Odd-Toed Ungulates

Odd-toed ungulates, in comparison to even-toed ungulates, bear the majority of weight on one toe only; their third toe. The other difference between the two ungulate families, is that odd-toed ungulates digest cellulose in their intestines, not their stomach. The odd-toed ungulate family is rather small, consisting of horses, donkeys, tapirs, and rhinoceros. Despite the size of this family, odd-toed ungulates have an extensive reach and are present across the globe, due to establishment of feral populations. Two of the odd-toed ungulate species have been domesticated; horses and donkeys. All odd-toed ungulates are either large to very large, with the smallest still weighing in at 200 kg or 440 lbs.

Which animals are odd-toed ungulates?

There are about 17 species of odd-toed ungulates. Animals that are odd-toed ungulates include the javan rhinoceros, mountain tapir, mountain zebra, onager, kiang, mule, donkey, and horse. Other animals include the Sumatran rhinoceros, African wild ass, and Malayan tapir.

What are the shared characteristics of odd-toed ungulates?

Shared characteristics of odd-toed ungulates include them being herbivores and each having 1 or 3 hoofed toes on each hindfoot. They also have a long upper jaw and a reduced ulna and fibula bones simplifying both the wrist and ankle joint. They don’t have a clavicle bone making running more efficient.

What are the differences between odd and even-toed ungulates?

The most notable difference between even and odd-toed ungulates is the number of toes they have. Odd-toed ungulates have an odd number of toes, while even-toed ungulates have an even number of toes (2 or 4). Odd-toed ungulates are able to digest plant matter in their intestines, while even-toed ungulates digest their meals in one or more stomach chambers.

Odd-Toed Ungulates

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14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
900-1000 lb | 408-454 kg
20 years (Typical)
Akhal-Teke
163.000
454.000
20.00
6900
3D
Akhal-Teke
14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm)
900-1200 lb | 408-544 kg
25 years (Typical)
Andalusian Horse
158.000
544.000
25.00
19000
3D
Andalusian Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
950-1250 lb | 431-567 kg
30 years (Typical)
Appaloosa Horse
163.000
567.000
30.00
17000
3D
Appaloosa Horse
14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm)
800-1000 lb | 363-454 kg
25-30 years (Typical)
Arabian Horse
155.000
454.000
30.00
39000
3D
Arabian Horse
16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm)
1800-2200 lb | 816-998 kg
20-25 years (Typical)
Clydesdale Horse
183.000
998.000
25.00
24000
3D
Clydesdale Horse
Donkey
119000
43.0”-57.0” | 109-145 cm
57.0”-76.0” | 145-193 cm
400-500 lb | 180-225 kg
25-40 years
Donkey
145.000
193.000
225.000
25.00
119000
3D
Donkey
14.5-17 hands (58”-68” | 147-173 cm)
1200-1400 lb | 544-635 kg
16 years (Typical)
Friesian Horse
173.000
635.000
16.00
38000
3D
Friesian Horse
13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm)
800-1300 lb | 363-590 kg
25-30 years (Typical)
Haflinger Horse
152.000
590.000
30.00
5100
3D
Haflinger Horse
8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm)
150-350 lb | 68-159 kg
25-35 years (Typical)
Miniature Horse
97.000
159.000
35.00
16000
3D
Miniature Horse
14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm)
900-1100 lb | 408-499 kg
30 years (Typical)
Morgan Horse
155.000
499.000
30.00
15000
3D
Morgan Horse
14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm)
1000-1200 lb | 454-544 kg
31 years (Typical)
Paint Horse
163.000
544.000
31.00
16000
3D
Paint Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
900-1250 lb | 408-567 kg
25-35 years (Typical)
Quarter Horse
163.000
567.000
35.00
26000
3D
Quarter Horse
66.0"-81.0" (5’6"-6’9") | 1.7-2.1 m
11’-13’9" | 3.4-4.2 m
3,500-8,800 lb | 1,600-4,000 kg
35-40 years
Rhinoceros
210.000
420.000
4000.000
40.00
106000
3D
Rhinoceros
7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm)
400-450 lb | 181-204 kg
30 years (Typical)
Shetland Pony
112.000
204.000
30.00
21000
3D
Shetland Pony
16-19 hands (64”-76” | 163-193 cm)
1975-2425 lb | 900–1100 kg
24-28 years (Typical)
Shire Horse
193.000
1100.000
28.00
26000
3D
Shire Horse
15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm)
900-1150 lb | 408-522 kg
25-30 years (Typical)
Thoroughbred
173.000
522.000
30.00
7500
3D
Thoroughbred
Zebra
128000
51.0"-75.0" (4’3”-6’3”) | 1.3-1.9 m
64.0"-96.0" (5’4”-8’) | 1.6-2.4 m
440-990 lb | 200-450 kg
25 years
Zebra
190.000
240.000
450.000
25.00
128000
3D
Zebra
American Paint Horse
Scale illustration of an average American Paint Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The American Paint Horse is a horse breeding that combines the confirmative characteristics of a western stocking horse with a pinto pattern of colors of brown and white. Spots can have any shape or scale-like the Appaloosa Horse and can be found on part of the Paint Horse.

Thanks to its bright coloring, pleasant disposition, and flexibility, the paint horse is very popular. In fact, in some 40 countries around the world, the American Paint Horse Association has around 100,000 members. The Paint Horse is ideal for riders with all levels of experience. They compete as training horses and strong competition horses in different equestrian activities.

American Paint Horses have a shoulder height of 14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1000-1200 lb (454-544 kg) and a typical lifespan of 31 years. American Paint Horses have a range of coat colors and patterns including blanket, few spot, flecked, leopard, mottled, overo, pintaloosa, sabino overo, tobiano, tovero, and varnish.

Collection of scaled drawings of the American Paint Horse in various poses
The American Paint Horse is a horse breeding that combines the confirmative characteristics of a western stocking horse with a pinto pattern of colors of brown and white. Spots can have any shape or scale-like the Appaloosa Horse and can be found on part of the Paint Horse.

American Paint Horses have a shoulder height of 14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1000-1200 lb (454-544 kg) and a typical lifespan of 31 years. American Paint Horses have a range of coat colors and patterns including blanket, few spot, flecked, leopard, mottled, overo, pintaloosa, sabino overo, tobiano, tovero, and varnish.

Collection of scaled drawings of the American Paint Horse in various poses
American Paint Horse
Height:
14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
1000-1200 lb | 454-544 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Blanket, few spot, flecked, leopard, mottled, overo, pintaloosa, sabino overo, tobiano, tovero, varnish
Lifespan
31 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

American Paint Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Zebra
Drawing comparing the dimensions of a zebra to a human

Zebra are a variation of the horse family known for their uniquely distinct coats of black-and-white stripes. Typically traveling in herds, zebra are found in many different habitats throughout Africa including grasslands, savannas, mountains, hills, and woodlands. Not unlike a fingerprint, the coat patterns on every individual zebra are different and are used as a form of camouflage that makes it difficult for predators to target a single zebra in a herd.

The average Zebra has an overall height of 51.0"-75.0" (1.3-1.9 m), withers height of 42.0"-60.0" (1.1-1.5 m), and body length of 64.0"-96.0" (1.6-2.4 m). A typical Zebra weighs between 440-990 lb (200-450 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 25 years.

Assortment of zebra illustrations from the side, front, back, and laying down
Zebra are a variation of the horse family known for their uniquely distinct coats of black-and-white stripes. Not unlike a fingerprint, the patterns on every individual zebra are different and are used as a form of camouflage that makes it difficult for predators to target a single zebra in a herd.

The average Zebra has an overall height of 51.0"-75.0" (1.3-1.9 m), withers height of 42.0"-60.0" (1.1-1.5 m), and body length of 64.0"-96.0" (1.6-2.4 m). A typical Zebra weighs between 440-990 lb (200-450 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 25 years.

Assortment of zebra illustrations from the side, front, back, and laying down
Zebra
Height:
51.0"-75.0" (4’3”-6’3”) | 1.3-1.9 m
Width:
Length:
64.0"-96.0" (5’4”-8’) | 1.6-2.4 m
Depth:
42.0"-60.0" (3’6”-5’) | 1.1-1.5 m
Weight:
440-990 lb | 200-450 kg
Area:
Equus quagga
Lifespan
25 years

Drawings include:
Zebra side profile, front profile, back profile, laying down side profile

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Rhinoceros
Scale comparison of a human to a Rhinoceros with dimensions for length and height

Rhinoceroses, or rhinos, are large herbivorous mammals with one or two upright horns and thick gray or brown skin. Found in the grasslands and savannas of Africa and Asia, the rhinoceros is one of the most endangered animals on the planet due to rampant poaching for their horns. Rhinos are the world’s second-largest land mammal.

The typical Rhinoceros has an overall height of 66.0"-81.0" (1.7-2.1 m) and body length of 132.0"-165.0" (11’-13’9") (3.4-4.2 m). An average Rhinoceros weighs between 3,500-8,800 lb (1,600-4,000 kg) and has a typical lifespan of 35-40 years.

Drawings of a Rhinoceros in various postures from the side, front, back, and laying down
Rhinoceroses, or rhinos, are large herbivorous mammals with one or two upright horns and thick gray or brown skin. Found in the grasslands and savannas of Africa and Asia, the rhinoceros is one of the most endangered animals on the planet due to rampant poaching for their horns.

The typical Rhinoceros has an overall height of 66.0"-81.0" (1.7-2.1 m) and body length of 132.0"-165.0" (11’-13’9") (3.4-4.2 m). An average Rhinoceros weighs between 3,500-8,800 lb (1,600-4,000 kg) and has a typical lifespan of 35-40 years.

Drawings of a Rhinoceros in various postures from the side, front, back, and laying down
Rhinoceros
Height:
66.0"-81.0" (5’6"-6’9") | 1.7-2.1 m
Width:
Length:
11’-13’9" | 3.4-4.2 m
Depth:
Weight:
3,500-8,800 lb | 1,600-4,000 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Rhinocerotidae
Lifespan
35-40 years

Drawings include:
Rhinoceros side elevation (standing), front, back, side (laying down)

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Friesian Horse
Comparison illustration of the size of a Friesian Horse to a typical person

The Friesian Horse is a breed of horses from Friesland, the Netherlands. While the shape of the breed is like that of an easy draught, the Friesian horses are pleasant and sizable. The Friesian horse is most recognized for its black color, but often they are born in a chestnut color.

The Friesian breed has a high physical structure and a fine skeleton. Friesian Horses have long, arched necks and smooth, short-oaked heads, much like Spanish Horses. They have solid, bent, slim, muscular bodies with powerful, angled hindquarters and low-set tails. Their limbs are relatively short and strong. A Friesian horse has often a long, dense, wavy, sometimes wavy and feathering mane, a fine, silky fur on the lower legs.

Friesian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.5-17 hands (58”-68” | 147-173 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1200-1400 lb (544-635 kg) and a typical lifespan of 16 years. Friesian Horses have black coats.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Friesian Horse
The Friesian Horse is a breed of horses from Friesland, the Netherlands. While the shape of the breed is like that of an easy draught, the Friesian horses are pleasant and sizable. The Friesian horse is most recognized for its black color, but often they are born in a chestnut color.

Friesian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.5-17 hands (58”-68” | 147-173 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1200-1400 lb (544-635 kg) and a typical lifespan of 16 years. Friesian Horses have black coats.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Friesian Horse
Friesian Horse
Height:
14.5-17 hands (58”-68” | 147-173 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
1200-1400 lb | 544-635 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Black
Lifespan
16 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Friesian Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Shetland Pony
Comparison illustration of the size of a Shetland Pony to a typical person

The Shetland Pony is a Scottish pony breed from the northern Scotland Shetland Islands. Shetland Ponies can be almost any color, like skewbald and pinto, but they are mostly black, chestnut, bay, brown, palomino, dun, roan, and silver. They have a heavy coating and short legs and are regarded as very smart. Their size is strong and used for riding, driving, and packaging purposes. Shetland Ponies are sweet, well-tempered, and by definition very knowledgeable. They make nice children's ponies, and often they are considered to have a "brave" heart.

Shetland Ponies have a shoulder height of 7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm), an overall weight in the range of 400-450 lb (181-204 kg) and a typical lifespan of 30 years. Shetland Ponies have coat colors that include bay, black, brown, buckskin, champagne, chestnut, cream, dun, gray, palomino, and various types of roan.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Shetland Pony
The Shetland Pony is a Scottish pony breed from the northern Scotland Shetland Islands. Shetland Ponies can be almost any color, like skewbald and pinto, but they are mostly black, chestnut, bay, brown, palomino, dun, roan, and silver. They have a heavy coating, short legs and are regarded as smart.

Shetland Ponies have a shoulder height of 7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm), an overall weight in the range of 400-450 lb (181-204 kg) and a typical lifespan of 30 years. Shetland Ponies have coat colors that include bay, black, brown, buckskin, champagne, chestnut, cream, dun, gray, palomino, and various types of roan.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Shetland Pony
Shetland Pony
Height:
7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
400-450 lb | 181-204 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, black, brown, buckskin, champagne, chestnut, cream, dun, gray, palomino, roan
Lifespan
30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Shetland Pony side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

Details & Downloads

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