Indoor Plants | House Plants

Indoor Plants | House Plants

Description
Description

House plants, commonly referred to as indoor or potted plants, are a variety of plant species cultivated within indoor environments for decorative, health, or psychological benefits. Unlike outdoor plants, they're adapted to thrive in controlled conditions such as limited light, lower air circulation, and consistent temperatures. These plants come from diverse habitats, including tropical, desert, and temperate regions, and have been selected for their ability to adapt to indoor conditions.

Many house plants, like ferns and palms, originate from understory tropical environments where low light and high humidity are prevalent, making them suitable for indoor environments. Succulents and cacti, adapted to arid climates, are also popular for their low water requirements. House plants can enhance air quality, add aesthetic value to living spaces, and have been shown to improve mental well-being. They represent a unique intersection of nature and domestic life, bringing a piece of the outdoors into our homes.

Anatomy
Anatomy

House plants typically possess features that make them well-suited to indoor environments. Many have broad, green leaves, like peace lilies and philodendrons, which can efficiently absorb light even in lower indoor lighting conditions. Plants such as succulents and cacti have thick, fleshy leaves or stems to store water, allowing them to thrive in drier indoor air and with less frequent watering. Some, like spider plants, produce offshoots or "pups" that can easily be propagated, making them popular for sharing and regrowing.

The growth patterns of house plants are generally slower compared to outdoor plants due to less intense light and controlled temperatures. Additionally, their root systems are confined to pots, which limits their growth size and requires periodic repotting to provide adequate space and nutrients. These anatomical and growth characteristics help house plants adapt to and flourish within the unique conditions of indoor living spaces.

Cultural Impact
Cultural Impact

Indoor plants, or houseplants, have a rich cultural history and have become increasingly popular in modern lifestyles. Historically, they have been symbols of wealth and sophistication; in Victorian times, for instance, a well-kept indoor fern was a status symbol. Today, they are widely appreciated for their aesthetic value, adding beauty and a touch of nature to indoor spaces. The rise of urban living has intensified the importance of houseplants for bringing greenery into compact, urban environments. They are also celebrated for their health benefits, such as improving air quality and promoting mental well-being.

In pop culture, houseplants are often featured in home décor magazines, social media, and lifestyle blogs, reflecting a growing interest in indoor gardening and biophilic design. They have become a key element in interior design, with trends focusing on specific plant types, like succulents and air plants, and innovative ways to display them. This relationship between humans and houseplants highlights a desire to connect with nature, even within the confines of modern indoor living.

Common Questions
Common Questions
How can I tell if my house plant is getting too much or too little light?

Determining if a houseplant is receiving too much or too little light involves observing its symptoms. Too little light often results in leggy growth, with the plant stretching towards the light source, and pale or yellowing leaves. Conversely, too much light can cause leaves to become scorched, crisp, or develop brown spots, particularly on the edges and tips.

How can I prevent and treat common pests on house plants?

To prevent and treat common pests on houseplants, regularly inspect leaves and stems for signs of infestation. Keep plants healthy, as stressed plants attract pests. For prevention, use neem oil or insecticidal soap sprays. If pests are present, isolate the affected plant, remove visible pests by hand or with a water spray, and treat with appropriate insecticides or natural remedies like diluted soap water. Regularly clean plant leaves to remove dust and debris, which can harbor pests.

How do I repot an indoor plant?

To repot an indoor plant, first choose a new pot that is slightly larger than the current one. Gently remove the plant, shaking off excess soil and untangling roots. Place some fresh potting mix in the new pot, position the plant in the center, and fill around it with more soil. Water thoroughly to settle the plant and eliminate air pockets.

Plants

* Under Development *

Split-Leaf Philodendron

The Split-Leaf Philodendron, also known as the ‘Swiss cheese’ plant and Monstera deliciosa, is a popular and captivating tropical plant known for its large heart-shaped leaves and rapid widespread growth. Preferring high humidity and moderate to bright light, the split-leaf philodendron is a dependable and sturdy indoor plant cultivated in tropical, subtropical, and temperate environments. Philodendron leaves spread out with age to a width that may double the height.

The split-leaf philodendron commonly grows to a height between 3’-4’ (.91-1.2 m) indoors and can grow up to 30’ (9 m) in the wild.

Collection of silhouette drawings of a Split-Leaf Philodendron with measured dimensions and a cat for scale
The Split-Leaf Philodendron, also known as the ‘Swiss cheese’ plant and Monstera deliciosa, is a popular and captivating tropical plant known for its large heart-shaped leaves and rapid widespread growth. Philodendron leaves spread out with age to a width that may double the height.

The split-leaf philodendron commonly grows to a height between 3’-4’ (.91-1.2 m) indoors and can grow up to 30’ (9 m) in the wild.

Collection of silhouette drawings of a Split-Leaf Philodendron with measured dimensions and a cat for scale
Split-Leaf Philodendron
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Height (Typical): 3’-4’ | .91-1.2 m (indoor)
Height (Maximum): 30’ | 9 m (wild)
Spread: 4’ | 1.2 m; 1-2x spread to height ratio on age
Appearance: Large, glossy, perforated evergreen leaves
Climate: Tropical, subtropical, temperate
Care: Moderate to bright light, moist soil, humidity preferred
Scientific Name: Philodendron bipinnatifidum

Drawings include:
Split-Leaf Philodendron front elevation (multiple plants)

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Potted Palms
Drawing of an indoor Potted Palm plant with dimensions for width and height

The Potted Palm is a houseplant that is exclusively grown within indoor spaces and is kept inside for decorative purposes and air purification. The Potted Palm can grow tall at a slow pace and has feather-like leaves. It is a versatile plant as it can be moved as needed between spaces.

The Potted Palm requires constant care and attention by the owner. They need adequate soil, light levels, moisture, fertilizer as well as the correct pot size. The Potted Palm is the most popular plant grown indoors and has an average lifespan of 15 years.

The Potted Palm is a houseplant that is exclusively grown within indoor spaces and is kept inside for decorative purposes and air purification. The Potted Palm can grow tall at a slow pace and has feather-like leaves. It is a versatile plant as it can be moved as needed between spaces.

Potted Palms
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Height: 42” | 106 cm
Width: 36” | 91 cm

Drawings include:
Potted Palm elevation (detail)

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Bird of Paradise

The Bird of Paradise, known scientifically as the genus of strelitzia, is a tall tropical plant with broad arched leaves. Grown as part of an outdoor landscape or indoors in large pots, birds of paradise have earned their nickname due to their colorful flowers that are reminiscent of the bird species birds-of-paradise. Birds of paradise grow well in standard humidity, bright light, and moist, rich, and well-draining soil.

The Bird of Paradise plant typically ranges in height from 36"-60" (91.4-152.4 cm), but can grow to over 72" (182.9 cm).

Elevation drawings of multiple Bird of Paradise plants in a row with varying heights
The Bird of Paradise, known scientifically as strelitzia, is a tall tropical plant with broad arched leaves. Grown boot outdoor or indoors in large pots, birds of paradise have earned their nickname due to their colorful flowers that are reminiscent of the bird species birds-of-paradise.

The Bird of Paradise plant typically ranges in height from 36"-60" (91.4-152.4 cm), but can grow to over 72" (182.9 cm).

Elevation drawings of multiple Bird of Paradise plants in a row with varying heights
Bird of Paradise
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Height (Typical): 3’-5’ | .9-1.5 m
Height (Maximum): Over 6’ | 1.83 m
Leaf Width: 6” | 15 cm
Leaf Length: 18” | 46 cm
Appearance: Tall, tropical, broad arched leaves
Climate: Tropical
Care: Bright light, moist rich soil, typical household humidity
Scientific Name: Strelitzia

Drawings include:
Bird of Paradise elevation (multiple heights)

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Paddle Plants

Paddle Plants, scientifically known as Kalanchoe luciae, is a stocky succulent with round paddle shaped leaves. Found naturally in Zimbabwe, Mozambique, South Africa, and Swaziland, the edges of the paddle plant become tinged with pink when stressed with direct sunlight and cool temperatures. Paddle plants are easy to maintain in indoor environments due to their drought resistant properties and preference for bright light, average humidity levels, and dry (or medium moist) well-drained soils. Paddle plants should only be watered when the soil has completely dried out.

Paddle plants grow to heights between 1’-2’ (30.5-61 cm) with spring blooming stalks of 2’-3’ (61-91.4 cm).

Multiple drawings of Paddle Plants in elevation with dimensions for average heights of plant growth
Paddle Plants, scientifically known as Kalanchoe luciae, is a stocky succulent with round paddle shaped leaves. Paddle plants are easy to maintain in indoor environments due to their drought resistant properties and preference for bright light, average humidity levels, and dry well-drained soils.

Paddle plants grow to heights between 1’-2’ (30.5-61 cm) with spring blooming stalks of 2’-3’ (61-91.4 cm).

Multiple drawings of Paddle Plants in elevation with dimensions for average heights of plant growth
Paddle Plants
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Height (Typical): 1’-2’ | 30-60 cm
Height (Maximum): 2’-3’ | 60-90 cm stalk (spring bloom)
Leaf Width: 6”-8” | 15-20 cm
Leaf Length: 8” | 20 cm
Appearance: Thick, stocky, fleshy, round/paddle shaped leaves
Climate: Desert (Succulent)
Care: Bright light, average humidity, dry to medium moisture well-drained soil
Scientific Name: Kalanchoe luciae

Drawings include:
Paddle Plants front elevation (multiple)

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Peace Lily

Peace lilies, of the Spathiphyllum genus, are tropical evergreen perennials with white blooms and lance shaped glossy green leaves. Popular as an easy-going houseplant that removes pollutants from the air, the peace lily will bloom in the spring with proper care and light. If you have small children or household animals such as dogs or cats, keep the plant away from reach as the leaves of the peace lily contain calcium oxalate which is poisonous in large amounts. Peace lilies are happy in well-lit areas with non-direct light, semi-humid environments (mist occasionally), and moist well-draining soil.

Peace lilies typically grow to a height of 24”-40” (61-102 cm) with larger variants growing up to 32”-50” (81-127 cm).

Collection of illustrations of Peace Lilies in a row with varying heights
Peace lilies, of the Spathiphyllum genus, are tropical evergreen perennials with white blooms and lance shaped glossy green leaves. Popular as an easy-going houseplant that removes pollutants from the air, the peace lily will bloom in the spring with proper care and light. If you have small children

Peace lilies typically grow to a height of 24”-40” (61-102 cm) with larger variants growing up to 32”-50” (81-127 cm).

Collection of illustrations of Peace Lilies in a row with varying heights
Peace Lily
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Height (Typical): 24”-40” | .9-1.5 m
Height (Deluxe): 32”-50” | 81-127 cm
Leaf Width: 3”-10” | 3-25 cm
Leaf Length: 5”-25” | 12-65 cm
Appearance: Glossy lance shaped leaves, white lily flowers
Climate: Tropical
Care: Well-lit non-direct light, humid environments, moist well-drained soil
Scientific Name: Spathiphyllum

Drawings include:
Peace Lily elevation (multiple heights)

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