Odd-Toed Ungulates

Odd-toed ungulates, in comparison to even-toed ungulates, bear the majority of weight on one toe only; their third toe. The other difference between the two ungulate families, is that odd-toed ungulates digest cellulose in their intestines, not their stomach. The odd-toed ungulate family is rather small, consisting of horses, donkeys, tapirs, and rhinoceros. Despite the size of this family, odd-toed ungulates have an extensive reach and are present across the globe, due to establishment of feral populations. Two of the odd-toed ungulate species have been domesticated; horses and donkeys. All odd-toed ungulates are either large to very large, with the smallest still weighing in at 200 kg or 440 lbs.

Which animals are odd-toed ungulates?

There are about 17 species of odd-toed ungulates. Animals that are odd-toed ungulates include the javan rhinoceros, mountain tapir, mountain zebra, onager, kiang, mule, donkey, and horse. Other animals include the Sumatran rhinoceros, African wild ass, and Malayan tapir.

What are the shared characteristics of odd-toed ungulates?

Shared characteristics of odd-toed ungulates include them being herbivores and each having 1 or 3 hoofed toes on each hindfoot. They also have a long upper jaw and a reduced ulna and fibula bones simplifying both the wrist and ankle joint. They don’t have a clavicle bone making running more efficient.

What are the differences between odd and even-toed ungulates?

The most notable difference between even and odd-toed ungulates is the number of toes they have. Odd-toed ungulates have an odd number of toes, while even-toed ungulates have an even number of toes (2 or 4). Odd-toed ungulates are able to digest plant matter in their intestines, while even-toed ungulates digest their meals in one or more stomach chambers.

Odd-Toed Ungulates

Miniature Horse
8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm)
3D
Shetland Pony
7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm)
3D
Haflinger Horse
13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm)
3D
Arabian Horse
14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm)
3D
Morgan Horse
14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm)
3D
Andalusian Horse
14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm)
3D
Appaloosa Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
3D
Paint Horse
14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm)
3D
Quarter Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
3D
Akhal-Teke
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
3D
Friesian Horse
14.5-17 hands (58”-68” | 147-173 cm)
3D
Thoroughbred
15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm)
3D
Clydesdale Horse
16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm)
3D
Zebra
51.0"-75.0" (4’3”-6’3”) | 1.3-1.9 m
3D
Shire Horse
16-19 hands (64”-76” | 163-193 cm)
3D
Rhinoceros
66.0"-81.0" (5’6"-6’9") | 1.7-2.1 m
3D

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Miniature Horse
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Miniature Horse compared to an average person

Miniature Horses are characterized by their limited height. This is the product of decades of selective breeding as seen in several countries, like Europe and the United States. Mini horses are typically bred for fun and successful connections between people. Of this cause, they are sometimes kept as family pets, they also possess normal horse nature, like normal fighting or flight reflex, and must be handled as horses, even though they mainly act as service animals.

Miniature Horses have a shoulder height of 8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm), an overall weight in the range of 150-350 lb (68-159 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-35 years. Miniature Horses have coat colors of bay, black, and palomino.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Miniature Horse
Miniature Horses are characterized by their limited height. This is the product of decades of selective breeding as seen in several countries, like Europe and the United States. Mini horses are typically bred for fun and successful connections between people.

Miniature Horses have a shoulder height of 8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm), an overall weight in the range of 150-350 lb (68-159 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-35 years. Miniature Horses have coat colors of bay, black, and palomino.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Miniature Horse
Miniature Horse
Height:
8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
150-350 lb | 68-159 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, black, palomino
Lifespan
25-35 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Miniature Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Zebra
Drawing comparing the dimensions of a zebra to a human

Zebra are a variation of the horse family known for their uniquely distinct coats of black-and-white stripes. Typically traveling in herds, zebra are found in many different habitats throughout Africa including grasslands, savannas, mountains, hills, and woodlands. Not unlike a fingerprint, the coat patterns on every individual zebra are different and are used as a form of camouflage that makes it difficult for predators to target a single zebra in a herd.

The average Zebra has an overall height of 51.0"-75.0" (1.3-1.9 m), withers height of 42.0"-60.0" (1.1-1.5 m), and body length of 64.0"-96.0" (1.6-2.4 m). A typical Zebra weighs between 440-990 lb (200-450 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 25 years.

Assortment of zebra illustrations from the side, front, back, and laying down
Zebra are a variation of the horse family known for their uniquely distinct coats of black-and-white stripes. Not unlike a fingerprint, the patterns on every individual zebra are different and are used as a form of camouflage that makes it difficult for predators to target a single zebra in a herd.

The average Zebra has an overall height of 51.0"-75.0" (1.3-1.9 m), withers height of 42.0"-60.0" (1.1-1.5 m), and body length of 64.0"-96.0" (1.6-2.4 m). A typical Zebra weighs between 440-990 lb (200-450 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 25 years.

Assortment of zebra illustrations from the side, front, back, and laying down
Zebra
Height:
51.0"-75.0" (4’3”-6’3”) | 1.3-1.9 m
Width:
Length:
64.0"-96.0" (5’4”-8’) | 1.6-2.4 m
Depth:
42.0"-60.0" (3’6”-5’) | 1.1-1.5 m
Weight:
440-990 lb | 200-450 kg
Area:
Equus quagga
Lifespan
25 years

Drawings include:
Zebra side profile, front profile, back profile, laying down side profile

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Friesian Horse
Comparison illustration of the size of a Friesian Horse to a typical person

The Friesian Horse is a breed of horses from Friesland, the Netherlands. While the shape of the breed is like that of an easy draught, the Friesian horses are pleasant and sizable. The Friesian horse is most recognized for its black color, but often they are born in a chestnut color.

The Friesian breed has a high physical structure and a fine skeleton. Friesian Horses have long, arched necks and smooth, short-oaked heads, much like Spanish Horses. They have solid, bent, slim, muscular bodies with powerful, angled hindquarters and low-set tails. Their limbs are relatively short and strong. A Friesian horse has often a long, dense, wavy, sometimes wavy and feathering mane, a fine, silky fur on the lower legs.

Friesian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.5-17 hands (58”-68” | 147-173 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1200-1400 lb (544-635 kg) and a typical lifespan of 16 years. Friesian Horses have black coats.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Friesian Horse
The Friesian Horse is a breed of horses from Friesland, the Netherlands. While the shape of the breed is like that of an easy draught, the Friesian horses are pleasant and sizable. The Friesian horse is most recognized for its black color, but often they are born in a chestnut color.

Friesian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.5-17 hands (58”-68” | 147-173 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1200-1400 lb (544-635 kg) and a typical lifespan of 16 years. Friesian Horses have black coats.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Friesian Horse
Friesian Horse
Height:
14.5-17 hands (58”-68” | 147-173 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
1200-1400 lb | 544-635 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Black
Lifespan
16 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Friesian Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Shetland Pony
Comparison illustration of the size of a Shetland Pony to a typical person

The Shetland Pony is a Scottish pony breed from the northern Scotland Shetland Islands. Shetland Ponies can be almost any color, like skewbald and pinto, but they are mostly black, chestnut, bay, brown, palomino, dun, roan, and silver. They have a heavy coating and short legs and are regarded as very smart. Their size is strong and used for riding, driving, and packaging purposes. Shetland Ponies are sweet, well-tempered, and by definition very knowledgeable. They make nice children's ponies, and often they are considered to have a "brave" heart.

Shetland Ponies have a shoulder height of 7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm), an overall weight in the range of 400-450 lb (181-204 kg) and a typical lifespan of 30 years. Shetland Ponies have coat colors that include bay, black, brown, buckskin, champagne, chestnut, cream, dun, gray, palomino, and various types of roan.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Shetland Pony
The Shetland Pony is a Scottish pony breed from the northern Scotland Shetland Islands. Shetland Ponies can be almost any color, like skewbald and pinto, but they are mostly black, chestnut, bay, brown, palomino, dun, roan, and silver. They have a heavy coating, short legs and are regarded as smart.

Shetland Ponies have a shoulder height of 7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm), an overall weight in the range of 400-450 lb (181-204 kg) and a typical lifespan of 30 years. Shetland Ponies have coat colors that include bay, black, brown, buckskin, champagne, chestnut, cream, dun, gray, palomino, and various types of roan.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Shetland Pony
Shetland Pony
Height:
7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
400-450 lb | 181-204 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, black, brown, buckskin, champagne, chestnut, cream, dun, gray, palomino, roan
Lifespan
30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Shetland Pony side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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American Quarter Horse
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the American Quarter Horse compared to an average person

The Quarter Horse is an American horse breed that excels in short-distance sprinting, they were bred in Iberia and then brought to what is now the Southeastern United States. Its name is based on the ability to surpass other horse breeds in a quarter mile or less, some clocked with speeds of up to 50 miles per hour.

The American Quarter Horse has a lightweight body ideally built to conduct complicated and swift actions, particularly in reining, chopping, working cow horse, barrel racing, calf roping, and other western riding activities. The American Quarter Horse is also used in English driving, exhibition jumping, dressage, hunting, etc.

American Quarter Horses have a shoulder height of 14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1250 lb (408-567 kg), and a typical lifespan of 25-35 years. Quarter Horses have a broad range of coat colors including bay, brown, black, buckskin, chestnut, cremello, dun, gray, grullo, palomino, perlino, roan, and sorrel.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the American Quarter Horse
The Quarter Horse is an American horse breed that excels in short-distance sprinting, they were bred in Iberia and then brought to what is now the Southeastern United States. Its name is based on the ability to surpass other horse breeds in a quarter mile or less, some with speeds of up to 50 mph.

American Quarter Horses have a shoulder height of 14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1250 lb (408-567 kg), and a typical lifespan of 25-35 years. Quarter Horses have a broad range of coat colors including bay, brown, black, buckskin, chestnut, cremello, dun, gray, grullo, palomino, perlino, roan, and sorrel.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the American Quarter Horse
American Quarter Horse
Height:
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
900-1250 lb | 408-567 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, brown, black, buckskin, chestnut, cremello, dun, gray, grullo, palomino, perlino, roan, sorrel
Lifespan
25-35 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Quarter Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

Details & Downloads

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