Bears, of the family Ursidae, are large carnivorous mammals that live in a wide variety of habitats primarily throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Existing since prehistoric times, bears share characteristics such as large bodies, shaggy hair, clawed paws, stocky legs, and long snouts. Mostly carnivorous with the exception of the bamboo eating Giant Panda, bears are solitary hunters that spend long periods of the year in hibernation. There are only eight unique species of bears in the world.

What do bears eat?

Most species of bears eat plants, berries, insects, or fish as part of their daily diet. What a bear eats is largely dependent on their habitat. For example, a polar bear’s diet is mostly made up of seals, while black and grizzly bears may eat newborn elk, moose, deer, or caribou.

How long do bears live?

The average lifespan of a bear is determined by its species, habitat, natural predators, and hunting by humans. Typically bears in the wild can live between 20 to 30 years and in captivity bears may live up to 50 years.

When do bears hibernate?

Bears get ready to hibernate in late November and will remain in hibernation for about 5 months. During hibernation a bear will receive the necessary nutrients from a layer of fat that was formed during the summer and fall. They typically do not have the need to eat, drink, defecate, or urinate during this period.


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Bears

Giant Panda Bear
15-25 (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)
3D
Sun Bear
20-25 years (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)
3D
Spectacled Bear
20 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
3D
Kodiak Bear
20-25 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
3D
Asiatic Black Bear
25-30 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
3D
Sloth Bear
20 years (wild); up to 40 years (captivity)
3D
American Black Bear
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
3D
Grizzly Bear
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
3D
Polar Bear
20-30 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
3D

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American Black Bear
Comparison illustration of the size of a American Black Bear to an average human

The American Black Bear (Ursus Americanus) is a medium-sized bear native to North America. It is the smallest and most distributed species of bear on the continent. American Black Bears are omnivores, and their diets vary greatly from time to time. They usually live in forested areas but leave forests for food because of the immediate availability of food brought to them by humans. The US Black Bear is the most common species of the world's bears. They seem to be moving awkwardly, but they are very fast. Once recorded, some of these bears reach a speed of more than 30 mph (50 kph) at short distances.

Male American Black Bears have a shoulder height between 2’11”-3’5” (.89-1.04 m) and a weight in the range of 375-600 lb (170-272 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’6”-3’1” (.75-.94 m) with weights from 200-450 lb (90-204 kg). The American Black Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’-6’8” (1.25-2.1 m), upright standing height of 5’3”-5’8” (1.6-1.75 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild, or up to 45 years in captivity.

Pair of illustrated side elevation drawings of the American Black Bear
The American Black Bear (Ursus Americanus) is a medium-sized bear native to North America. It is the smallest and most distributed species of bear on the continent. American Black Bears are omnivores, and their diets vary greatly from time to time.

Male American Black Bears have a shoulder height between 2’11”-3’5” (.89-1.04 m) and a weight in the range of 375-600 lb (170-272 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’6”-3’1” (.75-.94 m) with weights from 200-450 lb (90-204 kg). The American Black Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’-6’8” (1.25-2.1 m), upright standing height of 5’3”-5’8” (1.6-1.75 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild, or up to 45 years in captivity.

Pair of illustrated side elevation drawings of the American Black Bear
American Black Bear
Height:
2’6”-3’5” | .75-1.05 m
Width:
Length:
4’-6’8” | 1.25-2.1 m
Depth:
Standing Height
5’3”-5’8” | 1.6-1.75 m
Weight:
200-600 lb | 90-272 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 2’11”-3’5” | .89-1.04 m

Length: 5’2”-6’8” | 1.58-2.03 m

Weight: 375-600 lb | 170-272 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 2’6”-3’1” | .75-.94 m
Length: 4’-5’6” | 1.22-1.7 m

Weight: 200-450 lb | 90-204 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus americanus
Lifespan
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

American Black Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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Kodiak Bear
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Kodiak Bear compared to an average person

The Kodiak Bear (Ursus arctos middendorffi), also known as the Alaskan Brown bear is one of the largest brown bears. The Kodiak bear looks similar to other brown bears except it is much larger. It is native to the southwestern Alaska region, but can be found in Europe, Asia, and other parts of North America.

Kodiak Bears are omnivores and eat grass, plants, and berries. They also eat fish such as salmon. They tend to eat the most nutritious parts of fish to gain weight.

Male Kodiak Bears have a shoulder height between 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m) and a weight in the range of 600-1400 lb (272-635 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 3’4”-4’ (1.02-1.22 m) with weights from 400-700 lb (181-318 kg). The Kodiak Bear has an overall body length of roughly 6’5”-9’ (1.96-2.74 m), standing height of 9’-10’ (2.75-3.05 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild and up to 35 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Kodiak Bear
The Kodiak Bear (Ursus arctos middendorffi), also known as the Alaskan Brown bear is one of the largest brown bears. The Kodiak bear looks similar to other brown bears except it is much larger. It is native to the southwestern Alaska region, but can be found in Europe, Asia, and parts of N America.

Male Kodiak Bears have a shoulder height between 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m) and a weight in the range of 600-1400 lb (272-635 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 3’4”-4’ (1.02-1.22 m) with weights from 400-700 lb (181-318 kg). The Kodiak Bear has an overall body length of roughly 6’5”-9’ (1.96-2.74 m), standing height of 9’-10’ (2.75-3.05 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild and up to 35 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Kodiak Bear
Kodiak Bear
Height:
3’4”-5’ | 1.02-1.52 m
Width:
Length:
6’5”-9’ | 1.96-2.74 m
Depth:
Standing Height
9’-10’ | 2.75-3.05 m
Weight:
400-1400 lb | 181-635 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 4’-5’ | 1.22-1.52 m

Length: 8’-9’ | 2.44-2.74 m

Weight: 600-1400 lb | 272-635 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 3’4”-4’ | 1.02-1.22 m

Length: 6’5”-7’4” | 1.96-2.23 m

Weight: 400-700 lb | 181-318 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus arctos middendorffi
Lifespan
20-25 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Kodiak Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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Sun Bear
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Sun Bear compared to an average person

In the thick lowland forests of South-east Asia, the solitary Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus), the smallest member of the bear family, resides in an insular world. The Sun Bear is named after the golden, or white, shaped patch on its chest which, according to the legend, represents the rising sun. The Sun Bear's stylish, black coat is short to prevent overheating in hot weather, but dense to shield them from fog, trees, and rain. They have a stocky, muscular build, little ears, and a short muzzle, which has resulted in locals referring to them as “dog bears”. Sun Bears, ironically, are nightlife bears. At night, they snack on fresh fruit, berries, roots, insects, small birds, lizards, and rodents through the forests.

Male Sun Bears have a shoulder height between 2’2”-2’4” (.66-.71 m) and a weight in the range of 88-155 lb (40-70 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’-2’2” (.61-.66 m) with weights from 55-110 lb (25-50 kg). The Sun Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m), upright standing height of 4’3”-5’3” (1.3-1.6 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild or 20-30 years if protected in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Sun Bear
In the thick lowland forests of South-east Asia, the solitary Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus), the smallest member of the bear family, resides in an insular world. The Sun Bear is named after the golden, or white, shaped patch on its chest which, according to the legend, represents the rising sun.

Male Sun Bears have a shoulder height between 2’2”-2’4” (.66-.71 m) and a weight in the range of 88-155 lb (40-70 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’-2’2” (.61-.66 m) with weights from 55-110 lb (25-50 kg). The Sun Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m), upright standing height of 4’3”-5’3” (1.3-1.6 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild or 20-30 years if protected in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Sun Bear
Sun Bear
Height:
2’-2’4” | .61-.71 m
Width:
Length:
4’-5’ | 1.22-1.52 m
Depth:
Standing Height
4’3”-5’3” | 1.3-1.6 m
Weight:
55-155 lb | 25-70 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 2’2”-2’4” | .66-.71 m

Length: 4’6”-5’ | 1.4-1.52 m

Weight: 88-155 lb | 40-70 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 2’-2’2” | .61-.66 m

Length: 4’-4’6” | 1.22-1.37 m

Weight: 55-110 lb | 25-50 kg

Scientific Name
Helarctos malayanus
Lifespan
20-25 years (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Sun Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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Cave Bear
Comparison illustration of the size of a Cave Bear to an average human

The Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus) was a bear species that lived in the Pleistocene region of Europe and Asia and died in the Last Glacial Maximums about 24,000 years ago. The Cave Bear had a very wide and dome-skull with a steep forehead. Its sturdy body had long thighs, large frame, and turning paws, which made it the ancestor to the Brown Bear in its skeletal form. The size of Cave Bears was like those of the largest modern bears.

Male Cave Bears had a shoulder height between 5’-5’7” (1.52-1.7 m) and a weight in the range of 750-1300 lb (340-590 kg). The shoulder heights of females was between 4’7”-5’2” (1.4-1.57 m) with weights from 500-550 lb (227-250 kg). The Cave Bear had an overall body length of roughly 8’8”-11’6” (2.7-3.5 m) and giant upright standing height of 10’-11’6” (3.05-3.5 m).

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Cave Bear
The Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus) was a bear species that lived in the Pleistocene region of Europe and Asia and died in the Last Glacial Maximums about 24,000 years ago. The Cave Bear had a very wide and dome-skull with a steep forehead. Its sturdy body had long thighs, large frame, and turning paws.

Male Cave Bears had a shoulder height between 5’-5’7” (1.52-1.7 m) and a weight in the range of 750-1300 lb (340-590 kg). The shoulder heights of females was between 4’7”-5’2” (1.4-1.57 m) with weights from 500-550 lb (227-250 kg). The Cave Bear had an overall body length of roughly 8’8”-11’6” (2.7-3.5 m) and giant upright standing height of 10’-11’6” (3.05-3.5 m).

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Cave Bear
Cave Bear
Height:
4’7”-5’7” | 1.4-1.7 m
Width:
Length:
8’8”-11’6” | 2.7-3.5 m
Depth:
Standing Height
10’-11’6” | 3.05-3.5 m
Weight:
500-1300 lb | 227-590 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 5’-5’7” | 1.52-1.7 m

Length: 9’10”-11’6” | 3-3.5 m

Weight: 750-1300 lb | 340-590 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 4’7”-5’2” | 1.4-1.57 m

Length: 8’8”-10’6” | 2.7-3.2 m

Weight: 500-550 lb | 227-250 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus spelaeus
Lifespan

Drawings include:

Cave Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing upright)

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Spectacled Bear | Andean Bear
Comparison illustration of the size of a Spectacled Bear to an average human

The SpectacledBear (Tremarctos ornatus), also known as an Andean Short-Face Bear, is the last short face bear to remain within the subfamily Tremarctinae in South America. In general, its fur is blackish although it can be jet-black, dark brown, and even reddish. The species-typical markings are beige or ginger, although not all the species have "spectacle" marks on their face and their upper pouch. The Andean Bear is the only South American-born bear and is one of South America's largest carnivorous land, but only 5% of its diet consists of meat.

Male Spectacled Bears have a shoulder height between 2’6”-3’ (.76-.91 m) and a weight in the range of 220-440 lb (100-200 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’-2’6” (.61-.76 m) with weights from 80-180 lb (36-82 kg). The Spectacled Bear has an overall body length of roughly 5’-6’ (1.52-1.85 m), standing height of 5’3”-6’3" (1.6-1.9 m), and a typical lifespan of 20 years in the wild and up to 35 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Spectacled Bear (Andean Bear)
The SpectacledBear (Tremarctos ornatus), also known as an Andean Short-Face Bear, is the last short face bear to remain within the subfamily Tremarctinae in South America. In general, its fur is blackish although it can be jet-black, dark brown, and even reddish.

Male Spectacled Bears have a shoulder height between 2’6”-3’ (.76-.91 m) and a weight in the range of 220-440 lb (100-200 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’-2’6” (.61-.76 m) with weights from 80-180 lb (36-82 kg). The Spectacled Bear has an overall body length of roughly 5’-6’ (1.52-1.85 m), standing height of 5’3”-6’3" (1.6-1.9 m), and a typical lifespan of 20 years in the wild and up to 35 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Spectacled Bear (Andean Bear)
Spectacled Bear | Andean Bear
Height:
2’-3’ | .61-.91 m
Width:
Length:
5’-6’ | 1.52-1.85 m
Depth:
Standing Height
5’3”-6’3" | 1.6-1.9 m
Weight:
80-440 lb | 36-200 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder):
2’6”-3’ | .76-.91 m

Length: 5’6”-6’ | 1.7-1.85 m

Weight: 220-440 lb | 100-200 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 2’-2’6” | .61-.76 m

Length: 5’-5’6” | 1.52-1.68 m

Weight: 80-180 lb | 36-82 kg

Scientific Name
Tremarctos ornatus
Lifespan
20 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Spectacled Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

Details & Downloads

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