Scaled collection of measured drawings of Northern Pike in front and side poses

The Northern Pike (Esox lucius) are carnivorous fish of the family Esocidae distributed in both freshwater and brackish sluggish streams, shallow weedy lakes, and reservoirs of the northern hemisphere. They are also called American pike, Northern Jackfish, Great lakes pike, and love to snap at baits making them popular among anglers.

Northern Pike resemble muskellunge and the only way to separate the two are the light markings on the Northern pike when viewed on a darker background. These ambush predators may exhibit cannibalism when food is scarce and crossbreed with the muskellunge. They are solitary predators that migrate at spawning season and also to follow their prey.

Northern Pikes have a total length between 16”-26” (41-66 cm), body height of 2.25”-3.75” (5.7-9.5 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 1.5-4 lb (.7-1.8 kg). The typical lifespan of the Northern Pike is 10-25 years.


*Under Development*

2.25”-3.75” | 5.7-9.5 cm
16”-26” | 41-66 cm
1.5-4 lb | .7-1.8 kg
Scientific Name:
Esox lucius
10-25 years


Drawings include:

Northern Pike side elevation, front

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Freshwater fish are fish that spend some or all of their live in water with a salinity level lower than .05%. Freshwater fish, due to the segmented nature of ponds, lakes, and rivers, are subject to speciation similar to species on islands.