Gamefowl | Galliformes

Galliformes is a large and diverse group of heavy-bodied, ground feeding birds. Also known as landfowl or game birds, galliformes are non-migratory and skilled runners, using their speed to escape predators as opposed to flying away. Galliformes are found on essentially all continents, but are rare or completely absent on islands, or areas that are completely ice or desert. Galliformes are chicken-like in appearance with blunt wings; their plumage can range from dark and drab to bright and colorful. Galliformes are omnivores and eat plant matter, as well as, insects, snakes, worms, or even small rodents. Galliformes have been domesticated and bred by humans for food or kept as pets.

What are game birds?

Game birds are wild birds that are hunted for sport and also raised for commercial purposes for their meat or egg production. Some species are trained to become ‘flight-ready’ birds for release in hunting preserves. Laws regulate their hunting, as well as protect their breeding season.

What do game birds eat?

A game birds diet depends on their species and if they are in the wild or in captivity. Typically, game birds in captivity have a diet that varies depending if they are being raised for breeding, meat, or shooting preserves. Game birds in the wild typically eat leaves, grasses, fruits, berries, seeds, and insects.

What species are game birds?

There are more than 400 species of game birds. The species include the guinea fowl, peacock, pigeon, and squab. Other species are the swan, dove, and some ducks. The most popular game birds hunted for sport and food are grouses, patridges, pheasants, quails, snipes, wild turkeys, and woodcocks.

Gamefowl Guides
Browse through our curated Gamefowl Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Gamefowl. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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14.2”-17.9” | 36-45.5 cm
31.5”-33.5” | 80-85 cm (Wingspan)
23.6”-29.5” | 60-75 cm
4-6.6 lb | 1.8-3 kg
10-13 years
Australian Brushturkey
45.500
85.000
75.000
3.000
13.00
120
3D
Australian Brushturkey
5.9”-6.7” | 15-17 cm
12.6”-16.1” | 32-41 cm (Wingspan)
9.4”-10.6” | 24-27 cm
.33-.42 lb | .15-.19 kg
4-10 years
California Quail
17.000
41.000
27.000
0.190
10.00
15100
3D
California Quail
Chukar
20400
9.1”-10.2” | 23-26 cm
20.1”-22” | 51-56 cm (Wingspan)
13.4”-15” | 34-38 cm
1-1.76 lb | .45-.8 kg
3-5 years
Chukar
26.000
56.000
38.000
0.800
5.00
20400
3D
Chukar
12.4”-16.1” | 31.5-41 cm
22”-35.4” | 56-90 cm (Wingspan)
27.6”-35.4” | 70-90 cm
1.7-3.75 lb | .75-1.7 kg
11-20 years
Common Pheasant
41.000
90.000
90.000
1.700
20.00
4200
3D
Common Pheasant
5.3”-6.1” | 13.5-15.5 cm
12.6”-13.8” | 32-35 cm (Wingspan)
6.3”-7.1” | 16-18 cm
.22-.37 lb | .1-.17 kg
2-6 years
Common Quail
15.500
35.000
18.000
0.170
6.00
13500
3D
Common Quail
9.8”-14.6” | 25-37 cm
23.6”-35.4” | 60-90 cm (Wingspan)
15.75”-23.6” | 40-60 cm
5.7-9.9 lb | 2.6-4.5 kg
2-20 months (Farm); 3-10 years (Captivity)
Domestic Chicken
37.000
90.000
60.000
4.500
10.00
8400
3D
Domestic Chicken
25.6”-31.5” | 65-80 cm
59.1”-70.9” | 150-180 cm (Wingspan)
39.4”-49.2” | 100-125 cm
29.8-86 lb | 13.5-39 kg
5-6 months (Farm); 3-5 years (Wild)
Domestic Turkey
80.000
180.000
125.000
39.000
5.00
5900
3D
Domestic Turkey
15.2”-19.5” | 38.5-49.5 cm
25.6”-29.5” | 65-75 cm (Wingspan)
35.4”-45.3” | 90-115 cm
1.2-1.5 lb | .55-.7 kg
5-15 years
Golden Pheasant
49.500
75.000
115.000
0.700
15.00
52500
3D
Golden Pheasant
24”-29.1” | 61-74 cm
29.5”-35.4” | 75-90 cm (Wingspan)
30.7”-36.2” | 78-92 cm
6.8-10.6 lb | 3.1-4.8 kg
22-24 years
Great Curassow
74.000
90.000
92.000
4.800
24.00
1300
3D
Great Curassow
12.2”-13.2” | 31-33.5 cm
27.2”-28.7” | 69-73 cm (Wingspan)
16.9”-18.1” | 43-46 cm
1.5-2.6 lb | .7-1.2 kg
2-5 years
Greater Prairie Chicken
33.500
73.000
46.000
1.200
5.00
3700
3D
Greater Prairie Chicken
28.3”-38.6” | 72-98 cm
47.2”-63” | 120-160 cm (Wingspan)
35.4”-50” | 90-127 cm (Body); 70.9”-96.5” | 180-245 cm (Overall)
8.5-11 lb | 3.85-5 kg
15-23 years
Green Peafowl
98.000
160.000
245.000
5.000
23.00
9700
3D
Green Peafowl
12.6”-19.7” | 32-50 cm
22”-33.9” | 56-86 cm (Wingspan)
22”-35.4” | 56-90 cm
1.5-3.1 lb | .7-1.4 kg
2-3 years
Green Pheasant
50.000
86.000
90.000
1.400
3.00
4650
3D
Green Pheasant
9.1”-9.8” | 23-25 cm
20.9”-22” | 53-56 cm (Wingspan)
11.8”-13” | 30-33 cm
.75-1.1 lb | .34-.48 kg
2-5 years
Grey Partridge
25.000
56.000
33.000
0.480
5.00
8200
3D
Grey Partridge
16.5”-19.7” | 42-50 cm
37.4”-39.4” | 95-100 cm (Wingspan)
20.9”-24.8” | 53-63 cm
2.2-4 lb | 1-1.8 kg
10-15 years
Helmeted Guineafowl
50.000
100.000
63.000
1.800
15.00
9650
3D
Helmeted Guineafowl
17.3”-23.6” | 44-60 cm
35.4”-51.2” | 90-130 cm (Wingspan)
33.5”-46” | 85-117 cm
4.4-5.5 lb | 2-2.5 kg
10-20 years
Horned Guan
60.000
130.000
117.000
2.500
20.00
700
3D
Horned Guan
26.4”-30.7” | 67-78 cm
55.1”-63” | 140-160 cm (Wingspan)
39.4”-45.3” | 100-115 cm (Body); 76.8”-88.6” | 195-225 cm (Overall)
6.1-13.2 lb | 2.75-6 kg
10-25 years
Indian Peafowl
78.000
160.000
225.000
6.000
25.00
29500
3D
Indian Peafowl
5.5”-6.3” | 14-16 cm
11”-13” | 28-33 cm (Wingspan)
6.3”-7.1” | 16-18 cm
.22-.35 lb | .1-.16 kg
2-6 years
Japanese Quail
16.000
33.000
18.000
0.160
6.00
10400
3D
Japanese Quail
Maleo
14040
16.1”-18.5” | 41-47 cm
11.8”-13.4” | 30-34 cm (Wingspan)
21.7”-23.6” | 55-60 cm
2.9-4 lb | 1.3-1.8 kg
16-23 years
Maleo
47.000
34.000
60.000
1.800
23.00
14040
3D
Maleo
7.9”-8.9” | 20-22.5 cm
13.8”-15.75” | 35-40 cm (Wingspan)
10.2”-11” | 26-28 cm
.42-.64 lb | .19-.29 kg
2-4 years
Mountain Quail
22.500
40.000
28.000
0.290
4.00
5400
3D
Mountain Quail
6.3”-7.5” | 16-19 cm
13”-15” | 33-38 cm (Wingspan)
9.4”-11” | 24-28 cm
.35-.4 lb | .16-.18 kg
3-7 years
Northern Bobwhite
19.000
38.000
28.000
0.180
7.00
5500
3D
Northern Bobwhite
22.4”-29.9” | 57-76 cm
63”-66.9” | 160-170 cm (Wingspan)
35.4”-48” | 90-122 cm
6-11 lb | 2.7-5 kg
3-5 years
Ocellated Turkey
76.000
170.000
122.000
5.000
5.00
12700
3D
Ocellated Turkey
10”-12.4” | 25.5-31.5 cm
24”-27.2” | 61-69 cm (Wingspan)
18.9”-22.8” | 48-58 cm
.66-1.5 lb | .3-.7 kg
5-9 years
Plain Chachalaca
31.500
69.000
58.000
0.700
9.00
1600
3D
Plain Chachalaca
12.2”-15.75” | 31-40 cm
31.5”-39.4” | 80-100 cm (Wingspan)
23.6”-29.5” | 60-75 cm
2.2-5.5 lb | 1-2.5 kg
3-11 years
Red Junglefowl
40.000
100.000
75.000
2.500
11.00
20000
3D
Red Junglefowl
10.4”-11.2” | 26.5-28.5 cm
22”-25.2” | 56-64 cm (Wingspan)
16.9”-18.1” | 43-46 cm
1-1.65 lb | .45-.75 kg
1-3 years
Ruffed Grouse
28.500
64.000
46.000
0.750
3.00
24300
3D
Ruffed Grouse
7.9”-9.1” | 20-23 cm
14.2”-16.1” | 36-41 cm (Wingspan)
9.8”-11.4” | 25-29 cm
.33-.44 lb | .15-.2 kg
2-4 years
Scaled Quail
23.000
41.000
29.000
0.200
4.00
2350
3D
Scaled Quail
13.4”-18.9” | 34-48 cm
20.5”-35.4” | 52-90 cm (Wingspan)
27.6”-49.2” | 70-125 cm
2.5-4.4 lb | 1.15-2 kg
6-12 years
Silver Pheasant
48.000
90.000
125.000
2.000
12.00
6250
3D
Silver Pheasant
10”-11.6” | 25.5-29.5 cm
21.25”-22.8” | 54-58 cm (Wingspan)
15”-16.9” | 38-43 cm
1-1.72 lb | .45-.78 kg
5-6 years
Spruce Grouse
29.500
58.000
43.000
0.780
6.00
7805
3D
Spruce Grouse
23.6”-31.1” | 60-79 cm
49.2”-61” | 125-155 cm (Wingspan)
35.8”-46.1” | 91-117 cm
5.5-24.3 lb | 2.5-11 kg
3-5 years
Wild Turkey
79.000
155.000
117.000
11.000
5.00
3300
3D
Wild Turkey
10.2”-13.2” | 26-33.5 cm
23.6”-24.4” | 60-62 cm (Wingspan)
13.8”-17.3” | 35-44 cm
.95-1.8 lb | .43-.81 kg
5-9 years
Willow Ptarmigan
33.500
62.000
44.000
0.810
9.00
5300
3D
Willow Ptarmigan
Golden Pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Golden Pheasant to other species of gamefowl

The Golden Pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) also referred to as the Chinese Pheasant is one of the most popular species of pheasants. The male Gold Pheasant is easily identifiable by its bright colors. It has a golden crest, dark colored wings, a green back, and bright yellow eyes. The female Golden Pheasant is less colorful with a brown plumage and pale-yellow feet. The Golden Pheasant can be found in dense forests and woodlands. It is native to western China, but is also seen in various other parts of the world like the United States, Mexico, Chile, and Australia. It mostly feeds on grain, invertebrates, berries, and seeds.

The Golden Pheasant has a wingspan in the range of 25.6”-29.5” (65-75 cm) and total weight of 1.2-1.5 lb (.55-.7 kg). The body of the Golden Pheasant has an overall length between 35.4”-45.3” (90-115 cm), body width of 5.7”-7.5” (14.5-19 cm), and standing height of roughly 15.2”-19.5” (38.5-49.5 cm). The typical lifespan of the Golden Pheasant is between 5-15 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Golden Pheasant in various poses with dimensions
The Golden Pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) also referred to as the Chinese Pheasant is one of the most popular species of pheasants. The male Gold Pheasant is easily identifiable by its bright colors. It has a golden crest, dark colored wings, a green back, and bright yellow eyes.

The Golden Pheasant has a wingspan in the range of 25.6”-29.5” (65-75 cm) and total weight of 1.2-1.5 lb (.55-.7 kg). The body of the Golden Pheasant has an overall length between 35.4”-45.3” (90-115 cm), body width of 5.7”-7.5” (14.5-19 cm), and standing height of roughly 15.2”-19.5” (38.5-49.5 cm). The typical lifespan of the Golden Pheasant is between 5-15 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Golden Pheasant in various poses with dimensions
Golden Pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus)
Height:
15.2”-19.5” | 38.5-49.5 cm
Width:
25.6”-29.5” | 65-75 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
35.4”-45.3” | 90-115 cm
Depth:
Weight:
1.2-1.5 lb | .55-.7 kg
Area:

Body Width: 5.7”-7.5” | 14.5-19 cm

Scientific Name
Chrysolophus pictus
Lifespan
5-15 years

Drawings include:

Golden Pheasant side view, front, flying (assorted)

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Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)
Comparison drawing of the Common Pheasant compared to other gamefowl

The Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) is a gamefowl with powerful breast muscles that allows it to take off quickly into flight. Males have a copper body with a green head and white ring collar while females have a brown plumage with black markings. The Common Pheasant is native to Asia and Europe, but has been introduced worldwide as a gamebird. In extreme cold temperatures the Common Pheasant is known to stay dormant for days. The Common Pheasant is currently one of the most hunted birds worldwide. It feeds off seeds, leaves, grasses, wild fruits, nuts, and insects by foraging in grasslands and hayfields.

The Common Pheasant has a wingspan in the range of 22”-35.4” (56-90 cm) and total weight of 1.7-3.75 lb (.75-1.7 kg). The body of the Common Pheasant has an overall length between 27.6”-35.4” (70-90 cm), body width of 5.1”-6.7” (13-17 cm), and standing height of roughly 12.4”-16.1” (31.5-41 cm). The typical lifespan of the Common Pheasant is between 11-20 years.

Set of scaled side and front drawings of the Common Pheasant
The Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) is a gamefowl with powerful breast muscles that allows it to take off quickly into flight. Males have a copper body with a green head & white ring collar while females have a brown plumage with black markings. The Common Pheasant is native to Asia & Europe.

The Common Pheasant has a wingspan in the range of 22”-35.4” (56-90 cm) and total weight of 1.7-3.75 lb (.75-1.7 kg). The body of the Common Pheasant has an overall length between 27.6”-35.4” (70-90 cm), body width of 5.1”-6.7” (13-17 cm), and standing height of roughly 12.4”-16.1” (31.5-41 cm). The typical lifespan of the Common Pheasant is between 11-20 years.

Set of scaled side and front drawings of the Common Pheasant
Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)
Height:
12.4”-16.1” | 31.5-41 cm
Width:
22”-35.4” | 56-90 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
27.6”-35.4” | 70-90 cm
Depth:
Weight:
1.7-3.75 lb | .75-1.7 kg
Area:

Body Width: 5.1”-6.7” | 13-17 cm

Scientific Name
Phasianus colchicus
Lifespan
11-20 years

Drawings include:

Common Pheasant side view, front, flying (assorted)

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Australian Brushturkey (Alectura lathami)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Australian Brushturkey to other species of gamefowl

The Australian Brushturkey (Alectura lathami) also known as the scrub turkey, is a large gamebird species with a black plumage, a red head, and a yellow throat. As its name suggests, it is native to eastern Australia. The Australian Brushturkey likes to live in rainforests, but can also be found in drier lands. It is often seen in urban environments and can sometimes be sighted in the backyards of Brisbane and Sydney. The diet of the Australian Brushturkey consists of insects, seeds, and fallen fruits. It forages the ground for its food and only sometimes eats fruits among tree branches.

The Australian Brushturkey has a wingspan in the range of 31.5”-33.5” (80-85 cm) and total weight of 4-6.6 lb (1.8-3 kg). The body of the Australian Brushturkey has an overall length between 23.6”-29.5” (60-75 cm), body width of 5.1”-6.9” (13-17.5 cm), and standing height of roughly 14.2”-17.9” (36-45.5 cm). The typical lifespan of the Australian Brushturkey is between 10-13 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Australian Brushturkey in various poses with dimensions
The Australian Brushturkey (Alectura lathami) also known as the scrub turkey, is a large gamebird species with a black plumage, a red head, and a yellow throat. As its name suggests, it is native to eastern Australia. The Australian Brushturkey likes to live in rainforests.

The Australian Brushturkey has a wingspan in the range of 31.5”-33.5” (80-85 cm) and total weight of 4-6.6 lb (1.8-3 kg). The body of the Australian Brushturkey has an overall length between 23.6”-29.5” (60-75 cm), body width of 5.1”-6.9” (13-17.5 cm), and standing height of roughly 14.2”-17.9” (36-45.5 cm). The typical lifespan of the Australian Brushturkey is between 10-13 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Australian Brushturkey in various poses with dimensions
Australian Brushturkey (Alectura lathami)
Height:
14.2”-17.9” | 36-45.5 cm
Width:
31.5”-33.5” | 80-85 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
23.6”-29.5” | 60-75 cm
Depth:
Weight:
4-6.6 lb | 1.8-3 kg
Area:

Body Width: 5.1”-6.9” | 13-17.5 cm

Scientific Name
Alectura lathami
Lifespan
10-13 years

Drawings include:

Australian Brushturkey side view, front, flying (assorted)

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Common Quail (Coturnix coturnix)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Common Quail to other species of gamefowl

The Common Quail (Coturnix coturnix) also known as the European Quail, is a small ground nesting gamefowl. It has a streaky brown plumage with a thick white stripe on its eyes. The Common Quail is found throughout Europe and North Africa. Although it is reluctant to fly the Common Quail has powerful wings that allow it to make a voyage between Northern Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa. The Common Quail is generally difficult to spot as it stays hidden between crops and is easier to hear. Since it is mostly on the ground, the Common Quail feeds on seeds and insects on the ground.

The Common Quail has a wingspan in the range of 12.6”-13.8” (32-35 cm) and total weight of .22-.37 lb (.1-.17 kg). The body of the Common Quail has an overall length between 6.3”-7.1” (16-18 cm), body width of 2.4”-2.75” (6-7 cm), and standing height of roughly 5.3”-6.1” (13.5-15.5 cm). The typical lifespan of the Common Quail is between 2-6 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Common Quail in various poses with dimensions
The Common Quail (Coturnix coturnix) also known as the European Quail, is a small ground nesting gamefowl. It has a streaky brown plumage with a thick white stripe on its eyes. The Common Quail is found throughout Europe and North Africa. The Common Quail is often reluctant to fly.

The Common Quail has a wingspan in the range of 12.6”-13.8” (32-35 cm) and total weight of .22-.37 lb (.1-.17 kg). The body of the Common Quail has an overall length between 6.3”-7.1” (16-18 cm), body width of 2.4”-2.75” (6-7 cm), and standing height of roughly 5.3”-6.1” (13.5-15.5 cm). The typical lifespan of the Common Quail is between 2-6 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Common Quail in various poses with dimensions
Common Quail (Coturnix coturnix)
Height:
5.3”-6.1” | 13.5-15.5 cm
Width:
12.6”-13.8” | 32-35 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
6.3”-7.1” | 16-18 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.22-.37 lb | .1-.17 kg
Area:

Body Width: 2.4”-2.75” | 6-7 cm

Scientific Name
Coturnix coturnix
Lifespan
2-6 years

Drawings include:

Common Quail side view, front, flying (assorted)

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Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus)
Comparison drawing of the Northern Bobwhite compared to other gamefowl

The Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) is ground-dwelling gamebird with 23 subspecies. It is a medium sized quail, with a chunky rounded body. The Northern Bobwhite male has a black and white striped face with a brown crown and white throat. The female has a duller appearance, but is speckled throughout its body with a white stripe over its eye. The Northern Bobwhite is native to Canada, the United States, Mexico, and the Caribbean. It mostly feeds off plants like seeds, wild berries, partridge peas, and small invertebrates like ticks, snails, and grasshoppers. The Northern Bobwhite is considered to be near threatened to extinction.

The Northern Bobwhite has a wingspan in the range of 13”-15” (33-38 cm) and total weight of .35-.4 lb (.16-.18 kg). The body of the Northern Bobwhite has an overall length between 9.4”-11” (24-28 cm), body width of 2.6”-3” (6.5-7.5 cm), and standing height of roughly 6.3”-7.5” (16-19 cm). The typical lifespan of the Northern Bobwhite is between 3-7 years.

Set of scaled side and front drawings of the Northern Bobwhite
The Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) is ground-dwelling gamebird with 23 subspecies. It is a medium sized quail, with a chunky rounded body. The Northern Bobwhite male has a black and white striped face with a brown crown and white throat.

The Northern Bobwhite has a wingspan in the range of 13”-15” (33-38 cm) and total weight of .35-.4 lb (.16-.18 kg). The body of the Northern Bobwhite has an overall length between 9.4”-11” (24-28 cm), body width of 2.6”-3” (6.5-7.5 cm), and standing height of roughly 6.3”-7.5” (16-19 cm). The typical lifespan of the Northern Bobwhite is between 3-7 years.

Set of scaled side and front drawings of the Northern Bobwhite
Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus)
Height:
6.3”-7.5” | 16-19 cm
Width:
13”-15” | 33-38 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
9.4”-11” | 24-28 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.35-.4 lb | .16-.18 kg
Area:

Body Width: 2.6”-3” | 6.5-7.5 cm

Scientific Name
Colinus virginianus
Lifespan
3-7 years

Drawings include:

Northern Bobwhite side view, front, flying (assorted)

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