Bowling is a recreational and competitive sport where players attempt to throw a bowling ball into as many pins as possible. First dated to ancient Egypt, bowling sets have been found in Egyptian tombs and graves. The most common type of bowling is 10 pin bowling, where players attempt to bowl the most successful throw, a strike, as many times as possible. Amongst professional bowlers, competitive leagues are created where individuals attempt to bowl more strikes as a collective group than their opponent teams. Commonly known for the culture of squeaky shoes and failed gutter balls, bowling continues to be an intensely popular sport.

How do you score bowling?

You score points by rolling the bowling ball down the lane and hitting any of the 10 pins, each pin is one point and the more you hit than more points you acquire. You could also not gain points by rolling the bowling ball into the gutters on the side of the bowling lane.

How long is a bowling lane?

Measuring from the foul line to the headpin: 60 feet (18.29 m) long and 42 inches (110 cm) wide not including the gutters on both sides. You also have 15 feet (4.57 m) of waiting/bowling surface before the foul line to prepare the next turn.

When was bowling invented?

A form of bowling can be traced back to 3200 BC in Egypt. A closer form of today’s game originated 2000 years about when roman soldiers were documented throwing rocks at larger skinnier rocks to see who could hit the most.

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Bowling Guides
Browse through our curated Bowling Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Bowling. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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4.5” | 11 cm (Diameter)
2.2-2.42 lb | 1-1.1 kg
Bowling Ball - Candlepin
11.000
1.100
70
https://p3d.in/e/OYuLR
3D
Bowling Ball - CandlepinView of a Candlepin Bowling Ball in 3D available for downloadView of a Candlepin Bowling Ball in 3D available for download
4.75”-5” | 12.1-12.7 cm (Diameter)
3.3-3.75 lb | 1.5-1.7 kg
Bowling Ball - Five-Pin & Duckpin
12.700
1.700
75
https://p3d.in/e/Kthod
3D
Bowling Ball - Five-Pin & DuckpinPerspective view of a 3D model of a Bowling Ball (Five-Pin & Duckpin)Perspective view of a 3D model of a Bowling Ball (Five-Pin & Duckpin)
8.595” | 21.83 cm (Diameter)
10-16 lb | 4.54-7.26 kg (Max)
Bowling Ball - Ten-Pin
21.830
7.260
40
https://p3d.in/e/iHChp
3D
Bowling Ball - Ten-Pin3D model of a Ten-Pin Bowling Ball viewed in perspective3D model of a Ten-Pin Bowling Ball viewed in perspective
34.5” | 87.5 cm
18” | 45.7 cm
9.1’ | 2.78 m
Bowling Ball Return
87.500
45.700
278.000
100
https://p3d.in/e/GhU0Q
3D
Bowling Ball Return3D perspective of a Bowling Ball Return available for download3D perspective of a Bowling Ball Return available for download
60” | 1.52 m (Overall)
60’ | 18.29 m (To Headpin)
440 ft² | 40.9 m² (Overall)
Bowling Lane
152.000
1829.000
40.90
2500
https://p3d.in/e/SJYBM
3D
Bowling LaneView of a Bowling Lane in 3D available for downloadView of a Bowling Lane in 3D available for download
11.68’ | 3.56 m (Overall)
60’ | 18.29 m (To Headpin)
954 ft² | 88.6 m² (Overall)
Bowling Lane - Ball Return
356.000
1829.000
88.60
3000
https://p3d.in/e/zYuF2
3D
Bowling Lane - Ball ReturnPerspective of a 3D model of a pair of Bowling Lanes with Ball ReturnPerspective of a 3D model of a pair of Bowling Lanes with Ball Return
15.75” | 40 cm
2.9375” | 74.6 mm (Diameter)
2.43 lb | 1.1 kg
Candlepin
40.000
7.470
1.100
300
https://p3d.in/e/vkLim
3D
Candlepin3D model of a Candlepin viewed in perspective3D model of a Candlepin viewed in perspective
15.75” | 40 cm
38.875” | 98.7 cm
34.125” | 86.7 cm
Candlepin Pin Deck
40.000
98.700
86.700
5
https://p3d.in/e/DPg9G
3D
Candlepin Pin DeckPerspective view of a 3D model of a Candlepin Pin DeckPerspective view of a 3D model of a Candlepin Pin Deck
6’0” | 1.83 m
February 25, 1970
Chris Barnes
183.000
1970.00
7200
3D
Chris Barnes
9.4” | 23.3 cm
4.125” | 104.8 mm (Diameter)
1.5 lb | .68 kg
Duckpin
23.300
10.480
0.680
9500
https://p3d.in/e/YRu6J
3D
DuckpinPerspective view of a 3D model of a DuckpinPerspective view of a 3D model of a Duckpin
9.4” | 23.3 cm
40.125” | 101.9 cm
35.25” | 89.5 cm
Duckpin Pin Deck
23.300
101.900
89.500
5
https://p3d.in/e/abff7
3D
Duckpin Pin DeckView of a Duckpin Pin Deck in 3D available for downloadView of a Duckpin Pin Deck in 3D available for download
6’1” | 1.85 m
April 27, 1938
Earl Anthony
185.000
1938.00
3200
3D
Earl Anthony
12.5” | 31.75 cm
5” | 127 mm (Overall Band)
2.45 lb | 1.11 kg (Overall Max)
Five-Pin Bowling Pin
31.750
12.700
1.110
30
https://p3d.in/e/y8NXg
3D
Five-Pin Bowling PinView of a Five-Pin Bowling Pin in 3D available for downloadView of a Five-Pin Bowling Pin in 3D available for download
12.5” | 31.75 cm
41” | 104.1 cm
36.25” | 92.1 cm
Five-Pin Pin Deck
31.750
104.100
92.100
5
https://p3d.in/e/zLmrb
3D
Five-Pin Pin Deck3D model of a Five-Pin Pin Deck viewed in perspective3D model of a Five-Pin Pin Deck viewed in perspective
5’5” | 1.65 m
March 25, 1964
Norm Duke
165.000
1964.00
2400
3D
Norm Duke
5’7” | 1.70 m
August 21, 1962
Pete Weber
170.000
1962.00
14000
3D
Pete Weber
15” | 38 cm
4.75” | 121 mm (Diameter)
3.3-3.5 lb | 1.5-1.6 kg
Ten-Pin Bowling Pin
38.000
12.100
1.600
20
https://p3d.in/e/FUmmv
3D
Ten-Pin Bowling Pin3D model of a Ten-Pin Bowling Pin viewed in perspective3D model of a Ten-Pin Bowling Pin viewed in perspective
15” | 38 cm
40.75” | 103.5 cm
35.875” | 91.1 cm
Ten-Pin Pin Deck
38.000
103.500
91.100
10
https://p3d.in/e/efNeN
3D
Ten-Pin Pin DeckPerspective view of a 3D model of a Ten-Pin Pin DeckPerspective view of a 3D model of a Ten-Pin Pin Deck
Duckpin Pin Deck
Size comparison diagram of the Duckpin Pin Deck compared to other bowling decks

Duckpin Pin Decks in Duckpin Bowling is the spacing between each of the Duckpins that creates an equilateral triangle formation. Duck Pin Spacing is the same as the more known Ten-Pin Bowling. Duckpin Pin Spacing is determined by the placement of the 4 rows of Duckpins in the triangle layout. Each side of the triangle has 4 Duckpins. The back row has 4 Duckpins, followed by 3 Duckpins, then 2 Duckpins, and the last row with the head pin. The head Duckpin marks the center of the width of the bowling lane. Any fallen Duckpin is removed once it is struck by the ball.

Duckpin Pin Decks have an overall width of 40.125” (101.9 cm) and depth of 35.25” (89.5 cm). The spacing between adjacent pins is 12" (30.48 cm).

Pair of drawings of a Duckpin Pin Deck showing dimensioned analysis of pin spacing, depth, and width
Duckpin Pin Decks in Duckpin Bowling is the spacing between each of the Duckpins that creates an equilateral triangle formation. Duck Pin Spacing is the same as the more known Ten-Pin Bowling. Duckpin Pin Spacing is determined by the placement of the 4 rows of Duckpins in the triangle layout.

Duckpin Pin Decks have an overall width of 40.125” (101.9 cm) and depth of 35.25” (89.5 cm). The spacing between adjacent pins is 12" (30.48 cm).

Pair of drawings of a Duckpin Pin Deck showing dimensioned analysis of pin spacing, depth, and width
Duckpin Pin Deck
Height:
9.4” | 23.3 cm
Width:
40.125” | 101.9 cm
Length:
Depth:
35.25” | 89.5 cm
Weight:
Area:

Adjacent Center to Center: 12” | 30.48 cm
Aligned Center to Center: 20.75” | 52.7 cm
Perimeter Center to Center: 36” | 91.44 cm


Birthday

Drawings include:
Duckpin Pin Deck front elevation, top

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Earl Anthony
Scaled height comparison illustration of Earl Anthony in relation to other bowling professionals

Earl Anthony was an American baseball pitcher and golfer before joining professional bowling. He is probably the most decorated left-handed American professional bowler today and among bowlers who made bowling famous in the USA. He was nicknamed "Square Earl" and holds ten major professional titles, including being a two-time Firestone Tournament Champion, six-time Professional Bowler Association (PBA) National Champion, two-time American Bowling Congress (ABC) Masters Champion, and six-time Player of the Year with forty-three titles during his time with the PBA. He has been admitted into the ABC Hall of Fame and the PBA Hall of Fame.

Earl Anthony had a height of 6’1” (1.85 m).

Set of illustrations of Earl Anthony in various bowling poses measured with overall height
Earl Anthony was an American baseball pitcher and golfer before joining professional bowling. He is probably the most decorated left-handed American professional bowler today and among bowlers who made bowling famous in the USA. He was nicknamed "Square Earl" and holds 10 major professional titles.

Earl Anthony had a height of 6’1” (1.85 m).

Set of illustrations of Earl Anthony in various bowling poses measured with overall height
Earl Anthony
Height:
6’1” | 1.85 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Nationality: United States

Years Active: 1963-1997

Death: August 14, 2001

Birthday
April 27, 1938

Drawings include:
Earl Anthony standing, throwing, stance

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Ten-Pin Pin Deck
Scaled comparison drawings of the Ten-Pin Pin Deck and other bowling decks

The Ten-Pin Pin Deck in Ten-Pin Bowling is the spacing between each of the Ten-Pin Bowling Pins that creates their layout. The Ten-Pin Pin Spacing creates an equilateral triangle with 4 rows of Ten-Pin Pins and 4 Ten-Pin Pins on each side of the triangle. The Ten-Pin Pin that makes up the top of the equilateral triangle is referred to as the head pin. Ten-Pin Pin Spacing creates different pockets for the ball to go through. Each of the Ten-Pins has an individual number. Ten-Pin Pin Spacing is the same as Candlepin Pin Spacing. The Ten-Pin Pin Spacing is controlled by the United States Bowling Congress.

Ten-Pin Pin Decks have an overall width of 40.75” (103.5 cm) and depth of 35.875” (91.1 cm). The spacing between adjacent pins is 12" (30.48 cm).

Measured plan and elevation illustration of a Ten-Pin Pin Deck dimensioned with overall width, depth, and spacing
The Ten-Pin Pin Deck in Ten-Pin Bowling is the spacing between each of the Ten-Pin Bowling Pins that creates their layout. The Ten-Pin Pin Spacing creates an equilateral triangle with 4 rows of Ten-Pin Pins and 4 Ten-Pin Pins on each side of the triangle.

Ten-Pin Pin Decks have an overall width of 40.75” (103.5 cm) and depth of 35.875” (91.1 cm). The spacing between adjacent pins is 12" (30.48 cm).

Measured plan and elevation illustration of a Ten-Pin Pin Deck dimensioned with overall width, depth, and spacing
Ten-Pin Pin Deck
Height:
15” | 38 cm
Width:
40.75” | 103.5 cm
Length:
Depth:
35.875” | 91.1 cm
Weight:
Area:

Adjacent Center to Center: 12” | 30.48 cm

Aligned Center to Center: 20.75” | 52.7 cm
Perimeter Center to Center: 36” | 91.44 cm

Birthday

Drawings include:
Ten-Pin Pin Deck front elevation, top

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Duckpin
Size comparison diagram of the Duckpin compared to other bowling pins

A Duckpin is the type of pin used in Duckpin Bowling and is the target towards which the bowling ball is thrown at during a game. A standard Duckpin is very similar to the Ten-Pin Bowling Pin is its appearance, but is shorter and chunkier. A Duckpin is lighter in weight than the Ten-Pin Bowling Pin. Variations of Duckpin Bowling place a wide rubber band around the widest part of a Duckpin to increase its pin action when it is struck by the bowling ball. The specifications of a Duckpin are maintained by the National Duckpin Bowling Congress.

Duckpins have an overall diameter of 4.125” (104.8 mm), base diameter of 1.375” (34.9 mm), and total height of 9.4” (23.3 cm). The mass of a Duckpin is regulated at 1.5 lb (.68 kg).

Measured illustration of a Duckpin dimensioned with overall height, base diameter, and overall diameter
A Duckpin is the type of pin used in Duckpin Bowling and is the target towards which the bowling ball is thrown at during a game. A standard Duckpin is very similar to the Ten-Pin Bowling Pin is its appearance, but is shorter and chunkier. A Duckpin is lighter in weight than the Ten-Pin Bowling Pin.

Duckpins have an overall diameter of 4.125” (104.8 mm), base diameter of 1.375” (34.9 mm), and total height of 9.4” (23.3 cm). The mass of a Duckpin is regulated at 1.5 lb (.68 kg).

Measured illustration of a Duckpin dimensioned with overall height, base diameter, and overall diameter
Duckpin
Height:
9.4” | 23.3 cm
Width:
4.125” | 104.8 mm (Diameter)
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
1.5 lb | .68 kg
Area:

Base Diameter: 1.375” | 34.9 mm

Materials: Hard maple wood; plastic coated finish

Birthday

Drawings include:
Duckpin front elevation, top

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Five-Pin Bowling Pin
Group of scaled illustrations of various bowling pins compared to the Five-Pin Bowling Pin

The Five-Pin Bowling Pin in Five-Pin Bowling has a heavy rubber band around its middle section that causes them to move further when struck by the Five-Pin Bowling Ball. Each of the 5 pins is worth a different scoring point value. The headpin at the center is worth 5 points, the pins at both sides are worth 3 points each, and the pins at the ends are worth 2 points each. Together the five pins have a worth of 15 points in each frame.

Five-Pin Bowling Pins have an overall diameter of 5” (127 mm), base diameter of 1.625” (41.3 mm), and height of 12.5” (31.75 cm). The mass of a Five-Pin Bowling Pin is regulated at a maximum of 2.45 lb (1.11 kg).

Elevation drawings of a Five-Pin Bowling Pin showing dimensioned analysis of their height and diameter
The Five-Pin Bowling Pin in Five-Pin Bowling has a heavy rubber band around its middle section that causes them to move further when struck by the Five-Pin Bowling Ball. Each of the 5 pins is worth a different scoring point value. Together the five pins have a worth of 15 points in each frame.

Five-Pin Bowling Pins have an overall diameter of 5” (127 mm), base diameter of 1.625” (41.3 mm), and height of 12.5” (31.75 cm). The mass of a Five-Pin Bowling Pin is regulated at a maximum of 2.45 lb (1.11 kg).

Elevation drawings of a Five-Pin Bowling Pin showing dimensioned analysis of their height and diameter
Five-Pin Bowling Pin
Height:
12.5” | 31.75 cm
Width:
5” | 127 mm (Overall Band)
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
2.45 lb | 1.11 kg (Overall Max)
Area:

Pin Diameter: 4.1875” | 106.36 mm

Base Diameter: 1.625” | 41.3 mm
Band Thickness: 1” | 25.4 mm
Band Weight: 5.5 oz | .16 kg

Materials: Hard maple wood; rubber band

Birthday

Drawings include:
Five-Pin Bowling Pin front elevation, top

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