Saltwater Fish

Saltwater Fish

Description
Description

Saltwater fish, diverse inhabitants of the ocean's vast expanses, inhabit a variety of marine ecosystems, from shallow coral reefs to the abyssal depths. Evolving over millions of years, they've adapted to an array of habitats, developing unique traits to survive in saline environments. Their evolutionary journey is marked by astonishing diversity, comprising thousands of species, each with specialized adaptations like bioluminescence or camouflage. Saltwater fish play pivotal roles in marine food webs, maintaining ecological balance. They're crucial for human sustenance too, forming a significant portion of global dietary protein, and their vibrant presence also contributes to the allure of underwater exploration and marine tourism.

Anatomy
Anatomy

Saltwater fish boast a fascinating anatomy adapted for life in the ocean. They have streamlined bodies for efficient swimming, with fins aiding in direction and balance. Gills extract oxygen from water, crucial for their survival. Many have scales that protect against injury and parasites. Their senses are honed for marine life: eyes adapted for underwater vision, lateral lines detecting vibrations, and, in some, a keen sense of smell to locate food or mates. While they don't speak, some can produce sounds for communication. Their internal anatomy, with a swim bladder for buoyancy, enables them to navigate the varying pressures of ocean depths.

Human Interaction
Human Interaction

The bond between humans and saltwater fish is ancient, rooted in both sustenance and fascination. These creatures have long been a vital food source, supporting coastal communities and global economies. In pop culture, they captivate us in films like "Finding Nemo" and aquariums worldwide, highlighting their beauty and diversity.

Unfortunately, overfishing and habitat destruction threaten many species. Recognizing this, conservation efforts are increasing, with marine protected areas established and sustainable fishing practices promoted. Initiatives like coral reef restoration also aim to preserve the intricate ecosystems that saltwater fish call home, ensuring their survival and continued connection with humanity.

Common Questions
Common Questions
What do saltwater fish eat?


Saltwater fish can carry carnivore, herbivore, or omnivore diets. Herbivore saltwater fish consume both microalgae and macroalgae as well as seagrasses. A carnivore’s diet typically consists of shrimp, plankton, and tiny crustaceans. Some carnivores may eat worms, clams, and parasites. Most carnivore saltwater fish will not eat algae even if they are starving.

Why can’t saltwater fish live in freshwater?

Saltwater fish are not able to live in freshwater because their bodies are concentrated from salt solution. Saltwater fish would not be able to osmoregulate correctly in freshwater. Freshwater would flow into their body up to the point where all cells can accumulate water causing them to bloat and die.

How do you acclimate saltwater fish?

Saltwater fish can be acclimated in a couple of ways. This can be done by modifying the water’s salinity, altering the pH of the water, and using the drip method or the floating method. It is important to acclimate saltwater fish because changes in salinity, water temperature, and water chemistry can cause stresses that shock the fish to death.

Animals

* Under Development *

.9”-1.5” | 2.4-3.8 cm
3.1”-5.1” | 8-13 cm
8-10 years
Amazon Puffer
3.800
13.000
10.00
3250
GUIDE
3D
Amazon Puffer
10”-23” | 25.4-58.4 cm
5.5’-14’ | 1.7-4.3 m
200-1800 lb | 90-816 kg
20-30 years
Atlantic Blue Marlin
58.400
430.000
816.000
30.00
1500
GUIDE
3D
Atlantic Blue Marlin
24”-50” | 61-127 cm
7’-15’ | 2.1-4.6 m
550–2000 lb | 250-907 kg
15-30 years
Atlantic Bluefin Tuna
127.000
460.000
907.000
30.00
4300
GUIDE
3D
Atlantic Bluefin Tuna
13”-20” | 33-50.8 cm
7.5’-11’ | 2.3-3.4 m
132-220 lb | 60-100 kg
10-15 years
Atlantic Sailfish
50.800
340.000
100.000
15.00
450
GUIDE
3D
Atlantic Sailfish
12”-19” | 30.5-48 cm
5’-8’ | 152-244 cm
60-280 lb | 27-127 kg
30-55 years
Atlantic Tarpon
48.000
244.000
127.000
55.00
700
GUIDE
3D
Atlantic Tarpon
26”-49” | 66-125 cm
6.6-8.8 lb | 3-4 kg
10-15 years
Australian Ghost Shark
125.000
4.000
15.00
550
GUIDE
3D
Australian Ghost Shark
1.4”-2” | 3.5-5 cm
9.1”-13.8” | 23-35 cm
3-6 years
Big-Belly Seahorse
5.000
35.000
6.00
1250
GUIDE
3D
Big-Belly Seahorse
3.5”-6.5” | 8.9-16.5 cm
16”-30” | 40-75 cm
7-20 lb | 3-9 kg
10-20 years
Bonefish
16.500
75.000
9.000
20.00
100
GUIDE
3D
Bonefish
3.5”-12.6” | 9-32 cm
10”-36” | 25.4-91.4 cm
11-22 lb | 5-10 kg
8-11 years
Common Hogfish
32.000
91.400
10.000
11.00
45080
GUIDE
3D
Common Hogfish
.4”-1” | 1-2.5 cm
2.75”-6.7” | 7-17 cm;
1-4 years
Common Seahorse
2.500
17.000
4.00
240800
GUIDE
3D
Common Seahorse
5.1”-5.9” | 13-15 cm
7”-8” | 18-20 cm
4-10 years
Copperband Butterflyfish
15.000
20.000
10.00
3700
GUIDE
3D
Copperband Butterflyfish
.1”-.2” | .3-.6 cm
1”-2” | 2.5-5.1 cm
1-2 years
Dwarf Seahorse
0.600
5.100
2.00
3900
GUIDE
3D
Dwarf Seahorse
7.9”-22” | 20-56 cm
10’-26.2’ | 3-8 m; 36’ | 11 m (Max)
882-1,322 lb | 400-600 kg
7-12 years
Giant Oarfish
56.000
800.000
600.000
12.00
21900
GUIDE
3D
Giant Oarfish
10”-20” | 25.4-50.8 cm
33”-67” | 85-170 cm
33-132 lb | 15-60 kg
10-25 years
Giant Trevally
50.800
170.000
60.000
25.00
4700
GUIDE
3D
Giant Trevally
3.3”-3.9” | 8.5-10 cm
8.3”-9.8” | 21-25 cm
.9-1.2 oz | .02-.03 kg
15-20 years
Hairy Frogfish
10.000
25.000
0.030
20.00
5250
GUIDE
3D
Hairy Frogfish
1”-1.4” | 2.5-3.5 cm
5”-7.5” | 13-19 cm
1-4 years
Lined Seahorse
3.500
19.000
4.00
1800
GUIDE
3D
Lined Seahorse
6.5”-10.5” | 16.5-26.7 cm
33”-55” | 84-140 cm
15-40 lb | 7-18 kg
4-5 years
Mahi-Mahi
26.700
140.000
18.000
5.00
6200
GUIDE
3D
Mahi-Mahi
.6”-1.4” | 1.5-3.5 cm
1.5”-4” | 4-10 cm
.4-.7 lb | .2-.3 kg
3-6 years
Ocellaris Clownfish
3.500
10.000
0.300
6.00
10700
GUIDE
3D
Ocellaris Clownfish
5.5”-8.7” | 14-22 cm
11.8”-17.7” | 30-45 cm
2.5-3.5 lb | 1.1-1.6 kg
15-20 years
Queen Angelfish
22.000
45.000
1.600
20.00
7650
GUIDE
3D
Queen Angelfish
3.1”-4.3” | 8-11 cm
11-15” | 28-38 cm
1-2.6 lb | .5-1.2 kg
10-18 years
Red Lionfish
11.000
38.000
1.200
18.00
10100
GUIDE
3D
Red Lionfish
2.6”-4.3” | 6.5-11 cm
9.8”-15.75” | 25-40 cm
.7-.9 lb | .3-.4 kg
9-12 years
Red-Lipped Batfish
11.000
40.000
0.400
12.00
11800
GUIDE
3D
Red-Lipped Batfish
3.7”-4.9” | 9.5-12.5 cm
9.8”-11.8” | 25-30 cm
5-10 years
Reef Triggerfish
12.500
30.000
10.00
5750
GUIDE
3D
Reef Triggerfish
13”-16.5” | 33-41.9 cm
48”-63” | 122-160 cm
25-80 lb | 11-36 kg
20-35 years
Roosterfish
41.900
160.000
36.000
35.00
3000
GUIDE
3D
Roosterfish
Wahoo
41000
6.5”-12” | 16.5-30.5 cm
40”-72” | 102-183 cm
15-40 lb | 7-18 kg
5-9 years
Wahoo
30.500
183.000
18.000
9.00
41000
GUIDE
3D
Wahoo
.6”-2.6” | 1.5-6.5 cm
3.9”-12.2” | 10-31 cm
5-8 years
Yellow Goatfish
6.500
31.000
8.00
430
GUIDE
3D
Yellow Goatfish
10.5”-20.5” | 26.7-52 cm
43”-83” | 110-210 cm
300-400 lb | 136-181 kg
5-10 years
Yellowfin Tuna
52.000
210.000
181.000
10.00
22000
GUIDE
3D
Yellowfin Tuna
Atlantic Tarpon
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Atlantic Tarpon compared to an average person

The Atlantic Tarpon (Megalops atlanticus) can be found in the Atlantic ocean and Indo-Pacific seas and also often in freshwater environments. They belong to the family Megalopidae and love warm shallow darker waters having sandy and muddy bottoms.

They sport large eyes, shiny silvery scales, and blue to green backs plus an elongated dorsal fin ray and anal fin ray. The Tarpon exhibit three distinctive levels of development that take place in varying habitats. It is a popular game fish because of its high-flying antics, elusive nature, size, and fighting spirit. Besides, the tarpon also has a swim bladder that it also uses as a respiratory organ.

Atlantic Tarpons have a total length between 5’-8’ (152-244 cm), body height of 12”-19” (30.5-48 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 60-280 lb (27-127 kg). The typical lifespan of the Atlantic Tarpon is 30-55 years.

Pair of elevation illustrations of the Atlantic Tarpon seen from the side and front
The Atlantic Tarpon (Megalops atlanticus) can be found in the Atlantic ocean and Indo-Pacific seas and also often in freshwater environments. They belong to the family Megalopidae and sport large eyes, shiny silvery scales, and blue to green backs plus an elongated dorsal and anal fin rays.

Atlantic Tarpons have a total length between 5’-8’ (152-244 cm), body height of 12”-19” (30.5-48 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 60-280 lb (27-127 kg). The typical lifespan of the Atlantic Tarpon is 30-55 years.

Pair of elevation illustrations of the Atlantic Tarpon seen from the side and front
Atlantic Tarpon
Height:
12”-19” | 30.5-48 cm
Width:
Length:
5’-8’ | 152-244 cm
Depth:
Weight:
60-280 lb | 27-127 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Megalops atlanticus
Lifespan
30-55 years

Drawings include:

Atlantic Tarpon side elevation, front

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Yellowfin Tuna
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Yellowfin Tuna compared to an average person

The Yellowfin Tuna (Thunnus albacares) are members of the fish family Scombridae found in the tropical and subtropical oceans worldwide. The Yellowfin Tuna is large and its name comes from the bright yellow coloring of its finlet, second dorsal and anal fin.

They are highly social, always traveling in groups among themselves, with other tuna species, dolphins, and porpoises. Their torpedo-shaped body gives them speed while their back and upper sides are metallic blue and belly yellow or silver. They are differentiated from other tunas by their slender body with a bright yellow dorsal fin. Besides being a popular cuisine, they are also valued by sports fishermen.

Yellowfin Tunas have a total length between 43”-83” (110-210 cm), body height of 10.5”-20.5” (26.7-52 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 300-400 lb (136-181 kg). The typical lifespan of the Yellowfin Tuna is 5-10 years.

Pair of elevation illustrations of the Yellowfin Tuna seen from the side and front
The Yellowfin Tuna (Thunnus albacares) are members of the fish family Scombridae found in the tropical and subtropical oceans worldwide. The Yellowfin Tuna is large and its name comes from the bright yellow coloring of its finlet, second dorsal and anal fin. They are highly social fish.

Yellowfin Tunas have a total length between 43”-83” (110-210 cm), body height of 10.5”-20.5” (26.7-52 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 300-400 lb (136-181 kg). The typical lifespan of the Yellowfin Tuna is 5-10 years.

Pair of elevation illustrations of the Yellowfin Tuna seen from the side and front
Yellowfin Tuna
Height:
10.5”-20.5” | 26.7-52 cm
Width:
Length:
43”-83” | 110-210 cm
Depth:
Weight:
300-400 lb | 136-181 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Thunnus albacares
Lifespan
5-10 years

Drawings include:

Yellowfin Tuna side elevation, front

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Ocellaris Clownfish (Amphiprion ocellaris)
Scale illustration of an average Ocellaris Clownfish compared to other saltwater fish species

The Ocellaris Clownfish, also known as Amphiprion ocellaris, is a small, vertically striped fish that is a part of the clownfish family. The Ocellaris Clownfish is very similar to the Amphiprion percula, as they have the same coloring and stripe patterns with the couple exceptions being the thickness of the black outlines on the stripes and the number of dorsal fins. The Ocellaris Clownfish has a relatively round body and can be either orange, brown-red, or black with white stripes. The color of the Ocellaris Clownfish’s body depends on its geographic location. As youths, the Ocellaris Clownfish, immune to the stings of anemone, form symbiotic relationships with anemone and take shelter in them.

One of the most sought-after aquarium fish is the Ocellaris Clownfish. Aquarium owners love it for its brilliant colors, which vary from fish to fish depending on where it lives. This fish is found in the western Pacific Ocean and Eastern Indian ocean, living among sea anemones. It is also called common clownfish or false percula clownfish. Most of them have three white bands with black outlines on their orange body. That is on the head, body, and tail. The body is stocky and oval. They are hermaphrodites and omnivores, born gender neutral and turn into male before changing sex to female.



Ocellaris Clownfish have a total length between 1.5”-4” (4-10 cm) and body height of .6”-1.4” (1.5-3.5 cm). The typical weight of the Ocellaris Clownfish is in the range of .4-.7 lb (.2-.3 kg). Ocellaris Clownfish have lifespans between 3-6 years.

Series of elevation illustrations of the Ocellaris Clownfish
The Ocellaris Clownfish, also known as Amphiprion ocellaris, is a small, vertically striped fish that is a part of the clownfish family. The Ocellaris Clownfish is very similar to the Amphiprion percula, as they have the same coloring and stripe patterns with a couple exceptions.

Ocellaris Clownfish have a total length between 1.5”-4” (4-10 cm) and body height of .6”-1.4” (1.5-3.5 cm). The typical weight of the Ocellaris Clownfish is in the range of .4-.7 lb (.2-.3 kg). Ocellaris Clownfish have lifespans between 3-6 years.

Series of elevation illustrations of the Ocellaris Clownfish
Ocellaris Clownfish (Amphiprion ocellaris)
Height:
.6”-1.4” | 1.5-3.5 cm
Width:
Length:
1.5”-4” | 4-10 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.4-.7 lb | .2-.3 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Amphiprion ocellaris
Lifespan
3-6 years

Drawings include:

Ocellaris Clownfish side elevation, front

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Big-Belly Seahorse (Hippocampus abdominalis)
Scale illustration of an average Big-Belly Seahorse compared to other saltwater fish species

The Big-belly seahorse (Hippocampus abdominalis) is also called pot-bellied seahorse and is the largest breed found in the water of southeast Australia and New Zealand. They belong to the family Syngnathidae and love areas with rock reefs, seagrass, and algae. It’s identified by a prominent belly, long-snouted head tilted forward, and long coiled tail. These seahorses love to assume a vertical position and use their dorsal fin to swim. They feed by sucking prey. The animals can also change color, especially during courtship. The males are distinguished from females using their smooth, pouch-like abdomen. The Big-belly seahorse is popular in the aquarium and also sold as traditional medicine.

Big-Belly Seahorses have a total length between 9.1”-13.8” (23-35 cm) and body height of 1.4”-2” (3.5-5 cm). The typical lifespan of the Big-Belly Seahorse is in the range of 3-6 years.

Series of elevation illustrations of the Big-Belly Seahorse
The Big-belly seahorse (Hippocampus abdominalis) is also called pot-bellied seahorse and is the largest breed found in the water of southeast Australia and New Zealand. They belong to the family Syngnathidae and love areas with rock reefs, seagrass, and algae. It’s identified by a prominent belly.

Big-Belly Seahorses have a total length between 9.1”-13.8” (23-35 cm) and body height of 1.4”-2” (3.5-5 cm). The typical lifespan of the Big-Belly Seahorse is in the range of 3-6 years.

Series of elevation illustrations of the Big-Belly Seahorse
Big-Belly Seahorse (Hippocampus abdominalis)
Height:
1.4”-2” | 3.5-5 cm
Width:
Length:
9.1”-13.8” | 23-35 cm
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Hippocampus abdominalis
Lifespan
3-6 years

Drawings include:

Big-Belly Seahorse side elevation, front

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Australian Ghost Shark
Comparison illustration of the size of a Australian Ghost Shark to a typical person

The Australian Ghost Shark (Callorhinchus Milii), also known as a chimaera, is cartilaginous fish related to the shark. Ghost Sharks have 1 gill on each side of their body and have eyes that are lined with a reflective tissue that appears to glow. Their skeletons are made out of cartilage and lack scales.

Ghost sharks live in the cool waters of the continental shelves around the world. Ghost sharks typically eat small fishes and invertebrates. Not much is known about the ghost shark as they haven’t been studied much in their natural habitat.

Australian Ghost Sharks have a total length between 26”-49” (66-125 cm) and an overall weight in the range of 6.6-8.8 lb (3-4 kg). The typical lifespan of the Australian Ghost Shark is between 10-15 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Australian Ghost Shark in various poses
The Australian Ghost Shark (Callorhinchus Milii), also known as a chimaera, is cartilaginous fish related to the shark. Ghost Sharks have 1 gill on each side of their body and have eyes that are lined with a reflective tissue that appears to glow. Unlike other fish, they lack exterior scales.

Australian Ghost Sharks have a total length between 26”-49” (66-125 cm) and an overall weight in the range of 6.6-8.8 lb (3-4 kg). The typical lifespan of the Australian Ghost Shark is between 10-15 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Australian Ghost Shark in various poses
Australian Ghost Shark
Height:
Width:
Length:
26”-49” | 66-125 cm
Depth:
Weight:
6.6-8.8 lb | 3-4 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Callorhinchus milii
Lifespan
10-15 years

Drawings include:

Australian Ghost Shark side elevation, side (perspective), front, top

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