Odd-Toed Ungulates

Odd-toed ungulates, in comparison to even-toed ungulates, bear the majority of weight on one toe only; their third toe. The other difference between the two ungulate families, is that odd-toed ungulates digest cellulose in their intestines, not their stomach. The odd-toed ungulate family is rather small, consisting of horses, donkeys, tapirs, and rhinoceros. Despite the size of this family, odd-toed ungulates have an extensive reach and are present across the globe, due to establishment of feral populations. Two of the odd-toed ungulate species have been domesticated; horses and donkeys. All odd-toed ungulates are either large to very large, with the smallest still weighing in at 200 kg or 440 lbs.

Which animals are odd-toed ungulates?

There are about 17 species of odd-toed ungulates. Animals that are odd-toed ungulates include the javan rhinoceros, mountain tapir, mountain zebra, onager, kiang, mule, donkey, and horse. Other animals include the Sumatran rhinoceros, African wild ass, and Malayan tapir.

What are the shared characteristics of odd-toed ungulates?

Shared characteristics of odd-toed ungulates include them being herbivores and each having 1 or 3 hoofed toes on each hindfoot. They also have a long upper jaw and a reduced ulna and fibula bones simplifying both the wrist and ankle joint. They don’t have a clavicle bone making running more efficient.

What are the differences between odd and even-toed ungulates?

The most notable difference between even and odd-toed ungulates is the number of toes they have. Odd-toed ungulates have an odd number of toes, while even-toed ungulates have an even number of toes (2 or 4). Odd-toed ungulates are able to digest plant matter in their intestines, while even-toed ungulates digest their meals in one or more stomach chambers.

Odd-Toed Ungulates Guides
Browse through our curated Odd-Toed Ungulates Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Odd-Toed Ungulates. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.

Odd-Toed Ungulates

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55.1”-65” | 140-165 cm
78.7”-92.5” | 200-235 cm
507-606 lb | 230-275 kg
25-40 years
African Wild Ass
165.000
235.000
275.000
40.00
4200
3D
African Wild Ass
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
900-1000 lb | 408-454 kg
20 years (Typical)
Akhal-Teke
163.000
454.000
20.00
6900
3D
Akhal-Teke
14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm)
900-1200 lb | 408-544 kg
25 years (Typical)
Andalusian Horse
158.000
544.000
25.00
19000
3D
Andalusian Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
950-1250 lb | 431-567 kg
30 years (Typical)
Appaloosa Horse
163.000
567.000
30.00
17000
3D
Appaloosa Horse
14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm)
800-1000 lb | 363-454 kg
25-30 years (Typical)
Arabian Horse
155.000
454.000
30.00
39000
3D
Arabian Horse
16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm)
1800-2200 lb | 816-998 kg
20-25 years (Typical)
Clydesdale Horse
183.000
998.000
25.00
24000
3D
Clydesdale Horse
Donkey
119000
43”-57” | 109-145 cm
57”-76” | 145-193 cm
400-500 lb | 180-225 kg
25-40 years
Donkey
145.000
193.000
225.000
25.00
119000
3D
Donkey
14.5-17 hands (58”-68” | 147-173 cm)
1200-1400 lb | 544-635 kg
16 years (Typical)
Friesian Horse
173.000
635.000
16.00
38000
3D
Friesian Horse
13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm)
800-1300 lb | 363-590 kg
25-30 years (Typical)
Haflinger Horse
152.000
590.000
30.00
5100
3D
Haflinger Horse
Hinny
36000
41.3”-57” | 105-145 cm
53.1”-72.8” | 135-185 cm
300-800 lb | 136-363 kg
30-40 years
Hinny
145.000
185.000
363.000
40.00
36000
3D
Hinny
45.3”-51.2” | 115-130 cm
55.1”-63.8” | 140-162 cm
441-573 lb | 200-260 kg
20-40 years
Indian Wild Ass
130.000
162.000
260.000
40.00
5080
3D
Indian Wild Ass
Kiang
11050
56.3”-61” | 143-155 cm
74.8”-86.6” | 190-220 cm
551-882 lb | 250-400 kg
20-30 years
Kiang
155.000
220.000
400.000
30.00
11050
3D
Kiang
8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm)
150-350 lb | 68-159 kg
25-35 years (Typical)
Miniature Horse
97.000
159.000
35.00
16000
3D
Miniature Horse
41.3”-55.1” | 105-140 cm
55.1”-70.9” | 140-180 cm
441-573 lb | 200-260 kg
15-40 years
Mongolian Wild Ass
140.000
180.000
260.000
40.00
3180
3D
Mongolian Wild Ass
14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm)
900-1100 lb | 408-499 kg
30 years (Typical)
Morgan Horse
155.000
499.000
30.00
15000
3D
Morgan Horse
Mule
309000
63”-78.7” | 160-200 cm
70.9”-86.6” | 180-220 cm
820-1,000 lb | 372-454 kg
30-40 years
Mule
200.000
220.000
454.000
40.00
309000
3D
Mule
14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm)
1000-1200 lb | 454-544 kg
31 years (Typical)
Paint Horse
163.000
544.000
31.00
16000
3D
Paint Horse
56.3”-63” | 143-160 cm
66.9”-75.6” | 170-192 cm
441-573 lb | 200-260 kg
20-40 years
Persian Onager
160.000
192.000
260.000
40.00
1000
3D
Persian Onager
51"-75" | 130-191 cm
64"-96" | 163-244 cm
440-990 lb | 200-450 kg
20-30 years
Plains Zebra
191.000
244.000
450.000
30.00
128000
3D
Plains Zebra
51.2”-61” | 130-155 cm
63”-74.8” | 160-190 cm
551-794 lb | 250-360 kg
20-25 years
Przewalski's Horse
155.000
190.000
360.000
25.00
310
3D
Przewalski's Horse
Quagga
102300
53.1”-57” | 135-145 cm
65”-70.9” | 165-180 cm
551-661 lb | 250-300 kg
20-40 years
Quagga
145.000
180.000
300.000
40.00
102300
3D
Quagga
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
900-1250 lb | 408-567 kg
25-35 years (Typical)
Quarter Horse
163.000
567.000
35.00
26000
3D
Quarter Horse
66.0"-81.0" (5’6"-6’9") | 1.7-2.1 m
11’-13’9" | 3.4-4.2 m
3,500-8,800 lb | 1,600-4,000 kg
35-40 years
Rhinoceros
210.000
420.000
4000.000
40.00
106000
3D
Rhinoceros
7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm)
400-450 lb | 181-204 kg
30 years (Typical)
Shetland Pony
112.000
204.000
30.00
21000
3D
Shetland Pony
16-19 hands (64”-76” | 163-193 cm)
1975-2425 lb | 900–1100 kg
24-28 years (Typical)
Shire Horse
193.000
1100.000
28.00
26000
3D
Shire Horse
Tarpan
27100
54.3”-59.8” | 138-152 cm
70.9”-78.7” | 180-200 cm
661-882 lb | 300-400 kg
25-30 years
Tarpan
152.000
200.000
400.000
30.00
27100
3D
Tarpan
15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm)
900-1150 lb | 408-522 kg
25-30 years (Typical)
Thoroughbred
173.000
522.000
30.00
7500
3D
Thoroughbred
Zonkey
40000
45.3”-65” | 115-165 cm
53.1”-76.8” | 135-195 cm
500-700 lb | 227-318 kg
15-25 years
Zonkey
165.000
195.000
318.000
25.00
40000
3D
Zonkey
Zony
15000
46.5”-53.1” | 118-135 cm
55.1”-66.9” | 140-170 cm
500-700 lb | 227-318 kg
15-25 years
Zony
135.000
170.000
318.000
25.00
15000
3D
Zony
Zorse
39000
57”-72.8” | 145-185 cm
76.8”-98.4” | 195-250 cm
507-1,000 lb | 230-454 kg
15-30 years
Zorse
185.000
250.000
454.000
30.00
39000
3D
Zorse
Zorse (Equus zebra x Equus caballus)
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Zorse compared to an average person

The Zorse (Equus zebra x Equus caballus) is the offspring of a male Zebra and female Horse. They have a short coarse coat that ranges in color from tan to black with the distinctive zebra stripes. Zorses can drastically differ from one another; their appearance depends on their parents. Zorses are almost always bred by man intervention. Most zorses are found in zoos around the world or Africa, with some being used as work horses. The zorse is herbivorous and eats grasses, herbs, flowers, leaves, fruits, or berries. They typically have a lifespan between 15 to 30 years.

Zorses have a shoulder height between 51”–64” (130-163 cm), overall standing height of 57”-72.8” (145-185 cm), and body length of 76.8”-98.4” (195-250 cm). The weight of a Zorse is between 507-1,000 lb (230-454 kg). Zorses have a typical lifespan of 15-30 years.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Zorse with dimensions
The Zorse (Equus zebra x Equus caballus) is the offspring of a male Zebra and female Horse. They have a short coarse coat that ranges in color from tan to black with the distinctive zebra stripes. Zorses can drastically differ from one another; their appearance depends on their parents.

Zorses have a shoulder height between 51”–64” (130-163 cm), overall standing height of 57”-72.8” (145-185 cm), and body length of 76.8”-98.4” (195-250 cm). The weight of a Zorse is between 507-1,000 lb (230-454 kg). Zorses have a typical lifespan of 15-30 years.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Zorse with dimensions
Zorse (Equus zebra x Equus caballus)
Height:
57”-72.8” | 145-185 cm
Width:
Length:
76.8”-98.4” | 195-250 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
51”–64” | 130-163 cm
Weight:
507-1,000 lb | 230-454 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Equus zebra x Equus caballus
Lifespan
15-30 years

Drawings include:

Zorse side elevation (assorted), front, back

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Miniature Horse
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Miniature Horse compared to an average person

Miniature Horses are characterized by their limited height. This is the product of decades of selective breeding as seen in several countries, like Europe and the United States. Mini horses are typically bred for fun and successful connections between people. Of this cause, they are sometimes kept as family pets, they also possess normal horse nature, like normal fighting or flight reflex, and must be handled as horses, even though they mainly act as service animals.

Miniature Horses have a shoulder height of 8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm), an overall weight in the range of 150-350 lb (68-159 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-35 years. Miniature Horses have coat colors of bay, black, and palomino.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Miniature Horse
Miniature Horses are characterized by their limited height. This is the product of decades of selective breeding as seen in several countries, like Europe and the United States. Mini horses are typically bred for fun and successful connections between people.

Miniature Horses have a shoulder height of 8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm), an overall weight in the range of 150-350 lb (68-159 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-35 years. Miniature Horses have coat colors of bay, black, and palomino.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Miniature Horse
Miniature Horse
Height:
8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
150-350 lb | 68-159 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, black, palomino
Scientific Name
Lifespan
25-35 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Miniature Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Thoroughbred Horse
Scale illustration of an average Thoroughbred Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Thoroughbred Horse is a horse breed commonly known for its use in professional horse racing. Although the term thoroughbred is often used to apply to any breed of purebred horse, theoretically it applies exclusively to the Thoroughbred breed.

Thoroughbred Horses are categorized as the "hot-blooded" types, which are horse breeds for specific stamina, endurance, and agility events. Thoroughbred Horses of good quality have a smooth head on their long neck, high withers, deep chest, short back, good hindquarter depth, a lean bodily, and long legs. Most of the time, they are bay, dark bay or brown, brown, black, or gray.

Thoroughbred Horses have a shoulder height of 15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1150 lb (408-522 kg), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Thoroughbreds have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, brown, gray, roan, palomino, and white.

Collection of scaled drawings of Thoroughbred Horse in various poses
The Thoroughbred Horse is a horse breed commonly known for its use in professional horse racing. Although the term thoroughbred is often used to apply to any breed of purebred horse, theoretically it applies exclusively to the Thoroughbred breed.

Thoroughbred Horses have a shoulder height of 15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1150 lb (408-522 kg), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Thoroughbreds have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, brown, gray, roan, palomino, and white.

Collection of scaled drawings of Thoroughbred Horse in various poses
Thoroughbred Horse
Height:
15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
900-1150 lb | 408-522 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, black, chestnut, brown, gray, roan, palomino, white
Scientific Name
Lifespan
25-30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Thoroughbred Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Haflinger Horse
Scale illustration of an average Haflinger Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Haflinger Horse, also known as the Avelignese, is a horse breed established towards the end of the 19th century in Austria and Northern Italy. Haflinger Horses are very small, mostly flax-male and tail-male chestnut and have strong-defined smooth gaits, and still elegantly stirred.

The race's head and light poll are streamlined. The neck is average in length from their slopped shoulders and deep chest. The back is medium-length and gently sloping and strongly muscled. Haflinger Horses are used for several specific reasons, including light shooting, harness, and numerous sports such as fitness, dressage, horse-drawn sailing, and counsel riding.

Haflinger Horses have a shoulder height of 13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm), an overall weight in the range of 800-1300 lb (363-590 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Haflinger Horses have a Chestnut coat color.

Collection of scaled drawings of Haflinger Horse in various poses
The Haflinger Horse, also known as the Avelignese, is a horse breed established towards the end of the 19th century in Austria and Northern Italy. Haflinger Horses are very small, mostly flax-male and tail-male chestnut and have strong-defined smooth gaits, and still elegantly stirred.

Haflinger Horses have a shoulder height of 13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm), an overall weight in the range of 800-1300 lb (363-590 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Haflinger Horses have a Chestnut coat color.

Collection of scaled drawings of Haflinger Horse in various poses
Haflinger Horse
Height:
13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
800-1300 lb | 363-590 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Chestnut
Scientific Name
Lifespan
25-30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Haflinger Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Zonkey (Equus zebra x Equus asinus)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Zonkey to a typical person

The Zonkey (Equus zebra x Equus asinus) is the cross between a male zebra and the female donkey and are very rare. Other names for the zonkey include zedonk, zebrass, and zenkey. They have a brown, tan or grey colored coat with the typical stripes of zebra. Similar to the mule they are also sterile. They can be found in the wild in Africa, but are often seen in zoos. The Zonkey lives in the savanna and open woodlands. They are herbivorous and their diet consists of grasses, herbs, and fruits. They generally have a lifespan of 15 to 25 years.

Zonkeys have a shoulder height between 42”–60” (107-152 cm), overall standing height of 45.3”-65” (115-165 cm), and body length of 53.1”-76.8” (135-195 cm). The weight of a Zonkey is between 500-700 lb (227-318 kg). Zonkeys have a typical lifespan of 15-25 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Zonkey with dimensions
The Zonkey (Equus zebra x Equus asinus) is the cross between a male zebra and the female donkey and are very rare. Other names for the zonkey include zedonk, zebrass, and zenkey. They have a brown, tan or grey colored coat with the typical stripes of zebra. Similar to the mule they are also sterile.

Zonkeys have a shoulder height between 42”–60” (107-152 cm), overall standing height of 45.3”-65” (115-165 cm), and body length of 53.1”-76.8” (135-195 cm). The weight of a Zonkey is between 500-700 lb (227-318 kg). Zonkeys have a typical lifespan of 15-25 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Zonkey with dimensions
Zonkey (Equus zebra x Equus asinus)
Height:
45.3”-65” | 115-165 cm
Width:
Length:
53.1”-76.8” | 135-195 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
42”–60” | 107-152 cm
Weight:
500-700 lb | 227-318 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Equus zebra x Equus asinus
Lifespan
15-25 years

Drawings include:

Zonkey side elevation (assorted), front, back

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