Four-Toed Hedgehog | African Pygmy Hedgehog

Collection of dimensioned and scaled illustrations of Four-Toed Hedgehog in various standing poses

The Four-Toed Hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris), also known as the African Pygmy Hedgehog, is a small mammal with a long snout, short spines on their back, and an underside that is covered in soft white or brown fur. It has an oval shaped body covered in spines that are used as protection by rolling into a ball when they feel threatened. As its name implies, it has 4 toes on each hindfoot.

Female Four-Toed Hedgehogs are typically larger than males and they also have large ears and whiskers. This species of hedgehogs is native to the central and eastern African region where they typically live in the savannah and cropland habitats. The Four-Toed Hedgehog is a nocturnal animal and is typically alone. Their diet includes insects, grubs, snails, spiders, and small plants. They are one of the most popular species of domesticated hedgehogs.

Series of assorted elevation illustrations of the Four-Toed Hedgehog

Four-Toed Hedgehogs have a shoulder height of 2.6”-4” (6.6-10.2 cm), body length between 6”-9” (15.2-22.9 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .9-1.3 lb (400-600 g). The tail of the Four-Toed Hedgehog is 1-1.5” (2.5-3.8 cm) in length. Four-Toed Hedgehogs have a typical lifespan of 2-4 years in the wild and up to 6-10 years when raised in captivity as a pet.


*Under Development*

2.6”-4” | 6.6-10.2 cm
6”-9” | 15.2-22.9 cm
.9-1.3 lb | 400-600 g
Tail Length:
1-1.5” | 2.5-3.8 cm
Scientific Name:
Atelerix albiventris
2-4 years (wild), up to 6-10 years (captivity)


Drawings include:

Four-Toed Hedgehog side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (sitting), front (sitting)


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Eulipotyphla is a mammalian order that includes moles, shrews, hedgehogs, and other species. These mammals are generally smaller, ground-dwelling, and feed on invertebrates. The Eulipotyphla are characterized by primitive teeth, poor intellect, small eyes, narrow muzzles, and good hearing and smell.