Bears, of the family Ursidae, are large carnivorous mammals that live in a wide variety of habitats primarily throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Existing since prehistoric times, bears share characteristics such as large bodies, shaggy hair, clawed paws, stocky legs, and long snouts. Mostly carnivorous with the exception of the bamboo eating Giant Panda, bears are solitary hunters that spend long periods of the year in hibernation. There are only eight unique species of bears in the world.

What do bears eat?

Most species of bears eat plants, berries, insects, or fish as part of their daily diet. What a bear eats is largely dependent on their habitat. For example, a polar bear’s diet is mostly made up of seals, while black and grizzly bears may eat newborn elk, moose, deer, or caribou.

How long do bears live?

The average lifespan of a bear is determined by its species, habitat, natural predators, and hunting by humans. Typically bears in the wild can live between 20 to 30 years and in captivity bears may live up to 50 years.

When do bears hibernate?

Bears get ready to hibernate in late November and will remain in hibernation for about 5 months. During hibernation a bear will receive the necessary nutrients from a layer of fat that was formed during the summer and fall. They typically do not have the need to eat, drink, defecate, or urinate during this period.


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2’6”-3’5” | .75-1.05 m
4’-6’8” | 1.25-2.1 m
200-600 lb | 90-272 kg
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
American Black Bear
105.000
210.000
272.000
45.00
10000
3D
American Black Bear
2’5”-3’4” | .71-1.02 m
3’10”-6’6” | 1.2-2 m
90-440 lb | 41-200 kg
25-30 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
Asiatic Black Bear
102.000
200.000
200.000
35.00
14000
3D
Asiatic Black Bear
4’7”-5’7” | 1.4-1.7 m
8’8”-11’6” | 2.7-3.5 m
500-1300 lb | 227-590 kg
Cave Bear
170.000
350.000
590.000
13000
3D
Cave Bear
1’6”-3" | .46-.91 m
4’6”-6’ | 1.37-1.83 m
150-250 lb | 68-114 kg
15-25 (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)
Giant Panda Bear
91.000
183.000
114.000
30.00
307000
3D
Giant Panda Bear
3’-4’6” | .91-1.37 m
5’6”-8’ | 1.68-2.44 m
300-800 lb | 136-363 kg
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
Grizzly Bear
137.000
244.000
363.000
45.00
102000
3D
Grizzly Bear
3’4”-5’ | 1.02-1.52 m
6’5”-9’ | 1.96-2.74 m
400-1400 lb | 181-635 kg
20-25 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
Kodiak Bear
152.000
274.000
635.000
35.00
39000
3D
Kodiak Bear
2’8”-5’3” | .81-1.6 m
7’10”-9’10” | 2.4-3 m
330-1500 lb | 150-680 kg
20-30 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
Polar Bear
160.000
300.000
680.000
45.00
132000
3D
Polar Bear
4’-6’ | 1.22-1.83 m
6’9”-9’6” | 2.06-2.9 m
650-2200 lb | 295-998 kg
Short-Faced Bear
183.000
290.000
998.000
16700
3D
Short-Faced Bear
2’-3’ | .61-.91 m
5’-6’ | 1.52-1.85 m
120-320 lb | 54-145 kg
20 years (wild); up to 40 years (captivity)
Sloth Bear
91.000
185.000
145.000
40.00
37000
3D
Sloth Bear
2’-3’ | .61-.91 m
5’-6’ | 1.52-1.85 m
80-440 lb | 36-200 kg
20 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
Spectacled Bear
91.000
185.000
200.000
35.00
17000
3D
Spectacled Bear
2’-2’4” | .61-.71 m
4’-5’ | 1.22-1.52 m
55-155 lb | 25-70 kg
20-25 years (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)
Sun Bear
71.000
152.000
70.000
30.00
49000
3D
Sun Bear
Polar Bear
Comparison illustration of the size of a Polar Bear to an average human man

Polar bears are bears that are native to the Arctic Circle and the areas that surround it. Uniquely adapted to survive in the region, polar bears have bodies that are both resistant to the cold temperatures and allow for quick movement across ice and open water. Polar bears primarily hunt for seals along the edges of ice patches. Today, as their arctic habitats continue to be lost due to climate change, polar bears have become a species that is increasingly vulnerable.

Male Polar Bears have a shoulder height between 3’7”-5’3” (1.09-1.6 m) and a weight in the range of 775-1500 lb (352-680 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’8”-3’11” (.81-1.19 m) with weights from 330-650 lb (150-295 kg). The Polar Bear has an overall body length of roughly 7’10”-9’10” (2.4-3 m), standing height of 8’-10’ (2.5-3.05 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-30 years in the wild and up to 45 years in captivity.

Drawing of a Polar Bear from the side with dimensions for length and height
Polar bears are bears that are native to the Arctic Circle and the areas that surround it. Uniquely adapted to survive in the region, polar bears have bodies that are both resistant to the cold temperatures and allow for quick movement across ice and open water.

Male Polar Bears have a shoulder height between 3’7”-5’3” (1.09-1.6 m) and a weight in the range of 775-1500 lb (352-680 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’8”-3’11” (.81-1.19 m) with weights from 330-650 lb (150-295 kg). The Polar Bear has an overall body length of roughly 7’10”-9’10” (2.4-3 m), standing height of 8’-10’ (2.5-3.05 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-30 years in the wild and up to 45 years in captivity.

Drawing of a Polar Bear from the side with dimensions for length and height
Polar Bear
Height:
2’8”-5’3” | .81-1.6 m
Width:
Length:
7’10”-9’10” | 2.4-3 m
Depth:
Standing Height
8’-10’ | 2.5-3.05 m
Weight:
330-1500 lb | 150-680 kg
Area:

Males:
Height (Shoulder): 3’7”-5’3” | 1.09-1.6 m
Length: 8’6”-9’10” | 2.6-3 m
Weight: 775-1500 lb | 352-680 kg

Females:
Height (Shoulder): 2’8”-3’11” | .81-1.19 m
Length: 7’10”-9’2” | 2.4-2.8 m
Weight: 330-650 lb | 150-295 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus maritimus
Lifespan
20-30 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)

Drawings include:
Polar Bear side (standing), front (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down), plan

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Short-Faced Bear
Comparison illustration of the size of a Short-Faced Bear to an average human

The Short-Faced Bear (Arctodus sp.) is a genus of extinct bears that lived in North America from approximately 11,000 years earlier in the Pleistocene period. It was the earliest North American bear and the largest in California. The bear could run up to 40 miles an hour and scare off or threaten other competitors from prey. To survive, the Short-Faced Bear has been estimated to have had to eat 35 pounds of meat each day. The Short-Faced Bear would weigh 2,000 pounds, for comparison, a male grizzly weighs approximately 600 pounds.

Male Short-Faced Bears had a shoulder height between 5’-6’ (1.52-1.83 m )and a weight in the range of 1750-2200 lb (794-998 kg). The shoulder heights of females were between 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m) with weights from 650-900 lb (295-408 kg). The Short-Faced Bear had an overall body length of roughly 6’9”-9’6” (2.06-2.9 m) and an upright standing height of 8’-12’ (2.5-3.66 m).

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Short-Faced Bear
The Short-Faced Bear (Arctodus sp.) is a genus of extinct bears that lived in North America from approximately 11,000 years earlier in the Pleistocene period. It was the earliest North American bear and the largest in California. The bear could run up to 40 miles an hour and scare off competition.

Male Short-Faced Bears had a shoulder height between 5’-6’ (1.52-1.83 m )and a weight in the range of 1750-2200 lb (794-998 kg). The shoulder heights of females were between 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m) with weights from 650-900 lb (295-408 kg). The Short-Faced Bear had an overall body length of roughly 6’9”-9’6” (2.06-2.9 m) and an upright standing height of 8’-12’ (2.5-3.66 m).

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Short-Faced Bear
Short-Faced Bear
Height:
4’-6’ | 1.22-1.83 m
Width:
Length:
6’9”-9’6” | 2.06-2.9 m
Depth:
Standing Height
8’-12’ | 2.5-3.66 m
Weight:
650-2200 lb | 295-998 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 5’-6’ | 1.52-1.83 m

Length: 8’6”-9’6” | 2.6-2.9 m

Weight: 1750-2200 lb | 794-998 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 4’-5’ | 1.22-1.52 m

Length: 6’9”-7’7” | 2.1-2.3 m

Weight: 650-900 lb | 295-408 kg

Scientific Name
Arctodus
Lifespan

Drawings include:

Short-Faced Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing upright)

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Grizzly Bear
Comparison illustration of the size of a Grizzly Bear to an average human

The Grizzly Bear (Ursus Arctos Horribilis) is a subspecies of the brown bear with a large population. The Grizzly Bear came from Europe and Asia, but can only be found today in North America and Canada. The Grizzly Bear has brown fur throughout its body, but golden and grey fur is on the back of its body and gives it a squatting look. The diet of Grizzly Bears contains fish (primarily salmon), moose, bison, and black bear while also including seeds, fruit, and a variety of leaves. Due to ruthless widespread hunting, the numbers of wild Grizzly Bears have decreased dramatically in the 1970s and 1980s. However, it has increased recently because of certain laws on bear-hunting.

Male Grizzly Bears have a shoulder height between 3’6”-4’6” (1.07-1.37 m) and a weight in the range of 400-800 lb (181-363 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 3’-3’8” (.91-1.12 m) with weights from 300-400 lb (136-181 kg). The Grizzly Bear has an overall body length of roughly 5’6”-8’ (1.68-2.44 m), standing height of 8’-9’9” (2.5-3 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild or up to 45 years when protected in captivity.

Pair of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Grizzly Bear
The Grizzly Bear (Ursus Arctos Horribilis) is a subspecies of the brown bear with a large population. The Grizzly Bear came from Europe and Asia, but can only be found today in North America and Canada. The Grizzly Bear is an omnivore with golden brown fur throughout its body.

Male Grizzly Bears have a shoulder height between 3’6”-4’6” (1.07-1.37 m) and a weight in the range of 400-800 lb (181-363 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 3’-3’8” (.91-1.12 m) with weights from 300-400 lb (136-181 kg). The Grizzly Bear has an overall body length of roughly 5’6”-8’ (1.68-2.44 m), standing height of 8’-9’9” (2.5-3 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild or up to 45 years when protected in captivity.

Pair of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Grizzly Bear
Grizzly Bear
Height:
3’-4’6” | .91-1.37 m
Width:
Length:
5’6”-8’ | 1.68-2.44 m
Depth:
Standing Height
8’-9’9” | 2.5-3 m
Weight:
300-800 lb | 136-363 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 3’6”-4’6” | 1.07-1.37 m

Length: 7’-8’ | 2.13-2.44 m

Weight: 400-800 lb | 181-363 kg



Females:
Height (Shoulder): 3’-3’8” | .91-1.12 m

Length: 5’6”-6’6” | 1.7-1.98 m

Weight: 300-400 lb | 136-181 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus arctos horribilis
Lifespan
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Grizzly Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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Sun Bear
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Sun Bear compared to an average person

In the thick lowland forests of South-east Asia, the solitary Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus), the smallest member of the bear family, resides in an insular world. The Sun Bear is named after the golden, or white, shaped patch on its chest which, according to the legend, represents the rising sun. The Sun Bear's stylish, black coat is short to prevent overheating in hot weather, but dense to shield them from fog, trees, and rain. They have a stocky, muscular build, little ears, and a short muzzle, which has resulted in locals referring to them as “dog bears”. Sun Bears, ironically, are nightlife bears. At night, they snack on fresh fruit, berries, roots, insects, small birds, lizards, and rodents through the forests.

Male Sun Bears have a shoulder height between 2’2”-2’4” (.66-.71 m) and a weight in the range of 88-155 lb (40-70 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’-2’2” (.61-.66 m) with weights from 55-110 lb (25-50 kg). The Sun Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m), upright standing height of 4’3”-5’3” (1.3-1.6 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild or 20-30 years if protected in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Sun Bear
In the thick lowland forests of South-east Asia, the solitary Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus), the smallest member of the bear family, resides in an insular world. The Sun Bear is named after the golden, or white, shaped patch on its chest which, according to the legend, represents the rising sun.

Male Sun Bears have a shoulder height between 2’2”-2’4” (.66-.71 m) and a weight in the range of 88-155 lb (40-70 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’-2’2” (.61-.66 m) with weights from 55-110 lb (25-50 kg). The Sun Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m), upright standing height of 4’3”-5’3” (1.3-1.6 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild or 20-30 years if protected in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Sun Bear
Sun Bear
Height:
2’-2’4” | .61-.71 m
Width:
Length:
4’-5’ | 1.22-1.52 m
Depth:
Standing Height
4’3”-5’3” | 1.3-1.6 m
Weight:
55-155 lb | 25-70 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 2’2”-2’4” | .66-.71 m

Length: 4’6”-5’ | 1.4-1.52 m

Weight: 88-155 lb | 40-70 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 2’-2’2” | .61-.66 m

Length: 4’-4’6” | 1.22-1.37 m

Weight: 55-110 lb | 25-50 kg

Scientific Name
Helarctos malayanus
Lifespan
20-25 years (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Sun Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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Cave Bear
Comparison illustration of the size of a Cave Bear to an average human

The Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus) was a bear species that lived in the Pleistocene region of Europe and Asia and died in the Last Glacial Maximums about 24,000 years ago. The Cave Bear had a very wide and dome-skull with a steep forehead. Its sturdy body had long thighs, large frame, and turning paws, which made it the ancestor to the Brown Bear in its skeletal form. The size of Cave Bears was like those of the largest modern bears.

Male Cave Bears had a shoulder height between 5’-5’7” (1.52-1.7 m) and a weight in the range of 750-1300 lb (340-590 kg). The shoulder heights of females was between 4’7”-5’2” (1.4-1.57 m) with weights from 500-550 lb (227-250 kg). The Cave Bear had an overall body length of roughly 8’8”-11’6” (2.7-3.5 m) and giant upright standing height of 10’-11’6” (3.05-3.5 m).

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Cave Bear
The Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus) was a bear species that lived in the Pleistocene region of Europe and Asia and died in the Last Glacial Maximums about 24,000 years ago. The Cave Bear had a very wide and dome-skull with a steep forehead. Its sturdy body had long thighs, large frame, and turning paws.

Male Cave Bears had a shoulder height between 5’-5’7” (1.52-1.7 m) and a weight in the range of 750-1300 lb (340-590 kg). The shoulder heights of females was between 4’7”-5’2” (1.4-1.57 m) with weights from 500-550 lb (227-250 kg). The Cave Bear had an overall body length of roughly 8’8”-11’6” (2.7-3.5 m) and giant upright standing height of 10’-11’6” (3.05-3.5 m).

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Cave Bear
Cave Bear
Height:
4’7”-5’7” | 1.4-1.7 m
Width:
Length:
8’8”-11’6” | 2.7-3.5 m
Depth:
Standing Height
10’-11’6” | 3.05-3.5 m
Weight:
500-1300 lb | 227-590 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 5’-5’7” | 1.52-1.7 m

Length: 9’10”-11’6” | 3-3.5 m

Weight: 750-1300 lb | 340-590 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 4’7”-5’2” | 1.4-1.57 m

Length: 8’8”-10’6” | 2.7-3.2 m

Weight: 500-550 lb | 227-250 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus spelaeus
Lifespan

Drawings include:

Cave Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing upright)

Details & Downloads

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