Bowling is a recreational and competitive sport where players attempt to throw a bowling ball into as many pins as possible. First dated to ancient Egypt, bowling sets have been found in Egyptian tombs and graves. The most common type of bowling is 10 pin bowling, where players attempt to bowl the most successful throw, a strike, as many times as possible. Amongst professional bowlers, competitive leagues are created where individuals attempt to bowl more strikes as a collective group than their opponent teams. Commonly known for the culture of squeaky shoes and failed gutter balls, bowling continues to be an intensely popular sport.

How do you score bowling?

You score points by rolling the bowling ball down the lane and hitting any of the 10 pins, each pin is one point and the more you hit than more points you acquire. You could also not gain points by rolling the bowling ball into the gutters on the side of the bowling lane.

How long is a bowling lane?

Measuring from the foul line to the headpin: 60 feet (18.29 m) long and 42 inches (110 cm) wide not including the gutters on both sides. You also have 15 feet (4.57 m) of waiting/bowling surface before the foul line to prepare the next turn.

When was bowling invented?

A form of bowling can be traced back to 3200 BC in Egypt. A closer form of today’s game originated 2000 years about when roman soldiers were documented throwing rocks at larger skinnier rocks to see who could hit the most.

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4.5” | 11 cm (Diameter)
2.2-2.42 lb | 1-1.1 kg
Bowling Ball - Candlepin
11.000
1.100
70
https://p3d.in/e/OYuLR
3D
Bowling Ball - CandlepinView of a Candlepin Bowling Ball in 3D available for downloadView of a Candlepin Bowling Ball in 3D available for download
4.75”-5” | 12.1-12.7 cm (Diameter)
3.3-3.75 lb | 1.5-1.7 kg
Bowling Ball - Five-Pin & Duckpin
12.700
1.700
75
https://p3d.in/e/Kthod
3D
Bowling Ball - Five-Pin & DuckpinPerspective view of a 3D model of a Bowling Ball (Five-Pin & Duckpin)Perspective view of a 3D model of a Bowling Ball (Five-Pin & Duckpin)
8.595” | 21.83 cm (Diameter)
10-16 lb | 4.54-7.26 kg (Max)
Bowling Ball - Ten-Pin
21.830
7.260
40
https://p3d.in/e/iHChp
3D
Bowling Ball - Ten-Pin3D model of a Ten-Pin Bowling Ball viewed in perspective3D model of a Ten-Pin Bowling Ball viewed in perspective
34.5” | 87.5 cm
18” | 45.7 cm
9.1’ | 2.78 m
Bowling Ball Return
87.500
45.700
278.000
100
https://p3d.in/e/GhU0Q
3D
Bowling Ball Return3D perspective of a Bowling Ball Return available for download3D perspective of a Bowling Ball Return available for download
60” | 1.52 m (Overall)
60’ | 18.29 m (To Headpin)
440 ft² | 40.9 m² (Overall)
Bowling Lane
152.000
1829.000
40.90
2500
https://p3d.in/e/SJYBM
3D
Bowling LaneView of a Bowling Lane in 3D available for downloadView of a Bowling Lane in 3D available for download
11.68’ | 3.56 m (Overall)
60’ | 18.29 m (To Headpin)
954 ft² | 88.6 m² (Overall)
Bowling Lane - Ball Return
356.000
1829.000
88.60
3000
https://p3d.in/e/zYuF2
3D
Bowling Lane - Ball ReturnPerspective of a 3D model of a pair of Bowling Lanes with Ball ReturnPerspective of a 3D model of a pair of Bowling Lanes with Ball Return
15.75” | 40 cm
2.9375” | 74.6 mm (Diameter)
2.43 lb | 1.1 kg
Candlepin
40.000
7.470
1.100
300
https://p3d.in/e/vkLim
3D
Candlepin3D model of a Candlepin viewed in perspective3D model of a Candlepin viewed in perspective
15.75” | 40 cm
38.875” | 98.7 cm
34.125” | 86.7 cm
Candlepin Pin Deck
40.000
98.700
86.700
5
https://p3d.in/e/DPg9G
3D
Candlepin Pin DeckPerspective view of a 3D model of a Candlepin Pin DeckPerspective view of a 3D model of a Candlepin Pin Deck
6’0” | 1.83 m
February 25, 1970
Chris Barnes
183.000
1970.00
7200
3D
Chris Barnes
9.4” | 23.3 cm
4.125” | 104.8 mm (Diameter)
1.5 lb | .68 kg
Duckpin
23.300
10.480
0.680
9500
https://p3d.in/e/YRu6J
3D
DuckpinPerspective view of a 3D model of a DuckpinPerspective view of a 3D model of a Duckpin
9.4” | 23.3 cm
40.125” | 101.9 cm
35.25” | 89.5 cm
Duckpin Pin Deck
23.300
101.900
89.500
5
https://p3d.in/e/abff7
3D
Duckpin Pin DeckView of a Duckpin Pin Deck in 3D available for downloadView of a Duckpin Pin Deck in 3D available for download
6’1” | 1.85 m
April 27, 1938
Earl Anthony
185.000
1938.00
3200
3D
Earl Anthony
12.5” | 31.75 cm
5” | 127 mm (Overall Band)
2.45 lb | 1.11 kg (Overall Max)
Five-Pin Bowling Pin
31.750
12.700
1.110
30
https://p3d.in/e/y8NXg
3D
Five-Pin Bowling PinView of a Five-Pin Bowling Pin in 3D available for downloadView of a Five-Pin Bowling Pin in 3D available for download
12.5” | 31.75 cm
41” | 104.1 cm
36.25” | 92.1 cm
Five-Pin Pin Deck
31.750
104.100
92.100
5
https://p3d.in/e/zLmrb
3D
Five-Pin Pin Deck3D model of a Five-Pin Pin Deck viewed in perspective3D model of a Five-Pin Pin Deck viewed in perspective
5’5” | 1.65 m
March 25, 1964
Norm Duke
165.000
1964.00
2400
3D
Norm Duke
5’7” | 1.70 m
August 21, 1962
Pete Weber
170.000
1962.00
14000
3D
Pete Weber
15” | 38 cm
4.75” | 121 mm (Diameter)
3.3-3.5 lb | 1.5-1.6 kg
Ten-Pin Bowling Pin
38.000
12.100
1.600
20
https://p3d.in/e/FUmmv
3D
Ten-Pin Bowling Pin3D model of a Ten-Pin Bowling Pin viewed in perspective3D model of a Ten-Pin Bowling Pin viewed in perspective
15” | 38 cm
40.75” | 103.5 cm
35.875” | 91.1 cm
Ten-Pin Pin Deck
38.000
103.500
91.100
10
https://p3d.in/e/efNeN
3D
Ten-Pin Pin DeckPerspective view of a 3D model of a Ten-Pin Pin DeckPerspective view of a 3D model of a Ten-Pin Pin Deck
Candlepin Bowling Ball
Size comparison diagram of the Candlepin Bowling Ball compared to other similar sports balls

A Candlepin Bowling Ball is a bowling ball used to play Candlepin Bowling, a variation of traditional bowling. A Candlepin Bowling Ball is a true sphere, does not have any finger holes and is smaller than traditional bowling balls. A Candlepin Bowling Ball can easily be gripped and rolled with one hand. It is available in different colors and can be made out of wood, rubber, plastic, or a mix of the 3 materials. A Candlepin Bowling Ball is lighter in weight the candlepins used to play. The appearance and dimensions of the Candlepin Bowling Ball are controlled by the International Candlepin Bowling Association. 

Candlepin Bowling Balls have a diameter of 4.5” (11 cm) and circumference of 14.14” (35.92 cm). The mass of a Candlepin Bowling Ball is between 2.2-2.42 lb (1-1.1 kg).

Drawing of a Candlepin Bowling Ball showing dimensioned analysis of the diameter and circumference
A Candlepin Bowling Ball is a bowling ball used to play Candlepin Bowling, a variation of traditional bowling. A Candlepin Bowling Ball is a true sphere, does not have any finger holes and is smaller than 10-pin bowling balls. A Candlepin Bowling Ball can easily be gripped and rolled with 1 hand.

Candlepin Bowling Balls have a diameter of 4.5” (11 cm) and circumference of 14.14” (35.92 cm). The mass of a Candlepin Bowling Ball is between 2.2-2.42 lb (1-1.1 kg).

Drawing of a Candlepin Bowling Ball showing dimensioned analysis of the diameter and circumference
Candlepin Bowling Ball
Height:
4.5” | 11 cm (Diameter)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
2.2-2.42 lb | 1-1.1 kg
Area:

Circumference: 14.14” | 35.92 cm

Materials: Wood, rubber, plastic, or hybrid

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Candlepin Bowling Ball Elevations (various)

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Duckpin Pin Deck
Size comparison diagram of the Duckpin Pin Deck compared to other bowling decks

Duckpin Pin Decks in Duckpin Bowling is the spacing between each of the Duckpins that creates an equilateral triangle formation. Duck Pin Spacing is the same as the more known Ten-Pin Bowling. Duckpin Pin Spacing is determined by the placement of the 4 rows of Duckpins in the triangle layout. Each side of the triangle has 4 Duckpins. The back row has 4 Duckpins, followed by 3 Duckpins, then 2 Duckpins, and the last row with the head pin. The head Duckpin marks the center of the width of the bowling lane. Any fallen Duckpin is removed once it is struck by the ball.

Duckpin Pin Decks have an overall width of 40.125” (101.9 cm) and depth of 35.25” (89.5 cm). The spacing between adjacent pins is 12" (30.48 cm).

Pair of drawings of a Duckpin Pin Deck showing dimensioned analysis of pin spacing, depth, and width
Duckpin Pin Decks in Duckpin Bowling is the spacing between each of the Duckpins that creates an equilateral triangle formation. Duck Pin Spacing is the same as the more known Ten-Pin Bowling. Duckpin Pin Spacing is determined by the placement of the 4 rows of Duckpins in the triangle layout.

Duckpin Pin Decks have an overall width of 40.125” (101.9 cm) and depth of 35.25” (89.5 cm). The spacing between adjacent pins is 12" (30.48 cm).

Pair of drawings of a Duckpin Pin Deck showing dimensioned analysis of pin spacing, depth, and width
Duckpin Pin Deck
Height:
9.4” | 23.3 cm
Width:
40.125” | 101.9 cm
Length:
Depth:
35.25” | 89.5 cm
Weight:
Area:

Adjacent Center to Center: 12” | 30.48 cm
Aligned Center to Center: 20.75” | 52.7 cm
Perimeter Center to Center: 36” | 91.44 cm


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Duckpin Pin Deck front elevation, top

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Five-Pin Bowling Pin
Group of scaled illustrations of various bowling pins compared to the Five-Pin Bowling Pin

The Five-Pin Bowling Pin in Five-Pin Bowling has a heavy rubber band around its middle section that causes them to move further when struck by the Five-Pin Bowling Ball. Each of the 5 pins is worth a different scoring point value. The headpin at the center is worth 5 points, the pins at both sides are worth 3 points each, and the pins at the ends are worth 2 points each. Together the five pins have a worth of 15 points in each frame.

Five-Pin Bowling Pins have an overall diameter of 5” (127 mm), base diameter of 1.625” (41.3 mm), and height of 12.5” (31.75 cm). The mass of a Five-Pin Bowling Pin is regulated at a maximum of 2.45 lb (1.11 kg).

Elevation drawings of a Five-Pin Bowling Pin showing dimensioned analysis of their height and diameter
The Five-Pin Bowling Pin in Five-Pin Bowling has a heavy rubber band around its middle section that causes them to move further when struck by the Five-Pin Bowling Ball. Each of the 5 pins is worth a different scoring point value. Together the five pins have a worth of 15 points in each frame.

Five-Pin Bowling Pins have an overall diameter of 5” (127 mm), base diameter of 1.625” (41.3 mm), and height of 12.5” (31.75 cm). The mass of a Five-Pin Bowling Pin is regulated at a maximum of 2.45 lb (1.11 kg).

Elevation drawings of a Five-Pin Bowling Pin showing dimensioned analysis of their height and diameter
Five-Pin Bowling Pin
Height:
12.5” | 31.75 cm
Width:
5” | 127 mm (Overall Band)
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
2.45 lb | 1.11 kg (Overall Max)
Area:

Pin Diameter: 4.1875” | 106.36 mm

Base Diameter: 1.625” | 41.3 mm
Band Thickness: 1” | 25.4 mm
Band Weight: 5.5 oz | .16 kg

Materials: Hard maple wood; rubber band

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Five-Pin Bowling Pin front elevation, top

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Bowling Ball - Ten-Pin
Group of scaled illustrations of various sporting balls compared to the Ten-Pin Bowling Ball

A Ten-Pin Bowling Ball is the most common and traditional ball used to play bowling. A Ten-Pin Bowling Ball usually has 3 finger holes used to place the thumb, middle finger, and ring finger. It has 3 main parts – an inner core, outer core, and outside cover and can be made from plastic, urethane, particle, or resin. Different surface materials can enhance the friction between the ball and the bowling lane. The Ten-pin Bowling Ball can be personalized and is available in different colors and designs. All aspects of the Ten-Pin Bowling Ball are regulated by The United States Bowling Congress. 

Ten-Pin Bowling Balls have a diameter of 8.595” (21.83 cm) and circumference of 27” (68.58 cm). The mass of a Ten-Pin Bowling Ball is between 10-16 lb (4.54-7.26 kg).

Dimensioned elevation drawing of a Ten-Pin Bowling Ball measured with diameter and circumference
A Ten-Pin Bowling Ball is the most common and traditional ball used to play bowling. A Ten-Pin Bowling Ball usually has 3 finger holes used to place the thumb, middle finger, and ring finger. It has 3 main parts – an inner and outer core, and outside cover and can be made of assorted materials.

Ten-Pin Bowling Balls have a diameter of 8.595” (21.83 cm) and circumference of 27” (68.58 cm). The mass of a Ten-Pin Bowling Ball is between 10-16 lb (4.54-7.26 kg).

Dimensioned elevation drawing of a Ten-Pin Bowling Ball measured with diameter and circumference
Bowling Ball - Ten-Pin
Height:
8.595” | 21.83 cm (Diameter)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
10-16 lb | 4.54-7.26 kg (Max)
Area:

Circumference: 27” | 68.58 cm

Materials: Internal weight block; Plastic, urethane, resin, or particle coverstocks

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Drawings include:
Ten-Pin Bowling Ball Elevations (various)

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Bowling Lane - Ball Return

Bowling Lanes with a ball return are a pair of long straight rectangular alleys with side gutters and a central return for bowling balls. At the front of the lane is the approach area with a foul line that cannot be passed. Ball returns use the space below the alley to transport the ball back to the approach area.

Flanking the middle of the lane are gutters or channels. At the end of the lane is the bowling pit which contains the bowling pins as well as any bowling pin machinery. Most bowling lanes are grouped together inside a bowling alley, and are built of long waxed and polished wooden boards with guide dots and arrows for aligning the bowling ball.

Bowling Lanes with an included ball return have a length of 60’ (18.29 m) to the center of the front pinhead and a lane width of 41.875” (106.36 cm). The overall length of the pair of Bowling Lanes with back service area and front approach area is 86.5’ (26.36 m) with a width of 11.68’ (3.56 m). Bowling gutters have a width of 9.25” (23.5 cm) and a depth of 1.875” (47.6 mm). The approach area is typically 15’ (4.57 m) long.

Dimensioned pair of plan and side view drawings of a pair of Bowling Lanes with Ball return
Bowling Lanes with a ball return are a pair of long straight rectangular alleys with side gutters and a central return for bowling balls. At the front of the lane is the approach area with a foul line that cannot be passed. Ball returns use the space below the alley to transport the ball.

Bowling Lanes with an included ball return have a length of 60’ (18.29 m) to the center of the front pinhead and a lane width of 41.875” (106.36 cm). The overall length of the pair of Bowling Lanes with back service area and front approach area is 86.5’ (26.36 m) with a width of 11.68’ (3.56 m). Bowling gutters have a width of 9.25” (23.5 cm) and a depth of 1.875” (47.6 mm). The approach area is typically 15’ (4.57 m) long.

Dimensioned pair of plan and side view drawings of a pair of Bowling Lanes with Ball return
Bowling Lane - Ball Return
Height:
Width:
11.68’ | 3.56 m (Overall)
Length:
60’ | 18.29 m (To Headpin)
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
954 ft² | 88.6 m² (Overall)

Overall Length: 86.5’ | 26.36 m (With service)
Lane Length (Overall): 62.86’ | 19.16 m
Lane Width: 41.875” | 106.36 cm
Lane Thickness: 2”-2.5” | 50.8-63.5 mm
Approach Area: 15’ | 4.57 m
Gutter Width: 9.25” | 23.5 cm
Gutter Depth: 1.875” | 47.6 mm
Arrows: 12’-16’ | 3.66-4.88 m (From foul line)
Arrow Size: 1.25” x 6” | 31.6 x 152.4 mm
Pinsetting Machine Depth: 8’ | 2.44 m
Service Aisle: 3’-4.5’ | .91-1.37 m
Service Depth: 17” | 43 cm
Surface Materials: Maple and pine wood, or synthetic wood flooring

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Drawings include:
Bowling Lane (Ball Return) plan, side

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