Procyonids | Procyonidae

Procyonidae, also referred to as the raccoon family, includes 18 species, such as, raccoons, ringtails, coatis, and more. This family is found only in the New World; that is from Canada to Argentina, in habitats ranging from forests to deserts to wetlands. Members of the Procyonidae family are typically small and slender with long tails that can be used for balancing. Due to their appearance, Procyonids are typically considered to be smaller cousins of bears, however, this is inaccurate as they are more closely related to mustelids. While the Common Raccoon has a bulky build, Procyonids are relatively small animals with slender bodies and long tails. The Procyonidae family is primarily omnivorous and will feed on animal or plant matter. Some members of the procyonidae family are social and live in groups while others are more solitary and live alone.

What are the characteristics that define Procyonids?

The characteristics that define Procyonids include them being small animals with slender bodies and long tails. Procyonids also typically have an omnivorous diet as they have lost the adaptation to eating flesh. Procyonids are solitary animals with mothers raising their litter by themselves and have less than 40 teeth.

How many species of Procyonidae are there?

There are 14 species of Procyonidae in total that belong to 6 genera and are divided into dozens of subspecies. The species of Procyonidae include the Eastern lowland olingo, Cacomistle, South American coati, and the Eastern mountain coati. Other species of Procyonidae are the Kinkajou, Crab-eating raccoon, and the Ring-tailed cat.

How old is the Procyonidae family?

The Procyonidae family is believed to have emerged as a separate family within the Carnivora order about 22.6 million years ago. The geologic history of the Procyonidae family is old and dates back to the late Eocene period. The Procyonidae family is believed to have evolved within South and Central America.

Procyonids Guides
Browse through our curated Procyonids Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Procyonids. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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7.1”-9.4” | 18-24 cm
3.9”-5.1” | 10-13 cm
15”-18.5” | 38-47 cm (Body)
1.5-3.3 lb | .7-1.5 kg
7-24 years
Cacomistle
24.000
13.000
47.000
1.500
24.00
2700
GUIDE
3D
Cacomistle
10.4”-17.7” | 26.5-45 cm
6.7”-12.2” | 17-31 cm
15.75”-27.6” | 40-70 cm (Body)
7.7-23.1 lb | 3.5-10.5 kg
2-16 years
Common Raccoon
45.000
31.000
70.000
10.500
16.00
19390
GUIDE
3D
Common Raccoon
8.3”-12.6” | 21-32 cm
7.1”-8.7” | 18-22 cm
14.2”-21.7” | 36-55 cm (Body)
4.4-10.1 lb | 2-4.6 kg
23-40 years
Kinkajou
32.000
22.000
55.000
4.600
40.00
79000
GUIDE
3D
Kinkajou
8.5”-11” | 21.5-28 cm
5.7”-7.7” | 14.5-19.5 cm
13.8”-18.5” | 35-47 cm (Body)
2-3.3 lb | .9-1.5 kg
10-25 years
Northern Olingo
28.000
19.500
47.000
1.500
25.00
10
GUIDE
3D
Northern Olingo
6.3”-9.1” | 16-23 cm
3.5”-5.7” | 9-14.5 cm
11.8”-17.7” | 30-45 cm (Body)
2-2.6 lb | .9-1.2 kg
10-25 years
Olinguito
23.000
14.500
45.000
1.200
25.00
3400
GUIDE
3D
Olinguito
5.5”-7.9” | 14-20 cm
3.3”-4.7” | 8.5-12 cm
11.8”-16.5” | 30-42 cm (Body)
1.8-2.9 lb | .8-1.3 kg
7-19 years
Ringtail
20.000
12.000
42.000
1.300
19.00
4800
GUIDE
3D
Ringtail
8.7”-14.2” | 22-36 cm
5.5”-9.4” | 14-24 cm
16.1”-26.4” | 41-67 cm (Body)
6.6-15.4 lb | 3-7 kg
7-24 years
South American Coati
36.000
24.000
67.000
7.000
24.00
1100
GUIDE
3D
South American Coati
Kinkajou (Potos flavus)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Kinkajou to other species of anteaters

The Kinkajou (Potos flavus) is an arboreal mammal that lives in the tropical rainforests of Central America and South America. The species is distinguished from other procyonids by their small, rounded ears, extensible tongue, and prehensile tail. Other characteristics are their large eyes, short pointed snout, short limbs, and sharp and short claws. They have a tawny olive, wood brown, or yellowish tawny upper coat, and their underparts and lower side of the tail can be buff, tawny, or brown-yellow. The Kinkajou mostly eats a frugivorous diet of figs, but they also eat leaves, flowers, and various herbs.

The Kinkajou has a body length in the range of 14.2”-21.7” (36-55 cm) and total weight of 4.4-10.1 lb (2-4.6 kg). The Kinkajou has a body height between 8.3”-12.6” (21-32 cm), body width of 7.1”-8.7” (18-22 cm), and tail length of 16.5”-22.4” (42-57 cm). The typical lifespan of the Kinkajou is between 23-40 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Kinkajou in various poses with dimensions
The Kinkajou (Potos flavus) is an arboreal mammal that lives in the tropical rainforests of Central America and South America. The species is distinguished from other procyonids by their small, rounded ears, extensible tongue, and prehensile tail.

The Kinkajou has a body length in the range of 14.2”-21.7” (36-55 cm) and total weight of 4.4-10.1 lb (2-4.6 kg). The Kinkajou has a body height between 8.3”-12.6” (21-32 cm), body width of 7.1”-8.7” (18-22 cm), and tail length of 16.5”-22.4” (42-57 cm). The typical lifespan of the Kinkajou is between 23-40 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Kinkajou in various poses with dimensions
Kinkajou (Potos flavus)
Height:
8.3”-12.6” | 21-32 cm
Width:
7.1”-8.7” | 18-22 cm
Length:
14.2”-21.7” | 36-55 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
4.4-10.1 lb | 2-4.6 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 16.5”-22.4” | 42-57 cm

Scientific Name
Potos flavus
Lifespan
23-40 years

Drawings include:

Kinkajou side view, front

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South American Coati (Nasua nasua)
Comparison drawing of the South American Coati compared to other anteaters

The South American Coati (Nasua nasua) is a coati species that lives in tropical and subtropical climates in South America. They are distinguished by the lack of their large white snout that their northern relative, the White-Nosed Coati, has. The South American Coati’s coat is variable in color and they have rings on their tail that are only somewhat visible. They are omnivores, and their diet is predominantly fruits, invertebrates, other small mammals, and bird eggs. Female South American Coatis live in large groups of 15 to 30 animals, and males are solitary.

The South American Coati has a body length in the range of 16.1”-26.4” (41-67 cm) and total weight of 6.6-15.4 lb (3-7 kg). The South American Coati has a body height between 8.7”-14.2” (22-36 cm), body width of 5.5”-9.4” (14-24 cm), and tail length of 12.6”-27.2” (32-69 cm). The typical lifespan of the South American Coati is between 7-24 years.

Set of scaled side and front drawings of the South American Coati
The South American Coati (Nasua nasua) is a coati species that lives in tropical and subtropical climates in South America. They are distinguished by the lack of their large white snout that their northern relative, the White-Nosed Coati, has. The South American Coati’s coat is variable in color.

The South American Coati has a body length in the range of 16.1”-26.4” (41-67 cm) and total weight of 6.6-15.4 lb (3-7 kg). The South American Coati has a body height between 8.7”-14.2” (22-36 cm), body width of 5.5”-9.4” (14-24 cm), and tail length of 12.6”-27.2” (32-69 cm). The typical lifespan of the South American Coati is between 7-24 years.

Set of scaled side and front drawings of the South American Coati
South American Coati (Nasua nasua)
Height:
8.7”-14.2” | 22-36 cm
Width:
5.5”-9.4” | 14-24 cm
Length:
16.1”-26.4” | 41-67 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
6.6-15.4 lb | 3-7 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 12.6”-27.2” | 32-69 cm

Scientific Name
Nasua nasua
Lifespan
7-24 years

Drawings include:

South American Coati side view, front

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Common Raccoon (Procyon lotor)
Scale illustration of an average Common Raccoon compared to other anteater species

The Common Raccoon (Procyon lotor) is a North American mammal known for its dexterous front paws, facial mask, and ringed tail. Other physical traits are slightly rounded ears that are bordered by white fur, a compact body covered in varied gray fur, and comparatively short legs. Raccoons’ original habitats were deciduous and mixed forests, but due to their adaptability, they can be found in mountainous areas, coastal marshes, and urban areas.  The Raccoon is normally nocturnal, and as omnivores, the species feeds on invertebrates, vertebrates, and plant material. As the number of Raccoons in urban areas have grown, the animal has diverse reactions in humans, from outrage to deliberate feeding.

The Common Raccoon has a body length in the range of 15.75”-27.6” (40-70 cm) and total weight of 7.7-23.1 lb (3.5-10.5 kg). The Common Raccoon has a body height between 10.4”-17.7” (26.5-45 cm), body width of 6.7”-12.2” (17-31 cm), and tail length of 9.8”-13.8” (25-35 cm). The typical lifespan of the Common Raccoon is between 2-16 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Common Raccoon
The Common Raccoon (Procyon lotor) is a North American mammal known for its dexterous front paws, facial mask, and ringed tail. Other physical traits are slightly rounded ears that are bordered by white fur, a compact body covered in varied gray fur, and comparatively short legs.

The Common Raccoon has a body length in the range of 15.75”-27.6” (40-70 cm) and total weight of 7.7-23.1 lb (3.5-10.5 kg). The Common Raccoon has a body height between 10.4”-17.7” (26.5-45 cm), body width of 6.7”-12.2” (17-31 cm), and tail length of 9.8”-13.8” (25-35 cm). The typical lifespan of the Common Raccoon is between 2-16 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Common Raccoon
Common Raccoon (Procyon lotor)
Height:
10.4”-17.7” | 26.5-45 cm
Width:
6.7”-12.2” | 17-31 cm
Length:
15.75”-27.6” | 40-70 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
7.7-23.1 lb | 3.5-10.5 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 9.8”-13.8” | 25-35 cm

Scientific Name
Procyon lotor
Lifespan
2-16 years

Drawings include:

Common Raccoon side view, front

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Ringtail (Bassariscus astutus)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Ringtail to other species of anteaters

The Ringtail (Bassariscus astutus) is a widely distributed mammal that lives in the arid regions of North America. They are distributed throughout the southwestern United States, and in Mexico the species ranges from Baja California to Oaxaca. Their name is in reference to their ”ringed” tail that is long with 14-16 black and white stripes. Their pointed muzzles with long whiskers resembles that of a fox, and their body is similar to that of a cat. Ringtails are nocturnal, and their large eyes and upright ears make it easier for them to navigate and forage in the dark. They are skilled climbers, and they hunt small vertebrates; the animal will also eat berries and insects.

The Ringtail has a body length in the range of 11.8”-16.5” (30-42 cm) and total weight of 1.8-2.9 lb (.8-1.3 kg). The Ringtail has a body height between 5.5”-7.9” (14-20 cm), body width of 3.3”-4.7” (8.5-12 cm), and tail length of 12.2”-17.3” (31-44 cm). The typical lifespan of the Ringtail is between 7-19 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Ringtail in various poses with dimensions
The Ringtail (Bassariscus astutus) is a widely distributed mammal that lives in the arid regions of North America. They are distributed throughout the southwestern United States, and in Mexico the species ranges from Baja California to Oaxaca. Their name is in reference to their ”ringed” tail.

The Ringtail has a body length in the range of 11.8”-16.5” (30-42 cm) and total weight of 1.8-2.9 lb (.8-1.3 kg). The Ringtail has a body height between 5.5”-7.9” (14-20 cm), body width of 3.3”-4.7” (8.5-12 cm), and tail length of 12.2”-17.3” (31-44 cm). The typical lifespan of the Ringtail is between 7-19 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Ringtail in various poses with dimensions
Ringtail (Bassariscus astutus)
Height:
5.5”-7.9” | 14-20 cm
Width:
3.3”-4.7” | 8.5-12 cm
Length:
11.8”-16.5” | 30-42 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
1.8-2.9 lb | .8-1.3 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 12.2”-17.3” | 31-44 cm

Scientific Name
Bassariscus astutus
Lifespan
7-19 years

Drawings include:

Ringtail side view, front

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Cacomistle (Bassariscus sumichrasti)
Comparison drawing of the Cacomistle compared to other anteaters

The Cacomistle (Bassariscus sumichrasti) is a member of the Procyonidae family. The species inhabits wet, tropical, evergreen woodlands and mountain forests, and seasonally they may venture into drier deciduous forests. They are distributed throughout Central America from south-central Mexico to Panama. The Cacomistle has dark brown and gray fur that contrasts with the black and white striped tail. They may be confused with their close relative the Ring-Tailed Cat, but unlike the Ring-tailed Cat, the Cacomistle does not have retractable claws. Considered generalist feeders, the species eats a wide variety of foods like fruits, insects, small vertebrates, and rodents.

The Cacomistle has a body length in the range of 15”-18.5” (38-47 cm) and total weight of 1.5-3.3 lb (.7-1.5 kg). The Cacomistle has a body height between 7.1”-9.4” (18-24 cm), body width of 3.9”-5.1” (10-13 cm), and tail length of 15.4”-20.9” (39-53 cm). The typical lifespan of the Cacomistle is between 7-24 years.

Set of scaled side and front drawings of the Cacomistle
The Cacomistle (Bassariscus sumichrasti) is a member of the Procyonidae family. The species inhabits wet, tropical, evergreen woodlands and mountain forests, and seasonally they may venture into drier deciduous forests. They are distributed throughout Central America from Mexico to Panama.

The Cacomistle has a body length in the range of 15”-18.5” (38-47 cm) and total weight of 1.5-3.3 lb (.7-1.5 kg). The Cacomistle has a body height between 7.1”-9.4” (18-24 cm), body width of 3.9”-5.1” (10-13 cm), and tail length of 15.4”-20.9” (39-53 cm). The typical lifespan of the Cacomistle is between 7-24 years.

Set of scaled side and front drawings of the Cacomistle
Cacomistle (Bassariscus sumichrasti)
Height:
7.1”-9.4” | 18-24 cm
Width:
3.9”-5.1” | 10-13 cm
Length:
15”-18.5” | 38-47 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
1.5-3.3 lb | .7-1.5 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 15.4”-20.9” | 39-53 cm

Scientific Name
Bassariscus sumichrasti
Lifespan
7-24 years

Drawings include:

Cacomistle side view, front

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