
19.000
14.000
57.000
1.600
11.00
3000
GUIDE
3D
Sea Mink
Sea Otter
117000
12.2”-18.5” | 31-47 cm
10.2”-15.75” | 26-40 cm
29.5”-45.3” | 75-115 cm
31-99 lb | 14-45 kg
10-23 years
Sea Otter
47.000
40.000
115.000
45.000
23.00
117000
GUIDE
3D
Sea Otter
Serval
78000
21”-26” | 53-66 cm
23”-36” | 58-91 cm
15-40 lb | 7-18 kg
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Serval
66.000
91.000
18.000
20.00
78000
GUIDE
3D
Serval
30”-42” | 75-107 cm
5’7”-6’10” | 170-208 cm
260-700 lb | 118-318 kg
10-15 years (wild); 20-25 years (captivity)
Siberian Tiger
107.000
208.000
318.000
25.00
49000
GUIDE
3D
Siberian Tiger
22”-26” | 56-66 cm
36”-51” | 91-130 cm
75-120 lb | 34-54 kg
8-15 years (wild); 18-22 years (captivity)
Snow Leopard
66.000
130.000
54.000
22.00
121000
GUIDE
3D
Snow Leopard
8.7”-14.2” | 22-36 cm
5.5”-9.4” | 14-24 cm
16.1”-26.4” | 41-67 cm (Body)
6.6-15.4 lb | 3-7 kg
7-24 years
South American Coati
36.000
24.000
67.000
7.000
24.00
1100
GUIDE
3D
South American Coati
19.7”-31.5” | 50-80 cm (Overall)
18.5”-26” | 47-66 cm (Overall)
5.91’-9.84’ | 1.8-3 m (Overall)
310-770 lb | 140-350 kg (Overall)
16-30 years
South American Sea Lion
80.000
66.000
300.000
350.000
30.00
1600
GUIDE
3D
South American Sea Lion
19.7”-49.6” | 50-126 cm (Overall)
24.4”-70.9” | 62-180 cm (Overall)
8.5’-19.67’ | 2.6-6 m (Overall)
772-8,160 lb | 350-3,700 kg (Overall)
14-22 years
Southern Elephant Seal
126.000
180.000
600.000
3700.000
22.00
7200
GUIDE
3D
Southern Elephant Seal
27.6”-36.2” | 70-92 cm (Shoulder)
9.8”-13.8” | 25-35 cm
37.4”-55.1” | 95-140 cm
99-165 lb | 45-75 kg
12-25 years
Spotted Hyena
92.000
35.000
140.000
75.000
25.00
15000
GUIDE
3D
Spotted Hyena
24.4”-37.4” | 62-95 cm (Overall)
23.6”-39.4” | 60-100 cm (Overall)
7.5’-10.67’ | 2.3-3.25 m (Overall)
529-2,470 lb | 240-1,120 kg (Overall)
14-33 years
Steller Sea Lion
95.000
100.000
325.000
1120.000
33.00
8400
GUIDE
3D
Steller Sea Lion
Stoat
204000
2.6”-4.5” | 6.5-11.5 cm
2.2”-3.9” | 5.5-10 cm
6.7”-12.6” | 17-32 cm
.3-1 lb | .14-.45 kg
4-8 years
Stoat
11.500
10.000
32.000
0.450
8.00
204000
GUIDE
3D
Stoat
25.5”-29.5” | 65-75 cm (Shoulder)
11.8”-13.8” | 30-35 cm
35.4”-45.3” | 90-115 cm
44-99 lb | 20-45 kg
10-25 years
Striped Hyena
75.000
35.000
115.000
45.000
25.00
15000
GUIDE
3D
Striped Hyena
6.7”-8.7” | 17-22 cm
5.1”-7.1” | 13-18 cm
11”-15” | 28-38 cm
1.3-3.3 lb | .6-1.5 kg
4-14 years
Striped Polecat
22.000
18.000
38.000
1.500
14.00
1800
GUIDE
3D
Striped Polecat
5.5”-8.3” | 14-21 cm
4.7”-5.9” | 12-15 cm
13”-18” | 33-46 cm
4-12 lb | 1.8-5.5 kg
2-14 years
Striped Skunk
21.000
15.000
46.000
5.500
14.00
6300
GUIDE
3D
Striped Skunk
11”-12” | 28-30 cm
15”-21” | 38-53 cm
4-7 lb | 2-3 kg
3-6 years (wild); up to 10-14 years (captivity)
Swift Fox
30.000
53.000
3.000
14.00
7600
GUIDE
3D
Swift Fox
Tayra
21000
10.2”-12.2” | 26-31 cm
5.5”-7.1” | 14-18 cm
22”-27.6” | 56-70 cm
6-15.4 lb | 2.7-7 kg
18-22 years
Tayra
31.000
18.000
70.000
7.000
22.00
21000
GUIDE
3D
Tayra
Walrus
408300
33.1”-55.1” | 84-140 cm (Overall)
35.4”-52.4” | 90-133 cm (Overall)
7.5’-12.17’ | 2.3-3.7 m (Overall)
1,323-4,410 lb | 600-2,000 kg (Overall)
30-40 years
Walrus
140.000
133.000
370.000
2000.000
40.00
408300
GUIDE
3D
Walrus
18.9”-25.6” | 48-65 cm
13.8”-19.7” | 35-50 cm
8.17’-10.83’ | 2.5-3.3 m
882-1,323 lb | 400-600 kg
20-30 years
Weddell Seal
65.000
50.000
330.000
600.000
30.00
6200
GUIDE
3D
Weddell Seal
4.9”-6.3” | 12.5-16 cm
3.3”-4.1” | 8.5-10.5 cm
11.8”-15” | 30-38 cm (Body)
1.1-1.5 lb | .5-.7 kg
9-16 years
West African Oyan
16.000
10.500
38.000
0.700
16.00
60
GUIDE
3D
West African Oyan
7.9”-10.6” | 20-27 cm (Shoulder)
3.9”-5.1” | 10-13 cm
17.7”-25.6” | 45-65 cm
3.3-10 lb | 1.5-4.5 kg
7-9 years
Western Falanouc
27.000
13.000
65.000
4.500
9.00
20
GUIDE
3D
Western Falanouc
Wolverine
197000
13.8”-20.5” | 35-52 cm
9.4”-15.4” | 24-39 cm
25.6”-41.3” | 65-105 cm
15.4-61.7 lb | 7-28 kg
7-17 years
Wolverine
52.000
39.000
105.000
28.000
17.00
197000
GUIDE
3D
Wolverine
4.3”-5.9” | 11-15 cm (Shoulder)
2”-3” | 5-7.5 cm
9”-13” | 23-33 cm
1-1.3 lb | .45-.6 kg
10-15 years
Yellow Mongoose
15.000
7.500
33.000
0.600
15.00
700
GUIDE
3D
Yellow Mongoose
American Marten (Martes americana)
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the American Marten compared to similar Mustelid species

The American Marten, Martes Americana, is also known as the pine marten; it is a North American mammal that is a member of the Mustelidae family. It differs from the fisher in its smaller size and lighter coat. The American marten inhabits mature coniferous and mixed forests in northern North America, arctic Alaska, and Canada. As opportunistic predators, its diet is influenced by local and seasonal abundance of potential prey. Summer diets contain more fruit, other vegetation, and insects, and voles dominate the majority of their diet. The weather impacts the American marten’s activity, resting site use, and prey availability.

The American Marten has a body length in the range of 12.6”-17.7” (32-45 cm) and total weight of .6-2.9 lb (.28-1.3 kg). American Martens have a shoulder height between 6.7”-9.1” (17-23 cm), body width of 3.5”-4.7” (9-12 cm), and tail length of 5.5”-9.1” (14-23 cm). The typical lifespan of the American Marten is between 11-18 years.

Set of scaled elevation drawings of the American Marten viewed from the front and side
The American Marten, Martes Americana, is also known as the pine marten; it is a North American mammal that is a member of the Mustelidae family. It differs from the fisher in its smaller size and lighter coat. The American marten inhabits mature coniferous and mixed forests in America and Canada.

The American Marten has a body length in the range of 12.6”-17.7” (32-45 cm) and total weight of .6-2.9 lb (.28-1.3 kg). American Martens have a shoulder height between 6.7”-9.1” (17-23 cm), body width of 3.5”-4.7” (9-12 cm), and tail length of 5.5”-9.1” (14-23 cm). The typical lifespan of the American Marten is between 11-18 years.

Set of scaled elevation drawings of the American Marten viewed from the front and side
American Marten (Martes americana)
Height:
6.7”-9.1” | 17-23 cm
Width:
3.5”-4.7” | 9-12 cm
Length:
12.6”-17.7” | 32-45 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.6-2.9 lb | .28-1.3 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 5.5”-9.1” | 14-23 cm

Scientific Name
Martes americana
Lifespan
11-18 years

Drawings include:

American Marten side elevation (assorted), front

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Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Gray Wolf compared to an average person

The Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) also known as the timber wolves is canine with a long bushy tail that is typically black-tipped. This species of wolf can sometimes look like a large German Shepherd dog. Gray Wolves can be found in Alaska, northern Michigan, Northern Wisconsin, Idaho, Oregon, and Yellowstone.

They are carnivores and like to eat deer, elk, bison, and moose. Like other wolves, Gray Wolves use barking as a warning and howling for long-distance communication. They are the largest wild canine species currently.

Gray Wolfs have a shoulder height of 26”-33” (66-84 cm), body length between 40”-72” (102-183 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 50-150 lb (23-68 kg). The typical lifespan of a Gray Wolf is 6-8 years in the wild and up to 17 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Gray Wolf
The Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) also known as the timber wolves is canine with a long bushy tail that is typically black-tipped. This species of wolf can sometimes look like a large German Shepherd dog. Gray Wolves can be found in Alaska, northern Michigan, N Wisconsin, Idaho, Oregon, and Yellowstone.

Gray Wolfs have a shoulder height of 26”-33” (66-84 cm), body length between 40”-72” (102-183 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 50-150 lb (23-68 kg). The typical lifespan of a Gray Wolf is 6-8 years in the wild and up to 17 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Gray Wolf
Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)
Height:
26”-33” | 66-84 cm
Width:
Length:
40”-72” | 102-183 cm
Depth:
Weight:
50-150 lb | 23-68 kg
Area:
Coat Color
Scientific Name
Canis lupus
Lifespan
6-8 years (wild); up to 17 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Gray Wolf side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (howling), side (lying down)

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Kinkajou (Potos flavus)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Kinkajou to other species of anteaters

The Kinkajou (Potos flavus) is an arboreal mammal that lives in the tropical rainforests of Central America and South America. The species is distinguished from other procyonids by their small, rounded ears, extensible tongue, and prehensile tail. Other characteristics are their large eyes, short pointed snout, short limbs, and sharp and short claws. They have a tawny olive, wood brown, or yellowish tawny upper coat, and their underparts and lower side of the tail can be buff, tawny, or brown-yellow. The Kinkajou mostly eats a frugivorous diet of figs, but they also eat leaves, flowers, and various herbs.

The Kinkajou has a body length in the range of 14.2”-21.7” (36-55 cm) and total weight of 4.4-10.1 lb (2-4.6 kg). The Kinkajou has a body height between 8.3”-12.6” (21-32 cm), body width of 7.1”-8.7” (18-22 cm), and tail length of 16.5”-22.4” (42-57 cm). The typical lifespan of the Kinkajou is between 23-40 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Kinkajou in various poses with dimensions
The Kinkajou (Potos flavus) is an arboreal mammal that lives in the tropical rainforests of Central America and South America. The species is distinguished from other procyonids by their small, rounded ears, extensible tongue, and prehensile tail.

The Kinkajou has a body length in the range of 14.2”-21.7” (36-55 cm) and total weight of 4.4-10.1 lb (2-4.6 kg). The Kinkajou has a body height between 8.3”-12.6” (21-32 cm), body width of 7.1”-8.7” (18-22 cm), and tail length of 16.5”-22.4” (42-57 cm). The typical lifespan of the Kinkajou is between 23-40 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Kinkajou in various poses with dimensions
Kinkajou (Potos flavus)
Height:
8.3”-12.6” | 21-32 cm
Width:
7.1”-8.7” | 18-22 cm
Length:
14.2”-21.7” | 36-55 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
4.4-10.1 lb | 2-4.6 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 16.5”-22.4” | 42-57 cm

Scientific Name
Potos flavus
Lifespan
23-40 years

Drawings include:

Kinkajou side view, front

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Hawaiian Monk Seal (Neomonachus schauinslandi)
Measured comparison illustration of the size of a Hawaiian Monk Seal to a typical person and similar seals

The Hawaiian Monk seal is a true seal grouped under the family Phocidae and is primitive to the Hawaiian islands. These animals are identified by their dog-like faces with silver-grey colored backs. Their undersides have lighter creamy complexion and additions of bright patches plus red or green shades. Females are a little larger than males, with all adults being nocturnal hunters. Hawaiian Monk seals spent most of their time in the ocean and are considered generalist feeders. They mainly live in solitary, are nonmigratory, and rarely defend territories. The Hawaiian Monk seal is continually exposed to habitat loss resulting from human activity.

Hawaiian Monk Seals have a total length between 6.92’-7.92’ (2.1-2.4 m), body height of 12.6”-14.6” (32-37 cm), and width of 16.5”-18.9” (42-48 cm). The typical weight of the Hawaiian Monk Seal is in the range of 310-400 lb (140-200 kg). Hawaiian Monk Seals have lifespans between 25-30 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Hawaiian Monk Seal in top and side poses
The Hawaiian Monk seal is a true seal grouped under the family Phocidae and is primitive to the Hawaiian islands. These animals are identified by their dog-like faces with silver-grey colored backs. Their undersides have lighter creamy complexion and additions of bright patches with red or green.

Hawaiian Monk Seals have a total length between 6.92’-7.92’ (2.1-2.4 m), body height of 12.6”-14.6” (32-37 cm), and width of 16.5”-18.9” (42-48 cm). The typical weight of the Hawaiian Monk Seal is in the range of 310-400 lb (140-200 kg). Hawaiian Monk Seals have lifespans between 25-30 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Hawaiian Monk Seal in top and side poses
Hawaiian Monk Seal (Neomonachus schauinslandi)
Height:
12.6”-14.6” | 32-37 cm
Width:
16.5”-18.9” | 42-48 cm
Length:
6.92’-7.92’ | 2.1-2.4 m
Depth:
Weight:
310-400 lb | 140-200 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Neomonachus schauinslandi
Lifespan
25-30 years

Drawings include:

Hawaiian Monk Seal side elevation, front, top

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Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Clouded Leopard to a typical person

The Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), also called the mainland clouded leopard or clouded tiger, is a wild cat inhabiting the Himalayan foothills, Southeast Asia, and southern parts of China. The Clouded Leopard has a grayish brown coat made distinctive with black and dark grey blotches, spots, and patches.

These notable and extensive markings are irregular in shape and size and suggest the reason for its name. Known as one of the most skillful climbers among the cats, the Clouded Leopard has longer hind limbs than its front which aid in its jumping and leaping abilities. As such, the Clouded Leopard often resides in the trees until night falls when it will jump to the ground to hunt.

Clouded Leopards have a shoulder height between 18”-22” (46-56 cm), body length of 27”-43” (69-109 cm), and weight in the range of 25-50 lb (11-23 kg). The tail of a Clouded Leopard is 24”-36” (61-91 cm) in length. Clouded Leopards have a typical lifespan of 11-15 years in the wild and 17-20 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Clouded Leopard
The Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), also called the mainland clouded leopard or clouded tiger, is a wild cat inhabiting the Himalayan foothills, Southeast Asia, and southern parts of China. The Clouded Leopard has a grayish brown coat made distinctive with black and dark grey spots.

Clouded Leopards have a shoulder height between 18”-22” (46-56 cm), body length of 27”-43” (69-109 cm), and weight in the range of 25-50 lb (11-23 kg). The tail of a Clouded Leopard is 24”-36” (61-91 cm) in length. Clouded Leopards have a typical lifespan of 11-15 years in the wild and 17-20 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Clouded Leopard
Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa)
Height:
18”-22” | 46-56 cm
Width:
Length:
27”-43” | 69-109 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
Weight:
25-50 lb | 11-23 kg
Area:
Tail Length
24”-36” | 61-91 cm
Scientific Name
Neofelis nebulosa
Lifespan
11-15 years (wild); 17-20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Clouded Leopard side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (sitting)

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