Eulipotyphla is a mammalian order that includes moles, shrews, hedgehogs, and other species. Once classified under the insectivore order, these mammals are generally smaller, ground-dwelling, and feed on invertebrates. The Eulipotyphla are characterized by primitive teeth, poor intellect, small eyes with poor vision, long pointed narrow muzzles, and an excellent sense of smell and hearing. They live in solitary and show strong limbs and claws they use to dig out food from the soil or dig tunnels in the ground in which they spend most of their time or hide from predators. Others like the hedgehog can hibernate.

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Eulipotyphla

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Eastern Mole

The Eastern Mole (Scalopus aquaticus) is a medium size mole that has hairless feet that are adapted specifically for digging. They are native to Canada, Mexico, and eastern United States. They prefer warmer climates, rather than the cold. The diet of the Eastern Mole consists of earthworms, and sometimes vegetables.

They are the prey of dogs, cat, foxes, and coyotes. Eastern moles are blind, but are able to detect light and find their food through their sense of touch and smell.

Eastern Moles have a shoulder height of 1.5”-2” (3.8-5.1 cm), body length between 4.3”-6.3” (11-16 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .17-.3 lb (75-130 g). The tail of the Eastern Mole is 1”-1.6” (2.5-4 cm) in length. Eastern Moles have a typical lifespan of 3-6 years.

Set of measured side and front elevation drawings of the Eastern Mole
The Eastern Mole (Scalopus aquaticus) is a medium size mole that has hairless feet that are adapted specifically for digging. They are native to Canada, Mexico, and eastern United States and prefer warmer climates, rather than the cold. Their diet consists of earthworms, and occasional vegetables.

Eastern Moles have a shoulder height of 1.5”-2” (3.8-5.1 cm), body length between 4.3”-6.3” (11-16 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .17-.3 lb (75-130 g). The tail of the Eastern Mole is 1”-1.6” (2.5-4 cm) in length. Eastern Moles have a typical lifespan of 3-6 years.

Set of measured side and front elevation drawings of the Eastern Mole
Eastern Mole
Height:
1.5”-2” | 3.8-5.1 cm
Width:
Length:
4.3”-6.3” | 11-16 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.17-.3 lb | 75-130 g
Area:
Tail Length
1”-1.6” | 2.5-4 cm
Scientific Name
Scalopus aquaticus
Lifespan
3-6 years

Drawings include:

Eastern Mole side elevation (standing), front (mole hill)

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Eurasian Pygmy Shrew

The Eurasian Pygmy Shrew (Sorex minutus) is the second smallest mammal in the world as they weigh less than an ounce and have a tiny body. The Pygmy Shrew has a narrow head with a pointed nose and whiskers. They are native to Britain and Ireland. The Eurasian Pygmy Shrew also needs to be constantly eating as it has a fast metabolism. Pygmy shrews are active both day and night. Their diet mostly consists of insects and insect larvae.

Eurasian Pygmy Shrews have a shoulder height of .8”-1.2” (2-3 cm), body length between 1.8”-2.4” (4.5-6 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .09-.21 oz (2.5-6 g). The tail of the Eurasian Pygmy Shrew is .8”-1.6” (2-4 cm) in length. Eurasian Pygmy Shrews have a typical lifespan of 1-2 years.

Dimensioned collection of scaled drawings of Eurasian Pygmy Shrew in various poses
The Eurasian Pygmy Shrew (Sorex minutus) is the second smallest mammal in the world as they weigh less than an ounce and have a tiny body. The Pygmy Shrew has a narrow head with a pointed nose and whiskers. They are native to Britain and Ireland. The Eurasian Pygmy Shrew needs constant sustenance.

Eurasian Pygmy Shrews have a shoulder height of .8”-1.2” (2-3 cm), body length between 1.8”-2.4” (4.5-6 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .09-.21 oz (2.5-6 g). The tail of the Eurasian Pygmy Shrew is .8”-1.6” (2-4 cm) in length. Eurasian Pygmy Shrews have a typical lifespan of 1-2 years.

Dimensioned collection of scaled drawings of Eurasian Pygmy Shrew in various poses
Eurasian Pygmy Shrew
Height:
.8”-1.2” | 2-3 cm
Width:
Length:
1.8”-2.4” | 4.5-6 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.09-.21 oz | 2.5-6 g
Area:
Tail Length
.8”-1.6” | 2-4 cm
Scientific Name
Sorex minutus
Lifespan
1-2 years

Drawings include:

Eurasian Pygmy Shrew side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (sitting), top

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Hispaniolan Solenodon

The Hispaniolan Solenodon (Solenodon paradoxus) is a mammal similar to the shrew as they have long snouts and tails, hairless feet, and small eyes. The two species of solenodon are native to Cuba and Hispaniola and are generally found in forests and shrubland. They are mainly terrestrial, but are able to climb.

Solenodons mostly eat insects, earthworms, invertebrates, carrions, and small reptiles. They have a musk smell, poor vision, and rely on their other senses to get around. They are considered to be endangered due to the destruction of their habitat and other predators.

Hispaniolan Solenodons have a shoulder height of 6”-7” (15.2-17.8 cm), body length between 11”-12.6” (28-32 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 1.5-2.2 lb (.7-1 kg). The tail of the Hispaniolan Solenodon is 6.7”-9.8” (17-25 cm) in length. Hispaniolan Solenodons have a typical lifespan of 10-12 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Hispaniolan Solenodon
The Hispaniolan Solenodon (Solenodon paradoxus) is a mammal similar to the shrew as they have long snouts and tails, hairless feet, and small eyes. The two species of solenodon are native to Cuba and Hispaniola and are generally found in forests and shrubland.

Hispaniolan Solenodons have a shoulder height of 6”-7” (15.2-17.8 cm), body length between 11”-12.6” (28-32 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 1.5-2.2 lb (.7-1 kg). The tail of the Hispaniolan Solenodon is 6.7”-9.8” (17-25 cm) in length. Hispaniolan Solenodons have a typical lifespan of 10-12 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Hispaniolan Solenodon
Hispaniolan Solenodon
Height:
6”-7” | 15.2-17.8 cm
Width:
Length:
11”-12.6” | 28-32 cm
Depth:
Weight:
1.5-2.2 lb | .7-1 kg
Area:
Tail Length
6.7”-9.8” | 17-25 cm
Scientific Name
Solenodon paradoxus
Lifespan
10-12 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Hispaniolan Solenodon side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Moonrat

The Moonrat (Echinosorex gymnura) is a small mammal species not directly related to rats as its name or resemblance suggest. It is the primitive to the tropical hedgehog and has a long tail and black and white fur instead of spines. Moonrats are native to the jungle regions of southern Myanmar, the Thailand Peninsula, Malaysia Peninsula, Borneo, and Sumatra. The Moonrat has a distinct ammonia-like or rotten garlic odor that can be smelled from yards away. Their diet typically consists of snails, crabs, small vertebrates, and fruit.

Moonrats have a shoulder height of 5.5”-8.25” (14-21 cm), body length between 11.8”-17.7” (30-45 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 1.9-2.4 lb (.8-1.1 kg). The tail of the Moonrat is 7.9”-11.8” (20-30 cm) in length. Moonrats have a typical lifespan of 3-7 years in wild and up to 7 years when raised in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Moonrat
The Moonrat (Echinosorex gymnura) is a small mammal species not directly related to rats as its name or resemblance suggest. It is the primitive to the tropical hedgehog and has a long tail and black and white fur instead of spines. The Moonrat has a distinct ammonia-like or rotten garlic odor.

Moonrats have a shoulder height of 5.5”-8.25” (14-21 cm), body length between 11.8”-17.7” (30-45 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 1.9-2.4 lb (.8-1.1 kg). The tail of the Moonrat is 7.9”-11.8” (20-30 cm) in length. Moonrats have a typical lifespan of 3-7 years in wild and up to 7 years when raised in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Moonrat
Moonrat
Height:
5.5”-8.25” | 14-21 cm
Width:
Length:
11.8”-17.7” | 30-45 cm
Depth:
Weight:
1.9-2.4 lb | .8-1.1 kg
Area:
Tail Length
7.9”-11.8” | 20-30 cm
Scientific Name
Echinosorex gymnura
Lifespan
3-7 years (wild); up to 7 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Moonrat side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Common Shrew | Eurasian Shrew

The Common Shrew (Sorex araneus), also known as the Eurasian Shrew, has small eyes, a long, pointed snout, and red-tipped teeth. It is the most common species of shrews found throughout Northern Europe, except for Ireland. Common Shrews are carnivorous and insectivorous as they eat insects, spiders, worms, amphibians, and small rodents.

They need to consume 200 to 300% of their body weight and eat every 2 to 3 hours daily to survive. The common shrew does not hibernate in the winter as its body is too small, but adapts by shrinking its bones and losing mass from its organs.

Common Shrews have a shoulder height of 1”-1.5” (2.5-3.8 cm), body length between 2”-3.1” (5-8 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .18-.5 oz (5-14 g). The tail of the Common Shrew is .8”-1.6” (2-4 cm) in length. Common Shrews have a typical lifespan of 1-2 years.

Set of dimensioned drawings of the Common Shrew viewed from the side and above
The Common Shrew (Sorex araneus), also known as the Eurasian Shrew, has small eyes, a long, pointed snout, and red-tipped teeth. It is the most common species of shrews found throughout Northern Europe, except for Ireland. Common Shrews are carnivorous and insectivorous.

Common Shrews have a shoulder height of 1”-1.5” (2.5-3.8 cm), body length between 2”-3.1” (5-8 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .18-.5 oz (5-14 g). The tail of the Common Shrew is .8”-1.6” (2-4 cm) in length. Common Shrews have a typical lifespan of 1-2 years.

Set of dimensioned drawings of the Common Shrew viewed from the side and above
Common Shrew | Eurasian Shrew
Height:
1”-1.5” | 2.5-3.8 cm
Width:
Length:
2”-3.1” | 5-8 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.18-.5 oz | 5-14 g
Area:
Tail Length
.8”-1.6” | 2-4 cm
Scientific Name
Sorex araneus
Lifespan
1-2 years

Drawings include:

Common Shrew side elevation (standing), front (standing), top

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