Viverrids | Viverridae

Viverrids | Viverridae

Description
Description

Viverrids, belonging to the family Viverridae, are a diverse group of small to medium-sized mammals often referred to as civets or genets. Native to Africa, Europe, and Asia, these animals inhabit a range of environments from tropical forests to savannas. Viverrids possess elongated bodies, short legs, and long tails, showcasing a range of fur patterns. Evolutionarily, they are among the oldest families of carnivorous mammals, with fossil records tracing back to the Miocene epoch. They play a vital role in their ecosystems as both predators and prey. Known for their musky scent glands, viverrids have influenced the perfume industry historically.

Anatomy
Anatomy

Viverrids are slender mammals with a small head, elongated body, and a long bushy tail. Their legs are short, with retractable claws adapted for climbing and grasping. They are characterized by their beautiful fur, often spotted or striped, providing camouflage. Viverrids move with agility and grace, primarily being arboreal and terrestrial. They don't "speak," but they communicate through various vocalizations like hisses and growls. Their senses are sharp; keen eyesight adapts them for nocturnal life, and an excellent sense of smell aids in locating food and detecting danger, making them well-equipped survivors in their habitats.

Human Interaction
Human Interaction

The relationship between humans and viverrids is complex, marked by fascination and exploitation. Once revered in ancient Egyptian culture, these creatures have been hunted for their musk used in perfumery and their striking fur. In pop culture, they're less prominent, though occasionally featured in documentaries and zoos. Sadly, some species, like the African Civet, have faced threats due to the pet trade and habitat loss.

Conservation efforts are underway in various regions, focusing on habitat preservation and educating communities about the ecological importance of these elusive creatures. International laws now protect many viverrid species, aiming to secure their future alongside humans.

Common Questions
Common Questions
What is the largest viverrid?

The two largest species of viverrids are the African civet and the fossa of Madagascar. Both of these species can reach a weigh of 44 lbs (20 kg). The African Civet can reach a length of between 2.2 to 2.8 feet (0.67 – 0.85 m). The Fossa of Madagascar typically reaches a length of 2.4 ft (0.73 m).

What are viverrids?

The Viverridae family is made up by 35 species of small Old-World mammals. These viverrids include the civet, fossa, binturong, genet, and linsang. Viverrids are typically medium-sized with long bodies and short legs. Their weight typically ranges between 2.2 – 30.86 lbs (1 kg to 14 kg).

Where do viverrids live?

Viverrids typically live in forests and dense vegetation. Viverrids are native to Southern Europe, Africa, Asia, as well as Indonesia and the Philippines. Viverrids live in diverse habitats ranging from rain forests to woodlands, savannas, and mountains. Some viverrids are mainly arboreal, some are terrestrial, and some species are aquatic.

Animals

* Under Development *

15.75”-20.5” | 40-52 cm
7.5”-9.8” | 19-25 cm
26.4”-35” | 67-89 cm (Body)
15.4-44.1 lb | 7-20 kg
15-28 years
African Civet
52.000
25.000
89.000
20.000
28.00
10450
GUIDE
3D
African Civet
6.7”-7.9” | 17-20 cm
3.5”-4.3” | 9-11 cm
17.3”-19.7” | 44-50 cm (Body)
3.1-3.3 lb | 1.4-1.5 kg
9-20 years
Aquatic Genet
20.000
11.000
50.000
1.500
20.00
70
GUIDE
3D
Aquatic Genet
11.4”-13.8” | 29-35 cm
5.5”-6.9” | 14-17.5 cm
18.9”-23.2” | 48-59 cm (Body)
2.9-6.8 lb | 1.3-3.1 kg
15-25 years
Asian Palm Civet
35.000
17.500
59.000
3.100
25.00
13900
GUIDE
3D
Asian Palm Civet
7.9”-11” | 20-28 cm
3.1”-4.3” | 8-11 cm
16.1”-22” | 41-56 cm (Body)
2.2-6.6 lb | 1-3 kg
11-16 years
Banded Palm Civet
28.000
11.000
56.000
3.000
16.00
1000
GUIDE
3D
Banded Palm Civet
Binturong
119400
13.4”-21.25” | 34-54 cm
10.2”-15.75” | 26-40 cm
23.6”-37.8” | 60-96 cm (Body)
19.8-52.9 lb | 9-24 kg
10-27 years
Binturong
54.000
40.000
96.000
24.000
27.00
119400
GUIDE
3D
Binturong
9.6”-13.8” | 24.5-35 cm
5.3”-6.7” | 13.5-17 cm
16.9”-23.6” | 43-60 cm (Body)
3.3-7.1 lb | 1.5-3.2 kg
8-23 years
Common Genet
35.000
17.000
60.000
3.200
23.00
4000
GUIDE
3D
Common Genet
4.9”-6.3” | 12.5-16 cm
3.3”-4.1” | 8.5-10.5 cm
11.8”-15” | 30-38 cm (Body)
1.1-1.5 lb | .5-.7 kg
9-16 years
West African Oyan
16.000
10.500
38.000
0.700
16.00
60
GUIDE
3D
West African Oyan
Asian Palm Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Asian Palm Civet to other species of Viverrids

The Asian Palm Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) is a viverrid that lives in primarily forests, but they can also occur at lower densities in secondary and selectively logged forests; they occupy much of southeast Asia. The Asian Palm Civet’s body is long and stocky and covered with coarse and shaggy hair. There is a white mask across the forehead, a small white patch under each eye, and a white spot on each side of the nostrils. The muzzle, ears, lower legs, and distal half of the tail are black. The Asian Palm Civet is an omnivore, and it feeds on mostly pulpy fruits and berries.

The Asian Palm Civet has a body length in the range of 18.9”-23.2” (48-59 cm) and total weight of 2.9-6.8 lb (1.3-3.1 kg). The Asian Palm Civet has a body height between 11.4”-13.8” (29-35 cm), body width of 5.5”-6.9” (14-17.5 cm), and tail length of 17.3”-21.25” (44-54 cm). The typical lifespan of the Asian Palm Civet is between 15-25 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Asian Palm Civet in various poses with dimensions
The Asian Palm Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) is a viverrid that lives in primarily forests, but they can also occur at lower densities in secondary and selectively logged forests; they occupy much of southeast Asia. The Asian Palm Civet’s body is long and stocky and covered with coarse hair.

The Asian Palm Civet has a body length in the range of 18.9”-23.2” (48-59 cm) and total weight of 2.9-6.8 lb (1.3-3.1 kg). The Asian Palm Civet has a body height between 11.4”-13.8” (29-35 cm), body width of 5.5”-6.9” (14-17.5 cm), and tail length of 17.3”-21.25” (44-54 cm). The typical lifespan of the Asian Palm Civet is between 15-25 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Asian Palm Civet in various poses with dimensions
Asian Palm Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus)
Height:
11.4”-13.8” | 29-35 cm
Width:
5.5”-6.9” | 14-17.5 cm
Length:
18.9”-23.2” | 48-59 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
2.9-6.8 lb | 1.3-3.1 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 17.3”-21.25” | 44-54 cm

Scientific Name
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus
Lifespan
15-25 years

Drawings include:

Asian Palm Civet side view, front

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African Civet (Civettictis civetta)
Comparison drawing of the African Civet compared to other Viverrids

The African Civet (Civettictis civetta) is a large viverrid that lives in woodlands and secondary forests in sub-Saharan Africa. Its characteristic coloration is black and white with blotches that cover its entire body in a cryptic pattern. Black bands surround the eyes, similar to those of a raccoon. Its hindquarters are disproportionately large, and it has an erectile dorsal crest. The African Civet is an omnivorous generalist, as it feeds on small vertebrates, invertebrates, eggs, carrion, and vegetable matter. It is a solitary and nocturnal mammal that spends the day sleeping in dense vegetation.

The African Civet has a body length in the range of 26.4”-35” (67-89 cm) and total weight of 15.4-44.1 lb (7-20 kg). The African Civet has a body height between 15.75”-20.5” (40-52 cm), body width of 7.5”-9.8” (19-25 cm), and tail length of 13.4”-18.5” (34-47 cm). The typical lifespan of the African Civet is between 15-28 years.

Set of scaled side and front drawings of the African Civet
The African Civet (Civettictis civetta) is a large viverrid that lives in woodlands and secondary forests in sub-Saharan Africa. Its characteristic coloration is black and white with blotches that cover its entire body in a cryptic pattern. Black bands surround the eyes, similar to a raccoon.

The African Civet has a body length in the range of 26.4”-35” (67-89 cm) and total weight of 15.4-44.1 lb (7-20 kg). The African Civet has a body height between 15.75”-20.5” (40-52 cm), body width of 7.5”-9.8” (19-25 cm), and tail length of 13.4”-18.5” (34-47 cm). The typical lifespan of the African Civet is between 15-28 years.

Set of scaled side and front drawings of the African Civet
African Civet (Civettictis civetta)
Height:
15.75”-20.5” | 40-52 cm
Width:
7.5”-9.8” | 19-25 cm
Length:
26.4”-35” | 67-89 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
15.4-44.1 lb | 7-20 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 13.4”-18.5” | 34-47 cm

Scientific Name
Civettictis civetta
Lifespan
15-28 years

Drawings include:

African Civet side view, front

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Binturong (Arctictis binturong)
Scale illustration of an average Binturong compared to other Viverrid species

The Binturong (Arctictis binturong) is a viverrid that lives in tall forests, foothills and hills with good tree cover, and primary and secondary lowland forests in South Asia. However, as they are not very nimble, the Binturong frequently descends to the ground when moving between trees. They are stoutly built with a thick coat of coarse black hair, a bushy and prehensile tail, and a short and pointed muzzle. The ears are short and rounded and edged with white, and the feet are five-toed with strong claws and bare soles. As omnivores, the Binturong eats small mammals, fish, earthworms, insects, and fruits.

The Binturong has a body length in the range of 23.6”-37.8” (60-96 cm) and total weight of 19.8-52.9 lb (9-24 kg). The Binturong has a body height between 13.4”-21.25” (34-54 cm), body width of 10.2”-15.75” (26-40 cm), and tail length of 22”-35” (56-89 cm). The typical lifespan of the Binturong is between 10-27 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Binturong
The Binturong (Arctictis binturong) is a viverrid that lives in tall forests, foothills and hills with good tree cover, and primary and secondary lowland forests in South Asia. However, as they are not very nimble, the Binturong frequently descends to the ground when moving between trees.

The Binturong has a body length in the range of 23.6”-37.8” (60-96 cm) and total weight of 19.8-52.9 lb (9-24 kg). The Binturong has a body height between 13.4”-21.25” (34-54 cm), body width of 10.2”-15.75” (26-40 cm), and tail length of 22”-35” (56-89 cm). The typical lifespan of the Binturong is between 10-27 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Binturong
Binturong (Arctictis binturong)
Height:
13.4”-21.25” | 34-54 cm
Width:
10.2”-15.75” | 26-40 cm
Length:
23.6”-37.8” | 60-96 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
19.8-52.9 lb | 9-24 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 22”-35” | 56-89 cm

Scientific Name
Arctictis binturong
Lifespan
10-27 years

Drawings include:

Binturong side view, front

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Banded Palm Civet (Hemigalus derbyanus)
Comparison drawing of the Banded Palm Civet compared to other Viverrids

The Banded Palm Civet (Hemigalus derbyanus) is a civet that is distributed throughout the Sundaic region. While they mostly live in forests, they spend much of their time on the ground. Reminiscent of insectivorous mammals, the Banded Palm Civet has a long pointed face. The body is long with short legs, and they have five toes on each foot with retractable claws. Their dark cream to buff colored fur is short and dense with four to five dark bands on their backs. As carnivores, they eat earthworms, insects, and other small animals.

The Banded Palm Civet has a body length in the range of 16.1”-22” (41-56 cm) and total weight of 2.2-6.6 lb (1-3 kg). The Banded Palm Civet has a body height between 7.9”-11” (20-28 cm), body width of 3.1”-4.3” (8-11 cm), and tail length of 9.1”-14.2” (23-36 cm). The typical lifespan of the Banded Palm Civet is between 11-16 years.

Set of scaled side and front drawings of the Banded Palm Civet
The Banded Palm Civet (Hemigalus derbyanus) is a civet that is distributed throughout the Sundaic region. While they mostly live in forests, they spend much of their time on the ground. Reminiscent of insectivorous mammals, the Banded Palm Civet has a long pointed face.

The Banded Palm Civet has a body length in the range of 16.1”-22” (41-56 cm) and total weight of 2.2-6.6 lb (1-3 kg). The Banded Palm Civet has a body height between 7.9”-11” (20-28 cm), body width of 3.1”-4.3” (8-11 cm), and tail length of 9.1”-14.2” (23-36 cm). The typical lifespan of the Banded Palm Civet is between 11-16 years.

Set of scaled side and front drawings of the Banded Palm Civet
Banded Palm Civet (Hemigalus derbyanus)
Height:
7.9”-11” | 20-28 cm
Width:
3.1”-4.3” | 8-11 cm
Length:
16.1”-22” | 41-56 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
2.2-6.6 lb | 1-3 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 9.1”-14.2” | 23-36 cm

Scientific Name
Hemigalus derbyanus
Lifespan
11-16 years

Drawings include:

Banded Palm Civet side view, front

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Aquatic Genet (Genetta piscivora)
Scale illustration of an average Aquatic Genet compared to other Viverrid species

The Aquatic Genet (Genetta piscivora) is a genet that lives in the rainforest east of the Congo River and in the Tshopo District. From past records, their predicted range is evergreen lowland and submontane forests in the Congo Basin. The Aquatic Genet’s dense fur in dark chestnut red without spots or bands; the tail is bushy and black with pale brown underfur. Other traits are a pale head with white spots on the sides of the muzzle and ears free from fur. Aquatic Genets eat mostly freshwater fish including catfish, barbels, squeakers, carps, and crustaceans.

The Aquatic Genet has a body length in the range of 17.3”-19.7” (44-50 cm) and total weight of 3.1-3.3 lb (1.4-1.5 kg). The Aquatic Genet has a body height between 6.7”-7.9” (17-20 cm), body width of 3.5”-4.3” (9-11 cm), and tail length of 13.4”-16.5” (34-42 cm). The typical lifespan of the Aquatic Genet is between 9-20 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Aquatic Genet
The Aquatic Genet (Genetta piscivora) is a genet that lives in the rainforest east of the Congo River and in the Tshopo District. From past records, their predicted range is evergreen lowland and submontane forests in the Congo Basin. The Aquatic Genet’s dense fur in dark chestnut red without spots.

The Aquatic Genet has a body length in the range of 17.3”-19.7” (44-50 cm) and total weight of 3.1-3.3 lb (1.4-1.5 kg). The Aquatic Genet has a body height between 6.7”-7.9” (17-20 cm), body width of 3.5”-4.3” (9-11 cm), and tail length of 13.4”-16.5” (34-42 cm). The typical lifespan of the Aquatic Genet is between 9-20 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Aquatic Genet
Aquatic Genet (Genetta piscivora)
Height:
6.7”-7.9” | 17-20 cm
Width:
3.5”-4.3” | 9-11 cm
Length:
17.3”-19.7” | 44-50 cm (Body)
Depth:
Weight:
3.1-3.3 lb | 1.4-1.5 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 13.4”-16.5” | 34-42 cm

Scientific Name
Genetta piscivora
Lifespan
9-20 years

Drawings include:

Aquatic Genet side view, front

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