Odd-Toed Ungulates

Odd-toed ungulates, in comparison to even-toed ungulates, bear the majority of weight on one toe only; their third toe. The other difference between the two ungulate families, is that odd-toed ungulates digest cellulose in their intestines, not their stomach. The odd-toed ungulate family is rather small, consisting of horses, donkeys, tapirs, and rhinoceros. Despite the size of this family, odd-toed ungulates have an extensive reach and are present across the globe, due to establishment of feral populations. Two of the odd-toed ungulate species have been domesticated; horses and donkeys. All odd-toed ungulates are either large to very large, with the smallest still weighing in at 200 kg or 440 lbs.

Which animals are odd-toed ungulates?

There are about 17 species of odd-toed ungulates. Animals that are odd-toed ungulates include the javan rhinoceros, mountain tapir, mountain zebra, onager, kiang, mule, donkey, and horse. Other animals include the Sumatran rhinoceros, African wild ass, and Malayan tapir.

What are the shared characteristics of odd-toed ungulates?

Shared characteristics of odd-toed ungulates include them being herbivores and each having 1 or 3 hoofed toes on each hindfoot. They also have a long upper jaw and a reduced ulna and fibula bones simplifying both the wrist and ankle joint. They don’t have a clavicle bone making running more efficient.

What are the differences between odd and even-toed ungulates?

The most notable difference between even and odd-toed ungulates is the number of toes they have. Odd-toed ungulates have an odd number of toes, while even-toed ungulates have an even number of toes (2 or 4). Odd-toed ungulates are able to digest plant matter in their intestines, while even-toed ungulates digest their meals in one or more stomach chambers.

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Odd-Toed Ungulates

Miniature Horse
8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm)
3D
Shetland Pony
7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm)
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Haflinger Horse
13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm)
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Arabian Horse
14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm)
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Morgan Horse
14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm)
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Andalusian Horse
14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm)
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Appaloosa Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
3D
Paint Horse
14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm)
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Quarter Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
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Friesian Horse
14.5-17 hands (58”-68” | 147-173 cm)
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Thoroughbred
15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm)
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Clydesdale Horse
16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm)
3D
Zebra
51.0"-75.0" (4’3”-6’3”) | 1.3-1.9 m
3D
Rhinoceros
66.0"-81.0" (5’6"-6’9") | 1.7-2.1 m
3D

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Arabian Horse
Scale illustration of an average Arabian Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Arabian Horse has been bred on the Arab Peninsula. The Arabian Horse is one of the world's most identifiable species with its characteristic head shape and long tail. The Arabian horses have polished, wedge-shaped ears, short foreheads, wide lips, big noses, and tiny muzzles.

Most of them show a distinctive concave or "dished" profile. The Arab is a flexible breed, they control the art of horse riding and participate today in many other equestrian sports areas. They are also one of the top ten most common horse breeds in the world. The Arabian Horse is also one of the oldest races in the Middle East and is dated back 4,500 years ago, with archeological evidence.

Arabian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm), an overall weight in the range of 800-1000 lb (363-454 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Arabian Horses have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, and gray.

Collection of scaled drawings of Arabian Horse in various poses
The Arabian Horse has been bred on the Arab Peninsula. The Arabian Horse is one of the world's most identifiable species with its characteristic head shape and long tail. The Arabian horses have polished, wedge-shaped ears, short foreheads, wide lips, big noses, and tiny muzzles.

Arabian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm), an overall weight in the range of 800-1000 lb (363-454 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Arabian Horses have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, and gray.

Collection of scaled drawings of Arabian Horse in various poses
Arabian Horse
Height:
14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
800-1000 lb | 363-454 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, black, chestnut, gray
Lifespan
25-30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Arabian Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Rhinoceros
Scale comparison of a human to a Rhinoceros with dimensions for length and height

Rhinoceroses, or rhinos, are large herbivorous mammals with one or two upright horns and thick gray or brown skin. Found in the grasslands and savannas of Africa and Asia, the rhinoceros is one of the most endangered animals on the planet due to rampant poaching for their horns. Rhinos are the world’s second-largest land mammal.

The typical Rhinoceros has an overall height of 66.0"-81.0" (1.7-2.1 m) and body length of 132.0"-165.0" (11’-13’9") (3.4-4.2 m). An average Rhinoceros weighs between 3,500-8,800 lb (1,600-4,000 kg) and has a typical lifespan of 35-40 years.

Drawings of a Rhinoceros in various postures from the side, front, back, and laying down
Rhinoceroses, or rhinos, are large herbivorous mammals with one or two upright horns and thick gray or brown skin. Found in the grasslands and savannas of Africa and Asia, the rhinoceros is one of the most endangered animals on the planet due to rampant poaching for their horns.

The typical Rhinoceros has an overall height of 66.0"-81.0" (1.7-2.1 m) and body length of 132.0"-165.0" (11’-13’9") (3.4-4.2 m). An average Rhinoceros weighs between 3,500-8,800 lb (1,600-4,000 kg) and has a typical lifespan of 35-40 years.

Drawings of a Rhinoceros in various postures from the side, front, back, and laying down
Rhinoceros
Height:
66.0"-81.0" (5’6"-6’9") | 1.7-2.1 m
Width:
Length:
11’-13’9" | 3.4-4.2 m
Depth:
Weight:
3,500-8,800 lb | 1,600-4,000 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Rhinocerotidae
Lifespan
35-40 years

Drawings include:
Rhinoceros side elevation (standing), front, back, side (laying down)

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Clydesdale Horse
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Clydesdale Horse compared to an average person

The Clydesdale Horse is a Scottish horse-drawn breed. This is known after its place of roots, the Clydesdale or the valley of the River Clyde, much of which is situated in the county of Lanarkshire. It is a large and strong animal, but not as heavy as it was in the past.

It is well-muscled and heavy, with an arched back, high withers, and a sloping head and with indistinguishable hooves and legs. It has historically been used for draught strength, both in agriculture and in road haulage. It is now primarily a carriage horse, so it can be ridden or guided in parades or processions.

Clydesdale Horses have a shoulder height of 16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1800-2200 lb (816-998 kg) and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years. Clydesdale Horses have coat colors of bay with white blaze (common), black, chestnut, gray, pinto, and roan.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Clydesdale Horse
The Clydesdale Horse is a Scottish horse-drawn breed. This is known after its place of roots, the Clydesdale or the valley of the River Clyde, much of which is situated in the county of Lanarkshire. It is a large and strong animal, but not as heavy as it was in the past.

Clydesdale Horses have a shoulder height of 16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1800-2200 lb (816-998 kg) and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years. Clydesdale Horses have coat colors of bay with white blaze (common), black, chestnut, gray, pinto, and roan.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Clydesdale Horse
Clydesdale Horse
Height:
16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
1800-2200 lb | 816-998 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay with white blaze (common), black, chestnut, gray, pinto, roan
Lifespan
20-25 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Clydesdale Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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American Paint Horse
Scale illustration of an average American Paint Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The American Paint Horse is a horse breeding that combines the confirmative characteristics of a western stocking horse with a pinto pattern of colors of brown and white. Spots can have any shape or scale-like the Appaloosa Horse and can be found on part of the Paint Horse.

Thanks to its bright coloring, pleasant disposition, and flexibility, the paint horse is very popular. In fact, in some 40 countries around the world, the American Paint Horse Association has around 100,000 members. The Paint Horse is ideal for riders with all levels of experience. They compete as training horses and strong competition horses in different equestrian activities.

American Paint Horses have a shoulder height of 14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1000-1200 lb (454-544 kg) and a typical lifespan of 31 years. American Paint Horses have a range of coat colors and patterns including blanket, few spot, flecked, leopard, mottled, overo, pintaloosa, sabino overo, tobiano, tovero, and varnish.

Collection of scaled drawings of the American Paint Horse in various poses
The American Paint Horse is a horse breeding that combines the confirmative characteristics of a western stocking horse with a pinto pattern of colors of brown and white. Spots can have any shape or scale-like the Appaloosa Horse and can be found on part of the Paint Horse.

American Paint Horses have a shoulder height of 14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1000-1200 lb (454-544 kg) and a typical lifespan of 31 years. American Paint Horses have a range of coat colors and patterns including blanket, few spot, flecked, leopard, mottled, overo, pintaloosa, sabino overo, tobiano, tovero, and varnish.

Collection of scaled drawings of the American Paint Horse in various poses
American Paint Horse
Height:
14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
1000-1200 lb | 454-544 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Blanket, few spot, flecked, leopard, mottled, overo, pintaloosa, sabino overo, tobiano, tovero, varnish
Lifespan
31 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

American Paint Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Appaloosa Horse
Comparison illustration of the size of a Appaloosa Horse to a typical person

The Appaloosa Horse is an American horse breed most famous for its colorful pattern of spotted coats. There are a variety of body types within the race, which stem from various horse races' historical influence.

The pattern of each horse is genetically derived from the various patterns of spots, overlaid by one of a few recognized colors of the base coat, such as white, black, grey, and brown. The Appaloosa Horse is a tall, tight-fit, squatty horse. The form of the body represented a mix that started before 1700 in the American plains with typical Spanish Horses.

Appaloosa Horses have a shoulder height of 14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 950-1250 lb (431-567 kg) and a typical lifespan of 30 years. Appaloosa Horses have coat color and spotting variations labeled as: spots, snowflake, snowcap, frost, blanket, Roan blanket, Appaloosa Roan, leopard, and mottled.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Appaloosa Horse
The Appaloosa Horse is an American horse breed most famous for its colorful pattern of spotted coats. There are a variety of body types within the race, which stem from various horse races' historical influence. The pattern of each horse is genetically derived from the various patterns of spots.

Appaloosa Horses have a shoulder height of 14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 950-1250 lb (431-567 kg) and a typical lifespan of 30 years. Appaloosa Horses have coat color and spotting variations labeled as: spots, snowflake, snowcap, frost, blanket, Roan blanket, Appaloosa Roan, leopard, and mottled.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Appaloosa Horse
Appaloosa Horse
Height:
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
950-1250 lb | 431-567 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Spots, snowflake, snowcap, frost, blanket, Roan blanket, Appaloosa Roan, leopard, mottled
Lifespan
30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Appaloosa Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

Details & Downloads

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