American Black Bear

Pair of illustrated side elevation drawings of the American Black Bear

The American Black Bear (Ursus Americanus) is a medium-sized bear native to North America. It is the smallest and most distributed species of bear on the continent. American Black Bears are omnivores, and their diets vary greatly from time to time. They usually live in forested areas but leave forests for food because of the immediate availability of food brought to them by humans. The US Black Bear is the most common species of the world's bears. They seem to be moving awkwardly, but they are very fast. Once recorded, some of these bears reach a speed of more than 30 mph (50 kph) at short distances.

Collection of elevation drawings of the American Black Bear in assorted front view postures and lying down

Male American Black Bears have a shoulder height between 2’11”-3’5” (.89-1.04 m) and a weight in the range of 375-600 lb (170-272 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’6”-3’1” (.75-.94 m) with weights from 200-450 lb (90-204 kg). The American Black Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’-6’8” (1.25-2.1 m), upright standing height of 5’3”-5’8” (1.6-1.75 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild, or up to 45 years in captivity.


*Under Development*

2’6”-3’5” | .75-1.05 m
4’-6’8” | 1.25-2.1 m
Standing Height:
5’3”-5’8” | 1.6-1.75 m
200-600 lb | 90-272 kg


Height (Shoulder): 2’11”-3’5” | .89-1.04 m

Length: 5’2”-6’8” | 1.58-2.03 m

Weight: 375-600 lb | 170-272 kg


Height (Shoulder): 2’6”-3’1” | .75-.94 m
Length: 4’-5’6” | 1.22-1.7 m

Weight: 200-450 lb | 90-204 kg

Scientific Name:
Ursus americanus
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)


Drawings include:

American Black Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)


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Bears, of the family Ursidae, are large carnivorous mammals that live in a wide variety of habitats primarily throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Existing since prehistoric times, bears share characteristics such as large bodies, shaggy hair, clawed paws, stocky legs, and long snouts.