Bears, of the family Ursidae, are large carnivorous mammals that live in a wide variety of habitats primarily throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Existing since prehistoric times, bears share characteristics such as large bodies, shaggy hair, clawed paws, stocky legs, and long snouts. Mostly carnivorous with the exception of the bamboo eating Giant Panda, bears are solitary hunters that spend long periods of the year in hibernation. There are only eight unique species of bears in the world.

What do bears eat?

Most species of bears eat plants, berries, insects, or fish as part of their daily diet. What a bear eats is largely dependent on their habitat. For example, a polar bear’s diet is mostly made up of seals, while black and grizzly bears may eat newborn elk, moose, deer, or caribou.

How long do bears live?

The average lifespan of a bear is determined by its species, habitat, natural predators, and hunting by humans. Typically bears in the wild can live between 20 to 30 years and in captivity bears may live up to 50 years.

When do bears hibernate?

Bears get ready to hibernate in late November and will remain in hibernation for about 5 months. During hibernation a bear will receive the necessary nutrients from a layer of fat that was formed during the summer and fall. They typically do not have the need to eat, drink, defecate, or urinate during this period.


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Bears

Giant Panda Bear
15-25 (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)
3D
Sun Bear
20-25 years (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)
3D
Spectacled Bear
20 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
3D
Kodiak Bear
20-25 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
3D
Asiatic Black Bear
25-30 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
3D
Sloth Bear
20 years (wild); up to 40 years (captivity)
3D
American Black Bear
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
3D
Grizzly Bear
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
3D
Polar Bear
20-30 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
3D

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Spectacled Bear | Andean Bear
Comparison illustration of the size of a Spectacled Bear to an average human

The SpectacledBear (Tremarctos ornatus), also known as an Andean Short-Face Bear, is the last short face bear to remain within the subfamily Tremarctinae in South America. In general, its fur is blackish although it can be jet-black, dark brown, and even reddish. The species-typical markings are beige or ginger, although not all the species have "spectacle" marks on their face and their upper pouch. The Andean Bear is the only South American-born bear and is one of South America's largest carnivorous land, but only 5% of its diet consists of meat.

Male Spectacled Bears have a shoulder height between 2’6”-3’ (.76-.91 m) and a weight in the range of 220-440 lb (100-200 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’-2’6” (.61-.76 m) with weights from 80-180 lb (36-82 kg). The Spectacled Bear has an overall body length of roughly 5’-6’ (1.52-1.85 m), standing height of 5’3”-6’3" (1.6-1.9 m), and a typical lifespan of 20 years in the wild and up to 35 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Spectacled Bear (Andean Bear)
The SpectacledBear (Tremarctos ornatus), also known as an Andean Short-Face Bear, is the last short face bear to remain within the subfamily Tremarctinae in South America. In general, its fur is blackish although it can be jet-black, dark brown, and even reddish.

Male Spectacled Bears have a shoulder height between 2’6”-3’ (.76-.91 m) and a weight in the range of 220-440 lb (100-200 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’-2’6” (.61-.76 m) with weights from 80-180 lb (36-82 kg). The Spectacled Bear has an overall body length of roughly 5’-6’ (1.52-1.85 m), standing height of 5’3”-6’3" (1.6-1.9 m), and a typical lifespan of 20 years in the wild and up to 35 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Spectacled Bear (Andean Bear)
Spectacled Bear | Andean Bear
Height:
2’-3’ | .61-.91 m
Width:
Length:
5’-6’ | 1.52-1.85 m
Depth:
Standing Height
5’3”-6’3" | 1.6-1.9 m
Weight:
80-440 lb | 36-200 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder):
2’6”-3’ | .76-.91 m

Length: 5’6”-6’ | 1.7-1.85 m

Weight: 220-440 lb | 100-200 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 2’-2’6” | .61-.76 m

Length: 5’-5’6” | 1.52-1.68 m

Weight: 80-180 lb | 36-82 kg

Scientific Name
Tremarctos ornatus
Lifespan
20 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Spectacled Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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Sloth Bear
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Sloth Bear compared to an average person

The reclusive Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus), shaggy, dusty and unkempt, lives in the forests in South Asia. Their chest usually has a whitish "V" or "Y" design, and their black coat and a cream-colored snout. Emitting noisy grunts and snorts, the Sloth Bear can often be found walking by itself in search of insects, usually at night since they are lonely-nocturnal animals. In addition to insects, Sloth Bears eat a wide variety of flowers and fruits including mango, fig, and ebony. They also can scale the tree to knock a bee honeycomb, which they can then enjoy on the ground below.

Male Sloth Bears have a shoulder height between 2’6”-3’ (.76-.91 m) and a weight in the range of 200-320 lb (91-145 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’-2’6” (.61-.76 m) with weights from 120-240 lb (54-109 kg). The Sloth Bear has an overall body length of roughly 5’-6’ (1.52-1.85 m), standing height of 5’3”-6’3" (1.6-1.9 m), and a typical lifespan of 20 years in the wild or up to 40 years in captivity.

Pair of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Sloth Bear
The reclusive Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus), shaggy, dusty and unkempt, lives in the forests in South Asia. Their chest usually has a whitish "V" or "Y" design, and their black coat and a cream-colored snout. The Sloth Bear can often be found walking by itself in search of insects or fruits.

Male Sloth Bears have a shoulder height between 2’6”-3’ (.76-.91 m) and a weight in the range of 200-320 lb (91-145 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’-2’6” (.61-.76 m) with weights from 120-240 lb (54-109 kg). The Sloth Bear has an overall body length of roughly 5’-6’ (1.52-1.85 m), standing height of 5’3”-6’3" (1.6-1.9 m), and a typical lifespan of 20 years in the wild or up to 40 years in captivity.

Pair of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Sloth Bear
Sloth Bear
Height:
2’-3’ | .61-.91 m
Width:
Length:
5’-6’ | 1.52-1.85 m
Depth:
Standing Height
5’3”-6’3" | 1.6-1.9 m
Weight:
120-320 lb | 54-145 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder):
2’6”-3’ | .76-.91 m

Length: 5’6”-6’ | 1.7-1.85 m

Weight: 200-320 lb | 91-145 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 2’-2’6” | .61-.76 m

Length: 5’-5’6” | 1.52-1.68 m
Weight: 120-240 lb | 54-109 kg

Scientific Name
Melursus ursinus
Lifespan
20 years (wild); up to 40 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Sloth Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

Details & Downloads

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Cave Bear
Comparison illustration of the size of a Cave Bear to an average human

The Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus) was a bear species that lived in the Pleistocene region of Europe and Asia and died in the Last Glacial Maximums about 24,000 years ago. The Cave Bear had a very wide and dome-skull with a steep forehead. Its sturdy body had long thighs, large frame, and turning paws, which made it the ancestor to the Brown Bear in its skeletal form. The size of Cave Bears was like those of the largest modern bears.

Male Cave Bears had a shoulder height between 5’-5’7” (1.52-1.7 m) and a weight in the range of 750-1300 lb (340-590 kg). The shoulder heights of females was between 4’7”-5’2” (1.4-1.57 m) with weights from 500-550 lb (227-250 kg). The Cave Bear had an overall body length of roughly 8’8”-11’6” (2.7-3.5 m) and giant upright standing height of 10’-11’6” (3.05-3.5 m).

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Cave Bear
The Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus) was a bear species that lived in the Pleistocene region of Europe and Asia and died in the Last Glacial Maximums about 24,000 years ago. The Cave Bear had a very wide and dome-skull with a steep forehead. Its sturdy body had long thighs, large frame, and turning paws.

Male Cave Bears had a shoulder height between 5’-5’7” (1.52-1.7 m) and a weight in the range of 750-1300 lb (340-590 kg). The shoulder heights of females was between 4’7”-5’2” (1.4-1.57 m) with weights from 500-550 lb (227-250 kg). The Cave Bear had an overall body length of roughly 8’8”-11’6” (2.7-3.5 m) and giant upright standing height of 10’-11’6” (3.05-3.5 m).

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Cave Bear
Cave Bear
Height:
4’7”-5’7” | 1.4-1.7 m
Width:
Length:
8’8”-11’6” | 2.7-3.5 m
Depth:
Standing Height
10’-11’6” | 3.05-3.5 m
Weight:
500-1300 lb | 227-590 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 5’-5’7” | 1.52-1.7 m

Length: 9’10”-11’6” | 3-3.5 m

Weight: 750-1300 lb | 340-590 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 4’7”-5’2” | 1.4-1.57 m

Length: 8’8”-10’6” | 2.7-3.2 m

Weight: 500-550 lb | 227-250 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus spelaeus
Lifespan

Drawings include:

Cave Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing upright)

Details & Downloads

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Polar Bear
Comparison illustration of the size of a Polar Bear to an average human man

Polar bears are bears that are native to the Arctic Circle and the areas that surround it. Uniquely adapted to survive in the region, polar bears have bodies that are both resistant to the cold temperatures and allow for quick movement across ice and open water. Polar bears primarily hunt for seals along the edges of ice patches. Today, as their arctic habitats continue to be lost due to climate change, polar bears have become a species that is increasingly vulnerable.

Male Polar Bears have a shoulder height between 3’7”-5’3” (1.09-1.6 m) and a weight in the range of 775-1500 lb (352-680 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’8”-3’11” (.81-1.19 m) with weights from 330-650 lb (150-295 kg). The Polar Bear has an overall body length of roughly 7’10”-9’10” (2.4-3 m), standing height of 8’-10’ (2.5-3.05 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-30 years in the wild and up to 45 years in captivity.

Drawing of a Polar Bear from the side with dimensions for length and height
Polar bears are bears that are native to the Arctic Circle and the areas that surround it. Uniquely adapted to survive in the region, polar bears have bodies that are both resistant to the cold temperatures and allow for quick movement across ice and open water.

Male Polar Bears have a shoulder height between 3’7”-5’3” (1.09-1.6 m) and a weight in the range of 775-1500 lb (352-680 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’8”-3’11” (.81-1.19 m) with weights from 330-650 lb (150-295 kg). The Polar Bear has an overall body length of roughly 7’10”-9’10” (2.4-3 m), standing height of 8’-10’ (2.5-3.05 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-30 years in the wild and up to 45 years in captivity.

Drawing of a Polar Bear from the side with dimensions for length and height
Polar Bear
Height:
2’8”-5’3” | .81-1.6 m
Width:
Length:
7’10”-9’10” | 2.4-3 m
Depth:
Standing Height
8’-10’ | 2.5-3.05 m
Weight:
330-1500 lb | 150-680 kg
Area:

Males:
Height (Shoulder): 3’7”-5’3” | 1.09-1.6 m
Length: 8’6”-9’10” | 2.6-3 m
Weight: 775-1500 lb | 352-680 kg

Females:
Height (Shoulder): 2’8”-3’11” | .81-1.19 m
Length: 7’10”-9’2” | 2.4-2.8 m
Weight: 330-650 lb | 150-295 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus maritimus
Lifespan
20-30 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)

Drawings include:
Polar Bear side (standing), front (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down), plan

Details & Downloads

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Sun Bear
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Sun Bear compared to an average person

In the thick lowland forests of South-east Asia, the solitary Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus), the smallest member of the bear family, resides in an insular world. The Sun Bear is named after the golden, or white, shaped patch on its chest which, according to the legend, represents the rising sun. The Sun Bear's stylish, black coat is short to prevent overheating in hot weather, but dense to shield them from fog, trees, and rain. They have a stocky, muscular build, little ears, and a short muzzle, which has resulted in locals referring to them as “dog bears”. Sun Bears, ironically, are nightlife bears. At night, they snack on fresh fruit, berries, roots, insects, small birds, lizards, and rodents through the forests.

Male Sun Bears have a shoulder height between 2’2”-2’4” (.66-.71 m) and a weight in the range of 88-155 lb (40-70 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’-2’2” (.61-.66 m) with weights from 55-110 lb (25-50 kg). The Sun Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m), upright standing height of 4’3”-5’3” (1.3-1.6 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild or 20-30 years if protected in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Sun Bear
In the thick lowland forests of South-east Asia, the solitary Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus), the smallest member of the bear family, resides in an insular world. The Sun Bear is named after the golden, or white, shaped patch on its chest which, according to the legend, represents the rising sun.

Male Sun Bears have a shoulder height between 2’2”-2’4” (.66-.71 m) and a weight in the range of 88-155 lb (40-70 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’-2’2” (.61-.66 m) with weights from 55-110 lb (25-50 kg). The Sun Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m), upright standing height of 4’3”-5’3” (1.3-1.6 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild or 20-30 years if protected in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Sun Bear
Sun Bear
Height:
2’-2’4” | .61-.71 m
Width:
Length:
4’-5’ | 1.22-1.52 m
Depth:
Standing Height
4’3”-5’3” | 1.3-1.6 m
Weight:
55-155 lb | 25-70 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 2’2”-2’4” | .66-.71 m

Length: 4’6”-5’ | 1.4-1.52 m

Weight: 88-155 lb | 40-70 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 2’-2’2” | .61-.66 m

Length: 4’-4’6” | 1.22-1.37 m

Weight: 55-110 lb | 25-50 kg

Scientific Name
Helarctos malayanus
Lifespan
20-25 years (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Sun Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

Details & Downloads

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