Odd-Toed Ungulates

Odd-toed ungulates, in comparison to even-toed ungulates, bear the majority of weight on one toe only; their third toe. The other difference between the two ungulate families, is that odd-toed ungulates digest cellulose in their intestines, not their stomach. The odd-toed ungulate family is rather small, consisting of horses, donkeys, tapirs, and rhinoceros. Despite the size of this family, odd-toed ungulates have an extensive reach and are present across the globe, due to establishment of feral populations. Two of the odd-toed ungulate species have been domesticated; horses and donkeys. All odd-toed ungulates are either large to very large, with the smallest still weighing in at 200 kg or 440 lbs.

Which animals are odd-toed ungulates?

There are about 17 species of odd-toed ungulates. Animals that are odd-toed ungulates include the javan rhinoceros, mountain tapir, mountain zebra, onager, kiang, mule, donkey, and horse. Other animals include the Sumatran rhinoceros, African wild ass, and Malayan tapir.

What are the shared characteristics of odd-toed ungulates?

Shared characteristics of odd-toed ungulates include them being herbivores and each having 1 or 3 hoofed toes on each hindfoot. They also have a long upper jaw and a reduced ulna and fibula bones simplifying both the wrist and ankle joint. They don’t have a clavicle bone making running more efficient.

What are the differences between odd and even-toed ungulates?

The most notable difference between even and odd-toed ungulates is the number of toes they have. Odd-toed ungulates have an odd number of toes, while even-toed ungulates have an even number of toes (2 or 4). Odd-toed ungulates are able to digest plant matter in their intestines, while even-toed ungulates digest their meals in one or more stomach chambers.

Odd-Toed Ungulates

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14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
900-1000 lb | 408-454 kg
20 years (Typical)
Akhal-Teke
163.000
454.000
20.00
6900
3D
Akhal-Teke
14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm)
900-1200 lb | 408-544 kg
25 years (Typical)
Andalusian Horse
158.000
544.000
25.00
19000
3D
Andalusian Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
950-1250 lb | 431-567 kg
30 years (Typical)
Appaloosa Horse
163.000
567.000
30.00
17000
3D
Appaloosa Horse
14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm)
800-1000 lb | 363-454 kg
25-30 years (Typical)
Arabian Horse
155.000
454.000
30.00
39000
3D
Arabian Horse
16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm)
1800-2200 lb | 816-998 kg
20-25 years (Typical)
Clydesdale Horse
183.000
998.000
25.00
24000
3D
Clydesdale Horse
Donkey
119000
43.0”-57.0” | 109-145 cm
57.0”-76.0” | 145-193 cm
400-500 lb | 180-225 kg
25-40 years
Donkey
145.000
193.000
225.000
25.00
119000
3D
Donkey
14.5-17 hands (58”-68” | 147-173 cm)
1200-1400 lb | 544-635 kg
16 years (Typical)
Friesian Horse
173.000
635.000
16.00
38000
3D
Friesian Horse
13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm)
800-1300 lb | 363-590 kg
25-30 years (Typical)
Haflinger Horse
152.000
590.000
30.00
5100
3D
Haflinger Horse
8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm)
150-350 lb | 68-159 kg
25-35 years (Typical)
Miniature Horse
97.000
159.000
35.00
16000
3D
Miniature Horse
14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm)
900-1100 lb | 408-499 kg
30 years (Typical)
Morgan Horse
155.000
499.000
30.00
15000
3D
Morgan Horse
14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm)
1000-1200 lb | 454-544 kg
31 years (Typical)
Paint Horse
163.000
544.000
31.00
16000
3D
Paint Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
900-1250 lb | 408-567 kg
25-35 years (Typical)
Quarter Horse
163.000
567.000
35.00
26000
3D
Quarter Horse
66.0"-81.0" (5’6"-6’9") | 1.7-2.1 m
11’-13’9" | 3.4-4.2 m
3,500-8,800 lb | 1,600-4,000 kg
35-40 years
Rhinoceros
210.000
420.000
4000.000
40.00
106000
3D
Rhinoceros
7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm)
400-450 lb | 181-204 kg
30 years (Typical)
Shetland Pony
112.000
204.000
30.00
21000
3D
Shetland Pony
16-19 hands (64”-76” | 163-193 cm)
1975-2425 lb | 900–1100 kg
24-28 years (Typical)
Shire Horse
193.000
1100.000
28.00
26000
3D
Shire Horse
15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm)
900-1150 lb | 408-522 kg
25-30 years (Typical)
Thoroughbred
173.000
522.000
30.00
7500
3D
Thoroughbred
Zebra
128000
51.0"-75.0" (4’3”-6’3”) | 1.3-1.9 m
64.0"-96.0" (5’4”-8’) | 1.6-2.4 m
440-990 lb | 200-450 kg
25 years
Zebra
190.000
240.000
450.000
25.00
128000
3D
Zebra
Clydesdale Horse
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Clydesdale Horse compared to an average person

The Clydesdale Horse is a Scottish horse-drawn breed. This is known after its place of roots, the Clydesdale or the valley of the River Clyde, much of which is situated in the county of Lanarkshire. It is a large and strong animal, but not as heavy as it was in the past.

It is well-muscled and heavy, with an arched back, high withers, and a sloping head and with indistinguishable hooves and legs. It has historically been used for draught strength, both in agriculture and in road haulage. It is now primarily a carriage horse, so it can be ridden or guided in parades or processions.

Clydesdale Horses have a shoulder height of 16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1800-2200 lb (816-998 kg) and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years. Clydesdale Horses have coat colors of bay with white blaze (common), black, chestnut, gray, pinto, and roan.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Clydesdale Horse
The Clydesdale Horse is a Scottish horse-drawn breed. This is known after its place of roots, the Clydesdale or the valley of the River Clyde, much of which is situated in the county of Lanarkshire. It is a large and strong animal, but not as heavy as it was in the past.

Clydesdale Horses have a shoulder height of 16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1800-2200 lb (816-998 kg) and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years. Clydesdale Horses have coat colors of bay with white blaze (common), black, chestnut, gray, pinto, and roan.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Clydesdale Horse
Clydesdale Horse
Height:
16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
1800-2200 lb | 816-998 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay with white blaze (common), black, chestnut, gray, pinto, roan
Lifespan
20-25 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Clydesdale Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Rhinoceros
Scale comparison of a human to a Rhinoceros with dimensions for length and height

Rhinoceroses, or rhinos, are large herbivorous mammals with one or two upright horns and thick gray or brown skin. Found in the grasslands and savannas of Africa and Asia, the rhinoceros is one of the most endangered animals on the planet due to rampant poaching for their horns. Rhinos are the world’s second-largest land mammal.

The typical Rhinoceros has an overall height of 66.0"-81.0" (1.7-2.1 m) and body length of 132.0"-165.0" (11’-13’9") (3.4-4.2 m). An average Rhinoceros weighs between 3,500-8,800 lb (1,600-4,000 kg) and has a typical lifespan of 35-40 years.

Drawings of a Rhinoceros in various postures from the side, front, back, and laying down
Rhinoceroses, or rhinos, are large herbivorous mammals with one or two upright horns and thick gray or brown skin. Found in the grasslands and savannas of Africa and Asia, the rhinoceros is one of the most endangered animals on the planet due to rampant poaching for their horns.

The typical Rhinoceros has an overall height of 66.0"-81.0" (1.7-2.1 m) and body length of 132.0"-165.0" (11’-13’9") (3.4-4.2 m). An average Rhinoceros weighs between 3,500-8,800 lb (1,600-4,000 kg) and has a typical lifespan of 35-40 years.

Drawings of a Rhinoceros in various postures from the side, front, back, and laying down
Rhinoceros
Height:
66.0"-81.0" (5’6"-6’9") | 1.7-2.1 m
Width:
Length:
11’-13’9" | 3.4-4.2 m
Depth:
Weight:
3,500-8,800 lb | 1,600-4,000 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Rhinocerotidae
Lifespan
35-40 years

Drawings include:
Rhinoceros side elevation (standing), front, back, side (laying down)

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American Quarter Horse
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the American Quarter Horse compared to an average person

The Quarter Horse is an American horse breed that excels in short-distance sprinting, they were bred in Iberia and then brought to what is now the Southeastern United States. Its name is based on the ability to surpass other horse breeds in a quarter mile or less, some clocked with speeds of up to 50 miles per hour.

The American Quarter Horse has a lightweight body ideally built to conduct complicated and swift actions, particularly in reining, chopping, working cow horse, barrel racing, calf roping, and other western riding activities. The American Quarter Horse is also used in English driving, exhibition jumping, dressage, hunting, etc.

American Quarter Horses have a shoulder height of 14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1250 lb (408-567 kg), and a typical lifespan of 25-35 years. Quarter Horses have a broad range of coat colors including bay, brown, black, buckskin, chestnut, cremello, dun, gray, grullo, palomino, perlino, roan, and sorrel.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the American Quarter Horse
The Quarter Horse is an American horse breed that excels in short-distance sprinting, they were bred in Iberia and then brought to what is now the Southeastern United States. Its name is based on the ability to surpass other horse breeds in a quarter mile or less, some with speeds of up to 50 mph.

American Quarter Horses have a shoulder height of 14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1250 lb (408-567 kg), and a typical lifespan of 25-35 years. Quarter Horses have a broad range of coat colors including bay, brown, black, buckskin, chestnut, cremello, dun, gray, grullo, palomino, perlino, roan, and sorrel.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the American Quarter Horse
American Quarter Horse
Height:
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
900-1250 lb | 408-567 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, brown, black, buckskin, chestnut, cremello, dun, gray, grullo, palomino, perlino, roan, sorrel
Lifespan
25-35 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Quarter Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Arabian Horse
Scale illustration of an average Arabian Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Arabian Horse has been bred on the Arab Peninsula. The Arabian Horse is one of the world's most identifiable species with its characteristic head shape and long tail. The Arabian horses have polished, wedge-shaped ears, short foreheads, wide lips, big noses, and tiny muzzles.

Most of them show a distinctive concave or "dished" profile. The Arab is a flexible breed, they control the art of horse riding and participate today in many other equestrian sports areas. They are also one of the top ten most common horse breeds in the world. The Arabian Horse is also one of the oldest races in the Middle East and is dated back 4,500 years ago, with archeological evidence.

Arabian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm), an overall weight in the range of 800-1000 lb (363-454 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Arabian Horses have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, and gray.

Collection of scaled drawings of Arabian Horse in various poses
The Arabian Horse has been bred on the Arab Peninsula. The Arabian Horse is one of the world's most identifiable species with its characteristic head shape and long tail. The Arabian horses have polished, wedge-shaped ears, short foreheads, wide lips, big noses, and tiny muzzles.

Arabian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm), an overall weight in the range of 800-1000 lb (363-454 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Arabian Horses have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, and gray.

Collection of scaled drawings of Arabian Horse in various poses
Arabian Horse
Height:
14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
800-1000 lb | 363-454 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, black, chestnut, gray
Lifespan
25-30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Arabian Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Thoroughbred Horse
Scale illustration of an average Thoroughbred Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Thoroughbred Horse is a horse breed commonly known for its use in professional horse racing. Although the term thoroughbred is often used to apply to any breed of purebred horse, theoretically it applies exclusively to the Thoroughbred breed.

Thoroughbred Horses are categorized as the "hot-blooded" types, which are horse breeds for specific stamina, endurance, and agility events. Thoroughbred Horses of good quality have a smooth head on their long neck, high withers, deep chest, short back, good hindquarter depth, a lean bodily, and long legs. Most of the time, they are bay, dark bay or brown, brown, black, or gray.

Thoroughbred Horses have a shoulder height of 15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1150 lb (408-522 kg), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Thoroughbreds have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, brown, gray, roan, palomino, and white.

Collection of scaled drawings of Thoroughbred Horse in various poses
The Thoroughbred Horse is a horse breed commonly known for its use in professional horse racing. Although the term thoroughbred is often used to apply to any breed of purebred horse, theoretically it applies exclusively to the Thoroughbred breed.

Thoroughbred Horses have a shoulder height of 15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1150 lb (408-522 kg), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Thoroughbreds have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, brown, gray, roan, palomino, and white.

Collection of scaled drawings of Thoroughbred Horse in various poses
Thoroughbred Horse
Height:
15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
900-1150 lb | 408-522 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, black, chestnut, brown, gray, roan, palomino, white
Lifespan
25-30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Thoroughbred Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

Details & Downloads

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