Racket Sports | Bat Sports

Racket and bat sports are a collection of game types where the rules of the game are based on how players or teams use specified rackets or bats to score points. These sports primarily differ based on the size of the teams and the style of gameplay from competitive points to each team taking turns at attempting to score.

Racket sports are most common in North America, Britain, and the Republic of Ireland where games are played as either singles or doubles matches with the players enclosed in a court setting. To secure a point, players compete by serving the ball at high speed within the court or against the wall, as was common before net based games became popular. Racket sports are fun sports, but they can be quite dangerous as the game is fast and players risk hitting each other with the ball.

Bat sports also have their roots in England and are played two opposing teams alternating between offensive and defensive roles. The defending team starts the game by throwing the ball to the players on the attacking team. Today, bat sports commonly include games like baseball and cricket are played across various age groups and skill levels in different parts of the world.

Racket & Bat Sports

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Ice Hockey Goals

Ice hockey goals are placed on each end of the ice rink and are used for scoring points. To score a goal, the entire hockey puck must cross the goal that is being defended by the goalie (goalkeeper). For professional ice hockey, the opening of a goal is 72” | 180 cm wide, 48” | 120 cm high, and 40” | 100 cm deep. This opening is held rigid by a metal tube frame that is roughly 2” | 5 cm in diameter to the outside of the goal opening and is enclosed by a cloth net with a mesh opening size of 1 5/8” | 4.1 cm.

Front and side elevation drawings of an ice hockey goal with goalie and dimensions
Ice hockey goals are placed on each end of the ice rink and are used for scoring points. To score a goal, the entire puck must cross the goal that is being defended by the goalie. For professional ice hockey, the opening of a goal is 72” | 180 cm wide, 48” | 120 cm high, and 40” | 100 cm deep.

Front and side elevation drawings of an ice hockey goal with goalie and dimensions
Ice Hockey Goals
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Width (Inside): 72” | 180 cm
Height (Inside): 48” | 120 cm
Depth: 40” | 100 cm
Net Mesh Size: 1 5/8” | 4.1 cm
Poles (Diameter): 2” | 5 cm
Materials: Metal frame, cloth net mesh

Drawings include:
Ice hockey goal elevation, elevation (goalie), side

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Baseball Strike Zone
Diagram drawing of the boundaries of a Baseball Strike Zone with player, umpire, and catcher

The strike zone in baseball refers to the volume of space which a ball must pass through to be called a ‘strike’ (if the batter doesn’t swing). If the baseball does not pass through this zone it will be called a ‘ball.’ Official strike zones are calculated as the space between the width of home-plate, 17” | 43.18 cm, up to the midpoint between a batter’s shoulders and uniform pants when in their stance, and extending down to just below their kneecaps. The home-plate umpire determines balls and strikes after every pitch thrown.

The strike zone in baseball refers to the volume of space which a ball must pass through to be called a ‘strike’ (if the batter doesn’t swing). If the baseball does not pass through this zone it will be called a ‘ball.’

Baseball Strike Zone
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Width: 17” | 43.18 cm

Top: Midpoint between top of shoulders and top of pants
Bottom: A point just below the kneecap

Area for 6.5’ player: 3.75 ft2
Area for 6’ player: 3.5 ft2
Area for 5.5’ player: 3.25 ft2

Drawings include:
Baseball Strike Zone front elevation (player)

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Tennis Court

Tennis courts are flat rectangular playing surfaces used for the sport of tennis. Measuring 78’ (23.77 m) by 36’ (11 m) for doubles or 27’ (8.2 m) for singles, tennis courts have an overall playing area of 2,808 ft2 (260.9 m2). To ensure the safety of the players as they chase balls outside the court boundaries, a clearance space of 21’ (6.4 m) should be provided beyond the baselines and 12’ (3.66 m) for the sides. The total area required for the court and the clear space is 7,200 ft2 (668.9 m2). Tennis courts vary in materials depending on indoor or outdoor uses. Outdoor courts are made of grass, clay, or acrylic topped concrete, and indoor courts are commonly topped with hardwood flooring or carpet.

Plan drawing of regulation Tennis Courts with players for scale
Tennis courts are flat rectangular playing surfaces used for the sport of tennis. 78’ (23.77 m) by 36’ (11 m) for doubles or 27’ (8.2 m) for singles, tennis courts have an area of 2,808 ft2 (260.9 m2). A clearance of 21’ (6.4 m) should be provided beyond the baselines and 12’ (3.66 m) for the sides.

Plan drawing of regulation Tennis Courts with players for scale
Tennis Court
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Length: 78’ | 23.77 m
Width (Full/Doubles): 36’ | 11 m
Width (Singles): 27’ | 8.2 m
Playing Area (Full): 2,808 ft2 | 260.9 m2
Clearance (Back): 21’ | 6.4 m
Clearance (Side): 12’ | 3.66 m
Area (With Clearances): 7,200 ft2 | 668.9 m2
Material (Outdoor): Grass, clay, acrylic topped concrete or asphalt
Material (Indoor): Carpet, hardwood flooring

Drawings include:
Tennis Court plan, plan (players)

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Softball Field
Measured drawing of the sizes and dimensions of a standard Softball Field

Softball Fields are regulated playing fields for the sport of softball. A variant of baseball, softball is played with a larger ball and a faster pace due to the shorter distances on the field. In softball, the centerfield, right, and left fences must be 250’ | 76.2 m from the apex of home plate. The bases on a Softball Field are spaced 60’ | 18.3 m apart measured from the apex of home plate to the farthest corner of 1st and 3rd bases, and from the same farthest corner of 1st and 3rd to the center of 2nd base. The pitching distance from the front of the pitching rubber to the apex of home plate is set at 50’ | 15.2 m.

Softball Fields are regulated playing fields for the sport of softball. A variant of baseball, softball is played with a larger ball and a faster pace due to the shorter distances on the field. In softball, the centerfield, right, and left fences must be 250’ | 76.2 m from the apex of home plate.

Softball Field
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Centerfield Fence: 250’ | 76.2 m (min.)
Left & Right Field Fence: 250’ | 76.2 m (min.)
Base Distance: 60’ | 18.3 m
Infield Hypotenuse: 84’ 10-1/4” | 25.9 m
Pitching Rubber Distance: 50’ | 15.2 m
Distance to Backstop: 25’ | 7.6 m
Coaches Box: 10’ x 3’ | 3 x .9 m

Drawings include:
Softball Field plan

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Ice Hockey Rink - International

International ice hockey rinks are used for international competitions, such as the Olympics,  and for play in Europe. Compared to North American ice hockey dimensions, International rinks are larger in width by 13.1’ | 4 m. International ice hockey rinks measure 200.13’ | 61 m in length, 98.42’ | 30 m in width, and have corner radii of 27.88’ | 8.5 m. The total area of an International ice hockey rink is 19,000 ft2 | 1,765 m2.

The rink is further divided up by the blue lines at 28.98’ | 8.83 m from center and the goal lines 13.1’ | 4 m from the side boards. There are also nine faceoff spots on an ice hockey rink: one center faceoff, four in the neutral zone and four in the end zones. All faceoff circles have a diameter of 29.5’ | 9 m and spot diameter of 2’ | .6 m except for the center faceoff which is 1’ | .3 m. The end zone faceoffs are centered at 22’ | 6.7 m from the goal lines and the neutral zone faceoffs are 5’ | 1.5 m from the blue lines. The goal creases in front of the goals are 12’ | 3.66 m diameter.

Measured drawing with dimensions of an official International Ice Hockey Rink
International ice hockey rinks are used for international competitions, such as the Olympics, and for play in Europe. International ice hockey rinks measure 200.13’ | 61 m in length, 98.42’ | 30 m in width, and have corner radii of 27.88’ | 8.5 m.

Measured drawing with dimensions of an official International Ice Hockey Rink
Ice Hockey Rink - International
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Length: 200.13’ | 61 m
Width: 98.42’ | 30 m
Corner Radius: 27.88’ | 8.5 m
Area: 19,000 ft2 | 1,765 m2
Blue Lines (from center): 28.98’ | 8.83 m
Goal Line (from boards): 13.1’ | 4 m
Goal Crease: 12’ | 3.66 m diameter
Faceoff Spots (Center): 1’ | .3 m
Faceoff Spots: 2’ | .6 m
Faceoff Circles: 29.5’ | 9 m
Faceoff (Neutral Zone from blue line): 5’ | 1.5 m
Faceoff (End Zone from goal line): 22’ | 6.7 m
Referee’s Crease: 19.75’ | 6 m diameter

Drawings include:
International Ice Hockey Rink plan

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