Eulipotyphla is a mammalian order that includes moles, shrews, hedgehogs, and other species. Once classified under the insectivore order, these mammals are generally smaller, ground-dwelling, and feed on invertebrates. The Eulipotyphla are characterized by primitive teeth, poor intellect, small eyes with poor vision, long pointed narrow muzzles, and an excellent sense of smell and hearing. They live in solitary and show strong limbs and claws they use to dig out food from the soil or dig tunnels in the ground in which they spend most of their time or hide from predators. Others like the hedgehog can hibernate.

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Eulipotyphla

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Common Shrew | Eurasian Shrew

The Common Shrew (Sorex araneus), also known as the Eurasian Shrew, has small eyes, a long, pointed snout, and red-tipped teeth. It is the most common species of shrews found throughout Northern Europe, except for Ireland. Common Shrews are carnivorous and insectivorous as they eat insects, spiders, worms, amphibians, and small rodents.

They need to consume 200 to 300% of their body weight and eat every 2 to 3 hours daily to survive. The common shrew does not hibernate in the winter as its body is too small, but adapts by shrinking its bones and losing mass from its organs.

Common Shrews have a shoulder height of 1”-1.5” (2.5-3.8 cm), body length between 2”-3.1” (5-8 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .18-.5 oz (5-14 g). The tail of the Common Shrew is .8”-1.6” (2-4 cm) in length. Common Shrews have a typical lifespan of 1-2 years.

Set of dimensioned drawings of the Common Shrew viewed from the side and above
The Common Shrew (Sorex araneus), also known as the Eurasian Shrew, has small eyes, a long, pointed snout, and red-tipped teeth. It is the most common species of shrews found throughout Northern Europe, except for Ireland. Common Shrews are carnivorous and insectivorous.

Common Shrews have a shoulder height of 1”-1.5” (2.5-3.8 cm), body length between 2”-3.1” (5-8 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .18-.5 oz (5-14 g). The tail of the Common Shrew is .8”-1.6” (2-4 cm) in length. Common Shrews have a typical lifespan of 1-2 years.

Set of dimensioned drawings of the Common Shrew viewed from the side and above
Common Shrew | Eurasian Shrew
Height:
1”-1.5” | 2.5-3.8 cm
Width:
Length:
2”-3.1” | 5-8 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.18-.5 oz | 5-14 g
Area:
Tail Length
.8”-1.6” | 2-4 cm
Scientific Name
Sorex araneus
Lifespan
1-2 years

Drawings include:

Common Shrew side elevation (standing), front (standing), top

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Hispaniolan Solenodon

The Hispaniolan Solenodon (Solenodon paradoxus) is a mammal similar to the shrew as they have long snouts and tails, hairless feet, and small eyes. The two species of solenodon are native to Cuba and Hispaniola and are generally found in forests and shrubland. They are mainly terrestrial, but are able to climb.

Solenodons mostly eat insects, earthworms, invertebrates, carrions, and small reptiles. They have a musk smell, poor vision, and rely on their other senses to get around. They are considered to be endangered due to the destruction of their habitat and other predators.

Hispaniolan Solenodons have a shoulder height of 6”-7” (15.2-17.8 cm), body length between 11”-12.6” (28-32 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 1.5-2.2 lb (.7-1 kg). The tail of the Hispaniolan Solenodon is 6.7”-9.8” (17-25 cm) in length. Hispaniolan Solenodons have a typical lifespan of 10-12 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Hispaniolan Solenodon
The Hispaniolan Solenodon (Solenodon paradoxus) is a mammal similar to the shrew as they have long snouts and tails, hairless feet, and small eyes. The two species of solenodon are native to Cuba and Hispaniola and are generally found in forests and shrubland.

Hispaniolan Solenodons have a shoulder height of 6”-7” (15.2-17.8 cm), body length between 11”-12.6” (28-32 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 1.5-2.2 lb (.7-1 kg). The tail of the Hispaniolan Solenodon is 6.7”-9.8” (17-25 cm) in length. Hispaniolan Solenodons have a typical lifespan of 10-12 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Hispaniolan Solenodon
Hispaniolan Solenodon
Height:
6”-7” | 15.2-17.8 cm
Width:
Length:
11”-12.6” | 28-32 cm
Depth:
Weight:
1.5-2.2 lb | .7-1 kg
Area:
Tail Length
6.7”-9.8” | 17-25 cm
Scientific Name
Solenodon paradoxus
Lifespan
10-12 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Hispaniolan Solenodon side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Eastern Mole

The Eastern Mole (Scalopus aquaticus) is a medium size mole that has hairless feet that are adapted specifically for digging. They are native to Canada, Mexico, and eastern United States. They prefer warmer climates, rather than the cold. The diet of the Eastern Mole consists of earthworms, and sometimes vegetables.

They are the prey of dogs, cat, foxes, and coyotes. Eastern moles are blind, but are able to detect light and find their food through their sense of touch and smell.

Eastern Moles have a shoulder height of 1.5”-2” (3.8-5.1 cm), body length between 4.3”-6.3” (11-16 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .17-.3 lb (75-130 g). The tail of the Eastern Mole is 1”-1.6” (2.5-4 cm) in length. Eastern Moles have a typical lifespan of 3-6 years.

Set of measured side and front elevation drawings of the Eastern Mole
The Eastern Mole (Scalopus aquaticus) is a medium size mole that has hairless feet that are adapted specifically for digging. They are native to Canada, Mexico, and eastern United States and prefer warmer climates, rather than the cold. Their diet consists of earthworms, and occasional vegetables.

Eastern Moles have a shoulder height of 1.5”-2” (3.8-5.1 cm), body length between 4.3”-6.3” (11-16 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .17-.3 lb (75-130 g). The tail of the Eastern Mole is 1”-1.6” (2.5-4 cm) in length. Eastern Moles have a typical lifespan of 3-6 years.

Set of measured side and front elevation drawings of the Eastern Mole
Eastern Mole
Height:
1.5”-2” | 3.8-5.1 cm
Width:
Length:
4.3”-6.3” | 11-16 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.17-.3 lb | 75-130 g
Area:
Tail Length
1”-1.6” | 2.5-4 cm
Scientific Name
Scalopus aquaticus
Lifespan
3-6 years

Drawings include:

Eastern Mole side elevation (standing), front (mole hill)

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American Water Shrew

The American Water Shrew (Sorex palustris), also referred to as the Northern Water Shrew, is 1 out of 12 species of shrews. They have a broad chest and black and brown fur that changes throughout the seasons. They are typically found in the mountain ranges of the northern United States, Canada, and Alaska.

Water shrews like to live along streams and heavy vegetation. The diet of the water shrew consists of roots, beechnuts, berries, sunflower seeds, and fungi. It can dive underwater for 15 seconds and are active both throughout the day and night.

American Water Shrews have a shoulder height of 1.4”-1.75” (3.6-4.4 cm), body length between 3”-3.9” (7.5-10 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .42-.63 oz (12-18 g). The tail of the American Water Shrew is 2.2”-2.8” (5.5-7 cm) in length. American Water Shrews have a typical lifespan of 1-3 years.

Series of dimensioned side elevation illustrations of the American Water Shrew
The American Water Shrew (Sorex palustris), also referred to as the Northern Water Shrew, is 1 out of 12 species of shrews. They have a broad chest and black and brown fur that changes throughout the seasons. They are typically found in the mountain ranges of the northern United States and Canada.

American Water Shrews have a shoulder height of 1.4”-1.75” (3.6-4.4 cm), body length between 3”-3.9” (7.5-10 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .42-.63 oz (12-18 g). The tail of the American Water Shrew is 2.2”-2.8” (5.5-7 cm) in length. American Water Shrews have a typical lifespan of 1-3 years.

Series of dimensioned side elevation illustrations of the American Water Shrew
American Water Shrew
Height:
1.4”-1.75” | 3.6-4.4 cm
Width:
Length:
3”-3.9” | 7.5-10 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.42-.63 oz | 12-18 g
Area:
Tail Length
2.2”-2.8” | 5.5-7 cm
Scientific Name
Sorex palustris
Lifespan
1-3 years

Drawings include:

American Water Shrew side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Eurasian Pygmy Shrew

The Eurasian Pygmy Shrew (Sorex minutus) is the second smallest mammal in the world as they weigh less than an ounce and have a tiny body. The Pygmy Shrew has a narrow head with a pointed nose and whiskers. They are native to Britain and Ireland. The Eurasian Pygmy Shrew also needs to be constantly eating as it has a fast metabolism. Pygmy shrews are active both day and night. Their diet mostly consists of insects and insect larvae.

Eurasian Pygmy Shrews have a shoulder height of .8”-1.2” (2-3 cm), body length between 1.8”-2.4” (4.5-6 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .09-.21 oz (2.5-6 g). The tail of the Eurasian Pygmy Shrew is .8”-1.6” (2-4 cm) in length. Eurasian Pygmy Shrews have a typical lifespan of 1-2 years.

Dimensioned collection of scaled drawings of Eurasian Pygmy Shrew in various poses
The Eurasian Pygmy Shrew (Sorex minutus) is the second smallest mammal in the world as they weigh less than an ounce and have a tiny body. The Pygmy Shrew has a narrow head with a pointed nose and whiskers. They are native to Britain and Ireland. The Eurasian Pygmy Shrew needs constant sustenance.

Eurasian Pygmy Shrews have a shoulder height of .8”-1.2” (2-3 cm), body length between 1.8”-2.4” (4.5-6 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .09-.21 oz (2.5-6 g). The tail of the Eurasian Pygmy Shrew is .8”-1.6” (2-4 cm) in length. Eurasian Pygmy Shrews have a typical lifespan of 1-2 years.

Dimensioned collection of scaled drawings of Eurasian Pygmy Shrew in various poses
Eurasian Pygmy Shrew
Height:
.8”-1.2” | 2-3 cm
Width:
Length:
1.8”-2.4” | 4.5-6 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.09-.21 oz | 2.5-6 g
Area:
Tail Length
.8”-1.6” | 2-4 cm
Scientific Name
Sorex minutus
Lifespan
1-2 years

Drawings include:

Eurasian Pygmy Shrew side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (sitting), top

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