Odd-Toed Ungulates

Odd-toed ungulates, in comparison to even-toed ungulates, bear the majority of weight on one toe only; their third toe. The other difference between the two ungulate families, is that odd-toed ungulates digest cellulose in their intestines, not their stomach. The odd-toed ungulate family is rather small, consisting of horses, donkeys, tapirs, and rhinoceros. Despite the size of this family, odd-toed ungulates have an extensive reach and are present across the globe, due to establishment of feral populations. Two of the odd-toed ungulate species have been domesticated; horses and donkeys. All odd-toed ungulates are either large to very large, with the smallest still weighing in at 200 kg or 440 lbs.

Which animals are odd-toed ungulates?

There are about 17 species of odd-toed ungulates. Animals that are odd-toed ungulates include the javan rhinoceros, mountain tapir, mountain zebra, onager, kiang, mule, donkey, and horse. Other animals include the Sumatran rhinoceros, African wild ass, and Malayan tapir.

What are the shared characteristics of odd-toed ungulates?

Shared characteristics of odd-toed ungulates include them being herbivores and each having 1 or 3 hoofed toes on each hindfoot. They also have a long upper jaw and a reduced ulna and fibula bones simplifying both the wrist and ankle joint. They don’t have a clavicle bone making running more efficient.

What are the differences between odd and even-toed ungulates?

The most notable difference between even and odd-toed ungulates is the number of toes they have. Odd-toed ungulates have an odd number of toes, while even-toed ungulates have an even number of toes (2 or 4). Odd-toed ungulates are able to digest plant matter in their intestines, while even-toed ungulates digest their meals in one or more stomach chambers.

Odd-Toed Ungulates Guides
Browse through our curated Odd-Toed Ungulates Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Odd-Toed Ungulates. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.

Odd-Toed Ungulates

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14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
900-1000 lb | 408-454 kg
20 years (Typical)
Akhal-Teke
163.000
454.000
20.00
6900
3D
Akhal-Teke
14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm)
900-1200 lb | 408-544 kg
25 years (Typical)
Andalusian Horse
158.000
544.000
25.00
19000
3D
Andalusian Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
950-1250 lb | 431-567 kg
30 years (Typical)
Appaloosa Horse
163.000
567.000
30.00
17000
3D
Appaloosa Horse
14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm)
800-1000 lb | 363-454 kg
25-30 years (Typical)
Arabian Horse
155.000
454.000
30.00
39000
3D
Arabian Horse
16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm)
1800-2200 lb | 816-998 kg
20-25 years (Typical)
Clydesdale Horse
183.000
998.000
25.00
24000
3D
Clydesdale Horse
Donkey
119000
43.0”-57.0” | 109-145 cm
57.0”-76.0” | 145-193 cm
400-500 lb | 180-225 kg
25-40 years
Donkey
145.000
193.000
225.000
25.00
119000
3D
Donkey
14.5-17 hands (58”-68” | 147-173 cm)
1200-1400 lb | 544-635 kg
16 years (Typical)
Friesian Horse
173.000
635.000
16.00
38000
3D
Friesian Horse
13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm)
800-1300 lb | 363-590 kg
25-30 years (Typical)
Haflinger Horse
152.000
590.000
30.00
5100
3D
Haflinger Horse
8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm)
150-350 lb | 68-159 kg
25-35 years (Typical)
Miniature Horse
97.000
159.000
35.00
16000
3D
Miniature Horse
14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm)
900-1100 lb | 408-499 kg
30 years (Typical)
Morgan Horse
155.000
499.000
30.00
15000
3D
Morgan Horse
14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm)
1000-1200 lb | 454-544 kg
31 years (Typical)
Paint Horse
163.000
544.000
31.00
16000
3D
Paint Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
900-1250 lb | 408-567 kg
25-35 years (Typical)
Quarter Horse
163.000
567.000
35.00
26000
3D
Quarter Horse
66.0"-81.0" (5’6"-6’9") | 1.7-2.1 m
11’-13’9" | 3.4-4.2 m
3,500-8,800 lb | 1,600-4,000 kg
35-40 years
Rhinoceros
210.000
420.000
4000.000
40.00
106000
3D
Rhinoceros
7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm)
400-450 lb | 181-204 kg
30 years (Typical)
Shetland Pony
112.000
204.000
30.00
21000
3D
Shetland Pony
16-19 hands (64”-76” | 163-193 cm)
1975-2425 lb | 900–1100 kg
24-28 years (Typical)
Shire Horse
193.000
1100.000
28.00
26000
3D
Shire Horse
15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm)
900-1150 lb | 408-522 kg
25-30 years (Typical)
Thoroughbred
173.000
522.000
30.00
7500
3D
Thoroughbred
Zebra
128000
51.0"-75.0" (4’3”-6’3”) | 1.3-1.9 m
64.0"-96.0" (5’4”-8’) | 1.6-2.4 m
440-990 lb | 200-450 kg
25 years
Zebra
190.000
240.000
450.000
25.00
128000
3D
Zebra
Morgan Horse
Comparison illustration of the size of a Morgan Horse to a typical person

The Morgan Horse is one of the United States’ oldest breeds of horses. The Morgan Horse is a lightweight and elegant breed, typically bay, black, and chestnut brown, but it is available in other shades, including numerous pint-variations. The breed is renowned for its flexibility in both English and Western disciplines.

Compact and polished in form, the Morgan Horse has sturdy legs, an elegant head with a straight or slightly convex profile and a high forehead; wide, conspicuous eyes; well-defined withers, shoulders set back, and an erect, strongly arched jaw. The Morgan Horses has been a staple in many children’s books, movies, and ads because of their gentle characteristics.

Morgan Horses have a shoulder height of 14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1100 lb (408-499 kg), and a typical lifespan of 30 years. Morgan Horses have coat colors of bay, black, and chestnut.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Morgan Horse
The Morgan Horse is one of the United States’ oldest breeds of horses. The Morgan Horse is a lightweight and elegant breed, typically bay, black, and chestnut brown, but it is available in other shades, including numerous pint-variations. The breed is renowned for its flexibility and discipline.

Morgan Horses have a shoulder height of 14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1100 lb (408-499 kg), and a typical lifespan of 30 years. Morgan Horses have coat colors of bay, black, and chestnut.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Morgan Horse
Morgan Horse
Height:
14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
900-1100 lb | 408-499 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, chestnut, black
Scientific Name
Lifespan
30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Morgan Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Shire Horse
Scale illustration of an average Shire Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Shire Horse, Equus Caballus, is a British breed of the draft horse, a horse used to draw or haul objects. This horse breed is typically black, bay, or grey. The Shire Horse is tall and this breed has held the world record various times for the largest horse and tallest horse.

The Shire Horse is intentionally used for farm work as they have a great capacity for weight-pulling. The Shire Horse is known for its easy-going temperament, eagerness to please, and has a life expectancy of 25 to 30 years. This breed of horses is considered at risk of extinction.

Shire Horses have a shoulder height of 16-19 hands (64”-76” | 163-193 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1975-2425 lb (900–1100 kg) and a typical lifespan of 24-28 years. Shire Horses have coat colors of black, bay, brown, grey.

Collection of scaled drawings of Shire Horse in various poses
The Shire Horse, Equus Caballus, is a British breed of the draft horse, a horse used to draw or haul objects. This horse breed is typically black, bay, or grey. The Shire Horse is tall and this breed has held the world record various times for the largest horse and tallest horse.

Shire Horses have a shoulder height of 16-19 hands (64”-76” | 163-193 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1975-2425 lb (900–1100 kg) and a typical lifespan of 24-28 years. Shire Horses have coat colors of black, bay, brown, grey.

Collection of scaled drawings of Shire Horse in various poses
Shire Horse
Height:
16-19 hands (64”-76” | 163-193 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
1975-2425 lb | 900–1100 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Black, bay, brown, grey
Scientific Name
Lifespan
24-28 years (Typical)

Drawings include:
Shire Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Miniature Horse
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Miniature Horse compared to an average person

Miniature Horses are characterized by their limited height. This is the product of decades of selective breeding as seen in several countries, like Europe and the United States. Mini horses are typically bred for fun and successful connections between people. Of this cause, they are sometimes kept as family pets, they also possess normal horse nature, like normal fighting or flight reflex, and must be handled as horses, even though they mainly act as service animals.

Miniature Horses have a shoulder height of 8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm), an overall weight in the range of 150-350 lb (68-159 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-35 years. Miniature Horses have coat colors of bay, black, and palomino.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Miniature Horse
Miniature Horses are characterized by their limited height. This is the product of decades of selective breeding as seen in several countries, like Europe and the United States. Mini horses are typically bred for fun and successful connections between people.

Miniature Horses have a shoulder height of 8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm), an overall weight in the range of 150-350 lb (68-159 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-35 years. Miniature Horses have coat colors of bay, black, and palomino.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Miniature Horse
Miniature Horse
Height:
8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
150-350 lb | 68-159 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, black, palomino
Scientific Name
Lifespan
25-35 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Miniature Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Zebra
Drawing comparing the dimensions of a zebra to a human

Zebra are a variation of the horse family known for their uniquely distinct coats of black-and-white stripes. Typically traveling in herds, zebra are found in many different habitats throughout Africa including grasslands, savannas, mountains, hills, and woodlands. Not unlike a fingerprint, the coat patterns on every individual zebra are different and are used as a form of camouflage that makes it difficult for predators to target a single zebra in a herd.

The average Zebra has an overall height of 51.0"-75.0" (1.3-1.9 m), withers height of 42.0"-60.0" (1.1-1.5 m), and body length of 64.0"-96.0" (1.6-2.4 m). A typical Zebra weighs between 440-990 lb (200-450 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 25 years.

Assortment of zebra illustrations from the side, front, back, and laying down
Zebra are a variation of the horse family known for their uniquely distinct coats of black-and-white stripes. Not unlike a fingerprint, the patterns on every individual zebra are different and are used as a form of camouflage that makes it difficult for predators to target a single zebra in a herd.

The average Zebra has an overall height of 51.0"-75.0" (1.3-1.9 m), withers height of 42.0"-60.0" (1.1-1.5 m), and body length of 64.0"-96.0" (1.6-2.4 m). A typical Zebra weighs between 440-990 lb (200-450 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 25 years.

Assortment of zebra illustrations from the side, front, back, and laying down
Zebra
Height:
51.0"-75.0" (4’3”-6’3”) | 1.3-1.9 m
Width:
Length:
64.0"-96.0" (5’4”-8’) | 1.6-2.4 m
Depth:
42.0"-60.0" (3’6”-5’) | 1.1-1.5 m
Weight:
440-990 lb | 200-450 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Equus quagga
Lifespan
25 years

Drawings include:
Zebra side profile, front profile, back profile, laying down side profile

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Thoroughbred Horse
Scale illustration of an average Thoroughbred Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Thoroughbred Horse is a horse breed commonly known for its use in professional horse racing. Although the term thoroughbred is often used to apply to any breed of purebred horse, theoretically it applies exclusively to the Thoroughbred breed.

Thoroughbred Horses are categorized as the "hot-blooded" types, which are horse breeds for specific stamina, endurance, and agility events. Thoroughbred Horses of good quality have a smooth head on their long neck, high withers, deep chest, short back, good hindquarter depth, a lean bodily, and long legs. Most of the time, they are bay, dark bay or brown, brown, black, or gray.

Thoroughbred Horses have a shoulder height of 15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1150 lb (408-522 kg), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Thoroughbreds have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, brown, gray, roan, palomino, and white.

Collection of scaled drawings of Thoroughbred Horse in various poses
The Thoroughbred Horse is a horse breed commonly known for its use in professional horse racing. Although the term thoroughbred is often used to apply to any breed of purebred horse, theoretically it applies exclusively to the Thoroughbred breed.

Thoroughbred Horses have a shoulder height of 15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1150 lb (408-522 kg), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Thoroughbreds have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, brown, gray, roan, palomino, and white.

Collection of scaled drawings of Thoroughbred Horse in various poses
Thoroughbred Horse
Height:
15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
900-1150 lb | 408-522 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, black, chestnut, brown, gray, roan, palomino, white
Scientific Name
Lifespan
25-30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Thoroughbred Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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