Bears, of the family Ursidae, are large carnivorous mammals that live in a wide variety of habitats primarily throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Existing since prehistoric times, bears share characteristics such as large bodies, shaggy hair, clawed paws, stocky legs, and long snouts. Mostly carnivorous with the exception of the bamboo eating Giant Panda, bears are solitary hunters that spend long periods of the year in hibernation. There are only eight unique species of bears in the world.

What do bears eat?

Most species of bears eat plants, berries, insects, or fish as part of their daily diet. What a bear eats is largely dependent on their habitat. For example, a polar bear’s diet is mostly made up of seals, while black and grizzly bears may eat newborn elk, moose, deer, or caribou.

How long do bears live?

The average lifespan of a bear is determined by its species, habitat, natural predators, and hunting by humans. Typically bears in the wild can live between 20 to 30 years and in captivity bears may live up to 50 years.

When do bears hibernate?

Bears get ready to hibernate in late November and will remain in hibernation for about 5 months. During hibernation a bear will receive the necessary nutrients from a layer of fat that was formed during the summer and fall. They typically do not have the need to eat, drink, defecate, or urinate during this period.


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Bears Guides
Browse through our curated Bears Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Bears. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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2’6”-3’5” | .75-1.05 m
4’-6’8” | 1.25-2.1 m
200-600 lb | 90-272 kg
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
American Black Bear
105.000
210.000
272.000
45.00
10000
3D
American Black Bear
2’5”-3’4” | .71-1.02 m
3’10”-6’6” | 1.2-2 m
90-440 lb | 41-200 kg
25-30 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
Asiatic Black Bear
102.000
200.000
200.000
35.00
14000
3D
Asiatic Black Bear
4’7”-5’7” | 1.4-1.7 m
8’8”-11’6” | 2.7-3.5 m
500-1300 lb | 227-590 kg
Cave Bear
170.000
350.000
590.000
13000
3D
Cave Bear
1’6”-3" | .46-.91 m
4’6”-6’ | 1.37-1.83 m
150-250 lb | 68-114 kg
15-25 (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)
Giant Panda Bear
91.000
183.000
114.000
30.00
307000
3D
Giant Panda Bear
3’-4’6” | .91-1.37 m
5’6”-8’ | 1.68-2.44 m
300-800 lb | 136-363 kg
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
Grizzly Bear
137.000
244.000
363.000
45.00
102000
3D
Grizzly Bear
3’4”-5’ | 1.02-1.52 m
6’5”-9’ | 1.96-2.74 m
400-1400 lb | 181-635 kg
20-25 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
Kodiak Bear
152.000
274.000
635.000
35.00
39000
3D
Kodiak Bear
2’8”-5’3” | .81-1.6 m
7’10”-9’10” | 2.4-3 m
330-1500 lb | 150-680 kg
20-30 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
Polar Bear
160.000
300.000
680.000
45.00
132000
3D
Polar Bear
4’-6’ | 1.22-1.83 m
6’9”-9’6” | 2.06-2.9 m
650-2200 lb | 295-998 kg
Short-Faced Bear
183.000
290.000
998.000
16700
3D
Short-Faced Bear
2’-3’ | .61-.91 m
5’-6’ | 1.52-1.85 m
120-320 lb | 54-145 kg
20 years (wild); up to 40 years (captivity)
Sloth Bear
91.000
185.000
145.000
40.00
37000
3D
Sloth Bear
2’-3’ | .61-.91 m
5’-6’ | 1.52-1.85 m
80-440 lb | 36-200 kg
20 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
Spectacled Bear
91.000
185.000
200.000
35.00
17000
3D
Spectacled Bear
2’-2’4” | .61-.71 m
4’-5’ | 1.22-1.52 m
55-155 lb | 25-70 kg
20-25 years (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)
Sun Bear
71.000
152.000
70.000
30.00
49000
3D
Sun Bear
Short-Faced Bear
Comparison illustration of the size of a Short-Faced Bear to an average human

The Short-Faced Bear (Arctodus sp.) is a genus of extinct bears that lived in North America from approximately 11,000 years earlier in the Pleistocene period. It was the earliest North American bear and the largest in California. The bear could run up to 40 miles an hour and scare off or threaten other competitors from prey. To survive, the Short-Faced Bear has been estimated to have had to eat 35 pounds of meat each day. The Short-Faced Bear would weigh 2,000 pounds, for comparison, a male grizzly weighs approximately 600 pounds.

Male Short-Faced Bears had a shoulder height between 5’-6’ (1.52-1.83 m )and a weight in the range of 1750-2200 lb (794-998 kg). The shoulder heights of females were between 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m) with weights from 650-900 lb (295-408 kg). The Short-Faced Bear had an overall body length of roughly 6’9”-9’6” (2.06-2.9 m) and an upright standing height of 8’-12’ (2.5-3.66 m).

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Short-Faced Bear
The Short-Faced Bear (Arctodus sp.) is a genus of extinct bears that lived in North America from approximately 11,000 years earlier in the Pleistocene period. It was the earliest North American bear and the largest in California. The bear could run up to 40 miles an hour and scare off competition.

Male Short-Faced Bears had a shoulder height between 5’-6’ (1.52-1.83 m )and a weight in the range of 1750-2200 lb (794-998 kg). The shoulder heights of females were between 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m) with weights from 650-900 lb (295-408 kg). The Short-Faced Bear had an overall body length of roughly 6’9”-9’6” (2.06-2.9 m) and an upright standing height of 8’-12’ (2.5-3.66 m).

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Short-Faced Bear
Short-Faced Bear
Height:
4’-6’ | 1.22-1.83 m
Width:
Length:
6’9”-9’6” | 2.06-2.9 m
Depth:
Standing Height
8’-12’ | 2.5-3.66 m
Weight:
650-2200 lb | 295-998 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 5’-6’ | 1.52-1.83 m

Length: 8’6”-9’6” | 2.6-2.9 m

Weight: 1750-2200 lb | 794-998 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 4’-5’ | 1.22-1.52 m

Length: 6’9”-7’7” | 2.1-2.3 m

Weight: 650-900 lb | 295-408 kg

Scientific Name
Arctodus
Lifespan

Drawings include:

Short-Faced Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing upright)

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Spectacled Bear | Andean Bear
Comparison illustration of the size of a Spectacled Bear to an average human

The SpectacledBear (Tremarctos ornatus), also known as an Andean Short-Face Bear, is the last short face bear to remain within the subfamily Tremarctinae in South America. In general, its fur is blackish although it can be jet-black, dark brown, and even reddish. The species-typical markings are beige or ginger, although not all the species have "spectacle" marks on their face and their upper pouch. The Andean Bear is the only South American-born bear and is one of South America's largest carnivorous land, but only 5% of its diet consists of meat.

Male Spectacled Bears have a shoulder height between 2’6”-3’ (.76-.91 m) and a weight in the range of 220-440 lb (100-200 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’-2’6” (.61-.76 m) with weights from 80-180 lb (36-82 kg). The Spectacled Bear has an overall body length of roughly 5’-6’ (1.52-1.85 m), standing height of 5’3”-6’3" (1.6-1.9 m), and a typical lifespan of 20 years in the wild and up to 35 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Spectacled Bear (Andean Bear)
The SpectacledBear (Tremarctos ornatus), also known as an Andean Short-Face Bear, is the last short face bear to remain within the subfamily Tremarctinae in South America. In general, its fur is blackish although it can be jet-black, dark brown, and even reddish.

Male Spectacled Bears have a shoulder height between 2’6”-3’ (.76-.91 m) and a weight in the range of 220-440 lb (100-200 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’-2’6” (.61-.76 m) with weights from 80-180 lb (36-82 kg). The Spectacled Bear has an overall body length of roughly 5’-6’ (1.52-1.85 m), standing height of 5’3”-6’3" (1.6-1.9 m), and a typical lifespan of 20 years in the wild and up to 35 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Spectacled Bear (Andean Bear)
Spectacled Bear | Andean Bear
Height:
2’-3’ | .61-.91 m
Width:
Length:
5’-6’ | 1.52-1.85 m
Depth:
Standing Height
5’3”-6’3" | 1.6-1.9 m
Weight:
80-440 lb | 36-200 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder):
2’6”-3’ | .76-.91 m

Length: 5’6”-6’ | 1.7-1.85 m

Weight: 220-440 lb | 100-200 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 2’-2’6” | .61-.76 m

Length: 5’-5’6” | 1.52-1.68 m

Weight: 80-180 lb | 36-82 kg

Scientific Name
Tremarctos ornatus
Lifespan
20 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Spectacled Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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Kodiak Bear
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Kodiak Bear compared to an average person

The Kodiak Bear (Ursus arctos middendorffi), also known as the Alaskan Brown bear is one of the largest brown bears. The Kodiak bear looks similar to other brown bears except it is much larger. It is native to the southwestern Alaska region, but can be found in Europe, Asia, and other parts of North America.

Kodiak Bears are omnivores and eat grass, plants, and berries. They also eat fish such as salmon. They tend to eat the most nutritious parts of fish to gain weight.

Male Kodiak Bears have a shoulder height between 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m) and a weight in the range of 600-1400 lb (272-635 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 3’4”-4’ (1.02-1.22 m) with weights from 400-700 lb (181-318 kg). The Kodiak Bear has an overall body length of roughly 6’5”-9’ (1.96-2.74 m), standing height of 9’-10’ (2.75-3.05 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild and up to 35 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Kodiak Bear
The Kodiak Bear (Ursus arctos middendorffi), also known as the Alaskan Brown bear is one of the largest brown bears. The Kodiak bear looks similar to other brown bears except it is much larger. It is native to the southwestern Alaska region, but can be found in Europe, Asia, and parts of N America.

Male Kodiak Bears have a shoulder height between 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m) and a weight in the range of 600-1400 lb (272-635 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 3’4”-4’ (1.02-1.22 m) with weights from 400-700 lb (181-318 kg). The Kodiak Bear has an overall body length of roughly 6’5”-9’ (1.96-2.74 m), standing height of 9’-10’ (2.75-3.05 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild and up to 35 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Kodiak Bear
Kodiak Bear
Height:
3’4”-5’ | 1.02-1.52 m
Width:
Length:
6’5”-9’ | 1.96-2.74 m
Depth:
Standing Height
9’-10’ | 2.75-3.05 m
Weight:
400-1400 lb | 181-635 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 4’-5’ | 1.22-1.52 m

Length: 8’-9’ | 2.44-2.74 m

Weight: 600-1400 lb | 272-635 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 3’4”-4’ | 1.02-1.22 m

Length: 6’5”-7’4” | 1.96-2.23 m

Weight: 400-700 lb | 181-318 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus arctos middendorffi
Lifespan
20-25 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Kodiak Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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Sun Bear
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Sun Bear compared to an average person

In the thick lowland forests of South-east Asia, the solitary Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus), the smallest member of the bear family, resides in an insular world. The Sun Bear is named after the golden, or white, shaped patch on its chest which, according to the legend, represents the rising sun. The Sun Bear's stylish, black coat is short to prevent overheating in hot weather, but dense to shield them from fog, trees, and rain. They have a stocky, muscular build, little ears, and a short muzzle, which has resulted in locals referring to them as “dog bears”. Sun Bears, ironically, are nightlife bears. At night, they snack on fresh fruit, berries, roots, insects, small birds, lizards, and rodents through the forests.

Male Sun Bears have a shoulder height between 2’2”-2’4” (.66-.71 m) and a weight in the range of 88-155 lb (40-70 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’-2’2” (.61-.66 m) with weights from 55-110 lb (25-50 kg). The Sun Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m), upright standing height of 4’3”-5’3” (1.3-1.6 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild or 20-30 years if protected in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Sun Bear
In the thick lowland forests of South-east Asia, the solitary Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus), the smallest member of the bear family, resides in an insular world. The Sun Bear is named after the golden, or white, shaped patch on its chest which, according to the legend, represents the rising sun.

Male Sun Bears have a shoulder height between 2’2”-2’4” (.66-.71 m) and a weight in the range of 88-155 lb (40-70 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’-2’2” (.61-.66 m) with weights from 55-110 lb (25-50 kg). The Sun Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m), upright standing height of 4’3”-5’3” (1.3-1.6 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild or 20-30 years if protected in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Sun Bear
Sun Bear
Height:
2’-2’4” | .61-.71 m
Width:
Length:
4’-5’ | 1.22-1.52 m
Depth:
Standing Height
4’3”-5’3” | 1.3-1.6 m
Weight:
55-155 lb | 25-70 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 2’2”-2’4” | .66-.71 m

Length: 4’6”-5’ | 1.4-1.52 m

Weight: 88-155 lb | 40-70 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 2’-2’2” | .61-.66 m

Length: 4’-4’6” | 1.22-1.37 m

Weight: 55-110 lb | 25-50 kg

Scientific Name
Helarctos malayanus
Lifespan
20-25 years (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Sun Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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Asiatic Black Bear | Asian Black Bear
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Asiatic Black Bear (Asian Black Bear) compared to an average person

The Asiatic Bear (Ursus Thibetanus), Moon Bear, or Asian Black Bear, is a medium-sized bear species endemic to Asia. Most suited to the Arboreal lifestyle, the Asiatic Bear is a dark-colored bear with a light brown muzzle on the chest which is sometimes shaped like a V and has distinct white patches. Its ears take a bell shape which is considerably longer than those of other bears and hit the head sideways. It lives in the Himalayas of India, the Korean Peninsula, north-east China, East Russia, Japan's Shikoku islands and Taiwan.

Male Asiatic Black Bear have a shoulder height between 2’10”-3’4” (.86-1.02 m) and a weight in the range of 130-440 lb (60-200 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’5”-3’ (.74-.91 m) with weights from 90-275 lb (41-125 kg). Asiatic Black Bears have overall body lengths of roughly 3’10”-6’6” (1.2-2 m), upright standing heights of 5’-5’6” (1.5-1.7 m), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years in the wild and up to 35 years if protected in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Asiatic Black Bear (Asian Black Bear)
The Asiatic Bear (Ursus Thibetanus), Moon Bear, or Asian Black Bear, is a medium-sized bear species endemic to Asia. Most suited to the Arboreal lifestyle, the Asiatic Bear is a dark-colored bear with a light brown muzzle on the chest which is sometimes shaped like a V with distinct white patches.

Male Asiatic Black Bear have a shoulder height between 2’10”-3’4” (.86-1.02 m) and a weight in the range of 130-440 lb (60-200 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’5”-3’ (.74-.91 m) with weights from 90-275 lb (41-125 kg). Asiatic Black Bears have overall body lengths of roughly 3’10”-6’6” (1.2-2 m), upright standing heights of 5’-5’6” (1.5-1.7 m), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years in the wild and up to 35 years if protected in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Asiatic Black Bear (Asian Black Bear)
Asiatic Black Bear | Asian Black Bear
Height:
2’5”-3’4” | .71-1.02 m
Width:
Length:
3’10”-6’6” | 1.2-2 m
Depth:
Standing Height
5’-5’6” | 1.5-1.7 m
Weight:
90-440 lb | 41-200 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 2’10”-3’4” | .86-1.02 m

Length: 4’11”-6’6” | 1.5-2 m

Weight: 130-440 lb | 60-200 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 2’5”-3’ | .74-.91 m

Length: 3’10”-5’3” | 1.2-1.6 m

Weight: 90-275 lb | 41-125 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus thibetanus
Lifespan
25-30 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Asiatic Black Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

Details & Downloads

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