White-Tailed Deer

Series of side elevation illustrations of the White-Tailed Deer

White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as Virginia deer, is a common American deer species that ranges from the Arctic Circle in western Canada to Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. The White-Tailed Deer is named for the thick white fur on the underside of the neck and the rear while the rest of their coat is reddish in the summer and a dull gray in the winter.

The hair of the White-Tailed Deer is flared during flight, and their tail resembles a signaling flag. While White-Tailed Deer from North and South America are generally accepted as one group, genetically these deer are farther apart than White-Tailed and Black-Tailed Deer in North America.

Series of elevation illustrations of the White-Tailed Deer in a range of postures

White-Tailed Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2'8"-3' (81-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-7’2” (95-220 cm), and overall weights of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). The lifespan of a wild White-Tailed Deer is roughly 6-15 years.


*Under Development*

2'8"-3' | 81-91 cm
3’1”-7’2” | 95-220 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
Scientific Name:
Odocoileus virginianus
6-15 years


Drawings include:

White-Tailed Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)


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Deer are cloven hooved ungulates which range in size from 1.25’-6.5’ (.4-1.9 m) with all species, except for one, having antlers. Deer exist on every continent besides Australia and Antarctica and live and forage for grasses and shrubs in temperate, alpine, wetlands, and grassland environments.