Accessible Residential Bathrooms

Accessible residential bathrooms are bathrooms designed for wheelchair users in residential zones that provide enough clear floor space for a wheelchair to turn. Consult local building codes for accessibility requirements. Overall bathroom sizes will vary based on the actual dimensions of bathroom fixtures.

Diagram illustrating the circular and T-shaped required clear space clearance on the floor for accessible bathroom access

Requiring enough internal clear floor space for a wheelchair to make a 180° turn, accessible bathrooms must have either a 60” (152.5 cm) diameter turning circle or a T-shaped turning space located within a 60” (152.5 cm) square with a minimum of 36” (91.4 cm) wide arms. Doors should have a minimum width of 32” (81.3 cm) and cannot swing into the required clear space of the accessible bathroom. Clear floor spaces at fixtures and entry routes are allowed to overlap with the wheelchair turning space. Similar to other bathroom designs, accessible bathrooms have multiple layouts differentiated based on split or side fixtures and vary in size with minimal lengths between 8’4”-9’8” (2.54-2.95 m) and widths in the range of 5’4”-6’10” (1.63-2.08 m).


*Under Development*


Accessible Clear Floor Space:
Circle: 60” | 152.5 cm diameter
T-Shape (Width): 60” | 152.5 cm
T-Shape (Arms): 36” | 91.4 cm
Door: 32” | 81.3 cm minimum; opens out

Split Layout

Length: 9’8” | 2.95 m
Width: 5’4” | 1.63 m
Area: 52 ft2 | 4.8 m2

Side Layout
Length: 8’4” | 2.54 m
Width: 6’10” | 2.08 m
Area: 53 ft2 | 4.9 m2



Drawings include:
Accessible Bathroom (Split) plan, Accessible Bathroom (Side) plan, Accessible clear floor space diagram

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Bathrooms are rooms used for personal hygiene and include specific bathroom fixtures such as sinks, toilets, bathtubs and showers. Variations of bathroom layouts include minimal utility bathrooms, full bathrooms, ensuite, and jack-and-jill bathrooms.

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