Bactrian Camel

Illustrations of Bactrian Camels in various postures including walking, standing, and lying down

The Bactrian Camel is a two-humped camelid residing in the Central and Eastern Asian Desert and is closely related, but wholly distinct from, the Wild Bactrian Camel, Camelus ferus. With its tolerance for both hot and cold temperatures, adaptation for high altitudes, and endurance for many miles, the Bactrian Camel enabled trade along the Silk Road from 130 B.C. to 1453 A.D. as a versatile pack animal. While mostly domesticated, a small feral population still exists in southwest Kazakhstan and India. Similar to the Dromedary Camel, the Bactrian Camel rarely sweats, can close its nostrils to sand, and has two rows of eyelashes to protect his eyes.

The average Bactrian Camel has an overall height of 84" (7’) (2.13 m), withers height of 62"-71" (5’2”-5’11”) (157-180 cm), and body length of 89"-138" (7’5”-11’6”) (225-350 cm). A typical Bactrian Camel weighs between 990-1100 lb (450-500 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 20-40 years; 50 (wild).


*Under Development*

84" (7’) | 2.13 m
89"-138" (7’5”-11’6”) | 225-350 cm
Withers Height (Shoulder):
62"-71" (5’2”-5’11”) | 157-180 cm
990-1100 lb | 450-500 kg

Uses: Pack animal

Camelus bactrianus
20-40 years; 50 (wild)


Drawings include:
Bactrian Camel side elevation (standing), side (person), front, walking, lying down

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Camelids are a biological family of herbivorous even-toed ungulates characterized by their large bodies, slender necks and long legs. Found in remote locations from the Middle East to South America, camelids have evolved as separate distinct species adapted to their harsh individual contexts.