Bears, of the family Ursidae, are large carnivorous mammals that live in a wide variety of habitats primarily throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Existing since prehistoric times, bears share characteristics such as large bodies, shaggy hair, clawed paws, stocky legs, and long snouts. Mostly carnivorous with the exception of the bamboo eating Giant Panda, bears are solitary hunters that spend long periods of the year in hibernation. There are only eight unique species of bears in the world.

What do bears eat?

Most species of bears eat plants, berries, insects, or fish as part of their daily diet. What a bear eats is largely dependent on their habitat. For example, a polar bear’s diet is mostly made up of seals, while black and grizzly bears may eat newborn elk, moose, deer, or caribou.

How long do bears live?

The average lifespan of a bear is determined by its species, habitat, natural predators, and hunting by humans. Typically bears in the wild can live between 20 to 30 years and in captivity bears may live up to 50 years.

When do bears hibernate?

Bears get ready to hibernate in late November and will remain in hibernation for about 5 months. During hibernation a bear will receive the necessary nutrients from a layer of fat that was formed during the summer and fall. They typically do not have the need to eat, drink, defecate, or urinate during this period.


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Bears

Giant Panda Bear
15-25 (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)
3D
Sun Bear
20-25 years (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)
3D
Spectacled Bear
20 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
3D
Kodiak Bear
20-25 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
3D
Asiatic Black Bear
25-30 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
3D
Sloth Bear
20 years (wild); up to 40 years (captivity)
3D
American Black Bear
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
3D
Grizzly Bear
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
3D
Polar Bear
20-30 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
3D

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Kodiak Bear
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Kodiak Bear compared to an average person

Male Kodiak Bears have a shoulder height between 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m) and a weight in the range of 600-1400 lb (272-635 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 3’4”-4’ (1.02-1.22 m) with weights from 400-700 lb (181-318 kg). The Kodiak Bear has an overall body length of roughly 6’5”-9’ (1.96-2.74 m), standing height of 9’-10’ (2.75-3.05 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild and up to 35 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Kodiak Bear

Male Kodiak Bears have a shoulder height between 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m) and a weight in the range of 600-1400 lb (272-635 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 3’4”-4’ (1.02-1.22 m) with weights from 400-700 lb (181-318 kg). The Kodiak Bear has an overall body length of roughly 6’5”-9’ (1.96-2.74 m), standing height of 9’-10’ (2.75-3.05 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild and up to 35 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Kodiak Bear
Kodiak Bear
Height:
3’4”-5’ | 1.02-1.52 m
Width:
Length:
6’5”-9’ | 1.96-2.74 m
Depth:
Standing Height
9’-10’ | 2.75-3.05 m
Weight:
400-1400 lb | 181-635 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 4’-5’ | 1.22-1.52 m

Length: 8’-9’ | 2.44-2.74 m

Weight: 600-1400 lb | 272-635 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 3’4”-4’ | 1.02-1.22 m

Length: 6’5”-7’4” | 1.96-2.23 m

Weight: 400-700 lb | 181-318 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus arctos middendorffi
Lifespan
20-25 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Kodiak Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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Sun Bear
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Sun Bear compared to an average person

In the thick lowland forests of South-east Asia, the solitary Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus), the smallest member of the bear family, resides in an insular world. The Sun Bear is named after the golden, or white, shaped patch on its chest which, according to the legend, represents the rising sun. The Sun Bear's stylish, black coat is short to prevent overheating in hot weather, but dense to shield them from fog, trees, and rain. They have a stocky, muscular build, little ears, and a short muzzle, which has resulted in locals referring to them as “dog bears”. Sun Bears, ironically, are nightlife bears. At night, they snack on fresh fruit, berries, roots, insects, small birds, lizards, and rodents through the forests.

Male Sun Bears have a shoulder height between 2’2”-2’4” (.66-.71 m) and a weight in the range of 88-155 lb (40-70 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’-2’2” (.61-.66 m) with weights from 55-110 lb (25-50 kg). The Sun Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m), upright standing height of 4’3”-5’3” (1.3-1.6 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild or 20-30 years if protected in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Sun Bear
In the thick lowland forests of South-east Asia, the solitary Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus), the smallest member of the bear family, resides in an insular world. The Sun Bear is named after the golden, or white, shaped patch on its chest which, according to the legend, represents the rising sun.

Male Sun Bears have a shoulder height between 2’2”-2’4” (.66-.71 m) and a weight in the range of 88-155 lb (40-70 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’-2’2” (.61-.66 m) with weights from 55-110 lb (25-50 kg). The Sun Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m), upright standing height of 4’3”-5’3” (1.3-1.6 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild or 20-30 years if protected in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Sun Bear
Sun Bear
Height:
2’-2’4” | .61-.71 m
Width:
Length:
4’-5’ | 1.22-1.52 m
Depth:
Standing Height
4’3”-5’3” | 1.3-1.6 m
Weight:
55-155 lb | 25-70 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 2’2”-2’4” | .66-.71 m

Length: 4’6”-5’ | 1.4-1.52 m

Weight: 88-155 lb | 40-70 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 2’-2’2” | .61-.66 m

Length: 4’-4’6” | 1.22-1.37 m

Weight: 55-110 lb | 25-50 kg

Scientific Name
Helarctos malayanus
Lifespan
20-25 years (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Sun Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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Asiatic Black Bear | Asian Black Bear
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Asiatic Black Bear (Asian Black Bear) compared to an average person

The Asiatic Bear (Ursus Thibetanus), Moon Bear, or Asian Black Bear, is a medium-sized bear species endemic to Asia. Most suited to the Arboreal lifestyle, the Asiatic Bear is a dark-colored bear with a light brown muzzle on the chest which is sometimes shaped like a V and has distinct white patches. Its ears take a bell shape which is considerably longer than those of other bears and hit the head sideways. It lives in the Himalayas of India, the Korean Peninsula, north-east China, East Russia, Japan's Shikoku islands and Taiwan.

Male Asiatic Black Bear have a shoulder height between 2’10”-3’4” (.86-1.02 m) and a weight in the range of 130-440 lb (60-200 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’5”-3’ (.74-.91 m) with weights from 90-275 lb (41-125 kg). Asiatic Black Bears have overall body lengths of roughly 3’10”-6’6” (1.2-2 m), upright standing heights of 5’-5’6” (1.5-1.7 m), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years in the wild and up to 35 years if protected in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Asiatic Black Bear (Asian Black Bear)
The Asiatic Bear (Ursus Thibetanus), Moon Bear, or Asian Black Bear, is a medium-sized bear species endemic to Asia. Most suited to the Arboreal lifestyle, the Asiatic Bear is a dark-colored bear with a light brown muzzle on the chest which is sometimes shaped like a V with distinct white patches.

Male Asiatic Black Bear have a shoulder height between 2’10”-3’4” (.86-1.02 m) and a weight in the range of 130-440 lb (60-200 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’5”-3’ (.74-.91 m) with weights from 90-275 lb (41-125 kg). Asiatic Black Bears have overall body lengths of roughly 3’10”-6’6” (1.2-2 m), upright standing heights of 5’-5’6” (1.5-1.7 m), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years in the wild and up to 35 years if protected in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Asiatic Black Bear (Asian Black Bear)
Asiatic Black Bear | Asian Black Bear
Height:
2’5”-3’4” | .71-1.02 m
Width:
Length:
3’10”-6’6” | 1.2-2 m
Depth:
Standing Height
5’-5’6” | 1.5-1.7 m
Weight:
90-440 lb | 41-200 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 2’10”-3’4” | .86-1.02 m

Length: 4’11”-6’6” | 1.5-2 m

Weight: 130-440 lb | 60-200 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 2’5”-3’ | .74-.91 m

Length: 3’10”-5’3” | 1.2-1.6 m

Weight: 90-275 lb | 41-125 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus thibetanus
Lifespan
25-30 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Asiatic Black Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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Cave Bear
Comparison illustration of the size of a Cave Bear to an average human

The Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus) was a bear species that lived in the Pleistocene region of Europe and Asia and died in the Last Glacial Maximums about 24,000 years ago. The Cave Bear had a very wide and dome-skull with a steep forehead. Its sturdy body had long thighs, large frame, and turning paws, which made it the ancestor to the Brown Bear in its skeletal form. The size of Cave Bears was like those of the largest modern bears.

Male Cave Bears had a shoulder height between 5’-5’7” (1.52-1.7 m) and a weight in the range of 750-1300 lb (340-590 kg). The shoulder heights of females was between 4’7”-5’2” (1.4-1.57 m) with weights from 500-550 lb (227-250 kg). The Cave Bear had an overall body length of roughly 8’8”-11’6” (2.7-3.5 m) and giant upright standing height of 10’-11’6” (3.05-3.5 m).

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Cave Bear
The Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus) was a bear species that lived in the Pleistocene region of Europe and Asia and died in the Last Glacial Maximums about 24,000 years ago. The Cave Bear had a very wide and dome-skull with a steep forehead. Its sturdy body had long thighs, large frame, and turning paws.

Male Cave Bears had a shoulder height between 5’-5’7” (1.52-1.7 m) and a weight in the range of 750-1300 lb (340-590 kg). The shoulder heights of females was between 4’7”-5’2” (1.4-1.57 m) with weights from 500-550 lb (227-250 kg). The Cave Bear had an overall body length of roughly 8’8”-11’6” (2.7-3.5 m) and giant upright standing height of 10’-11’6” (3.05-3.5 m).

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Cave Bear
Cave Bear
Height:
4’7”-5’7” | 1.4-1.7 m
Width:
Length:
8’8”-11’6” | 2.7-3.5 m
Depth:
Standing Height
10’-11’6” | 3.05-3.5 m
Weight:
500-1300 lb | 227-590 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 5’-5’7” | 1.52-1.7 m

Length: 9’10”-11’6” | 3-3.5 m

Weight: 750-1300 lb | 340-590 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 4’7”-5’2” | 1.4-1.57 m

Length: 8’8”-10’6” | 2.7-3.2 m

Weight: 500-550 lb | 227-250 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus spelaeus
Lifespan

Drawings include:

Cave Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing upright)

Details & Downloads

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Grizzly Bear
Comparison illustration of the size of a Grizzly Bear to an average human

The Grizzly Bear (Ursus Arctos Horribilis) is a subspecies of the brown bear with a large population. The Grizzly Bear came from Europe and Asia, but can only be found today in North America and Canada. The Grizzly Bear has brown fur throughout its body, but golden and grey fur is on the back of its body and gives it a squatting look. The diet of Grizzly Bears contains fish (primarily salmon), moose, bison, and black bear while also including seeds, fruit, and a variety of leaves. Due to ruthless widespread hunting, the numbers of wild Grizzly Bears have decreased dramatically in the 1970s and 1980s. However, it has increased recently because of certain laws on bear-hunting.

Male Grizzly Bears have a shoulder height between 3’6”-4’6” (1.07-1.37 m) and a weight in the range of 400-800 lb (181-363 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 3’-3’8” (.91-1.12 m) with weights from 300-400 lb (136-181 kg). The Grizzly Bear has an overall body length of roughly 5’6”-8’ (1.68-2.44 m), standing height of 8’-9’9” (2.5-3 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild or up to 45 years when protected in captivity.

Pair of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Grizzly Bear
The Grizzly Bear (Ursus Arctos Horribilis) is a subspecies of the brown bear with a large population. The Grizzly Bear came from Europe and Asia, but can only be found today in North America and Canada. The Grizzly Bear is an omnivore with golden brown fur throughout its body.

Male Grizzly Bears have a shoulder height between 3’6”-4’6” (1.07-1.37 m) and a weight in the range of 400-800 lb (181-363 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 3’-3’8” (.91-1.12 m) with weights from 300-400 lb (136-181 kg). The Grizzly Bear has an overall body length of roughly 5’6”-8’ (1.68-2.44 m), standing height of 8’-9’9” (2.5-3 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild or up to 45 years when protected in captivity.

Pair of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Grizzly Bear
Grizzly Bear
Height:
3’-4’6” | .91-1.37 m
Width:
Length:
5’6”-8’ | 1.68-2.44 m
Depth:
Standing Height
8’-9’9” | 2.5-3 m
Weight:
300-800 lb | 136-363 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 3’6”-4’6” | 1.07-1.37 m

Length: 7’-8’ | 2.13-2.44 m

Weight: 400-800 lb | 181-363 kg



Females:
Height (Shoulder): 3’-3’8” | .91-1.12 m

Length: 5’6”-6’6” | 1.7-1.98 m

Weight: 300-400 lb | 136-181 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus arctos horribilis
Lifespan
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Grizzly Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

Details & Downloads

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